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Related terms: Alcohol Use Disorder, AUD

Heavy Drinking Can Harm the Aging Brain

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 22, 2016 – As people age, the harmful effects of heavy drinking can take a toll on key brain functions, such as memory, attention and learning, a new study shows. Researchers led by Adam Woods, of the University of Florida's department of aging and geriatric research, asked 31 men and 35 women to complete a series of comprehensive brain tests. The volunteers were divided into groups based on their level of alcohol intake: heavy drinkers, moderate drinkers or non-drinkers. About 53 percent of the study group had a lifetime history of some period of alcohol dependence, the team said, and 21 were considered current heavy drinkers. The test results of the latter group were compared to the results of the 45 non-drinkers and moderate drinkers. Woods' team tracked brain functions such as attention, learning, memory, motor function, verbal function and thinking speed. The study ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Alcoholics May Lack Key Enzyme

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 21, 2016 – Alcoholics may lack an enzyme that would help them control their impulse to drink, a new study with rats suggests. Researchers found that turning off production of the enzyme PRDM2 in the frontal lobes of the rodents led the animals to drink alcohol, even when it was unpleasant to do so. "PRDM2 controls the expression of several genes that are necessary for effective signaling between nerve cells. When too little enzyme is produced, no effective signals are sent from the cells that are supposed to stop the impulse," said study leader Markus Heilig, head of the Center for Social and Affective Neuroscience at Linkoping University in Sweden. "We see how a single molecular manipulation gives rise to important characteristics of an addictive illness," Heilig said in a university news release. "Now that we're beginning to understand what's happening, we hope we'll ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Diagnosis and Investigation, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Psychosis, Alcoholic Gastritis

Kids With Bipolar Disorder More Likely to Abuse Drugs, Alcohol: Study

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 16, 2016 – For some teens with bipolar disorder, the risk that they will abuse alcohol and drugs may increase as they get older, a new study suggests. The research included 105 young people with bipolar disorder and 98 without the illness (the "control" group). Their average age was 14 when they first enrolled in the study. Bipolar disorder causes unusual shifts in mood, energy and activity levels, and also affects the ability to carry out everyday tasks. Initially, 34 percent of the young teens with bipolar disorder also had "substance use disorder," which means they had a problem with drug or alcohol abuse. Only 4 percent of the kids in the control group abused alcohol or drugs, the study showed. In addition, the researchers found, almost one-quarter of kids with bipolar disorder smoked cigarettes, compared to just 4 percent of the comparison group. Five years after the ... Read more

Related support groups: Bipolar Disorder, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Smoking, Mania, Smoking Cessation, Drug Dependence, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, Cyclothymic Disorder, Severe Mood Dysregulation, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Executive Function Disorder, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Drunk as the Company You Keep?

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 14, 2016 – If you're drinking, the people around you can influence how drunk you think you are, a new British study suggests. Researchers assessed more than 1,800 drinkers, average age 27, in bars and other places that serve alcohol. They found that the drinkers' perceptions of their level of drunkenness and the associated health risks were related to the drunkenness of the people around them, rather than the actual amount of alcohol they had consumed. Specifically, the drinkers were more likely to underestimate these levels and risks when surrounded by others who were also drunk, but felt more at risk when around those who were more sober. The findings were published Sept. 12 in the journal BMC Public Health. The findings have "very important implications for how we might work to reduce excessive alcohol consumption," said study corresponding author Simon Moore, a ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Can Exercise Offset Alcohol's Damaging Effects?

Posted 8 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 8, 2016 – In news that's sure to delight tipplers everywhere, a new study says moderate exercise may offset some of alcohol's harmful effects. Normally, drinking raises the risk of death from cancer and all causes, the researchers said. But just 2.5 hours of physical activity a week could reduce those odds, the large study of British residents found. "Among the sedentary participants, we found that the risk of death from cancer and all causes is slightly increased even for an alcohol consumption considered to be within guidelines," said study first author Karine Perreault. She is a researcher at the School of Public Health of the University of Montreal. That finding plus the lower risk of death for more athletic people "demonstrates the beneficial effect the practice of physical activity may have on human health," she said in a university news release. But, the study ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Alcohol Dependence, Colorectal Cancer, Alcoholism, Hangover, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

TV Booze Ads a Lubricant for Teen Drinking: Study

Posted 7 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 7, 2016 – The more ads for a brand of alcohol that underage drinkers see, the more likely they are to consume that product, a new study finds. The findings add to evidence linking alcohol ads to underage drinking. And they also suggest that alcohol ads on TV influence how much booze underage drinkers consume, said lead researcher Dr. Timothy Naimi. He's an associate professor of community health sciences at Boston University School of Public Health. "Critics could say, sure, ads influence the brands underage drinkers choose, but not whether they drink, or how much they drink in total," Naimi said. But the study results prove those critics wrong, he said. The study included more than 1,000 participants – aged 13 to 20 – across the United States who said they'd had alcohol in the past month. The teens were asked if they had watched any of 20 popular TV shows with ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Alcohol Plus Heart Rhythm Disorder Ups Stroke Risk: Study

Posted 2 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 2, 2016 – Excessive alcohol consumption and age may increase risk of stroke in people with a common heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation, a new study finds. "Doctors should ask their [atrial fibrillation] patients about alcohol use and advise patients to cut down if they are drinking more than is recommended," said Dr. Faris Al-Khalili, who led the study. Al-Khalili is a cardiologist at Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. The study included more than 25,000 Swedish adults, ages 18-64, with atrial fibrillation that wasn't related to valve problems. Atrial fibrillation increases odds of stroke, but because these patients had few additional risk factors, they were considered at low risk for ischemic stroke (blocked blood flow to the brain). Over a follow-up of about five years, the researchers found two factors were significantly associated with increased ... Read more

Related support groups: Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke, Alcohol Dependence, Transient Ischemic Attack, Alcoholism, Hangover, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Who Drinks More -- Couples or Singles?

Posted 18 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 – People who are married or live together drink less than single people, according to a new study. The findings show that "once you're in a committed relationship, your drinking frequency declines permanently, whereas quantity goes back up if you exit that relationship," said lead author Diana Dinescu, a doctoral candidate in clinical psychology at the University of Virginia. The researchers looked at more than 2,400 twin pairs (about 1,600 female pairs and more than 800 male pairs). They found that those who were married drank less alcohol and drank less often than those who were single or divorced. This isn't the first study to show that married adults drink less than their peers without partners. But by focusing on twins, the authors said genetic predispositions and differences in upbringing would be less likely to affect the results. "It seems that intimate ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Unhealthy Habits May Cost Canadians 6 Years of Life

Posted 16 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 – Poor habits that take a toll on health are also costing Canadians an average of six fewer years of life, new research suggests. And the researchers contended the reverse was true – folks with the healthiest lifestyles lived nearly 18 years longer than those with the poorest health-related lifestyles. Smoking, an unhealthy diet, a lack of physical activity and excess alcohol use were the likely causes of about 50 percent of Canadian deaths, the researchers said. "Unhealthy behaviors place a major burden on Canadian life expectancies," said lead author Dr. Doug Manuel, a senior scientist at the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, said in a hospital news release. The researchers developed a new algorithm to review national data. The study authors concluded that 26 percent of all Canadian deaths are caused by smoking, 24 percent by inactivity, 12 percent by poor ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

U.S. College Kids Drink More, Smoke Less Than Others Their Age

Posted 16 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 16, 2016 – There's good news and bad news on America's college kids: They smoke less than other young adults, but they drink more. So finds data from a 2014 – the latest year available – federal government survey of more than 10,000 people aged 18 to 22, about 4,000 of whom were in college. The poll found that compared to others their age, about 60 percent of full-time college students are current drinkers compared to just over half of people their age who aren't in college. About 38 percent of college students said they have had a binge-drinking episode at least once over the past month, compared to about one-third of their peers who weren't in college, the report found. Binge drinking is defined as having five or more drinks on one occasion. All of this is "important now that many students are starting, or returning to, college," said Fran Harding, who directs the ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Would Weaker Beer Help Reduce Alcohol's Harms?

Posted 11 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 – Lowering the alcohol content in beer and other drinks may help reduce their harmful health effects, researchers say. Alcohol causes substantial disability and death worldwide. Nearly a quarter of deaths among people between the ages of 20 and 39 are alcohol-related, according to the World Health Organization. "The idea is that a small reduction in alcohol – such as beer with four percent ethanol content versus six per cent – would reduce alcohol intake per drinker even if the same overall amount of beverage is consumed," researcher Jurgen Rehm said. Rehm is director of the Institute for Mental Health Policy Research at the Center for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto. He and his colleagues concluded that lower levels of ethanol – the most harmful ingredient in alcoholic beverages – would lead to lower blood alcohol levels in drinkers. That would ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Alcoholic Cirrhosis, Alcoholic Liver Damage, Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy, Alcoholic Gastritis, Alcohol Hepatitis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Gastritis with Hemorrhage, Alcoholic Psychosis

Keep Illicit Drugs, Booze Out of the Home to Lower Teens' Addiction Risk: Study

Posted 11 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 – Easy access to alcohol and drugs at home can raise the odds that teens will become drinkers and drug users as young adults, a new study suggests. According to the study, "the availability of illegal drugs and alcohol in the home while growing up is a critical factor in the later use of substances," said study author Cliff Broman, a professor of sociology at Michigan State University. His team analyzed data from about 15,000 young Americans who, on average, were surveyed at ages 16, 22 and 29. Overall, teens who had alcohol and illegal drugs available to them started drinking and using drugs at a younger age, and used more alcohol and drugs in their 20s. This finding was stronger among males than females. Whites were more likely to drink and use drugs as young adults than blacks, Hispanics and Asians, even though Hispanics and Asians generally had easier ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, Hangover, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Substance Abuse - Cocaine, Benzodiazepine Overdose, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Heavy Drinking Might Harm the Lungs

Posted 5 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 – Heavy drinking may increase the risk of lung problems, a new study suggests. "Alcohol appears to disrupt the healthy balance in the lung," said study lead author Dr. Majid Afshar, of Loyola University Chicago. He is an assistant professor in the division of pulmonary and critical care medicine and department of public health sciences. Afshar's team analyzed data from more than 12,000 American adults. The researchers found that heavy drinkers (more than one drink a day for women and more than two drinks a day for men) and people who binge-drink at least once a month had less nitric oxide in their exhaled breath than non-drinkers. Binge-drinking is consuming four or more drinks per occasion for women and five or more drinks for men. Also, the researchers found that the more alcohol heavy drinkers consumed, the lower the level of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Failure, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Psychosis

Mental Illness May Make Teens Vulnerable to Drugs, Alcohol

Posted 5 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 – Teens who are struggling with mental health disorders are more likely to smoke cigarettes, drink alcohol and use marijuana, a new Brazilian study suggests. Researchers reviewed self-reported data from more than 4,000 high school students in Sao Paulo. The teens were between the ages of 15 and 18. They came from 128 public and private schools. Just under half had clinically significant symptoms of mental health conditions. Another 8 percent had some symptoms, and 44 percent had no symptoms, the study revealed. During the previous month, 38 percent of teens had used alcohol, 9 percent said they'd used tobacco and 7 percent had used marijuana. When asked about frequent use, 2 percent of teens said they frequently used alcohol, tobacco or marijuana, the study found. Teens with clinically significant symptoms of mental health problems were more likely to use alcohol, ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Opiate Dependence, Major Depressive Disorder, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Dysthymia, Substance Abuse, Hangover, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Substance Abuse - Cocaine, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Lots of Red Meat, an Earlier Grave?

Posted 1 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 1, 2016 – If you turn to red meat as your main source of protein, you could be shortening your life, a new study suggests. People who get more of their protein from plant sources have an overall lower risk of dying early than those who consume a lot of animal protein, the researchers said. However, not all animal proteins carry the same level of risk, said lead researcher Dr. Mingyang Song. He is a nutrition research fellow with the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston. And many of the red meat eaters also had unhealthy habits such as drinking and smoking, the researchers said. "We found protein from red meat, particularly processed red meat, is strongly associated with mortality," he said. "The protein from fish or chicken is not really associated with mortality." The study findings make a case for including more plant protein in your daily diet: For every ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Smoking, Weight Loss, Smoking Cessation, Dietary Supplementation, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency, Alcoholism, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Dietary Fiber Supplementation, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

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