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A Little Alcohol Each Day May Cut Your Risk of Stroke

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 24, 2016 – Light or moderate drinking may reduce the risk of one type of stroke but not another, while heavy drinking increases the risk of both types, a new study suggests. A research team from England and Sweden reviewed 25 studies as well as national data from Sweden. The investigators reported that consumption of up to two drinks a day was associated with a lower risk of ischemic stroke (blocked blood flow to the brain), but appeared to have no effect on the risk of bleeding (hemorrhagic) stroke. According to the American Stroke Association, about 87 percent of strokes are ischemic strokes, while the other 13 percent are hemorrhagic. High-to-heavy drinking (two to more than four drinks a day) was associated with an added risk of both types of stroke, according to the findings published online Nov. 23 in the journal BMC Medicine. "Our results showed that heavy ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Alcohol Dependence, Transient Ischemic Attack, Alcoholism, Hangover, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Psychosis, Alcoholic Gastritis

U.S. Surgeon General Declares War on Addiction

Posted 18 Nov 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 – America's response to alcohol and drug addiction demands a shift in thinking – away from moralizing and toward proven medical treatment instead, the U.S. Surgeon General said Thursday. For too long, addiction has been looked at as a character flaw or a moral failing, rather than as a chronic disease of the brain, Dr. Vivek Murthy said during a morning news conference. "We have 20.8 million people in America with substance abuse disorders," the Surgeon General noted. But only one in 10 is getting treatment, research shows. "That is unacceptable, we have to close that gap," Murthy said. Addiction to alcohol or drugs is not hopeless. "There's strong evidence that prevention and treatment work," Murthy said. Under this line of thinking, treatment of opioid disorders – a national crisis – is likely to include medications such as buprenorphine and methadone. ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Lortab, Opiate Withdrawal, Smoking, Roxicodone, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Endocet, Alcohol Withdrawal, Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone, Percocet 10/325, Vicoprofen, Substance Abuse, Alcoholism

Alcoholics May Lack Key Enzyme

Posted 21 Sep 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 21, 2016 – Alcoholics may lack an enzyme that would help them control their impulse to drink, a new study with rats suggests. Researchers found that turning off production of the enzyme PRDM2 in the frontal lobes of the rodents led the animals to drink alcohol, even when it was unpleasant to do so. "PRDM2 controls the expression of several genes that are necessary for effective signaling between nerve cells. When too little enzyme is produced, no effective signals are sent from the cells that are supposed to stop the impulse," said study leader Markus Heilig, head of the Center for Social and Affective Neuroscience at Linkoping University in Sweden. "We see how a single molecular manipulation gives rise to important characteristics of an addictive illness," Heilig said in a university news release. "Now that we're beginning to understand what's happening, we hope we'll ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Diagnosis and Investigation, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Psychosis, Alcoholic Gastritis

Would Weaker Beer Help Reduce Alcohol's Harms?

Posted 11 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2016 – Lowering the alcohol content in beer and other drinks may help reduce their harmful health effects, researchers say. Alcohol causes substantial disability and death worldwide. Nearly a quarter of deaths among people between the ages of 20 and 39 are alcohol-related, according to the World Health Organization. "The idea is that a small reduction in alcohol – such as beer with four percent ethanol content versus six per cent – would reduce alcohol intake per drinker even if the same overall amount of beverage is consumed," researcher Jurgen Rehm said. Rehm is director of the Institute for Mental Health Policy Research at the Center for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto. He and his colleagues concluded that lower levels of ethanol – the most harmful ingredient in alcoholic beverages – would lead to lower blood alcohol levels in drinkers. That would ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Alcoholic Cirrhosis, Alcoholic Liver Damage, Alcoholic Gastritis with Hemorrhage, Alcoholic Psychosis, Alcoholic Gastritis, Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy, Alcohol Hepatitis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Heavy Drinking Might Harm the Lungs

Posted 5 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 5, 2016 – Heavy drinking may increase the risk of lung problems, a new study suggests. "Alcohol appears to disrupt the healthy balance in the lung," said study lead author Dr. Majid Afshar, of Loyola University Chicago. He is an assistant professor in the division of pulmonary and critical care medicine and department of public health sciences. Afshar's team analyzed data from more than 12,000 American adults. The researchers found that heavy drinkers (more than one drink a day for women and more than two drinks a day for men) and people who binge-drink at least once a month had less nitric oxide in their exhaled breath than non-drinkers. Binge-drinking is consuming four or more drinks per occasion for women and five or more drinks for men. Also, the researchers found that the more alcohol heavy drinkers consumed, the lower the level of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Failure, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Psychosis

Smoke Less, Drink Less?

Posted 22 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 22, 2016 – Smokers who try to give up tobacco drink less alcohol than other smokers, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed survey data from nearly 6,300 smokers in England, including 144 who said they had attempted to quit smoking the week before they were surveyed. Those who tried to quit cigarettes drank less alcohol and were less likely to binge drink than those who did not try to quit. "These results go against the commonly held view that people who stop smoking tend to drink more to compensate. It's possible that they are heeding advice to try to avoid alcohol because of its link to relapse," said study lead author Jamie Brown, from University College London. The reasons for the findings aren't clear. Smokers may reduce their alcohol consumption when trying to quit smoking to lower the risk of relapse, or people who drink less may be more likely to quit smoking, ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Psychosis

Jello Shots While Underage, Bigger Booze Problems Later?

Posted 29 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 29, 2016 – Many underage Americans down jello shots, and these young drinkers are more likely to binge drink, drink heavily and get into alcohol-fueled fights, researchers say. The Boston University researchers surveyed more than 1,000 alcohol users, aged 13 to 20, and found that just over 20 percent had consumed jello shots in the past 30 days. Rates were slightly higher among females than males, and higher among those from homes with lower incomes and those without internet access. Compared to those who did not consume jello shots, users consumed alcohol an average of slightly more than two more days per week and had more drinks per month (31 versus 19). In addition, jello shot users got into more fights after consuming alcohol (close to 19 percent versus 9.5 percent), the study found. But the study did not prove that consuming these alcohol-laced concoctions caused ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Alcoholic Cirrhosis, Alcoholic Liver Damage, Alcoholic Gastritis with Hemorrhage, Alcoholic Psychosis, Alcoholic Gastritis, Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy, Alcohol Hepatitis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Breathalyzer-Locked Car Ignitions Are Saving Lives, Study Says

Posted 18 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 17, 2016 – Ignition devices that prevent driving after drinking significantly reduce alcohol-related crash deaths, a new study finds. Essentially in-car breathalyzers, the "ignition interlocks" led to a 15 percent decline in alcohol-related deaths in 18 states that required them for anyone convicted of drunken driving, the researchers found. The estimated 915 lives saved from 2007 to 2013 is comparable to the lives saved by mandatory airbag laws and the 21-year-old drinking age, the study authors noted. "The number of times that I have had to talk to a family and tell them that they lost their son or brother or daughter or sister to something so preventable as a drunk driving crash, it's hard to count even in my short time of practice – that's my motivation," said study author Dr. Elinore Kaufman, a student in the health policy program at the University of Pennsylvania ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Psychosis

Study Details Dire Consequences of Fetal Alcohol Disorders

Posted 25 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 – The many behavioral problems experienced by children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders require early attention, a new research review suggests. This group of health problems – caused by mothers drinking alcohol during pregnancy – may include anxiety, aggression, inattention and more, the researchers found. They analyzed published studies and identified three main types of behavioral problems among children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: "internalizing" behaviors such as anxiety, withdrawal and depression; "externalizing" behaviors such as aggression and delinquency; and other issues such as problems with social skills, attention and thought processing. The study, by researchers at the University of Sydney in Australia, was published online Feb. 23 in the journal Pediatrics. "The finding highlights the need for strategies for early intervention, ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hydrocephalus, Brain Anomalies incl Congenital, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Fetal Maturation, Alcoholic Psychosis

Pot Smokers Susceptible to Other Addictions, Study Finds

Posted 17 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 – Pot smokers may be at significantly greater risk for developing an addiction to other drugs or alcohol, a new study suggests. Researchers found that adult marijuana use was associated with greater likelihood of developing alcohol and drug use problems, including nicotine dependence, over three years of follow-up. But it was not associated with greater risk of developing a mood or anxiety disorder. "This new finding raises the possibility that the recent rise in marijuana use may be contributing to the coincident rise in serious harms related to narcotics and other drugs of abuse," said lead researcher Dr. Mark Olfson. He is a professor of psychiatry at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City. The results stem from a sampling of nearly 35,000 adults interviewed three years apart for the U.S. National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Substance Abuse, Alcoholism, Hangover, Cannabis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Substance Abuse - Cocaine, Benzodiazepine Overdose, Alcoholic Psychosis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Frequent Monitoring May Keep Alcohol Offenders Sober

Posted 10 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 – A South Dakota program that requires people involved in alcohol-linked crimes to stay away from booze and be closely monitored for drinking appears to reduce deaths, a new study finds. Offenders in the program must undergo breathalyzer tests twice a day or wear bracelets that continuously check for alcohol. Those who skip or fail the tests are immediately jailed for a short time, typically a day or two, the study authors said. The 24/7 Sobriety Program was launched as a pilot program in 2005 and was associated with a 4 percent drop in deaths at the county level. The largest reductions occurred among causes of death linked with excessive drinking, such as circulatory conditions, according to RAND Corp. researchers. "Our findings suggest that criminal justice interventions that reduce heavy alcohol consumption may, in turn, influence mortality," lead author and ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Alcoholic Cirrhosis, Alcoholic Liver Damage, Alcoholic Gastritis with Hemorrhage, Alcoholic Psychosis, Alcoholic Gastritis, Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy, Alcohol Hepatitis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Chronic Drinking Plus Binge Drinking Spurs Rapid Liver Damage in Mouse Study

Posted 30 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 30, 2015 – Chronic drinking combined with binge drinking quickly damages the liver, and is more destructive than previously thought, a new study with mice suggests. "Heavy binge drinking by those who habitually consume alcohol is the most common cause of liver damage in chronic alcoholic liver disease," lead author Shivendra Shukla, a professor of medical pharmacology and physiology at the University of Missouri School of Medicine, said in a university news release. "We know that this behavior causes large fatty deposits in the liver that ultimately impair the organ's ability to function properly. However, we wanted to understand the mechanism that causes this damage and the extent of the harm," Shukla said. "Our research focused on different forms of alcohol abuse and the results of those behaviors," he explained. Shukla and his colleagues looked at how chronic alcohol ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Alcoholic Cirrhosis, Alcoholic Liver Damage, Alcoholic Gastritis with Hemorrhage, Alcoholic Psychosis, Alcoholic Gastritis, Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy, Alcohol Hepatitis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Bullying Can Leave Lasting Mental Scars

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 9, 2015 – Bullying can lead to lasting psychological effects for both victims and tormentors, researchers report. More than 20 percent of children who have suffered bullying are prone to depression serious enough to require medical help by their late 20s, researchers from Finland said. "Frequent victimization at age 8 is associated with adult psychiatric disorders needing treatment," said lead researcher Dr. Andre Sourander, a professor in the department of child psychiatry at the University of Turku. Besides depression, researchers found that bullying or being bullied were associated with psychosis, anxiety, and drug and alcohol abuse. "We need to understand the importance of early peer and school experiences for children," Sourander said. "We should integrate a mental health perspective to anti-bullying campaigns, because early intervention can prevent long-term ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Opiate Dependence, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Opiate Withdrawal, Schizophrenia, Mania, Paranoid Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Agitation, Alcohol Withdrawal, Psychosis

Former Problem Drinkers Find It Tricky to Navigate Social Settings: Study

Posted 25 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 25, 2015 – When former problem drinkers are socializing, they use a number of methods to let others know they don't drink, a small new study finds. Researchers interviewed 11 former problem drinkers who had been sober for between one and 19 years. Many of the study participants said they tried to avoid the issue altogether. Methods included posing as a drinker by holding a cup but not drinking, or simply refusing offers to drink without saying why. If asked why they were not drinking, some cited health problems or said they were taking medications that couldn't be used with alcohol. Some used humor to change the subject, the researchers found. A few of the former drinkers said they were open about their history of problem drinking, particularly if they thought it would get them out of a situation that threatened their sobriety, or if they believed it would help other ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Alcoholic Liver Damage, Alcoholic Psychosis, Alcoholic Gastritis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Brain Differences Seen in Teenage Heavy Drinkers

Posted 18 May 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 18, 2015 – Teens who drink heavily appear to have significant abnormalities in brain development, a new study finds. Heavy drinking by teens may also be associated with a gene mutation linked to impulsiveness, according to another new study. The studies, published in the American Journal of Psychiatry, were scheduled for presentation Monday at the annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, in Toronto. Research presented at meetings is considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal. The brain regions examined in these studies play a critical role in the addiction cycle of binge drinking and preoccupation with drinking, George Koob, director of the U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, said in an association news release. In one study, brain scans of participants ages 12 to 24 found differences in brain development between ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Diagnosis and Investigation, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Psychosis

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