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Acute Coronary Syndrome News

Smoking Raises Heart Attack Risk 8-Fold in People Under 50

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 29, 2016 – All smokers face a higher risk of heart attack, but the threat is particularly high among those under 50, a new study finds. Compared to former smokers and nonsmokers in their age group, heart attack risk was nearly 8.5 times higher for smokers younger than 50, British researchers found. One expert in smoking and health who reviewed the report said the findings underline the importance of keeping youth and cigarettes apart. "Through comprehensive tobacco-control programs that include environmental smoking bans, high taxes on cigarettes, and anti-tobacco media campaigns, we can decrease the rates of smoking/tobacco use, heart disease and many other health conditions," said Patricia Folan. She directs the Center for Tobacco Control at Northwell Health in Great Neck, N.Y. The study found that smokers at older ages faced higher heart risks, as well. Compared to ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Heart Attack, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Myocardial Infarction, Nicorette, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Nicoderm CQ, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Atherosclerosis, Habitrol, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief

Take Meds as Directed to Boost Survival After Heart Procedures

Posted 24 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 20, 2016 – Taking medications as prescribed improves outcomes for heart procedure patients, a new study finds. Researchers looked at 973 heart bypass patients and 2,255 patients who underwent angioplasty and stenting to reopen clogged heart arteries. Heart bypass surgery is when surgeons take a piece of blood vessel from somewhere else in the body to bypass a blocked portion of the heart's artery. Angioplasty is performed using a thin catheter that's threaded through the blood vessels to the heart. A balloon on the end of the catheter is inflated to open the narrowed blood vessel. Sometimes a stent (a mesh or wire tube) will be left in the blood vessel to keep it open. Prescribed medications in the study included cholesterol-lowering statins, blood thinners and beta blockers. Follow-up information was collected 12 to 18 months after the heart procedures. Overall, ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Aspirin, Metoprolol, Atenolol, Lipitor, Propranolol, Simvastatin, Crestor, Bystolic, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Carvedilol, Bisoprolol, Excedrin, Coreg, Inderal, Zocor, Sotalol, Lovastatin, Toprol-XL

Statins Often Interact With Other Heart Drugs

Posted 17 Oct 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 17, 2016 – Cholesterol-lowering statins can interact with other drugs prescribed for heart disease. But there are ways to navigate the problem, according to new recommendations from the American Heart Association. Statins are among the mostly widely prescribed drugs in the United States. Roughly one-quarter of Americans age 40 and up are on a statin, according to a 2014 study by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The drugs are prescribed to people who either have atherosclerosis (clogged arteries) or are at risk of it, which means many statin users also take other cardiovascular drugs, the heart association says. The benefits of those drug combinations will generally outweigh the risks, said Barbara Wiggins, a clinical pharmacy specialist in cardiology at the Medical University of South Carolina. But doctors and patients should be aware of how the drugs ... Read more

Related support groups: Warfarin, Coumadin, Amlodipine, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Diltiazem, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Norvasc, Verapamil, Amiodarone, Digoxin, Nifedipine, Cardizem, Zocor, Azor, Lovastatin, Exforge, Rosuvastatin

Drug-Coated Stents Don't Improve Patient Survival, Large Study Reports

Posted 31 Aug 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 31, 2016 – The largest trial ever conducted on stents – tiny tubes that help keep heart arteries open – suggests that pricey drug-coated (or eluting) versions may perform no better for patients over the long-term, in terms of patient survival, compared to cheaper, "bare metal" versions. "The evidence in favor of contemporary drug-eluting stents over bare-metal stents may not be as strong as has been thought," said study author Dr. Kaare Harald Bonaa. He's from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim, Norway. Bare-metal stents were used in the early days of stenting. But, arteries sometimes re-closed around the stent. That meant surgeons often had to go back in and re-open the vessel – a procedure called revascularization. Then came drug-eluting stents. These devices were coated with drugs to prevent the vessel re-closure that plagued so many ... Read more

Related support groups: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Acute Coronary Syndrome, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Revascularization Procedures - Prophylaxis, Vascular Surgery, Coronary Arteriography, Revascularization Procedures

FDA Approves First Fully Dissolvable Stent

Posted 5 Jul 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 5, 2016 – The first coronary stent to be gradually absorbed by the body has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The Absorb GT1 Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold System (BVS) is absorbed within about three years, the agency said Tuesday in a news release. The stent, a hollow mesh tube designed to prop open a formerly clogged artery, also releases the drug everolimus to limit the growth of scar tissue. Coronary artery disease leads to some 370,000 deaths annually in the United States, the FDA said. It occurs when cholesterol-laden deposits build up and narrow blood vessels, reducing blood flow to the heart. Symptoms commonly include chest pain, shortness of breath and fatigue. The condition is frequently treated using a procedure called angioplasty, in which a balloon-like device is expanded within an artery to open the vessel. But scar tissue can then ... Read more

Related support groups: High Cholesterol, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Acute Coronary Syndrome, Revascularization Procedures - Prophylaxis, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis, Revascularization Procedures, Coronary Arteriography

Just 6 Percent of Chest Pain Cases in ER Are Life-Threatening: Study

Posted 15 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 15, 2016 – Americans who develop chest pain often rush to the hospital, where they're treated with urgency. A new study suggests, however, that less than 6 percent of these patients suffer from life-threatening conditions such as a heart attack. Most often, physicians can't determine the cause of patients' chest pain, the researchers found. But chest pain can be a sign of serious illness, cautioned study lead author Dr. Renee Hsia, an emergency room physician and director of Health Policy Studies at the University of California, San Francisco. "This doesn't mean that patients shouldn't be worried when they experience chest pain," she said. "Depending on their risk factors, they certainly could be having a heart attack or another life-threatening condition, which is why it is important to seek timely medical care. "In the right patient population with risk factors, we ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Angina, Myocardial Infarction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Type 2 Diabetes, Heart Disease a Dangerous Combo

Posted 13 Jun 2016 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, June 11, 2016 – Prospects for people with type 2 diabetes and heart disease may be grimmer than previously believed, researchers report. "Type 2 diabetes accompanied by an acute coronary syndrome needs much more attention, especially in order to prevent yet another major cardiac event," said study leader Dr. William White. He is a professor with the University of Connecticut Health Center's Calhoun Cardiology Center. The study included more than 5,300 people around the world with type 2 diabetes. Those admitted to the hospital for congestive heart failure had a 24 percent to 28 percent chance of dying within 18 months. That's five times higher than the risk among those not hospitalized for a major heart problem, the researchers said. The risk of heart disease is two to three times higher among people with type 2 diabetes than in the general population, the study authors ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Angina, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Myocardial Infarction, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Diabetes Mellitus, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Ischemic Heart Disease, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis

Many Heart Bypass Patients Don't Take Needed Meds

Posted 4 May 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 – Many heart bypass patients are skipping medications meant to maintain smooth blood flow in their repaired veins, a new study finds. "It is important for patients to understand that bypass surgery is a second chance, not a cure for their disease," Dr. Michael Savage, a professor of cardiology at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia, said in a university news release. Research has shown that taking statins and aspirin helps keep vein grafts used in bypass surgery open over the long term, and the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association recommend taking both medications unless they are unsafe for a patient. But among the more than 400 patients in the study, only 52 percent were taking the recommended combination of statins and aspirin. Sixty-seven percent were taking just a statin and 75 percent were using aspirin only. Those who ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Heart Attack, High Cholesterol, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Angina, Excedrin, Zocor, Lovastatin, Alka-Seltzer, Aggrenox, Myocardial Infarction, Rosuvastatin, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Pravachol

Doctors May Be Ordering Too Many Neck Artery Scans: Study

Posted 18 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 18, 2016 – A new study suggests that many heart patients are scanned for potential blockages in their carotid arteries for uncertain or inappropriate reasons. The carotid arteries, which run up both sides of the neck, deliver blood to the brain. If they become blocked, that can cause a stroke. Once spotted, a blockage can be treated with surgery or medication, the researchers said. But among more than 4,000 VA patients in the study, scans for uncertain reasons happened more than 83 percent of the time, while scans for inappropriate reasons happened 11 percent of the time. Only slightly over 5 percent of these patients were screened for appropriate reasons, the study found. "The vast majority were done for uncertain or inappropriate reasons," said Dr. Larry Goldstein, chairman of the department of neurology at the University of Kentucky School of Medicine. He wrote a ... Read more

Related support groups: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Head & Neck Surgery, Diagnosis and Investigation, Body Imaging, Head Imaging

Harmful Artery-Stiffening Seen in Healthy 40-Year-Olds

Posted 5 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 5, 2016 – Even healthy, young adults may have hardening of the arteries that can harm their brain health, a new study suggests. Brain changes that can lead to mental decline and Alzheimer's disease later in life have been found in people in their 40s, the researchers reported. The new study shows "that increasing arterial stiffness is detrimental to the brain, and that increasing stiffness and brain injury begin in early middle life, before we commonly think of prevalent diseases such as atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease or stroke having an impact," said study author Pauline Maillard. She is a researcher in the department of neurology and Center for Neuroscience at the University of California, Davis. "These results may be a new avenue of treatment to sustain brain health," she added in a university news release. The study included about 1,900 participants in the ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Angina, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Atherosclerosis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease

PTSD May Stiffen Veterans' Arteries, Boosting Heart Risks

Posted 24 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 23, 2016 – Veterans suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may have blood vessels that don't expand normally, a new study suggests. If vessels don't widen as they should, the risk of heart attack and stroke goes up, the researchers noted. The researchers also found that risk factors usually associated with blood vessel problems – such as high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol and smoking – didn't seem to account for why people with PTSD were more likely to have blood vessels that didn't dilate properly. The researchers suspect that stress may be to blame. "We believe that we should try to gain a better understanding of the relationship between mental illness and cardiovascular health," said lead researcher Dr. Marlene Grenon. She's an associate professor of surgery at the University of California, San Francisco, and the Veterans Affairs Medical ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Heart Disease, Angina, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Acute Coronary Syndrome, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Atherosclerosis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis, Coronary Arteriography

Younger Female Heart Patients More Likely to Need Follow-Up Care

Posted 24 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 – Women under 50 who've been treated once for heart disease seem to fare worse than similarly treated men, a new report shows. Younger women who'd already had a procedure known as angioplasty to open their heart arteries were significantly more likely to need additional procedures to keep those arteries open and functioning well than men were, the study said. Angioplasty is a procedure in which a tiny balloon is inflated inside an artery to widen the vessel and clear partial blockages. The researchers pointed out that even though young women's arteries appeared to be healthier and less blocked than those of their male counterparts, they were still more likely to need more treatment. "Although women tended to have less heart disease than men, they had generally worse outcomes over one year and five years compared to men," said lead researcher Dr. Robert Wilensky, ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Acute Coronary Syndrome, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Ischemic Heart Disease, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis, High Risk Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty, Coronary Arteriography

Health Tip: Understanding Risk Factors for Hardening Arteries

Posted 25 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

-- Atherosclerosis, the medical term for hardening of the arteries, occurs when the arteries narrow and become rigid. Left undetected or untreated, one or more of these vessels may become completely blocked. The American Academy of Family Physicians explains these risk factors: Having high blood pressure. Having high cholesterol. Being diabetic. Being overweight or obese. Using tobacco. Eating an unhealthy diet. Getting insufficient exercise. Having family members with heart disease. Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Obesity, Hypertension, Smoking, High Cholesterol, Smoking Cessation, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Acute Coronary Syndrome, Hyperlipoproteinemia, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Angioplasty May Not Boost Survival for Some Heart Disease Patients

Posted 11 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11, 2015 – Angioplasty – the procedure used to open narrowed or blocked arteries – doesn't seem to lengthen life for people with stable heart disease and chest pain, a new study finds. After 15 years of follow-up, the study found that people who had angioplasty fared no better than those who had their heart disease treated with medication and lifestyle changes alone. "[Angioplasty and] stenting is effective and improves survival when performed early in the course of a heart attack," said lead researcher Dr. Steven Sedlis, an associate professor of medicine at NYU Medical School in New York City. "But the benefits of routine [angioplasty and] stenting for patients with stable heart disease have been uncertain and highly controversial." During the angioplasty procedure, a small tube may be placed in the blood vessel to keep it open. This is called stenting. Routine ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Angina, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Angina Pectoris Prophylaxis, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Ischemic Heart Disease, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Acute Coronary Syndrome - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome, High Risk Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty, Coronary Arteriography

Doctors, Nurse Practitioners Offer Comparable Outpatient Heart Care: Study

Posted 12 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 12, 2015 – Heart disease patients appear to get comparable care whether they see a doctor, nurse practitioner or physician assistant, a new study finds. But most outpatient cardiac care fails to meet established standards for good heart health management, regardless of the provider, the researchers determined. Just over 10 percent of providers complied with all of the current recommendations, the study revealed. Many patients aren't getting the care they need, said Dr. Gregg Fonarow, a professor of cardiology at the University of California, Los Angeles. "As a result [they] may be at risk for cardiovascular events and deaths that could have been prevented," added Fonarow, who wasn't involved in the study. The researchers, led by Dr. Salim Virani, a cardiologist at the DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Houston, based their results on more than 600,000 heart ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Atrial Fibrillation, Heart Attack, Arrhythmia, Angina, Myocardial Infarction, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Atrial Flutter, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome

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