Interactions between your selected drugs
erythromycin ↔ betamethasone
Applies to: erythromycin, betamethasone
MONITOR: Coadministration with inhibitors of CYP450 3A4 may increase the plasma concentrations and pharmacologic effects of corticosteroids, which are primarily metabolized by the isoenzyme. The interaction has been reported with potent inhibitors such as clarithromycin, erythromycin, itraconazole, nefazodone, and ritonavir during concomitant use of various corticosteroids, including inhaled formulations. Cushing's syndrome and adrenal insufficiency have been attributed to the interaction.
MANAGEMENT: The possibility of increased corticosteroid effects should be considered during concomitant therapy with CYP450 3A4 inhibitors, particularly potent ones like itraconazole, ketoconazole, voriconazole, nefazodone, protease inhibitors, and ketolide and macrolide antibiotics. Adrenal function should be monitored regularly during chronic use of these agents, and corticosteroid dosage adjusted as necessary. Adverse effects during prolonged administration of corticosteroids may include symptoms of hypercorticism (e.g., acne, easy bruising, moon face, edema, hirsutism, buffalo hump, skin striae, glucose intolerance, irregular menstruations); adrenal suppression (which reduces patient's ability to respond to stress situations); immunosuppression; and osteoporosis.
Other drugs that your selected drugs interact with
betamethasone interacts with more than 300 other drugs.
erythromycin interacts with more than 300 other drugs.
Interactions between your selected drugs and food
erythromycin ↔ food
Applies to: erythromycin
ADJUST DOSING INTERVAL: Food may variably affect the bioavailability of different oral formulations and salt forms of erythromycin. The individual product package labeling should be consulted regarding the appropriate time of administration in relation to food ingestion. Grapefruit juice may increase the plasma concentrations of orally administered erythromycin. The proposed mechanism is inhibition of CYP450 3A4-mediated first-pass metabolism in the gut wall by certain compounds present in grapefruits. In an open-label, crossover study consisting of six healthy subjects, the coadministration with double-strength grapefruit juice increased the mean peak plasma concentration (Cmax) and area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of a single dose of erythromycin (400 mg) by 52% and 49%, respectively, compared to water. The half-life was not affected. The clinical significance of this potential interaction is unknown.
MANAGEMENT: In general, optimal serum levels are achieved when erythromycin is taken in the fasting state, one-half to two hours before meals. However, some erythromycin products may be taken without regard to meals.
- Erythromycin Information for Consumers
- Erythromycin Information for Healthcare Professionals (includes dosage details)
- Side Effects of Erythromycin (detailed)
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