USA. pink, round pill. scored 4 ways with an 0, 2, 2, 0 respectively in each quandrant
ACEPROMAZINE MALEATE tablet 10 mg.
Acepromazine maleate, a potent neuroleptic agent with a low order of toxicity, is of particular value in the tranquilization of dogs. Its rapid action and lack of hypnotic effect are added advantages.
Mode of Action
Acepromazine maleate has a depressant effect on the central nervous system and therefore causes sedation, muscular relaxation and a reduction in spontaneous activity. It acts rapidly, exerting a prompt and pronounced calming effect. It is an effective preanesthetic agent and lowers the dosage requirement of general anesthetics.
Tranquilizers are potent central nervous system depressants, and they can cause marked sedation with suppression of the sympathetic nervous system.
Tranquilizers can produce prolonged depression or motor restlessness when given in excessive amounts or when given to sensitive animals.
Tranquilizers are additive in action to the actions of other depressants and will potentiate general anesthesia. Tranquilizers should be administered in smaller doses and with greater care during general anesthesia and also to animals exhibiting symptoms of stress, debilitation, cardiac disease, sympathetic blockade, hypovolemia or shock. Acepromazine, like other phenothiazine derivatives, is detoxified in the liver; therefore, it should be used with caution on animals with a previous history of liver dysfunction or leukopenia. Epinephrine is contraindicated for treatment of acute hypotension produced by phenothiazine-derivative tranquilizers since further depression of blood pressure can occur.
Phenothiazines should be used with caution when followed by epidural anesthetic procedures because they may potentiate the arterial hypotensive effects of local anesthetics.
A few rare but serious occurrences of idiosyncratic reactions to Acepromazine may occur in dogs following oral or parenteral administration. These potentially serious adverse reactions include behavioral disorders in dogs such as aggression, biting/chewing, and nervousness.
Dosage and Administration
Dogs: 0.25 - 1.0 mg/lb of body weight. Dosage may be repeated as required.
Acepromazine Maleate Tablets are available in 10 & 25 mg concentrations, and are quarter scored for convenience of administration. Both concentrations are available in bottles of 100 and 500 tablets.
Source: Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc. & dailymed.nlm.nih.gov
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