Pleas let me know are they dangerous? I woke up with it this morning are the dangerous how to get rid of them please tell me thank u
A charlie horse is not considered permanent or life-threatening, and can be expected to fully heal within a few days to a month.
### Causes ###
# Muscle fatigue. First time going to the gym after a long while? Don't overdo it. Most leg cramps arise from strenuous activity and our muscles' lack of capability to put up with too much and sudden stress. Lack of warm-ups and proper stretching in your exercise routine can also cause undue stress on your muscles.
# Mineral deficiency. Occasionally, charlie horses are caused by an imbalance of potassium, calcium or magnesium in our bodies.
# Dehydration. Dehydration is one of definite causes of muscle cramps, because our body needs water to act as lubricant for our joints and muscles.
# Pregnancy. Charlie horses are also experienced by pregnant women due to additional weight gain and an increased pressure on blood vessels, which can slow circulation and cause blood to accumulate in your legs.
# Calcification. Calcification happens the mineral calcium gets into soft tissue and hardens. This happens when calcium is not properly absorbed by your body.
# Side effect. It can be a side-effect to medications like statins (cholesterol lowering medications) and prednisone (medication for allergic disorders).
# Complications. Charlie horses can also be a complication to the more serious medical conditions such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and neuropathy, both conditions of damaged neurons in the brain.
### Treatments ###
# Ice. For the quadriceps contusion type of charlie horse, applying ice to the affected area should be the immediate response. Keeping the leg in a fully bent position for 24 hours also helps in preventing further pain or spasms.
# Do not use heat. Heat may only increase swelling and encourage more blood to flow in the affected area and it may worsen the contusions.
# Compression. Compression is done to reduce swelling, and is especially useful for the quadriceps contusion type of charlie horse.
# Elevating leg muscles. Encourage the blood flow from your limbs towards the heart by elevating your legs above the heart area. You can do this by lying down and propping your legs on pillows.
# Vitamin E. 400 IU of vitamin E is recommended for people who get nightly charlie horses.
# Stretching and massaging. For the quadriceps contusion type of charlie horse, do gentle pain-free quadriceps stretching for 30 seconds, and repeat five times daily. Depending on the severity of the condition, you may also apply gentle massaging to the area.
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