It appears that a 5mg Eldepryl (seligilene) tablet taken once a day can be given safely without any dietary restrictions. A dose higher than 6mg a day requires special management of tyramine rich food to avoid a hypertensive crisis (a severe increase in blood-pressure that can lead to stroke)
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Interactions between your selected drugs and food
Eldepryl (selegiline) (Major Drug-Food)
GENERALLY AVOID: Foods that contain large amounts of tyramine may precipitate a hypertensive crisis in patients treated with monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). The mechanism is inhibition of MAO-A, the enzyme responsible for metabolizing exogenous amines such as tyramine in the gut and preventing them from being absorbed intact. Once absorbed, tyramine is metabolized to octopamine, a substance that is believed to displace norepinephrine from storage granules. Although selegiline is considered a selective inhibitor of MAO-B, the selectivity may not be absolute even at recommended dosages. Rare cases of hypertensive reactions associated with ingestion of tyramine-containing foods have been reported in patients taking the recommended daily oral dose of selegiline. Data for transdermal selegiline indicate that the 6 mg/24 hour dosage may be given safely without dietary restrictions. However, limited data are available for higher dosages.
MANAGEMENT: Patients treated with oral selegiline and transdermal selegiline (greater than 6 mg/24 hour) should preferably avoid consumption of products that contain large amounts of amines and protein foods in which aging or breakdown of protein is used to increase flavor. These foods include cheese (particularly strong, aged or processed cheeses), sour cream, wine (particularly red wine), champagne, beer, pickled herring, anchovies, caviar, shrimp paste, liver (particularly chicken liver), dry sausage, salamis, figs, raisins, bananas, avocados, chocolate, soy sauce, bean curd, sauerkraut, yogurt, papaya products, meat tenderizers, fava bean pods, protein extracts, yeast extracts, and dietary supplements. Caffeine may also precipitate hypertensive crisis so its intake should be minimized as well. At least 14 days should elapse following discontinuation of selegiline therapy before these foods may be consumed. Specially designed reference materials and dietary consultation are recommended so that an appropriate and safe diet can be planned. Patients should also be advised to promptly seek medical attention if they experience potential signs and symptoms of a hypertensive crisis such as severe headache, visual disturbances, difficulty thinking, stupor or coma, seizures, chest pain, unexplained nausea or vomiting, and stroke-like symptoms. The recommended dosages of selegiline should not be exceeded, as it can increase the risk of nonselective MAO inhibition and a hypertensive crisis.
- Eldepryl Information for Consumers
- Eldepryl Information for Healthcare Professionals (includes dosage details)
- Side Effects of Eldepryl (detailed)
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