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What is bursitis? What commonly causes it? How is it treated?

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Inactive 23 Dec 2012

Bursitis is inflammation of the fluid-filled sac (bursa) that lies between a tendon and skin, or between a tendon and bone. The condition may be acute or chronic.

Causes of Bursitis

Bursae are fluid-filled cavities near joints where tendons or muscles pass over bony projections. They assist movement and reduce friction between moving parts.

Bursitis can be caused by chronic overuse, trauma, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, or infection. Sometimes the cause cannot be determined. Bursitis commonly occurs in the shoulder, knee, elbow, and hip. Other areas that may be affected include the Achilles tendon and the foot.

Chronic inflammation can occur with repeated injuries or attacks of bursitis.

Treatment of Bursitis

Your health care provider may recommend temporary rest or immobilization of the affected joint.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen may relieve pain and inflammation. Formal physical therapy may be helpful as well.

If the inflammation does not respond to the initial treatment, it may be necessary to draw out fluid from the bursa and inject corticosteroids. Surgery is rarely required.

Exercises for the affected area should be started as the pain goes away. If muscle atrophy (weakness or decrease in size) has occurred, your health care provider may suggest exercises to build strength and increase mobility.

Bursitis caused by infection is treated with antibiotics. Sometimes the infected bursa must be drained surgically.

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Inactive 23 Dec 2012

Hello theunclebear, & welcome to the site. My friend masso has given all the correct info,but if you are really suffering, a trip to your orthopaedic is a good idea. I have this in my shoulder just about every winter. Rest it, don't use it. Number one rule. A quick trip to the ortho & a shot of cortisone usually takes care of mine right off. Hope this is helpful. Sorry it's the Holidays, but by Wednesday you should be able to get some relief.Remember to rest the affected area... free discount card

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