Jardiance

Generic Name: empagliflozin (EM pa gli FLOE zin)
Brand Name: Jardiance

What is Jardiance?

Jardiance (empagliflozin) is an oral diabetes medicine that helps control blood sugar levels. Empagliflozin works by helping the kidneys get rid of glucose from your bloodstream.

Empagliflozin is used together with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Jardiance is also used to lower the risk of death from heart attack, stroke, or heart failure in adults with type 2 diabetes who also have heart disease.

Jardiance is not for treating type 1 diabetes.

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Important information

You should not use Jardiance if you have severe kidney disease or if you are on dialysis, or if you have diabetic ketoacidosis. Jardiance is not for treating type 1 diabetes.

Taking Jardiance can make you dehydrated, which could cause you to feel weak or dizzy (especially when you stand up).

Jardiance can also cause infections in the bladder or genitals (penis or vagina). Call your doctor if you have genital pain or itching, genital odor or discharge, increased urination, pain or burning when you urinate, or blood in your urine.

Before taking this medicine

You should not use Jardiance if you are allergic to empagliflozin, or if you have:

To make sure Jardiance is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have ever had:

It is not known whether Jardiance will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

It is not known whether empagliflozin passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while using this medicine.

Jardiance is not approved for use by anyone younger than 18 years old.

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How should I take Jardiance?

Jardiance is usually taken once per day in the morning. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

You may take Jardiance with or without food.

Call your doctor if you are sick with vomiting or diarrhea, if you consume less food or fluid than usual, or if you are sweating more than usual.

Your blood sugar will need to be checked often, and you may also need to test the level of ketones your urine. Jardiance can cause life-threatening ketoacidosis (too much acid in the blood). Even if your blood sugar is normal, contact your doctor if a urine test shows that you have ketones in the urine.

Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can happen to everyone who has diabetes. Symptoms include headache, hunger, sweating, irritability, dizziness, nausea, fast heart rate, and feeling anxious or shaky. To quickly treat low blood sugar, always keep a fast-acting source of sugar with you such as fruit juice, hard candy, crackers, raisins, or non-diet soda.

Your doctor can prescribe a glucagon emergency injection kit to use in case you have severe hypoglycemia and cannot eat or drink. Be sure your family and close friends know how to give you this injection in an emergency.

Also watch for signs of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) such as increased thirst or urination, blurred vision, headache, and tiredness.

Blood sugar levels can be affected by stress, illness, surgery, exercise, alcohol use, or skipping meals. Ask your doctor before changing your dose or medication schedule.

This medicine can cause positive results with certain lab tests for glucose (sugar) in the urine. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using Jardiance.

Jardiance is only part of a treatment program that may also include diet, exercise, weight control, blood sugar testing, and special medical care. Follow your doctor's instructions very closely.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

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Jardiance dosing information

Usual Adult Dose for Diabetes Type 2:

Initial dose: 10 mg orally once a day in the morning
-May increase to 25 mg orally once a day for patients tolerating therapy
Maximum dose: 25 mg per day

Comments:
-Limitation of use: Not recommended for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus or for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis.
-Volume depletion should be corrected prior to initiating therapy.

Uses:
-An adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
-To reduce the risk of cardiovascular (CV) death in adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and established CV disease.

Usual Adult Dose for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction:

Initial dose: 10 mg orally once a day in the morning
-May increase to 25 mg orally once a day for patients tolerating therapy
Maximum dose: 25 mg per day

Comments:
-Limitation of use: Not recommended for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus or for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis.
-Volume depletion should be corrected prior to initiating therapy.

Uses:
-An adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
-To reduce the risk of cardiovascular (CV) death in adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and established CV disease.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

What should I avoid while taking Jardiance?

Avoid getting up too fast from a sitting or lying position, or you may feel dizzy. Get up slowly and steady yourself to prevent a fall.

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Jardiance side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to Jardiance: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

Common Jardiance side effects may include:

Genital infections may be more common in women than in men.

Older adults may be more likely to have side effects from this medicine.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

See also: Side effects (in more detail)

What other drugs will affect Jardiance?

Tell your doctor about all medicines you use, and those you start or stop using, especially:

This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with empagliflozin, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide.

Where can I get more information?


Copyright 1996-2017 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 1.05.

Date modified: September 05, 2017
Last reviewed: July 27, 2017