Exelon

Generic Name: rivastigmine (ri va STIG meen)
Brand Name: Exelon

What is Exelon?

Exelon (rivastigmine) improves the function of nerve cells in the brain. It works by preventing the breakdown of a chemical that is important for the processes of memory, thinking, and reasoning. People with dementia usually have lower levels of this chemical.

Exelon is used to treat mild to moderate dementia caused by Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease.

Exelon may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

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Important information

Exelon may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert.

You should not take oral Exelon if you have ever had severe redness, itching, or skin irritation caused by wearing a Exelon transdermal skin patch.

Call your doctor at once if you have severe or ongoing vomiting or diarrhea, loss of appetite, weight loss, heavy sweating or hot and dry skin, black or bloody stools, coughing up blood, tremors (uncontrolled shaking), or restless muscle movements in your eyes, tongue, jaw, or neck.

Before using Exelon, tell your doctor if you have liver disease, a heart rhythm disorder such as "sick sinus syndrome" (slow heartbeats), recent weight loss or lack of appetite, an enlarged prostate, urination problems, a seizure disorder, asthma or allergies, tremors or uncontrolled muscle movements, or a history of stomach ulcer.

Always remove an old patch before putting on a new one. Do not wear more than one Exelon skin patch at a time.

Before taking this medicine

You should not take Exelon if you are allergic to rivastigmine or similar medicines, such as neostigmine, meprobamate, or carisoprodol.

You should not take oral Exelon if you have ever had severe redness, itching, or skin irritation caused by wearing a Exelon transdermal skin patch.

To make sure Exelon is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:

Exelon is not expected to harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment.

It is not known whether rivastigmine passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while using Exelon.

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How should I take Exelon?

Exelon is usually taken twice per day. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Take Exelon with food.

Exelon oral solution (liquid) comes with patient instructions for correctly measuring the dose. Follow these directions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.

Measure liquid medicine with the dosing syringe provided, or with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

You may swallow the liquid medicine directly from the syringe or mix the medicine with a small glass of water, fruit juice, or soda. Stir the mixture and drink all of it within 4 hours after mixing. To get the entire dose, add a little more water to the same glass, swirl gently and drink right away.

After using the syringe, wipe the outside of it with a clean tissue and put the syringe back into its protective case. Close the medicine bottle using the child resistant closure.

Use Exelon regularly to get the most benefit. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.

Tell your doctor if you have any changes in weight. Rivastigmine doses are based on weight, and any changes may affect the dose.

If you need surgery, tell the surgeon ahead of time that you are using Exelon. You may need to stop using the medicine for a short time.

If you stop taking Exelon for any reason, do not restart the medicine without talking to your doctor first. You may need to restart treatment with a lower dose.

Store Exelon at room temperature, away from moisture and heat. Do not allow the liquid medicine to freeze.

Exelon dosing information

Usual Adult Dose of Exelon for Alzheimer's Disease:

Mild to moderate Alzheimer's Disease:
Oral:
Initial dose: 1.5 mg orally twice a day with morning and evening meals.
Maintenance dose: After a minimum of two weeks of treatment, if the initial dosage is well tolerated, it may be increased to 3 mg twice a day. Subsequent increases to 4.5 mg and 6 mg twice a day should be attempted only after a minimum of 2 weeks at the previous dosage.
Transdermal:
Initial Dose: 4.6 mg/24 hour transdermal patch applied to the skin once daily
Maintenance Dose: After a minimum of four weeks of treatment and if well tolerated, the dose of the patch can be increased to 9.5 mg/24 hours for as long as this dose is beneficial. The dose can then be increased to 13.3 mg/24 hours.
Maximum Dose: 13.3 mg/ 24 hour transdermal patch applied to skin daily. Higher doses confer no appreciable additional benefit, and are associated with significant increase in the incidence of adverse events.
Comment:
-Apply once a day
-Press down firmly for 30 seconds until edges stick well
-Use upper or lower back as the site of application
-Do not apply to skin area where cream, lotion, powder has been recently applied
-Do not apply to skin that is red, irritated, or cut
-Wear one patch at a time
-Change site of application daily, do not apply a new patch to same location for at least 14 days
-May wear patch during bathing, but avoid long exposure to external heat sources

Severe Alzheimer's Disease:
13.3 mg/24 hours transdermal patch applied to skin once daily; replace with a new patch every 24 hours
Comment:
-If dosing interrupted for 3 days or fewer, restart treatment with the same or lower strength transdermal patch
-If dosing is interrupted for more than 3 days, restart treatment with the 4.6 mg/24 hours transdermal patch and titrate

Usual Adult Dose of Exelon for Parkinson's Disease:

Mild to Moderate Parkinson's Disease Dementia:
Oral:
Initial dose: 1.5 mg orally twice a day with morning and evening meals
Maintenance dose: Subsequently, the dose may be increased to 3 mg orally twice a day and further to 4.5 mg twice a day and 6 mg twice a day (based on tolerability) with a minimum of 4 weeks at each dose.

Transdermal:
Initial dose: 4.6 mg/24 hours applied to the skin once a day
Maintenance dose: After a minimum of four weeks of treatment and if well tolerated, the dose of the patch be increased to 9.5 mg/24 hours for as long as this dose is beneficial. The dose can then be increased to 13.3 mg/24 hours.
Maximum dose: 13.3 mg/ 24 hours. Higher doses confer no appreciable additional benefit, and are associated with significant increase in the incidence of adverse events.
Comment:
-Apply once a day
-Press down firmly for 30 seconds until edges stick well
-Use upper or lower back as the site of application
-Do not apply to skin area where cream, lotion, powder has been recently applied
-Do not apply to skin that is red, irritated, or cut
-Wear one patch at a time
-Change site of application daily, do not apply a new patch to same location for at least 14 days
-May wear patch during bathing, but avoid long exposure to external heat sources

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What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

If you miss several doses in a row, call your doctor before taking any more of this medicine.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Overdose symptoms may include severe nausea, vomiting, salivation, sweating, slow heartbeats, weak or shallow breathing, fainting, or seizure (convulsions).

What should I avoid while taking Exelon?

This medicine may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert.

Exelon side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to Exelon: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

Common Exelon side effects may include:

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

See also: Side effects (in more detail)

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What other drugs will affect Exelon?

Do not wear a Exelon transdermal skin patch at the same time you are taking Exelon capsules or oral liquid.

Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any you start or stop using, especially:

This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with rivastigmine, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide.

Where can I get more information?


Copyright 1996-2017 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 6.01. Revision Date: 2017-04-24, 11:52:38 AM.