Torbutrol (5 mg) (Canada)

This page contains information on Torbutrol (5 mg) for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
  • Torbutrol (5 mg) Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for Torbutrol (5 mg)
  • Direction and dosage information for Torbutrol (5 mg)

Torbutrol (5 mg)

This treatment applies to the following species:
Manufacturer: Zoetis

BUTORPHANOL TARTRATE, USP

FOR VETERINARY USE ONLY

DIN 00844977 (1 mg)

DIN 00844985 (5 mg)

Description

TORBUTROL (butorphanol tartrate) is a narcotic antagonist analgesic with potent antitussive activity. It is a member of the phenanthrene series. The chemical name is levo-N-cyclobutylmethyl-6, 10 α, β-dihydroxy-1,2,3,9,10,10a-hexahydro (4H)-10, 4a-iminoethanophenanthrene tartrate (1:1). It is a white, crystalline water soluble substance having a molecular weight of 477.56, and its molecular formula is C21H29NO2 • C4H6O6.

Clinical Pharmacolgy

In dogs, the antitussive properties of butorphanol given S.C. were four times more potent than morphine, 10 times more potent than pentazocine (Talwin®-Winthrop), and 100 times more potent than codeine. Orally, butorphanol is approximately 15 to 20 times more active than either codeine or dextromethorphan.1

Butorphanol given intravenously in large doses (3 mg/kg) to dogs temporarily reduced aortic blood pressure. Aortic pressure returned to baseline control values within 15 to 30 minutes. Changes in cardiac contractile force and cardiac rate were of the same magnitude as the changes in aortic pressure. No appreciable effect on expired carbon dioxide was seen.2 Studies in anesthetized dogs at equianalgetic doses indicate that butorphanol has less potential than morphine for causing airway constriction, hypotension and histamine release.3 In conscious dogs, butorphanol produced minimal cardiovascular and respiratory effects.4

The specific site of action of butorphanol is not known. Butorphanol probably exerts analgesic and antitussive effects via the central nervous system (subcortical, possibly the hypothalamus).

Torbutrol (5 mg) Indications

TORBUTROL is indicated for the relief of chronic non-productive cough associated with bronchitis and kennel cough in dogs.

Warning

Keep out of reach of children.

Contraindications

1. The safety of TORBUTROL has not been determined in dogs afflicted with heartworm disease (Dirofilaria immitis).

2. TORBUTROL should not be used in dogs with a history of liver disease.

3. Since TORBUTROL can be effective in totally suppressing cough, it should not be used in conditions of the lower respiratory tract associated with copious mucous production.

PRECAUTIONS

1. TORBUTROL has been shown to have potent analgesic activity in rodents; it is undesirable to administer any other sedative or analgesic drugs during treatment with TORBUTROL as these are likely to produce an additive effect.

Reproduction studies, performed in mice and rabbits, did not reveal evidence of impaired fertility or harm to the fetus due to butorphanol tartrate. In the rat species the female, on parenteral administration, showed increased nervousness and decreased care for the newborn, resulting in a decreased survival rate of the newborn. This nervousness was seen only in the rat species. There are no well-controlled studies in pregnant bitches but, although there is no well-defined risk, the use of TORBUTROL in pregnant bitches is not recommended. The safety of TORBUTROL has not been determined in male dogs of breeding age.

2. Cough suppression may be accompanied by mild sedation; the degree of sedation is dose related. If sedation is considered undesirable or unnecessary, the dose should be reduced.

3. Toxicity studies indicate that the LD50 in dogs by oral administration is greater than 50 mg/kg. In studies of 4.5 and 13 weeks duration, the following effects were noted in some but not all dogs at 4.6 times the recommended therapeutic dose level BID given parenterally: Decreased activity, weight loss, salivation, elevated SGPT and/or SAP and mild proliferative changes of the bile duct epithelium.

4. Dosages in excess of the recommended dose for the recommended period of time may result in a loss in total body weight or a reduction in size of certain internal organs.

5. For use in dogs only.

Adverse Reactions

The most frequent adverse reaction reported in 264 dogs treated with oral TORBUTROL (butorphanol tartrate) was slight sedation in 6 dogs (2.3%). Other less frequent adverse reactions which have been reported include anorexia/nausea and diarrhea (reported incidence less than 1%).

Transient sedation and ataxia have rarely been reported as side effects in dogs after subcutaneous administration of butorphanol tartrate.

Dosage

The usual oral dose of TORBUTROL is 0.55 mg of butorphanol base activity per kg of body weight. This is the equivalent of one 5 mg tablet per 9 kg (20 lb) of body weight. The dose should be repeated at intervals of 6 to 12 hours as required. If necessary, the dose may be increased to a maximum of one 5 mg tablet for each 4.5 kg (10 lb) of body weight. Treatment should not normally be required for longer than seven days.

Supply

Bottles of 100 TORBUTROL (butorphanol tartrate) Veterinary Tablets - 1 mg base activity (per tablet). Bottles of 100 TORBUTROL (butorphanol tartrate) Veterinary Tablets - 5 mg base activity (per tablet).

REFERENCES

1. Cavanagh, R.L., et al: Antitussive Properties of Butorphanol. Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Thérapie 220 (2): 258-268, 1976.

2. Christie, G.J., et al: Butorphanol Tartrate: A New Antitussive Agent for Use in Dogs. Veterinary Medicine/Small Animal Clinician 75 (10): 1559-1562, 1980.

3. Schurig, J.E., et al: Effect of Butorphanol and Morphine on Pulmonary Mechanics, Arterial Blood Pressure and Venous Plasma Histamine in the Anesthetized Dog. Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Thérapie 223: 296-304, 1978.

4. Pircio, A.W., et al: The Pharmacology of Butorphanol, a 3,14-Dihydroxymorphinan Narcotic Antagonist Analgesic. Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Thérapie 220 (2): 231-257, 1976.

Wyeth Animal Health, Division of Wyeth Canada, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

Trademarks used under license

C6360C

NAC No.: 11984162

ZOETIS CANADA
16,740 TRANS-CANADA HIGHWAY, KIRKLAND, QC, H9H 4M7
Order Desk:   800-663-8888
Technical Services Canada:   800-461-0917
Technical Services USA:   800-366-5288
Website:   www.zoetis.ca
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the Torbutrol (5 mg) information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the Canadian product label or package insert.

Copyright © 2014 North American Compendiums. Updated: 2014-09-05

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