Simplicef Tablets

This page contains information on Simplicef Tablets for veterinary use.
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  • Simplicef Tablets Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for Simplicef Tablets
  • Direction and dosage information for Simplicef Tablets

Simplicef Tablets

This treatment applies to the following species:
Manufacturer: Zoetis

(cefpodoxime proxetil)

For Oral Use In Dogs Only

Simplicef Tablets Caution

Federal (USA) law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

Description

Cefpodoxime proxetil is an orally administered, extended spectrum, semi-synthetic cephalosporin antibiotic. The chemical name is:

(+ / - ) - 1 - Hydroxyethyl(+) - (6R,7R) - 7 - [2 - (2 - amino - 4 - thiazolyl)glyoxylamido] - 3 - methoxymethyl) - 8 - oxo - 5 - thia - 1 - azabicyclo[4.2.0]oct - 2 - ene - 2 - carboxylate, 72-(Z)-(0-methyloxime), isopropyl carbonate (ester) [87239-81-4].

Cefpodoxime proxetil Chemical Structure:

Cefpodoxime proxetil is a prodrug; its active metabolite is cefpodoxime. All doses of SIMPLICEF (cefpodoxime proxetil) tablets are expressed in terms of the active cefpodoxime moiety. SIMPLICEF is available as:

100 mg Tablet, each reddish-orange, elliptical, scored tablet contains cefpodoxime proxetil equivalent to 100 mg of cefpodoxime.

200 mg Tablet, each light orange, round rectangle, scored tablet contains cefpodoxime proxetil equivalent to 200 mg of cefpodoxime.

Simplicef Tablets Indication

SIMPLICEF tablets are indicated for the treatment of skin infections (wounds and abscesses) in dogs caused by susceptible strains of Staphylococcus intermedius, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus canis (group G, β hemolytic), Escherichia coli, Pasteurella multocida, and Proteus mirabilis.

Simplicef Tablets Dosage And Administration

Dose range: The dose range of SIMPLICEF (cefpodoxime proxetil) tablets is 5-10 mg/kg (2.3-4.5 mg/lb) body weight, administered orally, once a day. The dose may be given with or without food. The determination of dosage for any particular patient must take into consideration such factors as the severity and nature of the infection, the susceptibility of the causative organisms, and the integrity of the patient’s host-defense mechanisms. Obtain a sample of the pathogenic organism for culture and sensitivity testing prior to beginning antimicrobial therapy. Once results become available, continue with appropriate therapy.

Duration: SIMPLICEF tablets should be administered once daily for 5-7 days or for 2-3 days beyond the cessation of clinical signs, up to a maximum of 28 days. Treatment of acute infections should not be continued for more than 3-4 days if no response to therapy is seen.

Dosing Charts: For daily oral administration of SIMPLICEF at 5 mg/kg (Table 1) and 10 mg/kg (Table 2).

Table 1. Dose Table for SIMPLICEF Tablets at 5 mg/kg Total Daily Dosage

Weight of Dog (lbs)

Daily Dose

22

44

66

88

132

No. of 100 mg tablets

0.5

1

1.5

 

1

No. of 200 mg tablets

 

 

 

1

1

Weight of Dog (kgs)

Daily Dose

10

20

30

40

60

No. of 100 mg tablets

0.5

1

1.5

 

1

No. of 200 mg tablets

 

 

 

1

1

Table 2. Dose Table for SIMPLICEF Tablets at 10 mg/kg Total Daily Dosage

Weight of Dog (lbs)

Daily Dose

11

22

44

66

88

132

No. of 100 mg tablets

0.5

1

 

1

 

 

No. of 200 mg tablets

 

 

1

1

2

3

Weight of Dog (kgs)

Daily Dose

5

10

20

30

40

60

No. of 100 mg tablets

0.5

1

 

1

 

 

No. of 200 mg tablets

 

 

1

1

2

3

Contraindications

Cefpodoxime proxetil is contraindicated in dogs with known allergy to cefpodoxime or to the β-lactam (penicillins and cephalosporins) group of antibiotics.

Warnings

Not for human use. Keep this and all drugs out of reach of children. Antimicrobial drugs, including penicillins and cephalosporins, can cause allergic reactions in sensitized individuals. To minimize the possibility of allergic reactions, those handling such antimicrobials, including cefpodoxime, are advised to avoid direct contact of the product with the skin and mucous membranes.

Precautions

The safety of cefpodoxime proxetil in dogs used for breeding, pregnant dogs, or lactating bitches has not been demonstrated. As with other cephalosporins, cefpodoxime proxetil may occasionally induce a positive direct Coombs’ test.

Adverse Reactions

A total of 216 dogs of various breeds and ages ranging from 2 months to 15 years were included in the field study safety analysis. The following table shows the number of dogs displaying each clinical observation.

Table 3. Abnormal Health Findings in the U.S. Field Study1

Clinical
Observation

SIMPLICEF
(n=118)

Active Control
(n=98)

Vomiting

2

4

Diarrhea

1

1

Increased water drinking

0

2

Decreased appetite

1

1

1Dogs may have experienced more than one of the observations during the study.

To report a suspected adverse reaction call 1-888-963-8471.

To request a material safety data sheet (MSDS) for SIMPLICEF tablets, call 1-888-963-8471.

Clinical Pharmacology

Pharmacokinetics/Pharmacodynamics: Cefpodoxime proxetil is a prodrug that is absorbed from and de-esterified in the gastrointestinal tract to its active metabolite, cefpodoxime. Following oral administration to fasting Beagles, oral bioavailability was 63.1 ± 5.3%.

Figure 1. Canine Plasma Concentration of Cefpodoxime After a Single Oral Dose of 10 mg/kg Cefpodoxime Proxetil Tablets

Cefpodoxime is distributed in the body with an apparent volume of distribution of 151 ± 27 mL/kg. Like other β-lactam antibiotics, cefpodoxime is eliminated from the body primarily in the urine, with an apparent elimination half-life of approximately 5-6 hours after oral administration. This is similar to the 4.7 hour apparent elimination half-life observed after intravenous dosing. Following intravenous administration of 10 mg/kg, the average total body clearance (ClB) was 22.7 ± 4.19 mL/hr/kg.

Table 4. Summary of Pharmacokinetic Parameters Obtained after a Single Oral Dose of 10 mg Cefpodoxime/kg BW, Administered as a Tablet

PK Parameter

Unit

Tablet (SD)

AUC0-∞

mcg•hr/mL

145 (77.6)

AUC0-LOQ

mcg•hr/mL

142 (77.5)

Maximum concentration (Cmax)

mcg/mL

16.4 (11.8)

Terminal plasma elimination half-life (t1/2,z)

hr

5.61 (1.15)

Time of maximum concentration (tmax)

hr

2.21 (0.542)

Mean residence time (MRT0-∞)

hr

9.21 (1.97)

Microbiology: Like other β-lactam antibiotics, cefpodoxime exerts its inhibitory effect by interfering with bacterial cell wall synthesis. This interference is primarily due to its covalently binding to the penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) (i.e. transpeptidase and/or carboxypeptidase), which are essential for synthesis of the bacterial cell wall. Therefore, cefpodoxime is bactericidal. Cefpodoxime is stable in the presence of many common β-lactamase enzymes. As a result, many organisms resistant to other β-lactam antibiotics (penicillins and some cephalosporins) due to the production of β-lactamases may be susceptible to cefpodoxime.

Cefpodoxime has a broad spectrum of clinically useful antibacterial activity that includes staphylococci, streptococci, and Gram-negative species (including Pasteurella, Escherichia, and Proteus). The compound is not active against most obligate anaerobes, Pseudomonas spp., or enterococci. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for cefpodoxime against Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens isolated from canine skin infections (wounds and abscesses) in a 2002 U.S. field study are presented in Table 5. All MICs were determined in accordance with the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS). Appropriate quality control (QC) ranges for in vitro susceptibility testing are presented in Table 6.

Table 5. Cefpodoxime Minimum Inhibitory Concentration Values (mcg/mL) from a 2002 Field Study Evaluating Skin Infections (wounds and abscesses) of Canines in the United States.

Organism*

# of Isolates

MIC50

MIC90

Range

Staphylococcus intermedius

118

0.12

0.50

0.12->32.0

Streptococcus canis (group G, β hemolytic)

33

≤0.03

≤0.03

≤0.03

Escherichia coli

41

0.25

0.50

0.12->32.0

Pasteurella multocida

32

≤0.03

≤0.03

≤0.03-0.12

Proteus mirabilis

14

≤0.03

0.06

≤0.03-0.06

Staphylococcus aureus

19

2.0

2.0

0.12-2.0

No Range, all isolates yielded the same value.

*Veterinary specific interpretive criteria have not been established for the above listed canine pathogens by the NCCLS at this time.

Table 6. Acceptable Quality Control Ranges for Cefpodoxime

QC ATCC strain

KB Disk Diffusion Method

Broth Micro-dilution Method

Drug concentration

Zone diameter

MIC

Escherichia coli 25922

10 mcg

23-28 mma

0.25-1 mcg/mLa

Staphylococcus aureus 25923

10 mcg

19-25 mma

 

Staphylococcus aureus 29213

 

 

1-8 mcg/mLa

Streptococcus pneumoniae 49619

10 mcg

28-34 mmb

0.03-0.12 mcg/mLb

a These ranges are for quality control strains used to monitor accuracy of minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of non-fastidious organisms using cation-adjusted Mueller-Hinton agar or broth medium. The dilution range should encompass the QC ranges of these strains in the broth micro-dilution method.

b These ranges are for quality control strains used to monitor accuracy of minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of fastidious organisms. When susceptibility testing is performed for Streptococcus canis (group G, β hemolytic), Streptococcus pneumoniae ATCC 49619 should be included as a QC strain in the presence of 5% lysed sheep blood (KB disk diffusion method) or 2.5% lysed horse blood (broth micro-dilution method).

Effectiveness

The clinical effectiveness of SIMPLICEF (cefpodoxime proxetil) was established in a multi-location (23 site) field study. In this study, 216 dogs with infected wounds or abscesses were treated with either SIMPLICEF (n=118) once daily at 5 mg/kg (2.3 mg/lb) body weight or with a active control antibiotic (n=98) administered twice daily for 5-7 days. In this study, SIMPLICEF was considered noninferior to the active control (88.7% versus 88.4% respectfully) in the treatment of canine skin infections (wounds and abscesses) caused by susceptible strains of Staphylococcus intermedius, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus canis (group G, β hemolytic), Escherichia coli, Pasteurella multocida, and Proteus mirabilis.

Animal Safety

In target animal safety studies, cefpodoxime was well tolerated at exaggerated daily oral doses of 100 mg/kg/day (10 times the maximum label dose) for 13 weeks in adult dogs and for 28 days in puppies (18-23 days of age). Therefore, once daily administration of cefpodoxime oral tablets at the maximum labeled dose of 10 mg/kg for up to 28 days was shown to be safe in adult dogs and puppies.

Blood dyscrasia including neutropenias, may be seen following high doses of cephalosporins. Cephalosporin administration should be discontinued in such cases.

Storage Information

Store tablets at controlled room temperature 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). Replace cap securely after each opening.

HOW SUPPLIED

SIMPLICEF tablets are available in the following strengths (cefpodoxime equivalent), colors, and sizes:

100 mg (reddish-orange, elliptical, scored, debossed with 5228)

Bottles of 100

Bottles of 250

200 mg (light orange, round rectangle, scored, debossed with 5229)

Bottles of 100

Bottles of 250

NADA # 141-232, Approved by FDA

Manufactured by: Sandoz, Kundl, Austria

Product of India

Distributed by: Zoetis Inc., Kalamazoo, MI 49007

Revised June 2013

46104787

NAC No.: 3690389.0

ZOETIS INC.
333 PORTAGE STREET, KALAMAZOO, MI, 49007
Telephone:   269-833-4000
Customer Service:   888-963-8471
Website:   www.zoetis.com
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the Simplicef Tablets information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the US product label or package insert.

Copyright © 2014 North American Compendiums. Updated: 2014-09-05

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