Gentamicin Sulfate Solution

This page contains information on Gentamicin Sulfate Solution for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
  • Gentamicin Sulfate Solution Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for Gentamicin Sulfate Solution
  • Direction and dosage information for Gentamicin Sulfate Solution

Gentamicin Sulfate Solution

This treatment applies to the following species:
Manufacturer: VetOne

ANADA 200-395, Approved by FDA

100 mg/mL

For Use in Horses Only

For animal use only.

Keep out of reach of children.

Gentamicin Sulfate Solution Caution

Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

Description

Each mL of Gentamicin sulfate veterinary equivalent to 100 mg gentamicin base; 2.4 mg sodium metabisulfite; 0.8 mg sodium sulfite, anhydrous; 0.1 mg edetate disodium; 10 mg benzyl alcohol as preservative; water for injection q.s.

CHEMISTRY: Gentamicin is a mixture of aminoglycoside antibiotics derived from the fermentation of Micromonospora purpurea. Gentamicin sulfate is a mixture of sulfate salts of the antibiotics produced in this fermentation. The salts are weakly acidic, freely soluble in water, and stable in solution.

ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY: In vitro antibacterial activity has shown that gentamicin is active against most gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria isolated from domestic animals.1 Gentamicin is active against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, indole-positive and -negative Proteus species, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella species, Enterobacter species, Alcaligenes species, Staphylococcus species, and Streptococcus species.

Pharmacology

Studies in man indicate that recommended doses of gentamicin produce serum concentrations bactericidal for most bacteria sensitive to gentamicin within an hour after intramuscular injection; these concentrations last for 6 to 12 hours.2 Some 30% of the administered dose of gentamicin is bound by serum proteins and released as the drug is excreted.

Gentamicin is excreted almost entirely by glomerular filtration. High concentrations of the active form are found in the urine. Fifty to 100% of the gentamicin injected can be recovered unchanged within 24 hours from the urine of patients with normal renal function. A small amount is excreted into the bile.

TOXICITY STUDIES: No toxic effects were observed in rats given gentamicin sulfate 20 mg/kg/day for 24 days; in cats given 10 mg/kg/day for 40 days. Gentamicin sulfate given to dogs at 6 mg/lb/day, 6 days weekly for 3 weeks, caused no detectable kidney damage. At higher doses, impairment of equilibrium and renal function were observed in these species.

Gentamicin Sulfate Solution Indications

Gentamicin Sulfate Solution is recommended for the control of bacterial infections of the uterus (metritis) in horses and as an aid in improving conception in mares with uterine infections caused by bacteria sensitive to gentamicin.

Bacteriologic studies should be conducted to identify the causative organism and to determine its sensitivity to gentamicin sulfate. Sensitivity discs of the drug are available for this purpose.

Dosage and Administration

The recommended dose is 20 to 25 mL (2.0 - 2.5 grams) gentamicin sulfate solution per day for 3 to 5 days during estrus. Each dose should be diluted with 200-500 mL of sterile physiological saline before aseptic uterine infusion.

Contraindications

There are no known contraindications to this drug when used as directed.

PRECAUTION: If hypersensitivity to any of the components develops, or if overgrowth of nonsusceptible bacteria, fungi, or yeasts occurs, treatment with Gentamicin Sulfate Solution should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted.

Although Gentamicin Sulfate Solution is not spermicidal, treatment should not be given the day of breeding.

Warning

Do not use for horses intended for human consumption.

Side Effects

There have been no reports of drug hypersensitivity or adverse side effects following the recommended intrauterine infusion of gentamicin sulfate solution combined with sterile physiological saline in mares.

How Supplied

Gentamicin Sulfate Solution, 100 mg per mL for intrauterine use, is available in 100 mL and 250 mL multiple dose vials.

Store between 2° and 30°C (36° and 86°F). Protect from freezing.

For intra-uterine use in horses only.

References

1. Hennessey, PW, et al. In vitro activity of gentamicin against bacteria isolated from domestic animals. Veterinary Medicine/Small Animal Clinician. Nov. 1971; 1118-1122.

2. Black, J, et al. Pharmacology of gentamicin, a new broad spectrum antibiotic. Antimicrob Agents and Chemother. 1963; 138-147.

Mfd. in U.S.A.

Distributed by: MWI, Boise, ID 83705

(888) 694-8381

www.vetone.net

Net Contents:

NDC

 

100 mL (3.4 fl oz) Sterile Multiple Dose Vial

13985-633-04

V1 510209

G-6336-04 Rev. 10-11

250 mL (8.5 fl oz) Sterile Multiple Dose Vial

13985-633-05

V1 510210

G-6336-05 Rev. 10-11

NAC No.: 13151590

VET ONE
Distributed by MWI Veterinary Supply

3041 W. PASADENA DR., BOISE, ID, 83705
Customer Service:   888-694-8381
Toll-Free:   800-824-3703
Website:   www.mwivet.com
    www.vetone.net
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the Gentamicin Sulfate Solution information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the US product label or package insert.

Copyright © 2014 North American Compendiums. Updated: 2014-09-05

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