Fowl Pox VaccineThis page contains information on Fowl Pox Vaccine for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
- Fowl Pox Vaccine Indications
- Warnings and cautions for Fowl Pox Vaccine
- Direction and dosage information for Fowl Pox Vaccine
Fowl Pox VaccineThis treatment applies to the following species:
Fowl Pox Vaccine, Live Virus
U.s. Vet. Lic. No.279
Active Ingredient(s)The vaccine contains a live strain of fowl pox virus.
Penicillin and streptomycin sulfate are added as bacteriostatic agents.
Contains fungizone as a fungistat.
Notice: The vaccine meets the requirements of the U.S. Department of Agriculture in regards to safety, potency and the ability to immunize normal, susceptible chickens.
Fowl Pox Vaccine IndicationsThe vaccine is recommended for subcutaneous injection of one day old chickens to aid in the prevention of fowl pox.
Chickens to be vaccinated must be healthy and free of all diseases. It is essential that the birds be maintained under good environmental conditions, and that the exposure to disease viruses be reduced as much as possible in the field.
Fowl Pox Vaccine Dosage And AdministrationFrozen Vaccine:
Preparation of the Vaccine for Use: Important: Sterilize the vaccinating equipment by autoclaving for a minimum 15 minutes at 121°C or by boiling in water for at least 20 minutes. Never allow chemical disinfectants to come into contact with the vaccinating equipment.
1. Use 200 mL of sterile diluent for each 1,000 doses of vaccine indicated on the ampule.
2. When the fowl pox vaccine is used in combination with Merial Select's turkey herpesvirus vaccine, add the contents of two (2) ampules of HVT and one (1) ampule of fowl pox vaccine to 400 mL of diluent.
3. Remove only one (1) ampule of vaccine at a time from the liquid nitrogen container. Thaw and use immediately. Carefully observe all liquid nitrogen precautions, including wearing eye protection and gloves. Caution: Do not hold the ampule toward the face when removing it from a nitrogen container. Never refreeze a vaccine ampule after thawing.
4. The contents of the ampule are thawed rapidly by immersing it in water at room temperature (15-25°C). Gently mix the ampule to disperse the contents. Break the ampule at its neck and quickly proceed as described below.
5. Remove the cover from the diluent container. Draw the contents of the ampule into a sterile 10 mL syringe fitted with an 18 to 20 gauge needle. Slowly add the contents of the vaccine ampule to the appropriate volume of diluent. Withdraw a small amount of the diluent, rinse the ampule once and add this to the vaccine-diluent mixture. Mix the contents of the bottle thoroughly by swirling and inverting the bottle, but do not shake vigorously.
6. Use the vaccine-diluent mixture immediately as described below.
Method of Vaccination: Give subcutaneously only.
1. Use a sterile, automatic syringe with a 20-22 gauge, 3/8"-1/2" needle which is accurately set to deliver 0.2 mL per dose. Check the accuracy of delivery several times during the vaccination procedure.
2. Dilute the vaccine only as directed, observing all precautions and warnings for handling.
3. Keep the bottle of diluted vaccine in an ice bath and agitate continuously.
4. Inject chickens under the loose skin at the back of the neck (subcutaneously), holding the chicken by the back of the neck just below the head. The loose skin in this area is raised by gently pinching the thumb and forefinger. Insert the needle beneath the skin in a direction away from the head. Inject 0.2 mL per chicken. Avoid hitting the muscles and bones in the neck.
5. Use the entire contents of the bottle within one (1) hour after mixing.
6. Be careful not to touch any part of the bird with the vaccine except the area to be inoculated.
Precaution(s)Ampules: Store in a liquid nitrogen container.
Diluent: Store at room temperature.
Liquid nitrogen container: Store in a cool, well-ventilated area. Check the liquid nitrogen level once a day. Keep the container away from incubator intakes and chicken boxes.
Liquid Nitrogen Precautions: The liquid nitrogen containers and vaccine should be handled by properly trained personnel only. These persons should be familiar with the Union Carbide publication “Precautions and Safe Practices - Liquified Atmospheric Gases”, form #9888 Liquid nitrogen is extremely cold. Accidental contact with the skin or eyes can cause serious frostbite. Protect the eyes with goggles or a face shield, wear gloves and long sleeves when removing and handling frozen ampules, or when adding liquid nitrogen to the container. Storage and handling of liquid nitrogen containers should be in a well-ventilated area. Excessive amounts of nitrogen reduces the concentration of oxygen in the air of an unventilated space and can cause asphyxiation. If drowsiness occurs, get fresh air quickly and ventilate the entire area. If a person seems to become groggy or loses consciousness while working with liquid nitrogen, get the person to a well-ventilated area immediately. If breathing has stopped, apply artificial respiration. If difficulties persist, or there is a loss of consciousness, summon a physician immediately.
Fowl Pox Vaccine Caution(s)Use the entire contents when first opened.
Burn the container and all unused contents.
The ability of the vaccine to produce satisfactory results may depend on many factors, including, but not limited to, conditions of storage and handling by the user, administration of the vaccine, health and the responsiveness of individual chickens and the degree of field exposure. Therefore, directions for use should be followed carefully.
The use of the vaccine is subject to applicable state and federal laws and regulations.
Warning(s)Do not vaccinate within 21 days before slaughter.
Presentation5 x 2,000 dose vials, with 200 mL of sterile diluent included per 1,000 doses.
P.O. DRAWER 2497, GAINESVILLE, GA, 30503
|Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the Fowl Pox Vaccine information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the US product label or package insert.|
Copyright © 2013 North American Compendiums. Updated: 2013-09-18