Euthanasia Solution

This page contains information on Euthanasia Solution for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
  • Euthanasia Solution Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for Euthanasia Solution
  • Direction and dosage information for Euthanasia Solution

Euthanasia Solution

This treatment applies to the following species:
Manufacturer: VetOne

ANADA 200-280

FOR DOGS ONLY

CAUTION: Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

Description

:

A non-sterile solution containing pentobarbital sodium and phenytoin sodium as the active ingredients. Rhodamine B, a bluish-red fluorescent dye, is included in the formulation to help distinguish it from parenteral drugs intended for therapeutic use. Although the solution is not sterile, benzyl alcohol, a bacteriostat, is included to retard the growth of microorganisms.

Each mL contains: Active ingredients: 390 mg pentobarbital sodium (barbituric acid derivative), 50 mg phenytoin sodium, Inactive ingredients: 10% ethyl alcohol, 18% propylene glycol, 0.003688 mg rhodamine B, 2% benzyl alcohol (preservative), purified water q.s. Sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric acid may be added to adjust pH.

ACTIONS:

EUTHANASIA SOLUTION contains two active ingredients which are chemically compatible but pharmacologically different. Each ingredient acts in such a manner so as to cause humane, painless and rapid euthanasia. Euthanasia is due to cerebral death in conjunction with respiratory arrest and circulatory collapse. Cerebral death occurs prior to cessation of cardiac activity.

When administered intravenously, pentobarbital sodium produces rapid anesthetic action. There is a smooth and rapid onset of unconsciousness. At the lethal dose, there is depression of vital medullary respiratory and vasomotor centers.

When administered intravenously, phenytoin sodium produces toxic signs of cardiovascular collapse and/or central nervous system depression. Hypotension occurs when the drug is administered rapidly.

PHARMACODYNAMIC ACTIVITY:

The sequence of events leading to humane, painless and rapid euthanasia following intravenous injection of EUTHANASIA solution is similar to that following intravenous injection of pentobarbital sodium or other barbituric derivatives. Within seconds, unconsciousness is induced with simultaneous collapse of the dog. This stage rapidly progresses to deep anesthesia with concomitant reduction in the blood pressure. A few seconds later, breathing stops, due to depression of the medullary respiratory center; encephalographic activity becomes isoelectric, indicating cerebral death; and then cardiac activity ceases.

Phenytoin sodium exerts its effect during the deep anesthesia stage caused by the pentobarbital sodium. This ingredient, due to its cardiotoxic properties, hastens the stoppage of electrical activity in the heart.

Euthanasia Solution Indications

For use in dogs for humane, painless and rapid euthanasia.

Warning

For canine euthanasia only. Must not be used for therapeutic purposes. Do not use in animals intended for food.

ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD:

This product is toxic to wildlife. Birds and mammals feeding on treated animals may be killed. Euthanized animals must be properly disposed of by deep burial, incineration, or other method in compliance with state and local laws, to prevent consumption of carcass material by scavenging wildlife.

HUMAN WARNING:

Caution should be exercised to avoid contact of the drug with open wounds or accidental self-inflicted injections. Keep out of reach of children. If eye contact, flush eyes with water and seek medical attention.

Precautions

Euthanasia may sometimes be delayed in dogs with severe cardiac or circulatory deficiencies. This may be explained by the impaired movement of the drug to its site of action. An occasional dog may elicit reflex responses manifested by motor movement; however, an unconscious animal does not experience pain, because the cerebral cortex is not functioning.

When restraint may cause the dog pain, injury or anxiety, or danger to the person making the injection, prior use of tranquilizing or immobilizing drugs may be necessary.

Dosage and Administration

Dosage: Dogs: 1 mL for each 10 pounds of body weight.

Administration: Intravenous injection is preferred. Intracardiac injection may be made when intravenous injection is impractical, as in a very small dog, or in a comatose dog with impaired vascular functions. Good injection skill is necessary for intracardiac injection.

The calculated dose should be given in a single bolus injection.

For intravenous injection, a needle of sufficient gauge to ensure intravenous placement of the entire dose should be used. The use of a Luer-Lok® syringe is recommended to prevent accidental exposure to needle/syringe separation.

How Supplied

Euthanasia Solution is available in 100-mL multiple-dose vials.

Manufactured by a non-sterilizing process.

STORAGE: Store between 15° and 30°C (59° and 86°F).

Med-Pharmex, Inc., Pomona, CA 91767

October 2004.

Distributed by: MWI, Boise, ID 83705

(888) 694-8381

www.vetone.net

Net Contents:

NDC

 

100 mL Multiple Dose Vial.

13985-045-10

V1 501016

NAC No.: 13151421

VET ONE
Distributed by MWI Veterinary Supply

3041 W. PASADENA DR., BOISE, ID, 83705
Customer Service:   888-694-8381
Toll-Free:   800-824-3703
Website:   www.mwivet.com
    www.vetone.net
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the Euthanasia Solution information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the US product label or package insert.

Copyright © 2014 North American Compendiums. Updated: 2014-07-28

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