ER Bac Plus

This page contains information on ER Bac Plus for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
  • ER Bac Plus Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for ER Bac Plus
  • Direction and dosage information for ER Bac Plus

ER Bac Plus

This treatment applies to the following species:
Manufacturer: Zoetis

Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae Bacterin

U.S. Vet. Lic. No.: 190

Description

ER BAC® Plus is a liquid, serum-free, clarified bacterin that has been chemically inactivated and combined with the adjuvant Amphigen® to enhance the immune response.

ER Bac Plus Indications

ER BAC® Plus is for vaccination of healthy swine 3 weeks of age or older as an aid in preventing disease caused by Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae for a period of 20 weeks following the second dose in the vaccination regimen.

Directions For Use

1. General Directions: Shake well. Aseptically administer 2 mL intramuscularly.

2. Primary Vaccination: Healthy swine 3 weeks of age or older should receive two 2 mL doses administered 3-4 weeks apart.

3. Revaccination: Semiannual revaccination with single dose is recommended.

4. Good animal husbandry and herd health management practices should be employed.

Precaution(s): Store at 2°-7°C. Prolonged exposure to higher temperatures may adversely affect potency. Do not freeze.

Use entire contents when first opened.

Sterilized syringes and needles should be used to administer this vaccine.

Caution(s): As with many vaccines, anaphylaxis may occur after use. Initial antidote of epinephrine is recommended and should be followed with appropriate supportive therapy.

This product has been shown to be efficacious in healthy animals. A protective immune response may not be elicited if animals are incubating an infectious disease, are malnourished or parasitized, are stressed due to shipment or environmental conditions, are otherwise immunocompromised, or the vaccine is not administered in accordance with label directions.

For use in swine only.

For veterinary use only.

Warning(s): Do not vaccinate within 21 days before slaughter.

Discussion: Disease Description: Erysipelas is caused by the bacterium E. rhusiopathiae and has been identified as a pathogen in swine since 1878. The disease is worldwide in distribution and is of economic importance throughout Europe, Asia, Australia, and North and South America. Swine 3 months through 3 years of age are most susceptible to erysipelas; outbreaks are usually more severe in herds on soil and during periods of wet weather. Erysipelas can take one of several forms or a combination of the following forms. Acute erysipelas is a general infection by E. rhusiopathiae in the bloodstream. This form often causes sudden death. Abortion may result in sows infected during pregnancy. Skin erysipelas manifests as diamond-shaped patches of swollen, purple skin on a pig's body, especially the belly and thighs. If the tips of the ears and tail are affected, tissues may die and slough. Arthritic erysipelas is a chronic disease occurring in pigs that have survived acute erysipelas. Affected pigs often have swollen and stiff joints. They do not gain weight efficiently, and their carcasses are often trimmed or condemned by inspectors at packing houses. Cardiac erysipelas usually occurs in older pigs raised on farms where the chronic form exists. Cardiac erysipelas may result in growths on the heart valves altering the normal flow of blood.

Trial Data: Safety and Efficacy: In laboratory and field safety studies of ER BAC® Plus, no serious adverse reactions to vaccination were reported. Efficacy of ER BAC® Plus was demonstrated in 2 host animal studies conducted by Zoetis Inc.; an immunogenicity study and a duration-of-immunity study demonstrating efficacy 20 weeks after second vaccination. Pigs vaccinated with ER BAC® Plus, followed by challenge, had significantly fewer clinical signs of disease, including death, lesions, and fever, than nonvaccinated control pigs in both of the following studies. Host animal immunogenicity study: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate protection against challenge with virulent E. rhusiopathiae 21/2 weeks after the second vaccination. Pigs were vaccinated at approximately 3 and 6 weeks of age. Pigs were monitored daily for rectal temperature and for clinical signs of disease. Ten of 10 control pigs (100%) were determined to be positive for infection after challenge. Nineteen of 20 vaccinated pigs (95%) were protected. These results indicate that vaccination with ER BAC® Plus with Amphigen® provided significant protection from challenge 21/2 weeks after vaccination. (Tables 1 and 2).

Table 1. Results of E. rhusiopathiae Challenge in Control Pigs (100% positive).

Control Pigs

2 days*

1 day only

Clinical signs**

Mortality/
Euthanasia

Treated

Organism isolation

10

7

3

8

3

7

3

* Elevation in rectal temperature above 40.9°C (105.6°F) on 2 consecutive days.

** Clinical signs included recumbent, depressed, and/or metastatic skin lesions.

Table 2. Results of E. rhusiopathiae Challenge 21/2 Weeks Postvaccination (95% protected).

Vaccinated Pigs

2 days*

1 day only

Clinical signs**

Mortality/
Euthanasia

Treated

Organism isolation

20

1

0

0

0

1

Not Sampled

* Elevation in rectal temperature above 40.3°C (104.6°F) on 2 consecutive days.

** Clinical signs included recumbent, depressed, and/or metastatic skin lesions.

Duration-of-immunity study: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate protection against challenge with virulent E. rhusiopathiae in a duration-of-immunity study 20 weeks after the second vaccination or at approximately market weight (26 weeks of age). Pigs were vaccinated at approximately 3 and 6 weeks of age. Pigs were monitored daily for rectal temperature and for clinical signs of disease. Nine of 10 control pigs (90%) were determined to be positive for infection after challenge. Fifteen of 20 vaccinated pigs (75%) were protected. These results indicate that vaccination with ER BAC® Plus with Amphigen® provided significant protection from challenge 20 weeks after vaccination. (Tables 3 and 4).

Table 3. Results of E. rhusiopathiae Challenge in Control Pigs (90% positive).

Control Pigs

2 days*

1 day only

Clinical signs**

Mortality/
Euthanasia

Treated

Organism isolation

10

3

4

9

7

3

5

* Elevation in rectal temperature above 40.9°C (105.6°F) on 2 consecutive days.

** Clinical signs included recumbent, depressed, and/or metastatic skin lesions.

Table 4. Results of E. rhusiopathiae Challenge in 26-week-old Pigs (75% protected).

Vaccinated Pigs

2 days*

1 day only

Clinical signs**

Mortality/
Euthanasia

Treated

Organism isolation

20

3

5

5

1

4

1

* Elevation in rectal temperature above 40.3°C (104.6°F) on 2 consecutive days.

** Clinical signs included recumbent, depressed, and/or metastatic skin lesions.

75-5040-01

Presentation: 50 dose (100 mL) and 250 dose (500 mL) vials.

NAC No.: 36900333

ZOETIS INC.
333 PORTAGE STREET, KALAMAZOO, MI, 49007
Telephone:   269-833-4000
Customer Service:   888-963-8471
Website:   www.zoetis.com
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the ER Bac Plus information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the US product label or package insert.

Copyright © 2014 North American Compendiums. Updated: 2014-07-28

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