Azium Solution

This page contains information on Azium Solution for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
  • Azium Solution Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for Azium Solution
  • Direction and dosage information for Azium Solution

Azium Solution

This treatment applies to the following species:
Manufacturer: Schering-Plough

(dexamethasone)

Solution - 2 Mg/ml

For Intravenous Or Intramuscular Injection

Veterinary

Azium Solution Caution

Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

Description

AZIUM (dexamethasone) Solution is a synthetic analogue of prednisolone, having similar but more potent anti-inflammatory therapeutic action and diversified hormonal and metabolic effects. Modification of the basic corticoid structure as achieved in AZIUM Solution offers enhanced anti-inflammatory effect compared to older corticosteroids. The dosage of AZIUM Solution required is markedly lower than that of prednisone and prednisolone.

AZIUM Solution is not species-specific; however, the veterinarian should read the sections on INDICATIONS, DOSAGE, SIDE EFFECTS, CONTRAINDICATIONS, PRECAUTIONS, and WARNINGS before this drug is used.

AZIUM Solution is intended for intravenous or intramuscular administration. Each mL contains 2 mg dexamethasone, 500 mg polyethylene glycol 400, 9 mg benzyl alcohol, 1.8 mg methylparaben and 0.2 mg propylparaben as preservatives, 4.75% alcohol, HCl to adjust pH to approximately 4.9, and water for injection q.s.

Experimental Studies

Experimental animal studies on dexamethasone have revealed that it possesses greater anti-inflammatory activity than many steroids. Veterinary clinical evidence indicates dexamethasone has approximately twenty times the anti-inflammatory activity of prednisolone and seventy to eighty times that of hydrocortisone. Thymus involution studies show dexamethasone possesses twenty-five times the activity of prednisolone. In reference to mineralocorticoid activity, dexamethasone does not cause significant sodium or water retention. Metabolic balance studies show that animals on controlled and limited protein intake will exhibit nitrogen losses on exceedingly high dosages.

Azium Solution Indications

AZIUM Solution is indicated for the treatment of primary bovine ketosis and as an anti-inflammatory agent in the bovine and equine.

As supportive therapy, AZIUM Solution may be used in the management of various rheumatic, allergic, dermatologic, and other diseases known to be responsive to anti-inflammatory corticosteroids. AZIUM Solution may be used intravenously as supportive therapy when an immediate hormonal response is required.

Bovine Ketosis: AZIUM Solution is offered for the treatment of primary ketosis. The gluconeogenic effects of AZIUM, when administered intramuscularly, are generally noted within the first 6 to 12 hours. When AZIUM Solution is used intravenously, the effects may be noted sooner. Blood sugar levels rise to normal levels rapidly and generally rise to above normal levels within 12 to 24 hours. Acetone bodies are reduced to normal concentrations usually within 24 hours. The physical attitude of animals treated with AZIUM Solution brightens and appetite improves, usually within 12 hours. Milk production, which is suppressed as a compensatory reaction in this condition, begins to increase. In some instances, it may even surpass previous peaks. The recovery process usually takes from 3 to 7 days.

Supportive Therapy: AZIUM Solution may be used as supportive therapy in mastitis, metritis, traumatic gastritis, and pyelonephritis, while appropriate primary therapy is administered. In these cases, the corticosteroid combats accompanying stress and enhances the feeling of general well-being.

AZIUM Solution may also be used as supportive therapy in inflammatory conditions, such as arthritic conditions, snake bite, acute mastitis, shipping fever, pneumonia, laminitis, and retained placenta.

Equine: AZIUM Solution is indicated for the treatment of acute musculoskeletal inflammations such as bursitis, carpitis, osselets, tendonitis, myositis, and sprains. If boney changes exist in any of these conditions, joints, or accessory structures, responses to AZIUM Solution cannot be expected. In addition, AZIUM Solution may be used as supportive therapy in fatigue, heat exhaustion, influenza, laminitis, and retained placenta provided that the primary cause is determined and corrected.

Contraindications

Except for emergency therapy, do not use in animals with chronic nephritis and hypercorticalism (Cushing's syndrome). Existence of congestive heart failure, diabetes, and osteoporosis are relative contraindications. Do not use in viral infections during the viremic stage.

Warnings

Clinical and experimental data have demonstrated that corticosteroids administered orally or parenterally to animals may induce the first stage of parturition when administered during the last trimester of pregnancy and may precipitate parturition followed by dystocia, fetal death, retained placenta, and metritis.

Additionally, corticosteroids administered to dogs, rabbits, and rodents during pregnancy have produced cleft palate. Other congenital anomalies including deformed forelegs, phocomelia, and anasarca have been reported in offspring of dogs which received corticosteroids during pregnancy.

A Withdrawal Period Has Not Been Established For This Product In Pre-ruminating Calves. Do Not Use In Calves To Be Processed For Veal.

Precautions

Animals receiving AZIUM Solution should be under close observation. Because of the anti-inflammatory action of corticosteroids, signs of infection may be masked and it may be necessary to stop treatment until a further diagnosis is made. Overdosage of some glucocorticoids may result in sodium retention, fluid retention, potassium loss, and weight gain.

AZIUM Solution may be administered to animals with acute or chronic bacterial infections providing the infections are controlled with appropriate antibiotic or chemotherapeutic agents.

Doses greater than those recommended in horses may produce a transient drowsiness or lethargy in some horses. The lethargy usually abates in 24 hours.

Use of corticosteroids, depending on dose, duration, and specific steroid, may result in inhibition of endogenous steroid production following drug withdrawal. In patients presently receiving or recently withdrawn from systemic corticosteroid treatments, therapy with a rapidly acting corticosteroid should be considered in unusually stressful situations.

Side Effects

Side effects, such as SAP and SGPT enzyme elevations, weight loss, anorexia, polydipsia, and polyuria have occurred following the use of synthetic corticosteroids in dogs. Vomiting and diarrhea (occasionally bloody) have been observed in dogs and cats.

Cushing's syndrome in dogs has been reported in association with prolonged or repeated steroid therapy.

Corticosteroids reportedly cause laminitis in horses.

Administration And Dosage

Therapy with AZIUM Solution, as with any other potent corticosteroid, should be individualized according to the severity of the condition being treated, anticipated duration of steroid therapy, and the animal's threshold or tolerance for steroid excess.

Treatment may be changed over to AZIUM Solution from any other glucocorticoid with proper reduction or adjustment of dosage.

Bovine-AZIUM Solution-5 to 20 mg intravenously or intramuscularly.

AZIUM Powder may be administered or the parenteral dose repeated as needed.

Equine-AZIUM Solution-2.5 to 5 mg intravenously or intramuscularly.

AZIUM Powder may be administered or the parenteral dose repeated as needed.

How Supplied

AZIUM Solution, 2 mg per mL, 100-mL multiple dose vial, box of 1.

Copyright© 1973, 1993, 1994, Schering-Plough Animal Health Corp.

All rights reserved.

Store Between 2° And 30°c (36° And 86°f).

NADA 12-559, Approved by FDA

January 1999

Schering-Plough Animal Health Corp., Union, NJ 07083

F-13406464

B-13406464

Net Contents

NDC

 

100 mL

0061-0884-01

Rev. 3/00

Nac No.

10470161
SCHERING-PLOUGH ANIMAL HEALTH CORPORATION
556 MORRIS AVE., SUMMIT, NJ, 07901
Telephone:   908-629-3490
Order Desk:   800-648-2118
Fax:   908-629-3306
Customer Service:   800-521-5767
Website:   www.sp-animalhealth.com
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the Azium Solution information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the US product label or package insert.

Copyright © 2014 North American Compendiums. Updated: 2014-07-28

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