Amiglyde-V Intrauterine Solution

This page contains information on Amiglyde-V Intrauterine Solution for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
  • Amiglyde-V Intrauterine Solution Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for Amiglyde-V Intrauterine Solution
  • Direction and dosage information for Amiglyde-V Intrauterine Solution

Amiglyde-V Intrauterine Solution

This treatment applies to the following species:
Manufacturer: Zoetis

AMIKACIN SULFATE INJECTION, USP

Veterinary Solution

NADA 127-892, Approved by FDA

Amiglyde-V Intrauterine Solution Caution

Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

Description

Amikacin sulfate is a semi-synthetic aminoglycoside antibiotic derived from kanamycin. It is C22H43N5O13•2H2SO4, D-streptamine, 0 - 3 - amino - 3 - deoxy - α - D - glucopyranosyl - (1®6) - 0 - [6 - amino - 6 - deoxy - α - D - glucopyranosyl - (1®4) - N1-(4-amino-2-hydroxy-1-oxobutyl)- 2-deoxy-, (S)-, sulfate (1:2) (salt).

The dosage form supplied is a sterile, colorless to light straw-colored solution. The solution contains, in addition to amikacin sulfate USP, 2.5% sodium citrate, USP with pH adjusted to 4.5 with sulfuric acid and 0.66% sodium bisulfite added. The multi-dose 12 gram - 48 mL vial contains 0.01% benzethonium chloride, USP as a preservative.

Action

Antibacterial Activity

The effectiveness of AMIGLYDE-V (amikacin sulfate injection, USP) in infections caused by Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas sp and Klebsiella sp has been demonstrated clinically in the horse. In addition, the following microorganisms have been shown to be susceptible to amikacin in vitro,1 although the clinical significance of this action has not been demonstrated in animals:

Enterobacter sp

Proteus mirabilis

Proteus sp (indole positive)

Serratia marcescens

Salmonella sp

Shigella sp

Providencia sp

Citrobacter freundii

Listeria monocytogenes

Staphylococcus aureus (both penicillin-resistant and penicillin-sensitive)

The aminoglycoside antibiotics in general have limited activity against gram-positive pathogens, although Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes are susceptible to amikacin as noted above.

Amikacin has been shown to be effective against many aminoglycoside-resistant strains due to its ability to resist degradation by aminoglycoside inactivating enzymes known to affect gentamicin, tobramycin and kanamycin.2

Clinical Pharmacology

Endometrial Tissue Concentrations

Comparisons of amikacin activity in endometrial biopsy tissue following intrauterine infusion with that following intramuscular injection of AMIGLYDE-V in mares demonstrate superior endometrial tissue concentrations when the drug is administered by the intrauterine route.

Intrauterine infusion of 2 grams AMIGLYDE-V daily for three consecutive days in mares results in peak concentrations typically exceeding 40 mcg/g of endometrial biopsy tissue within one hour after infusion. Twenty-four hours after each treatment amikacin activity is still detectable at concentrations averaging 2 to 4 mcg/g. However, the drug is not appreciably absorbed systemically following intrauterine infusion. Endometrial tissue concentrations following intramuscular injection are roughly parallel, but are typically somewhat lower than corresponding serum concentrations of amikacin.

Safety

AMIGLYDE-V is non-irritating to equine endometrial tissue when infused into the uterus as directed (see ADMINISTRATION AND DOSAGE). In laboratory animals as well as the equine studies, the drug was generally found not to be irritating when injected intravenously, subcutaneously or intramuscularly.

Although amikacin, like other aminoglycosides, is potentially nephrotoxic, ototoxic and neurotoxic, parenteral (intravenous) administration of AMIGLYDE-V (amikacin sulfate injection, USP) twice daily at dosages of up to 10 mg/lb for 15 consecutive days in horses resulted in no clinical, laboratory nor histopathologic evidence of toxicity.

Intrauterine infusion of 2 grams of AMIGLYDE-V 8 hours prior to breeding by natural service did not impair fertility in mares. Therefore, mares should not be bred for at least 8 hours following uterine infusion.

Amiglyde-V Intrauterine Solution Indications

AMIGLYDE-V is indicated for the treatment of uterine infections (endometritis, metritis and pyometra) in mares, when caused by susceptible organisms including Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas sp and Klebsiella sp. The use of AMIGLYDE-V in eliminating infections caused by the above organisms has been shown clinically to improve fertility in infected mares.

While nearly all strains of Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas sp and Klebsiella sp, including those that are resistant to gentamicin, kanamycin or other aminoglycosides, are susceptible to amikacin at levels achieved following treatment, it is recommended that the invading organism be cultured and its susceptibility demonstrated as a guide to therapy. Amikacin susceptibility discs, 30 mcg, should be used for determining in vitro susceptibility.

Administration And Dosage

For treatment of uterine infections in mares, 2 grams (8 mL) of AMIGLYDE-V, mixed with 200 mL 0.9% Sodium chloride injection, USP and aseptically infused into the uterus daily for three consecutive days, has been found to be the most efficacious dosage.

Contraindications

There are no known contraindications for the use of AMIGLYDE-V in horses other than a history of hypersensitivity to amikacin.

Precautions

Although AMIGLYDE-V is not absorbed to an appreciable extent following intrauterine infusion, concurrent use of other aminoglycosides should be avoided because of the potential additive effects.

Adverse Reactions

No adverse reactions or other side effects have been reported.

Warning

Not to be used in horses intended for food.

In vitro studies have demonstrated that when sperm are exposed to the preservative which is present in the 48 mL vials (250 mg/mL) sperm viability is impaired.

Supply

AMIGLYDE-V (amikacin sulfate injection, USP) Veterinary Solution is supplied as a colorless solution which is stable at room temperature. At times the solution may become pale yellow in color. This does not indicate a decrease in potency.

NDC 0856-2332-20 - 48 mL vial, 250 mg/mL

Store at controlled room temperature 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F).

REFERENCES

1. Price, K.E., et al. Microbiological Evaluation of BB-K8, a New Semisynthetic Aminoglycoside. J Antibiot 25: 709-731, 1972.

2. Davies, J., Courvalin, P.: Mechanisms of Resistance to Aminoglycosides. Am J Med 62:868-872, 1977.

Fort Dodge Animal Health

Fort Dodge, Iowa 50501

92639

Revised September 1999

4120G

NAC No.: 10030072

ZOETIS INC.
333 PORTAGE STREET, KALAMAZOO, MI, 49007
Telephone:   269-833-4000
Customer Service:   800-733-5500 and 800-793-0596
Veterinary Medical Investigations & Product Support:   800-366-5288
Technical Services (USA):   800-366-5288
Website:   www.zoetis.com
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the Amiglyde-V Intrauterine Solution information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the US product label or package insert.

Copyright © 2014 North American Compendiums. Updated: 2014-07-28

(web5)