ZESTRIL 2.5MG

Active substance: LISINOPRIL DIHYDRATE

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“The following text represents a non-marketed pack. For regulatory
submission purposes only”

Package leaflet: Information for the patient
Zestril 2.5 mg Tablets
lisinopril
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains
important information for you.
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
• This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm
them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
• If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible
side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet:
1. What Zestril is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Zestril
3. How to take Zestril
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Zestril
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Zestril is and what it is used for
Zestril contains a medicine called lisinopril. This belongs to a group of medicines called ACE
inhibitors.
Zestril can be used for the following conditions:
• To treat high blood pressure (hypertension).
• To treat heart failure.
• If you have recently had a heart attack (myocardial infarction).
• To treat kidney problems caused by Type II diabetes in people with high blood pressure.
Zestril works by making your blood vessels widen. This helps to lower your blood pressure. It
also makes it easier for your heart to pump blood to all parts of your body.

2. What you need to know before you take Zestril
Do not take Zestril:
• if you are allergic to lisinopril or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in
section 6).

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if you have ever had an allergic reaction to another ACE inhibitor medicine. The allergic
reaction may have caused swelling of the hands, feet, ankles, face, lips, tongue or throat. It
may also have made it difficult to swallow or breathe (angioedema).
• if a member of your family has had severe allergic reactions (angioedema) to an ACE
inhibitor or you have had severe allergic reactions (angioedema) without a known cause.
• if you are more than 3 months pregnant. (It is also better to avoid Zestril in early
pregnancy - see Pregnancy section).
• if you are taking a blood pressure medicine containing aliskiren and you have diabetes.
• if you are taking a blood pressure medicine containing aliskiren and you have kidney
problems.
If you are not sure if any of these apply to you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking
Zestril.
If you develop a dry cough which is persistent for a long time after starting treatment with
Zestril, talk to your doctor.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Zestril.
• if you have a narrowing (stenosis) of the aorta (an artery in your heart) or a narrowing of
the heart valves (mitral valves).
• if you have a narrowing (stenosis) of the kidney artery.
• if you have an increase in the thickness of the heart muscle (known as hypertrophic
cardiomyopathy).
• if you have problems with your blood vessels (collagen vascular disease).
• if you have low blood pressure. You may notice this as feeling dizzy or light-headed,
especially when standing up.
• if you have kidney problems or you are having kidney dialysis.
• if you have liver problems.
• if you have diabetes.
• if you have recently had diarrhoea or vomiting (being sick).
• if your doctor has told you to control the amount of salt in your diet.
• if you have high levels of cholesterol and you are having a treatment called ‘LDL
apheresis’.
• You must tell your doctor if you think you are (or might become) pregnant. Zestril is not
recommended in early pregnancy, and must not be taken if you are more than 3 months
pregnant, as it may cause serious harm to your baby if used at that stage (see Pregnancy
section).
• if you are of black origin as Zestril may be less effective. You may also more readily get
the side effect ‘angioedema’ (a severe allergic reaction).
If you are not sure if any of these apply to you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking
Zestril.
Treatment for allergies such as insect stings
Tell your doctor if you are having or are going to have treatment to lower the effects of an
allergy such as insect stings (desensitisation treatment). If you take Zestril while you are
having this treatment, it may cause a severe allergic reaction.
Operations

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If you are going to have an operation (including dental surgery) tell your doctor or dentist that
you are taking Zestril. This is because you can get low blood pressure (hypotension) if you
are given certain local or general anaesthetics while you are taking Zestril.
Children and adolescents
Zestril has been studied in children. For more information, talk to your doctor. Zestril is not
recommended in children under 6 years of age or in any child with severe kidney problems.
Other medicines and Zestril
Tell your doctor if you are taking, or have recently taken, or might take any other medicines.
This is because Zestril can affect the way some medicines work and some medicines can have
an effect on Zestril.
In particular, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any of the following medicines:
• Other medicines to help lower your blood pressure.
• Aliskiren containing medicines (for treatment of high blood pressure).
• Water tablets (diuretic medicines).
• Medicines to break up blood clots (usually given in hospital).
• Beta-blocker medicines, such as atenolol and propranolol.
• Nitrate medicines (for heart problems).
• Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) used to treat pain and arthritis.
• Aspirin (Acetylsalicylic acid), if you are taking more than 3 grams each day.
• Medicines for depression and for mental problems, including lithium.
• Potassium tablets or salt substitutes that have potassium in them.
• Insulin or medicines that you take by mouth for diabetes.
• Medicines used to treat asthma.
• Medicines to treat nose or sinus congestion or other cold remedies (including those you
can buy in the pharmacy).
• Medicines to suppress the body’s immune response (immunosuppressants).
• Allopurinol (for gout).
• Procainamide (for heart beat problems).
• Medicines that contain gold, such as sodium aurothiomalate, which may be given to you
as an injection.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Pregnancy:
You must tell your doctor if you think you are (or might become) pregnant. Your doctor will
normally advise you to stop taking Zestril before you become pregnant or as soon as you
know you are pregnant and will advise you to take another medicine instead of Zestril. Zestril
is not recommended in early pregnancy, and must not be taken when more than 3 months
pregnant, as it may cause serious harm to your baby if used after the third month of
pregnancy.
Breast-feeding:
Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding or about to start breast-feeding. Zestril is not
recommended for mothers who are breast-feeding, and your doctor may choose another
treatment for you if you wish to breast-feed, especially if your baby is newborn, or was born
prematurely.

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Driving and using machines
• Some people feel dizzy or tired when taking this medicine. If this happens to you, do not
drive or use any tools or machines.
• You must wait to see how your medicine affects you before trying these activities.

3. How to take Zestril
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or
pharmacist if you are not sure.
Once you have started taking Zestril your doctor may take blood tests. Your doctor may then
adjust your dose so you take the right amount of medicine for you.
Taking your medicine
• Swallow the tablet with a drink of water.
• Try to take your tablets at the same time each day. It does not matter if you take Zestril
before or after food.
• Keep taking Zestril for as long as your doctor tells you to, it is a long term treatment. It is
important to keep taking Zestril every day.
Taking your first dose
• Take special care when you have your first dose of Zestril or if your dose is increased. It
may cause a greater fall in blood pressure than later doses.
• This may make you feel dizzy or light-headed. If this happens, it may help to lie down. If
you are concerned, please talk to your doctor as soon as possible.
Adults
Your dose depends on your medical condition and whether you are taking any other
medicines. Your doctor will tell you how many tablets to take each day. Check with your
doctor or pharmacist if you are unsure.
For high blood pressure
• The recommended starting dose is 10 mg once a day.
• The usual long-term dose is 20 mg once a day.
For heart failure
• The recommended starting dose is 2.5 mg once a day.
• The long-term dose is 5 to 35 mg once a day.
After a heart attack
• The recommended starting dose is 5 mg within 24 hours of your attack and 5 mg one
day later.
• The usual long-term dose is 10 mg once a day.
For kidney problems caused by diabetes
• The recommended dose is either 10 mg or 20 mg once a day.
If you are elderly, have kidney problems or are taking diuretic medicines your doctor may
give you a lower dose than the usual dose.

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Use in children and adolescents (6 to 16 years old) with high blood pressure
• Zestril is not recommended for children under 6 years or in any children with severe
kidney problems.
• The doctor will work out the correct dose for your child. The dose depends on the child’s
body weight.
• For children who weigh between 20 kg and 50 kg, the recommended starting dose is
2.5 mg once a day.
• For children who weigh more than 50 kg, the recommended starting dose is 5 mg once a
day.
If you take more Zestril than you should
If you take more Zestril than prescribed by your doctor, talk to a doctor or go to a hospital
immediately. The following effects are most likely to happen: Dizziness, palpitations.
If you forget to take Zestril
• If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is nearly time
for the next dose, skip the missed dose.
• Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
If you stop taking Zestril
Do not stop taking your tablets, even if you are feeling well, unless your doctor tells you to.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
If you experience any of the following reactions, stop taking Zestril and see your doctor
immediately:
• Severe allergic reactions (rare, affects 1 to 10 users in 10,000). The signs may include
sudden onset of:
- Swelling of your face, lips, tongue or throat. This may make it difficult to swallow.
- Severe or sudden swelling of your hands, feet and ankles.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Severe itching of the skin (with raised lumps).
• Severe skin disorders, like a sudden, unexpected rash or burning, red or peeling skin
(very rare, affects less than 1 user in 10,000).
• An infection with symptoms such as fever and serious deterioration of your general
condition, or fever with local infection symptoms such as sore throat/pharynx/mouth
or urinary problems (very rare, affects less than 1 user in 10,000).
Other possible side effects:
Common (affects 1 to 10 users in 100)
• Headache.
• Feeling dizzy or light-headed, especially if you stand up quickly.
• Diarrhoea.
• A dry cough that does not go away.

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Being sick (vomiting).
Kidney problems (shown in a blood test).

Uncommon (affects 1 to 10 users in 1,000)
• Mood changes.
• Change of colour in your fingers or toes (pale blue followed by redness) or numbness or
tingling in your fingers or toes.
• Changes in the way things taste.
• Feeling sleepy.
• Spinning feeling (vertigo).
• Having difficulty sleeping.
• Stroke.
• Fast heart beat.
• Runny nose.
• Feeling sick (nausea).
• Stomach pain or indigestion.
• Skin rash or itching.
• Being unable to get an erection (impotence).
• Feeling tired or feeling weak (loss of strength).
• A very big drop in blood pressure may happen in people with the following conditions:
coronary heart disease; narrowing of the aorta (a heart artery), kidney artery or heart
valves; an increase in the thickness of the heart muscle. If this happens to you, you may
feel dizzy or light-headed, especially if you stand up quickly.
• Changes in blood tests that show how well your liver and kidneys are working.
• Heart attack.
• Seen and/or heard hallucinations.
Rare (affects 1 to 10 users in 10,000)
• Feeling confused.
• A lumpy rash (hives).
• Dry mouth.
• Hair loss.
• Psoriasis (a skin problem).
• Changes in the way things smell.
• Development of breasts in men.
• Changes to some of the cells or other parts of your blood. Your doctor may take blood
samples from time to time to check whether Zestril has had any effect on your blood. The
signs may include feeling tired, pale skin, a sore throat, high temperature (fever), joint and
muscle pains, swelling of the joints or glands, or sensitivity to sunlight.
• Low levels of sodium in your blood (the symptoms may be tiredness, headache, nausea,
vomiting).
• Sudden renal failure.
Very rare (affect less than 1 user in 10,000)
• Sinusitis (a feeling of pain and fullness behind your cheeks and eyes).
• Wheezing.
• Low levels of sugar in your blood (hypoglycaemia). The signs may include feeling hungry
or weak, sweating and a fast heart beat.

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Inflammation of the lungs. The signs include cough, feeling short of breath and high
temperature (fever).
Yellowing of the skin or the whites of the eyes (jaundice).
Inflammation of the liver. This can cause loss of appetite, yellowing of the skin and eyes,
and dark coloured urine.
Inflammation of the pancreas. This causes moderate to severe pain in the stomach.
Severe skin disorders. The symptoms include redness, blistering and peeling.
Sweating.
Passing less water (urine) than normal or passing no water.
Liver failure.
Lumps.
Inflamed gut.

Not known (frequency cannot be estimated from available data)
• Symptoms of depression.
• Fainting.
Side effects in children appear to be comparable to those seen in adults.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side
effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly (see details below).
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this
medicine.
Yellow Card Scheme
Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard

5. How to store Zestril





Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date (EXP) which is stated on the blister strip
and the carton. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Do not store above 25°C.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your
pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help
protect the environment.

6. Contents of the pack and other information
What Zestril contains
• The active substance is lisinopril (as dihydrate).


The other ingredients are mannitol, calcium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate, maize
starch, pregelatinised starch and magnesium stearate. In addition, the pink and
brownish-red tablets contain red iron oxide (E172).

What Zestril looks like and contents of the pack
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Zestril 2.5 mg Tablets: round, white, uncoated, biconvex tablet with “♥ 2.5” on one side and
plain on the other side. Diameter 6 mm.
Zestril tablets are available in aluminium foil blister packs of 14, 20, 28, 30, 50, 84, 100, and
400 tablets. Blister packs containing multiples of 7 tablets may also be available with
weekday marks.
Zestril tablets are also available in bottle packs of 20, 30, 50, 100 and 400 tablets.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
The Marketing Authorisation for Zestril is held by AstraZeneca UK Ltd, 600 Capability
Green, Luton, LU1 3LU, UK.
Zestril is manufactured by AstraZeneca UK Limited, Silk Road Business Park, Macclesfield,
Cheshire SK10 2NA, UK.
This medicine is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the following names:
ACEMIN (AT), ZESTRIL (BE, ES, IE, FR, IT, EL, LU, NO, NL, PT, SE, UK).

To listen to or request a copy of this leaflet in Braille, large print or
audio please call, free of charge:
0800 198 5000 (UK only)
Please be ready to give the following information:
Product name
Reference Number
Zestril 2.5 mg Tablets
PL 17901/ 0060
This is a service provided by the Royal National Institute of Blind
People.
Leaflet last updated: December 2013
© AstraZeneca 2013
Zestril is a trade mark of the AstraZeneca group of companies.
CV 13 0176

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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