XYZAL 5MG TABLETS

Active substance: LEVOCETIRIZINE DIHYDROCHLORIDE

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CIA74417D

5 mg film-coated Tablets
Levocetirizine dihydrochloride






Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine.
– Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
– If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
– This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others.
It may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours.
– If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in
this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.

In this leaflet:
1. hat Xyzal is and what it is used for
W
2. efore you take Xyzal
B
3. ow to take Xyzal
H
4. ossible side effects
P
5. ow to store Xyzal
H
6. urther information
F
1. WHAT XYZAL IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Levocetirizine dihydrochloride is the active ingredient of Xyzal.
Xyzal is an antiallergic medication.
For treatment of signs of illness (symptoms) associated with:
• allergic rhinitis (including persistent allergic rhinitis);
• nettle rash (urticaria).
2. BEFORE YOU TAKE XYZAL
Do not take Xyzal
– if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to levocetirizine dihydrochloride or to an antihistamine
or any of the other ingredients of Xyzal (see ‘What Xyzal contains‘)
– if you have a severe impairment of kidney function (severe renal failure with creatinine
clearance below 10 ml/min).
Take special care with Xyzal
The use of Xyzal is not recommended in children less than 6 years since the film-coated
tablets do not allow for dose adaptation.
If you are likely to be unable to empty your bladder (with conditions such as spinal cord
injury or enlarged prostate), please ask your doctor for advice.
Taking other medicines
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other
medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.

Taking Xyzal with food and drink
Caution is advised if Xyzal is taken at the same time as alcohol.
In sensitive patients, the simultaneous use of cetirizine or levocetirizine and alcohol or
other centrally acting agents may have effects on the central nervous system, although the
racemate cetirizine has been shown not to increase the effect of alcohol.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, trying to get pregnant or breast-feeding.
Driving and using machines
Some patients being treated with Xyzal may experience somnolence / drowsiness,
tiredness and exhaustion. If you are intending to drive, engage in potentially hazardous
activities or use machines you are therefore advised first to wait and observe your response
to the medication. However, special tests have revealed no impairment of mental alertness,
the ability to react or the ability to drive in healthy test persons after taking levocetirizine in
the recommended dosage.
Important information about some of the ingredients of Xyzal
These tablets contain lactose, if you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars you should contact your doctor before taking them.
3. HOW TO TAKE XYZAL
Always take Xyzal exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check with your doctor
or pharmacist if you are not sure.
The usual dose for adults and children aged 6 years and over is one tablet daily.
Patients with impaired kidney function may be given a lower dose according to the severity
of their kidney disease.
Patients who only have impaired liver function should take the usual prescribed dose.
Patients who have both impaired liver and kidney function may be given a lower dose depending on the severity of the kidney disease, and in children the dose will also be chosen
on the basis of body weight; the dose will be determined by your doctor.
Xyzal is not recommended for children under 6 years of age.
How and when should you take Xyzal?
The tablets should be swallowed whole with water and may be taken with or without food.
If you take more Xyzal than you should
A substantial overdose may cause somnolence in adults. Children may initially show excitation and restlessness followed by somnolence.
If you think you have taken an overdose of Xyzal, please tell your doctor who will then
decide what action should be taken.

If you forget to take Xyzal
If you forget to take Xyzal, or if you take a dose lower than that prescribed by your doctor,
do not take a double dose to compensate; just wait for the foreseen time for intake of the
next dose, and take a normal dose as prescribed by your doctor.
If you stop taking Xyzal
Stopping the treatment with Xyzal earlier than foreseen should have no detrimental effects,
in the sense that the symptoms of the disease should just progressively reappear with a
severity not higher than the one experienced prior to treatment with Xyzal.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, Xyzal can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Commonly (1% to 10 %), mainly mild to moderate side effects such as dry mouth, headache, tiredness and somnolence/drowsiness have been reported. Uncommon (0.1 % to
1 %), side effects such as exhaustion and abdominal pain have been observed. Other side
effects such as palpitations, fits, pins and needles, dizziness, syncope, tremor, dysgeusia
(distortion of the sense of taste), sensation of rotation or movement, visual disturbances,
blurred vision, painful or difficult urination, inability to completely empty the bladder,
oedema, pruritus (itchiness), rash, urticaria (swelling, redness and itchiness of the skin),
skin eruption, shortness of breath, weight increase, muscular pain, aggressive or agitated
behaviour, insomnia, recurring thoughts of or preoccupation with suicide, hepatitis, abnormal liver function, increased appetite and nausea, have also been reported.
At the first signs of a hypersensitivity reaction, stop taking Xyzal and see your doctor immediately. Hypersensitivity reaction symptoms may include: swelling of the mouth, tongue,
face and/or throat, breathing or swallowing difficulties together with hives (angioedema),
sudden fall in blood pressure leading to collapse or shock, which may be fatal.
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this
leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.

What Xyzal looks like and contents of the pack
The film-coated tablets are white to off-white, oval, with a Y logo on one side.
They are supplied in blister packs of 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 10, 2 x 10, 10 x 10, 14, 15, 20, 21,
28, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 90 and 100 tablets.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
UCB Pharma Ltd
208 Bath Road
Slough
Berkshire, SL1 3WE
This leaflet was last approved in November 2012

5. HOW TO STORE XYZAL
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
Do not use Xyzal after the expiry date which is stated on the carton after Exp. The expiry
date refers to the last day of that month.
This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.
6. FURTHER INFORMATION
What Xyzal contains
– The active substance is 5 mg levocetirizine dihydrochloride
Each film-coated tablet contains 5 mg levocetirizine dihydrochloride.
– The other ingredients are microcrystalline cellulose, lactose monohydrate, colloidal
anhydrous silica, magnesium stearate, hypromellose (E464), titanium dioxide (E171),
and macrogol 400.

CIA74417D

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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