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Active substance: TIMOLOL MALEATE

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Timoptol®-LA 0.25% w/v Gel-Forming Eye Drops Solution
Timoptol®-LA 0.5% w/v Gel-Forming Eye Drops Solution
timolol (as maleate)
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their
symptoms are the same as yours.
- If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your
doctor or pharmacist.

For Position Only


In this leaflet:
1. What Timoptol-LA is and what it is used for
2. Before you use Timoptol-LA
3. How to use Timoptol-LA
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Timoptol-LA
6. Further information
Timoptol-LA contains a substance called timolol which belongs to a group of medicines called beta‑blockers.
Timolol lowers the pressure in your eye(s). It is used to treat glaucoma, when the pressure in the eye is raised.
Do not use Timoptol-LA if:
• you are allergic (hypersensitive) to timolol, beta-blockers or any of the other ingredients of Timoptol-LA
(see section 6 for Further Information)
• you have now or have had in the past respiratory problems such as asthma, severe chronic obstructive
bronchitis (severe lung disease which may cause wheeziness, difficulty in breathing and/or long-standing
• you have heart problems
• slow heartbeat
• disorders of heart rhythm (irregular heart beats)
• heart failure
- “cardiogenic shock” – a serious heart condition caused by very low blood pressure, which may result in the
following symptoms: dizziness and lightheadedness, fast pulse rate, white skin, sweating, restlessness, loss
of consciousness
• you wear contact lenses.
If you are not sure whether you should use Timoptol-LA talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
Take special care with Timoptol-LA
Before you use this medicine tell your doctor if you have now or have had in the past.
• coronary heart disease (symptoms can include chest pain or tightness, breathlessness or choking), heart failure,
• low blood pressure
• disturbances of heart rate such as slow heart beat
• breathing problems, asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
• poor blood circulation disease (such as Raynaud’s disease or Raynaud’s syndrome)
• diabetes as timolol maleate may mask signs and symptoms of low blood sugar
• overactivity of the thyroid gland as timolol maleate may mask signs and symptoms.
Tell your docotor before you have an operation that you are using Timoptol as timolol may change effects of some
medicines used during anaesthesia.
If your eye becomes irritated or any new eye problems come on, talk to your doctor straight away. Eye problems
could include redness of the eye or swelling of the eyelids (see Section 4: Possible Side Effects).
If you suspect that Timoptol-LA is causing an allergic reaction or hypersensitivity (for example, skin rash, or redness
and itching of the eye), stop using Timoptol-LA and contact your doctor immediately.
Tell you doctor if:
• you get an eye infection
• you injure your eye or have an operation on it
• your eye problems get worse or you get any new symptoms.
Use in children
Timoptol-LA is not recommended for use in children and adolescents.
Using other medicines
Timoptol can affect or be affected by other medicines you are using, including other eye drops for the treatment of
glaucoma. Tell your doctor if you are using or intend to use medicines to lower blood pressure, heart medicine or
medicines to treat diabetes. Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other
medicines, including other eye drops or medicines obtained without a prescription. It is important to tell your
doctor before using Timoptol-LA if you are taking one or more of the following medicines:
• a calcium antagonist, such as nifedipine, verapamil or diltiazem, often used to treat high blood pressure,
angina, an abnormal heartbeat or Raynaud’s syndrome
• digoxin, a medicine used for heart failure or abnormal heartbeat
• medicines known as catecholamine-depleting agents, such as, rauwolfia alkaloids and reserpine used for high
blood pressure
• medicines called pressor amines, such as adrenaline used to treat severe allergic reaction
• quinidine (used to treat heart conditions and some types of malaria)
• antidepressants known as fluoxetine and paroxetine
• clonidine, a medicine used for high blood pressure
• other beta-blockers taken by mouth or used as eye drops, because they belong to the same group of medicines
as Timoptol-LA and could have an additive effect.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Ask your doctor for advice before taking any medicine.
Use in pregnancy
Do not use Timopol-LA during pregnancy if you are pregnant unless your doctor considers it necessary.

Use in breast-feeding
Do not use Timoptol-LA if you are breast-feeding. Timolol may get into your milk. Ask your doctor for advice before
taking any medicine during breast-feeding.
Driving and using machines
After putting your eye drops in your eye, your vision may be blurred for 30 seconds up to 5 minutes. In some
patients this may last up to 30 minutes or longer. There are possible side effects associated with Timoptol, such as
dizziness, tiredness and changes in your eyesight, such as blurred vision, drooping of the upper eyelid (making the
eye stay half closed), double vision which may affect your ability to drive and/or operate machinery. Do not drive
and/or operate machinery until you feel well and your vision is clear.
3. HOW TO USE Timoptol-LA
Always use Timoptol-LA eye drops solution exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check with your doctor
or pharmacist if you are not sure. The doctor will decide how many drops you should take each day and how long
you should use them.
The usual dose is one drop in the affected eye(s) once each day.
If your doctor recommends that you use Timoptol-LA with another eye drop, the other medicine should be
administered at least 10 minutes before Timoptol-LA.
Do not change your usual dose without talking to your doctor.
Do not allow the tip of the container to touch the eye or areas around the eye. It may become contaminated with
bacteria that can cause eye infection leading to serious damage of the eye, even loss of vision. To avoid possible
contamination of the container, keep the tip of the container away from contact with any surface.
Instructions for use.
It is recommended that you wash your hands before putting in your eye drops.
1. Before using the medication for the first time, be sure the Safety Strip on the front of the bottle is unbroken.
A gap between the bottle and the cap is normal for an unopened bottle.
Opening Arrows
Safety Strip

2. Tear off the safety strip to break the seal.

Finger Push Area

3. Invert the closed bottle and shake ONCE before each use. (it is not necessary to shake the bottle more than
once). To open the bottle, unscrew the cap by turning as indicated by the arrows on top of the cap. Do not
pull the cap directly up and away from the bottle. Pulling the cap directly up will prevent your dispenser from
operating properly.

Finger Push Area

4. Tilt your head back and pull your lower eyelid down slightly to form a pocket between your eyelid and your eye .

5. Invert the bottle, and press lightly with your thumb or first finger over the ‘Finger Push Area’ as shown, until a
single drop is dispensed into your eye, as directed by your doctor.

Finger Push Area


6. After using Timoptol-LA, press a finger into the corner of your eye, by the nose for 2 minutes. This helps to stop
timolol getting into the rest of your body.
Ophthalmic medications, if handled improperly, can become contaminated by common bacteria known to
cause infections. Serious damage to the eye and subsequent loss of vision may result from using contaminated
ophthalmic medications. If you think your medication may be contaminated, or if you develop an eye infection,
contact your doctor immediately concerning continued use of this bottle.
7. If drop dispensing is difficult after opening for the first time, replace the cap on the bottle and tighten (do not
overtighten) and then remove by turning the cap in the opposite direction as indicated by the arrows on top of
the cap.
8. Repeat steps 4 & 5 with the other eye if instructed to do so by your doctor.
9. Replace the cap by turning until it is firmly touching the bottle. The arrow on the left side of the cap must be
aligned with the arrow on the left side of the bottle label for proper closure. Do not overtighten or you may
damage the bottle and cap.
10. The dispenser tip is designed to provide a single drop; therefore do NOT enlarge the hole of the dispenser tip.
11. After you have used all doses there will be some Timoptol-LA left in the bottle. You should not be concerned
since an extra amount of Timoptol-LA has been added and you will get the full amount of Timoptol-LA that
your doctor has prescribed. Do not attempt to remove the excess medicine from the bottle.
If you use more Timoptol-LA than you should
If you put too many drops in your eye or swallow any of the drops, you may:
• have a headache
• feel dizzy or light-headed
• have difficulty breathing
• chest pain
• feel that your heart rate has slowed down.
If this happens, contact your doctor immediately.
If you forget to use Timoptol-LA
It is important to take Timoptol-LA as prescribed by your doctor.
• If you miss a dose, use the drops as soon as possible.
• If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take the next dose at the usual time.
• Do not take a double dose to make up for the forgotten dose.
If you stop using Timoptol-LA
If you want to stop using this medicine talk to your doctor first. If you have any further questions on the use of this
product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Like all medicines Timoptol-LA can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
You can usually carry on taking the drops, unless the effects are serious. If you’re worried, talk to a doctor or
pharmacist. Do not stop using Timoptol without speaking to your doctor.
Like other medicines applied into eyes, timolol is absorbed into the blood. This may cause similar side effects
as seen with intravenous and/or oral beta-blocking agents. Incidence of side effects after topical ophthalmic
administration is lower than when medicines are, for example taken by mouth or injected. Listed side effects
include reactions seen within the class of beta-blockers when used for treating eye conditions.
If you develop allergic reactions including swelling beneath the skin that can occur in areas such as the face
and limbs, and can obstruct the airway which may cause difficulty swallowing or breathing, hives or itchy rash,
localized and generalized rash, itchness, severe sudden life-threatening allergic reaction, stop taking your eye
drops and seek medical attention immediately.
Low blood glucose levels.
Difficulty sleeping (insomnia), depression, nightmares, memory loss.
Fainting, stroke, reduced blood supply to the brain, increases in signs and symptoms of myasthenia gravis
(muscle disorder), dizziness, unusual sensations like tingling or pins and needles, and headache.
Signs and symptoms of eye irritation (e.g. burning, stinging, itching, tearing, redness), inflammation of the eyelid,
inflammation in the cornea, blurred vision and detachment of the layer below the retina that contains blood
vessels following filtration surgery which may cause visual disturbances, decreased corneal sensitivity, dry eyes,
corneal erosion (damage to the front layer of the eyeball), drooping of the upper eyelid (making the eye stay half
closed) double vision, sensitivity to light, discharge from the eye, pain in the eye.
Ringing sound in the ears.
Slow heart rate, chest pain, palpitations, oedema (fluid build up), changes in the rhythm or speed of the heartbeat,
congestive heart failure (heart disease with shortness of breath and swelling of the feet and legs due to fluid build
up), a type of heart rhythm disorder, heart attack, heart failure.
Low blood pressure, fainting, interference with the blood supply to the brain which may lead to a stroke, Raynaud’s
phenomenon, cold hands and feet, limping because there is a reduced blood supply to your legs.
Constriction of the airways in the lungs (predominantly in patients with pre-existing disease), difficulty breathing,
shortness of breath, wheezing, cough.
Taste disturbances, nausea, indigestion, diarrhoea, dry mouth, abdominal pain, vomiting.
Sexual dysfunction, decreased sex drive, decreased libido. In men a condition which effects your penis called
Peyronie’s disease. The signs may be abnormal curve, pain or hardening of the tissue of your penis.
Hair loss, skin rash with white silvery coloured appearance (psoriasiform rash) or worsening of psoriasis, skin rash,
Muscle weakness/tiredness, muscle pain not caused by exercise.
A condition called lupus (systemic lupus erythematosus)
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information about the side effects. Both have a more
complete list of side effects.
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor
or pharmacist.

5. HOW TO STORE Timoptol-LA
Keep your eye drops out of the reach and sight of children.
• Do not store your eye drops above 25°C.
• Do not freeze.
• Store the bottle in the outer carton.
• You can use Timoptol-LA for 28 days after first opening the bottle.
Do not use Timoptol-LA after the expiry date which is stated on the carton after EXP. The expiry date refers to the
last day of that month.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of
medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
What Timoptol-LA contains
The active substance is timolol maleate.
Timoptol-LA is available in two strengths:
• 0.25% w/v solution of timolol maleate
• 0.5% w/v solution of timolol maleate.
The other ingredients are:
• benzododecinium bromide as preservative
• gellan gum
• mannitol E421
• trometamol
• water for injections.
What Timoptol-LA looks like and contents of the pack
Timoptol-LA is a sterile gel-forming eye drops solution and is available in bottles containing 2.5 ml of sterile eye
drops solution.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Marketing Authorisation Holder UK and Malta
Marketing Authorisation Holder Ireland
Merck Sharp & Dohme Ltd
Merck Sharp & Dohme Ireland (Human Health) Ltd
Hertford Road
Pelham House
South County Business Park
Hertfordshire EN11 9BU
United Kingdom
Dublin 18
Laboratories Merck Sharp & Dohme – Chibret (Mirabel)
Route de Marsat
RIOM 63963 Clermont –Ferrand
Cedex 9
This leaflet was last revised in November 2013.
This leaflet gives the most important patient information about Timoptol-LA. If you have any questions after you
have read it, ask your doctor or pharmacist who will give you further information.
Further information about glaucoma is available from:
International Glaucoma Association (IGA)
15A Highpoint Business Village
Henwood, Ashford
Kent, TN24 8DH
Tel: 01233 648170
Registered Charity number 274681.
(The IGA is an independent charity organisation which helps glaucoma patients and their relatives, and is not
associated with Merck Sharp & Dohme Limited.)
Alternatively, if you or someone you know has problems with their vision, and you require further advice
or information, please phone the Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB) Helpline on 0845 776 9999,
Monday to Friday 9am to 5 pm, calls charged at local rates.
(The RNIB is an independent UK charity and is not associated with Merck Sharp & Dohme Limited).
© Merck Sharp & Dohme Limited 2013. All rights reserved.


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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.