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RAMIPRIL 2.5MG CAPSULES HARD

Active substance: RAMIPRIL

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Package leaflet: Information for the user:
Ramipril 2.5 mg Capsules, hard
Ramipril

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it
contains important information for you.
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
• This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may
harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
• If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any
possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.

What is in this leaflet:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

What Ramipril Capsules are and what are they used for
What you need to know before you take Ramipril Capsules
How to take Ramipril Capsules
Possible side effects
How to store Ramipril Capsules
Contents of the pack and other information.

1. What Ramipril Capsules are and what are they used for
Ramipril belongs to the group of medicines called Angiotensin Converting Enzyme
(ACE) inhibitors that act on the heart and blood vessels.
Ramipril works by:
• Decreasing your body’s production of substances that could raise your blood pressure
• Making your blood vessels relax and widen
• Making it easier for your heart to pump blood around your body.
Ramipril can be used:
• To treat high blood pressure (hypertension)
• To reduce the risk of you having a heart attack or stroke
• To reduce the risk or delay the worsening of kidney problems (whether or not you have
diabetes)
• To treat your heart when it cannot pump enough blood to the rest of your body (heart
failure)
• As treatment following heart attack (myocardial infarction) complicated with heart
failure.

2. What you need to know before you take Ramipril Capsules
Do not take Ramipril Capsules:
• If you are allergic to ramipril, any other ACE inhibitor medicine or any of the
ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6). Signs of an allergic reaction may
include rash, swallowing or breathing problems swelling of your face, lips, throat or
tongue
• If you have ever had a serious allergic reaction called “angioedema”. The signs
include itching, hives (urticaria), red marks on the hands, feet and throat, swelling of
the throat and tongue, swelling around the eyes and lips, difficulty breathing and
swallowing
• If you are having dialysis or any other type of blood filtration. Depending on the
machine that is used ramipril may not be suitable for you.
• If you have kidney problems where the blood supply to your kidney is reduced
(renal artery stenosis)
• During the last 6 months of pregnancy (see section below on “Pregnancy and
breast-feeding”)
• If your blood pressure is abnormally low or unstable. Your doctor will need to make
this assessment.
• If you have diabetes or impaired kidney function and you are treated with a blood
pressure lowering medicine containing aliskiren

Do not take ramipril if any of the above apply to you. If you are not sure, talk to your
doctor before taking ramipril.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Ramipril Capsules
• You have problems with your heart, kidneys and/or liver.
• If you have collagen vascular disease such as scleroderma or systemic lupus
erythematosus
• If you have lost a lot of body salts or fluids (through being sick (vomiting), having
diarrhoea, sweating more than usual, being on a low salt diet, taking diuretics (water
tablets) for a long time or having had dialysis)
• If you are going to have treatment to reduce your allergy to bee or wasp stings
(desensitization)
• If you are going to receive an anaesthetic. This may be given for an operation or any
dental work. You may need to stop your ramipril treatment one day beforehand; ask
your doctor for advice
• If you have high amounts of potassium in your blood (shown in blood test results)
• You must tell your doctor if you think you are (or might become) pregnant. Ramipril
capsules are not recommended in the first 3 months of pregnancy and may cause



serious harm to your baby after 3 months of pregnancy, see section “Pregnancy and
breast feeding”.
If you are taking any of the following medicines used to treat high blood pressure:
- an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARBs) (also known as sartans - for example
valsartan, telmisartan, irbesartan), in particular if you have diabetes-related kidney
problems
- aliskiren

Your doctor may check your kidney function, blood pressure, and the amount of
electrolytes (e.g. potassium) in your blood at regular intervals.
See also information under the heading “Do not take Ramipril Capsules”

Children and adolescents
Ramipril capsules are not recommended for use in children and adolescents below 18
years of age because safety and efficacy of ramipril in children has not yet been
established..
If any of the above apply to you (or you are not sure), talk to your doctor before taking
Ramipril capsules
Other medicines and Ramipril Capsule
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any
other medicines
This is because Ramipril Capsules can affect the way some other medicines work. Also
some medicines can affect the way ramipril capsules works.
Please tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines. They can make
ramipril capsules work less well:
• Medicines used to relieve pain and inflammation (e.g. Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory
Drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or indometacin and aspirin)
• Medicines used for the treatment of low blood pressure, shock, cardiac failure, asthma
or allergies such as ephedrine, noradrenaline or adrenaline. Your doctor will need to
check your blood pressure.
Please tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines. They can
increase the chance of getting side effects if you take them with ramipril capsules:
Medicines used to relieve pain and inflammation (e.g. Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory
Drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or indometacin and aspirin)
• Medicines for cancer (chemotherapy)
• Medicines to stop the rejection of organs after a transplant such as cyclosporine

• Diuretics (water tablets) such as furosemide
• Medicines which can increase the amount of potassium in your blood such as
spironolactone, triamterene, amiloride, potassium salts and heparin (for thinning blood)
• Steroid medicines for inflammation such as prednisolone
• Allopurinol (used to lower the uric acid in your blood)
• Procainamide (for heart rhythm problems).
Please tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines. They may be
affected by ramipril:
• Medicines for diabetes such as oral glucose lowering medicines and insulin. Ramipril
may lower your blood sugar amounts. Check your blood sugar amounts closely while
taking ramipril
• Lithium (for mental health problems). Ramipril may increase the amount of lithium in
your blood. Your lithium amount will need to be closely checked by your doctor.
If any of the above apply to you (or you are not sure), talk to your doctor before taking
ramipril.
Your doctor may need to change your dose and/or to take other precautions:
If you are taking an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) or aliskiren (see also
information under the headings “Do not take Ramipril Capsules” and “Warnings and
precautions”)
Ramipril capsules with food and drink
Ramipril Capsules may be taken with or without food.
Drinking alcohol with ramipril may make you feel dizzy or light-headed. If you are
concerned about how much you can drink while you are taking ramipril, discuss this with
your doctor as medicines used to reduce blood pressure and alcohol can have additive
effects.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
You must tell your doctor if you think that you are (or might become) pregnant.
You should not take ramipril in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, and you must not take them at all
after the 13th week as their use during pregnancy may possibly be harmful to the baby.
If you become pregnant while on ramipril, tell your doctor immediately. A switch to a suitable
alternative treatment should be carried out in advance of a planned pregnancy.
You should not take ramipril if you are breast-feeding.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.

Driving and using machines

You may feel dizzy, while taking ramipril. This is more likely to happen when you start
taking ramipril or start taking a higher dose. If this happens, do not drive or use any tools
or machines.
Ramipril Capsules contain ponceau 4R (E124) & Sunset yellow (E 110)
Your medicine contains a small amount of an inactive ingredient called ponceau 4R
(E124) & Sunset yellow (E 110) that may cause allergic reactions.

3. How to take Ramipril Capsules
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with
your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Swallow the capsule(s) whole with a glass of water. The capsules can be taken before,
with or after food. To help you remember to take your medicine, try to get into the habit
of taking it at the same time each day. Do not crush or chew the capsules.

How much to take






Treatment of high blood pressure
The usual starting dose is 1.25 mg or 2.5 mg once daily.
Your doctor will adjust the amount you take until your blood pressure is controlled.
The maximum daily dose should not exceed 10 mg.
If you are taking water tablets (diuretics) already, your doctor may stop or reduce the
amount of the diuretic you take before beginning treatment with ramipril





To reduce the risk of you having a heart attack or stroke
The usual starting dose is 2.5 mg once daily.
Your doctor may then decide to increase the amount you take.
The usual dose is 10 mg once daily.





Treatment to reduce or delay the worsening of kidney problems
You may be started on a dose of 1.25 mg or 2.5 mg once daily.
Your doctor will adjust the amount you are taking.
The usual dose is 5 mg or 10 mg once daily.





Treatment of heart failure
The usual starting dose is 1.25 mg once daily.
Your doctor will adjust the amount you take.
The maximum dose is 10 mg daily. Two administrations per day are preferable.





Treatment after you have had a heart attack
The usual starting dose is 1.25 mg once daily to 2.5 mg twice daily.
Your doctor will adjust the amount you take.
The usual dose is 10 mg daily. Two administrations per day are preferable.
Older people
Your doctor will reduce the initial dose and adjust your treatment more slowly.

If you forget to take Ramipril Capsules at the right time, take them as soon as you
remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go
back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a
forgotten capsule.
If you take more Ramipril Capsules than you should, consult your doctor or go to the
nearest hospital casualty department immediately. Do not drive to the hospital, get
somebody else to take you or call for an ambulance. Take this leaflet or the medicine
pack with you so your doctor will know what you have taken.

4. Possible side effects

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets
them.
Stop taking ramipril and see a doctor straight away, if you notice any of the
following serious side effects - you may need urgent medical treatment:

Swelling of the face, lips or throat which make it difficult to swallow or breathe,
as well as itching and rashes. This could be a sign of a severe allergic reaction to
ramipril

Severe skin reactions including rash, ulcers in your mouth, worsening of a preexisting skin disease, reddening, blistering or detachment of skin (such as
Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis or erythema multiform).
Tell your doctor immediately if you experience:

Faster heart rate, uneven or forceful heartbeat (palpitations), chest pain, tightness
in your chest or more serious problems including heart attack and stroke

Shortness of breath or a cough. These could be signs of lung problems

Bruising more easily, bleeding for longer than normal, any sign of bleeding (e.g.
bleeding from the gums), purple spots blotching on the skin or getting infections
more easily than usual, sore throat and fever, feeling tired, faint, dizzy or having
pale skin. These can be signs of blood or bone marrow problems

Severe stomach pain which may reach through to your back. This could be a sign
of pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas).

Fever, chills, tiredness, loss of appetite, stomach pain, feeling sick, yellowing of
your skin or eyes (jaundice). These can be signs of liver problems such as
hepatitis (inflammation of the liver) or liver damage.
Other side effects include:
Please tell your doctor if any of the following gets serious or lasts longer than a few days.
Common (affects up to 1 in 10 people)

Headache or feeling tired

Feeling dizzy. This is more likely to happen when you start taking ramipril or
start taking a higher dose

Fainting, hypotension (abnormally low blood pressure), especially when you
stand or sit up quickly

Dry tickly cough, inflammation of your sinuses (sinusitis) or bronchitis, shortness
of breath

Stomach or gut pain, diarrhoea, indigestion, feeling or being sick

Skin rash with or without raised area

Chest pain

Cramps or pain in your muscles

Blood tests showing more potassium than usual in your blood.
Uncommon (affects up to 1 in 100 people)

Balance problems (vertigo)




















Itching and unusual skin sensations such as numbness, tingling, pricking, burning
or creeping on your skin (paraesthesia)
Loss or change in the way things taste
Sleep problems
Feeling depressed, anxious, more nervous than usual or restless
Blocked nose, difficulty breathing or worsening of asthma
A swelling in your gut called “intestinal angioedema” presenting with symptoms
like abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhoea
Heartburn, constipation or dry mouth
Passing more water (urine) than usual over the day
Sweating more than usual
Loss or decrease of appetite (anorexia)
Increased or irregular heartbeats, swollen arms and legs. This may be a sign of
your body holding onto more water than usual
Flushing
Blurred vision
Pain in your joints
Fever
Sexual inability in men, reduced sexual desire in men or women
An increased number of certain white blood cells (eosinophilia) found during a
blood test
Blood tests showing change in the way your liver, pancreas or kidneys are
working.

Rare (affects up to 1 in 1,000 people)

Feeling shaky or confused

Red and swollen tongue

Severe flaking or peeling of the skin, itchy, lumpy rash

Nail problem (e.g. loosening or separation of a nail from its bed)

Skin rash or bruising

Blotches on your skin and cold extremities

Red, itchy, swollen or watery eyes

Disturbed hearing and ringing in your ears

Feeling weak

Blood tests showing a decrease in the number of red blood cells, white blood cells
or platelets or in the amount of haemoglobin.
Very rare (affects up to 1 in 10,000 people)

Being more sensitive to the sun than usual.
Other side effects reported:
Please tell your doctor if any of the following gets serious or lasts longer than a few days.

Difficulty concentrating

Swollen mouth

Blood tests showing too few blood cells in your blood

Blood tests showing less sodium than usual in your blood








Fingers and toes changing colour when you are cold and then tingling or feeling
painful when you warm up (Raynaud's phenomenon)
Breast enlargement in men
Slowed or impaired reactions
Burning sensation
Change in the way things smell
Hair loss.

Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible
side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the
Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects you can
help provide more information on the safety of this medicine

5. How to store Ramipril Capsules
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not take Ramipril Capsules after the expiry date which is stated on the carton (EXP).
The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Store in the original package.
Do now throw away medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist
how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the
environment

6. Contents of the pack and other information
What Ramipril capsules contain
The active ingredient is ramipril. Each capsule contains 2.5 mg ramipril
The other ingredients are pregelatinised starch (Maize), gelatin, titanium dioxide (E171),
sunset yellow (E110) and ponceau 4R (E124).
The black printing ink contains shellac, propylene glycol, potassium hydroxide and black
iron oxide (E172).
What Ramipril capsules look like and contents of the pack
Ramipril 2.5 mg Capsules are orange and white printed with ‘R’ on the cap and ‘2.5’ on
the body. They contain a white to off-white granular powder.
Ramipril capsules are available as strip packs of 21, 28, 30, 56 and 60 capsules. Not all
pack sizes may be marketed.

Marketing Authorisation Holder:
Ranbaxy (UK) Limited
Building 4, Chiswick Park
566 Chiswick High Road
London, W4 5YE
United Kingdom
Manufacturer:
Ranbaxy Ireland Limited
Spafield, Cork Road,
Cashel, Co-Tipperary
Ireland
Basics GmBH, 201 Hemmelrather Weg, Gebaude Giz 1,
Leverkusen 51377, Germany
This medicinal product is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the
following names:
UK: Ramipril 2.5 mg Capsules, hard
PL: Ramicor capsules 2.5 mg
IE: Bellramil Capsules 2.5 mg, hard

This leaflet was last revised in October 2014.

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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