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MEROPENEM 1 G POWDER FOR SOLUTION FOR INJECTION OR INFUSION

Active substance(s): MEROPENEM TRIHYDRATE

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Meropenem 500 mg
powder for solution for injection or infusion
Meropenem 1 g
powder for solution for injection or infusion
meropenem
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this
medicine because it contains important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or nurse.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it
on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are
the same as yours.
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse.This
includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See
section 4.
What is in this leaflet
1. What Meropenem is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Meropenem
3. How to take Meropenem
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Meropenem
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. What Meropenem is and what it is used for
Meropenem belongs to a group of medicines called carbapenem
antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria, which can cause serious
infections.








Infection affecting the lungs (pneumonia).
Lung and bronchial infections in patients suffering from cystic
fibrosis.
Complicated urinary tract infections.
Complicated infections in the abdomen.
Infections that you can catch during or after the delivery.
Complicated skin and soft tissues infections.
Acute bacterial infection of the brain (meningitis).

Meropenem may be used in the management of neutropenic
patients with fever that is suspected to be due to a bacterial
infection.
Meropenem may be used to treat bacterial infection of the blood
which might be associated with a type of infection mentioned
above.
2. What you need to know before you take Meropenem
Do not take Meropenem
• If you are allergic to meropenem or any of the other ingredients
of this medicine (listed in section 6).
• If you are allergic to other antibiotics such as penicillins,
cephalosporins or carbapenems as you may also be allergic to
meropenem.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or nurse before taking Meropenem.
• If you have health problems, such as liver or kidney problems.
• If you have had severe diarrhoea after taking other antibiotics.
You may develop a positive test (Coombs test) which indicates the
presence of antibodies that may destroy red blood cells. Your
doctor will discuss this with you.
If you are not sure if any of the above applies to you, talk to your
doctor or nurse before using Meropenem.
Other medicines and Meropenem
Tell your doctor if you are taking, have recently taken or might take
any other medicines.
This is because Meropenem can affect the way some medicines
work and some medicines can have an effect on Meropenem.
In particular, tell your doctor or nurse if you are taking any of the
following medicines:
• Probenecid (used to treat gout).
• Valproic acid/sodium valproate/valpromide (used to treat
epilepsy). Meropenem should not be used because it may
decrease the effect of sodium valproate.
• Oral anti-coagulant agent (used to treat or prevent blood clots).

P15XXXXX

P15XXXXX

Meropenem

Package leaflet: Information for the user

Meropenem

2D code position may change as per Supplier's m/c requirement & additional
small pharma code may appear on the front / back panel

Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or
are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor for advice before
taking this medicine. It is preferable to avoid the use of meropenem
during pregnancy. Your doctor will decide whether you should use
meropenem.
It is important that you tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding or if
you intend to breast-feed before receiving meropenem. Small
amounts of this medicine may pass into the breast milk and it may
affect the baby. Therefore, your doctor will decide whether you
should use meropenem while breast-feeding.
Driving and using machines
No studies on the effect on the ability to drive and use machines
have been performed. However, Meropenem has been associated
with headache; tingling or pricking skin (paraesthesia); and
involuntary muscle movements, leading the person's body to shake
rapidly and uncontrollably (convulsions), that are usually
accompanied with a loss of consciousness, and any of these could
affect your ability to drive or operate machines.
Meropenem contains sodium.
Meropenem 500 mg: This medicinal product contains
approximately 2.0 mmol (45 mg) of sodium per 500 mg dose which
should be taken into consideration by patients on a controlled
sodium diet
Meropenem 1 g: This medicinal product contains approximately
4.0 mmol (90 mg) of sodium per 1 g dose which should be taken
into consideration by patients on a controlled sodium diet.
If you have a condition which requires you to monitor your sodium
intake please inform your doctor or nurse.
3. How to take Meropenem
Always use this medicine exactly as your doctor or nurse has told
you. Check with your doctor or nurse if you are not sure.
Use in Adults
• The dose depends on the type of infection that you have, where
the infection is in the body and how serious the infection is.
Your doctor will decide on the dose that you need.
• The dose for adults is usually between 500 mg (milligrams) and
2 g (gram). You will usually receive a dose every 8 hours.
However you may receive a dose less often if your kidneys do
not work very well.
Use in children and adolescents
• The dose for children over 3 months old and up to 12 years of
age is decided using the age and weight of the child. The usual
dose is between 10 mg and 40 mg of Meropenem for each
kilogram (kg) that the child weighs. A dose is usually given
every 8 hours. Children who weigh over 50 kg will be given an
adult dose.
How to use Meropenem
• Meropenem will be given to you as an injection or infusion into a
large vein.
• Your doctor or nurse will normally give Meropenem to you.
• However, some patients, parents and carers are trained to give
Meropenem at home. Instructions for doing this are provided in
this leaflet (in the section called 'Instructions for giving
Meropenem to yourself or someone else at home'). Always use
Meropenem exactly as your doctor has told you. You should
check with your doctor if you are not sure.
• Your injection should not be mixed with or added to solutions
that contain other medicines.
• The injection may take about 5 minutes or between 15 and 30
minutes. Your doctor will tell you how to give Meropenem.
• You should normally have your injections at the same times
each day.
If you take more Meropenem than you should
If you accidentally use more than your prescribed dose, contact
your doctor or nearest hospital straight away.
If you forget to take Meropenem
If you miss an injection, you should have it as soon as possible.
However, if it is almost time for your next injection, skip the missed
injection. Do not take a double dose (two injections at the same
time) to make up for a forgotten dose.
If you stop taking Meropenem
Do not stop having Meropenem until your doctor tells you to.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask
your doctor or nurse.

Advice/medical education
Antibiotics are used to treat infections caused by bacteria. They
have no effect against infections caused by viruses.
Sometimes an infection caused by bacteria does not respond to a
course of an antibiotic. One of the commonest reasons for this to
occur is because the bacteria causing the infection are resistant to
the antibiotic that is being taken. This means that they can survive
and even multiply despite the antibiotic.

5. If you have any antibiotic left over when you have taken the
course as directed by your doctor you should take the
remainder to a pharmacy for appropriate disposal.
The following information is intended for medical or
healthcare professionals only:
Instructions for giving Meropenem to yourself or someone
else at home
Some patients, parents and carers are trained to give Meropenem
at home.

Bacteria can become resistant to antibiotics for many reasons.
Using antibiotics carefully can help to reduce the chance of bacteria
becoming resistant to them.

Warning – You should only give this medicine to yourself or
someone else at home after a doctor or nurse has trained you.

When your doctor prescribes a course of an antibiotic it is intended
to treat only your current illness. Paying attention to the following
advice will help prevent the emergence of resistant bacteria that
could stop the antibiotic working.

How to prepare this medicine
• The medicine must be mixed with another liquid (the diluent).
Your doctor will tell you how much of the diluent to use.
• Use the medicine straight after preparing it. Do not freeze it.

1. It is very important that you take the antibiotic at the right dose,
at the right times and for the right number of days. Read the
instructions on the label and if you do not understand anything
ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain.
2. You should not take an antibiotic unless it has been prescribed
specifically for you and you should use it only to treat the
infection for which it was prescribed.
3. You should not take antibiotics that have been prescribed for
other people even if they had an infection that was similar to
yours.
4. You should not give antibiotics that were prescribed for you to
other people.

1. Wash your hands and dry them very well. Prepare a clean
working area.
2. Remove the Meropenem bottle (vial) from the packaging. Check
the vial and the expiry date. Check that the vial is intact and has
not been damaged.
3. Remove the coloured cap and clean the grey rubber stopper
with an alcohol wipe. Allow the rubber stopper to dry.
4. Connect a new sterile needle to a new sterile syringe, without
touching the ends.
5. Draw up the recommended amount of sterile 'Water for
Injections' into the syringe. The amount of liquid that you need
is shown in the table below:

Black

4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although
not everybody gets them.
Severe allergic reactions
If you have a severe allergic reaction, stop having Meropenem
and see a doctor straight away. You may need urgent medical
treatment. The signs may include a sudden onset of:
• Severe rash, itching or hives on the skin.
• Swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body.
• Shortness of breath, wheezing or trouble breathing.
Damage to red blood cells (not known)
The signs include:
• Being breathless when you do not expect it.
• Red or brown urine.
If you notice any of the above, see a doctor straight away.

Infusion
After reconstitution: The reconstituted solutions for intravenous
infusion should be used immediately. The time interval between the
beginning of reconstitution and the end of intravenous infusion
should not exceed:





6 hours when stored at controlled room temperature (15-25°C)
when meropenem is dissolved in sodium chloride;
12 hours when stored at 2-8°C when meropenem is dissolved in
sodium chloride. In this case, the prepared solution if stored
under refrigeration (i.e. 2-8°C) should be used within 1 hour
after it has left the refrigerator.
30 minutes when meropenem is dissolved in glucose
(dextrose).

From a microbiological point of view, unless the method of
opening/reconstitution/dilution precludes the risk of microbiological
contamination, the product should be used immediately.
If not used immediately in-use storage times and conditions are the
responsibility of the user.

Other possible side effects:
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
• Abdominal (stomach) pain.
• Feeling sick (nausea).
• Being sick (vomiting).
• Diarrhoea.
• Headache.
• Skin rash, itchy skin.
• Pain and inflammation.
• Increased numbers of platelets in your blood (shown in a blood
test).
• Changes in blood tests, including tests that show how well your
liver is working.

Do not freeze the reconstituted solution.
Do not throw away any medicines via waste water or house hold
waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no
longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.
6.

Contents of the pack and other information

What Meropenem contains
- The active ingredient is meropenem.
Each vial contains meropenem trihydrate equivalent to 500 mg
anhydrous meropenem.
Each vial contains meropenem trihydrate equivalent to 1 g
anhydrous meropenem.

Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
• Changes in your blood. These include reduced numbers of
platelets (which may make you bruise more easily), increased
numbers of some white blood cells, decreased numbers of
other white cells and increased amounts of a substance called
'bilirubin'. Your doctor may do blood tests from time to time.
• Changes in blood tests, including tests that show how well your
kidneys are working.
• A tingling feeling (pins and needles).
• Infections of the mouth or the vagina that are caused by a
fungus (thrush).
• Inflammation of the bowel with Diarrhoea.
• Sore veins where Meropenem is injected.
• Other changes in your blood. The symptoms include frequent
infections, high temperature and sore throat. Your doctor may
do blood tests from time to time.
• Sudden onset of a severe rash or blistering or peeling skin. This
may be associated with a high fever and joint pains.

Meropenem 1 g:
1349.56 mg powder in a 40ml Type-I, tubular, clear glass vial with
stopper (bromobutyl rubber with aluminum seals having white
colour polypropylene discs).

Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
• Fits (convulsions).

The medicinal product is supplied in pack sizes of 1 or 10 vials.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This
includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can
also report side effects directly via Yellow Card Scheme. Website:
www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects you can
help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

Marketing Authorisation Holder
Milpharm Limited
Ares Block, Odyssey Business Park
West End Road
Ruislip HA4 6QD
United Kingdom

5. How to store Meropenem
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on
vial label and carton after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last
day of that month.
The medicinal product does not require any special storage
condition.
Injection
After reconstitution: The reconstituted solutions for intravenous
injection should be used immediately. The time interval between
the beginning of reconstitution and the end of intravenous injection
should not exceed:

The other ingredient is sodium carbonate, anhydrous.

What Meropenem looks like and contents of the pack
Meropenem is a white to pale yellow crystalline powder for solution
for injection or infusion in vial.
Product after reconstitution is clear colourless to yellow solution.
Meropenem 500 mg:
674.78 mg powder in a 30ml Type-I, tubular, clear glass vial with
stopper (bromobutyl rubber with aluminum seals having taxim blue
colour polypropylene discs).

Manufacturer
APL Swift Services (Malta) Limited
HF26, Hal Far Industrial Estate, Hal Far
Birzebbugia, BBG 3000
Malta
or
Milpharm Limited
Ares Block, Odyssey Business Park
West End Road
Ruislip HA4 6QD
United Kingdom
This leaflet was last revised in 10/2015.

3 hours when stored at controlled room temperature (15-25°C);
8 hours when stored under refrigerated conditions (2-8°C);
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-

Do not freeze the reconstituted solution.

Dose of Meropenem
0.5 g (gram)
1 g (gram)

Amount of ‘Water for Injections’
needed for dilution
10 ml (millilitres)
20 ml (millilitres)

6. Put the needle of the syringe through the centre of the grey
rubber stopper and inject the recommended amount of Water
for Injections into the vial or vials of Meropenem.
7. Remove the needle from the vial and shake the vial well for
about 5 seconds or until all the powder has dissolved. Clean the
grey rubber stopper once more with a new alcohol wipe and
allow the rubber stopper to dry.
8. With the plunger of the syringe pushed fully into the syringe, put
the needle back through the grey rubber stopper. You must then
hold both the syringe and the vial and turn the vial upside down.
9. Keeping the end of the needle in the liquid, pull back the
plunger and draw all the liquid inthe vial into the syringe.
10. Remove the needle and syringe from the vial and throw the
empty vial away in a safe place.
11. Hold the syringe upright, with the needle pointing upwards. Tap
the syringe so that any bubbles in the liquid rise to the top of the
syringe.
12. Remove any air in the syringe by gently pushing the plunger
until all the air has gone.
13. If you are using Meropenem at home, dispose of any needles
and infusion lines that you have used in an appropriate way. If
your doctor decides to stop your treatment, dispose of any
unused Meropenem in an appropriate way.

Giving the injection
You can either give this medicine through a short cannula or
venflon, or through a port or central line.
Giving Meropenem through a short cannula or venflon
1. Remove the needle from the syringe and throw the needle away
carefully in your sharps bin.
2. Wipe the end of the short cannula or venflon with an alcohol
wipe and allow it to dry. Open the cap on your cannula and
connect the syringe.
3. Slowly push the plunger of the syringe to give the antibiotic
steadily over about 5 minutes.
4. Once you have finished giving the antibiotic and the syringe is
empty, remove the syringe and use a flush as recommended by
your doctor or nurse.
5. Close the cap of your cannula and carefully throw the syringe
away in your sharps bin.
Giving Meropenem through a port or central line
1. Remove the cap on the port or line, clean the end of the line
with an alcohol wipe and allow it to dry.
2. Connect the syringe and slowly push the plunger on the syringe
to give the antibiotic steadily over about 5 minutes.
3. Once you have finished giving the antibiotic, remove the syringe
and use a flush as recommended by your doctor or nurse.
4. Place a new clean cap on your central line and carefully throw
the syringe away in your sharps bin.

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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