CO-DIOVAN 160/25MG TABLETS

Active substance: VALSARTAN

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PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER
CO-DIOVAN® 160/25MG TABLETS
(valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide)
This product will be referred to as Co-Diovan throughout this leaflet.
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this
medicine.
 Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
 If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
 This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others. It
may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours.
 If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not
listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
In this leaflet:
1. What Co-Diovan is and what it is used for
2. Before you take Co-Diovan
3. How to take Co-Diovan
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Co-Diovan
6. Further information
1.

What Co-Diovan is and what it is used for

Co-Diovan film-coated tablets contain two active substances called
valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide. Both of these substances help to control
high blood pressure (hypertension).
 Valsartan belongs to a class of medicines known as “angiotensin II
receptor antagonists”, which help to control high blood pressure.
Angiotensin II is a substance in the body that causes vessels to tighten,
thus causing your blood pressure to increase. Valsartan works by
blocking the effect of angiotensin II. As a result, blood vessels relax and
blood pressure is lowered.
 Hydrochlorothiazide belongs to a group of medicines called thiazide
diuretics (also known as “water tablets”). Hydrochlorothiazide
increases urine output, which also lowers blood pressure.
Co-Diovan is used to treat high blood pressure which is not adequately
controlled by a single substance alone.
High blood pressure increases the workload of the heart and arteries. If not
treated, it can damage the blood vessels of the brain, heart, and kidneys, and
may result in a stroke, heart failure or kidney failure. High blood pressure
increases the risk of heart attacks. Lowering your blood pressure to normal
reduces the risk of developing these disorders.
2.

Taking other medicines
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken
any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.
The effect of the treatment can be influenced if Co-Diovan is taken
together with certain other medicines. It may be necessary to change the
dose, to take other precautions, or in some cases to stop taking one of the
medicines. This especially applies to the following medicines:

 lithium, a medicine used to treat some types of psychiatric diseases.
 medicines or substances that may increase the amount of potassium in
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Before you take Co-Diovan

Do not take Co-Diovan:

 if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to valsartan, hydrochlorothiazide,
sulphonamide derivatives (substances chemically related to
hydrochlorothiazide) or to any of the other ingredients of Co-Diovan.
 if you are more than 3 months pregnant (it is also better to avoid CoDiovan in early pregnancy – see pregnancy section).
 If you have severe liver disease, destruction of the small bile ducts within
the liver (billary cirrhosis) leading to the build up of bile in the liver
(cholestasis).
 if you have severe kidney disease.
 if you are unable to produce urine (anuria).
 if you are treated with an artificial kidney.
 if the level of potassium or sodium in your blood is lower than normal, or if
the level of calcium in your blood is higher than normal despite treatment.
 if you have gout.
 if you have diabetes or impaired kidney function and you are treated with
a blood pressure lowering medicine called aliskiren.
If any of the above apply to you, do not take this medicine and speak to
your doctor.
Take special care with Co-Diovan

 if you are taking potassium-sparing medicines, potassium supplements,
salt substitutes containing potassium or other medicines that increase the
amount of potassium in your blood such as heparin. Your doctor may
need to check the amount of potassium in your blood regularly.
 if you have low levels of potassium in your blood.
 if you have diarrhoea or severe vomiting.
 if you are taking high doses of water tablets (diuretics).
 if you have severe heart disease.
 if you are suffering from heart failure or have experienced a heart attack.
Follow your doctor’s instruction for the starting dose carefully. Your doctor
may also check your kidney function.
 if you suffer from a narrowing of the kidney artery.
 if you have recently received a new kidney.
 if you suffer from hyperaldosteronism. This is a disease in which your
adrenal glands make too much of the hormone aldosterone. If this
applies to you, the use of Co-Diovan is not recommended.
 if you have liver or kidney disease.
 if you have ever experienced swelling of the tongue and face caused by
an allergic reaction called angioedema when taking another drug
(including ACE inhibitors), tell your doctor. If these symptoms occur when
you are taking Co-Diovan, stop taking Co-Diovan immediately and never
take it again. See also section 4, “Possible side effects”.
 if you have fever, rash and joint pain, which may be signs of systemic
lupus erythematosus (SLE, a so-called autoimmune disease).
 if you have diabetes, gout, high levels of cholesterol or triglycerides in
your blood.
 if you have had allergic reactions with the use of other blood pressurelowering agents of this class (angiotensin II receptor antagonists) or if you
have allergy or asthma.
 if you experience a decrease in vision or eye pain. These could be
symptoms of an increase of pressure in your eye and can happen within
hours to a week of taking Co-Diovan. This can lead to permanent vision
loss, if not treated. If you earlier have had a penicillin or sulphonamide
allergy you can be at higher risk of developing this.
 it may cause increased sensitivity of the skin to sun.
 the use of Co-Diovan in children and adolescents below the age of 18
years is not recommended.
 you must tell your doctor if you think you are (or might become)
pregnant. Co-Diovan is not recommended in early pregnancy, and must
not be taken if you are more than 3 months pregnant,
 as it may cause serious harm to your baby if used at that stage (see
pregnancy section).
 if you are taking any of the following medicines used to treat high blood
pressure:
○ “ACE inhibitors” such as enalapril, lisinopril, etc
○ Aliskiren
If any of these apply to you, talk to your doctor.

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your blood. These include potassium supplements or salt substitutes
containing potassium, potassium-sparing medicines and heparin.
medicines that may reduce the amount of potassium in your blood, such
as diuretics (water tablets), corticosteroids, laxatives, carbenoxolone,
amphotericin or penicillin G.
some antibiotics (rifamycin group), a drug used to protect against
transplant rejection (ciclosporin) or an antiretroviral drug used to treat
HIV/AIDS infection (ritonavir). These drugs may increase the effect of CoDiovan.
medicines that may induce “torsades de pointes” (irregular heart beat),
such as antiarrhythmics (medicines used to treat heart problems) and
some antipsychotics.
medicines that may reduce the amount of sodium in your blood, such as
antidepressants, antipsychotics, antiepileptics.
medicines for the treatment of gout, such as allopurinol, probenecid,
sulfinpyrazone.
therapeutic vitamin D and calcium supplements.
medicines for the treatment of diabetes (oral agents such as metformin or
insulins).
other medicines to lower your blood pressure including methyldopa, ACE
inhibitors (such as enalapril, lisinopril, etc.) or aliskiren.
medicines to increase blood pressure, such as noradrenaline or
adrenaline.
digoxin or other digitalis glycosides (medicines used to treat heart
problems).
medicines that may increase blood sugar levels, such as diazoxide or
beta blockers.
cytotoxic medicines (used to treat cancer), such as methotrexate or
cyclophosphamide.
pain killers such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs),
including selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors (Cox-2 inhibitors) and
acetylsalicylic acid > 3 g.
muscle relaxing medicines, such as tubocurarine.
anti-cholinergic medicines (medicines used to treat a variety of
disorders such as gastrointestinal cramps, urinary bladder spasm,
asthma, motion sickness, muscular spasms, Parkinson's disease and as
an aid to anaesthesia).
amantadine (medicine used to treat Parkinson’s disease and also used to
treat or prevent certain illnesses caused by viruses).
cholestyramine and colestipol (medicines used mainly to treat high levels
of lipids in the blood).
ciclosporin, a medicine used for organ transplant to avoid organ rejection.
alcohol, sleeping pills and anaesthetics (medicines with sleeping or
painkilling effect used for example during surgery).
iodine contrast media (agents used for imaging examinations).

Taking Co-Diovan with food and drink
You can take Co-Diovan with or without food.
Avoid taking alcohol until you have talked to your doctor. Alcohol may make
your blood pressure fall more and/or increase the risk of you becoming dizzy
or feeling faint.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.

 You must tell your doctor if you think that you are (or might become)
pregnant
Your doctor will normally advise you to stop taking Co-Diovan before you
become pregnant or as soon as you know you are pregnant, and will advise
you to take another medicine instead of Co-Diovan. Co-Diovan is not
recommended in early pregnancy, and must not be taken when more than 3
months pregnant, as it may cause serious harm to your baby if it is used after
the third month of pregnancy.

 Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding or about to start breastfeeding
Co-Diovan is not recommended for mothers who are breast-feeding, and your
doctor may choose another treatment for you if you wish to breast-feed,
especially if your baby is newborn, or was born prematurely.
Driving and using machines
Before you drive a vehicle, use tools or operate machines or carry out other
activities that require concentration, make sure you know how Co-Diovan
affects you. Like many other medicines used to treat high blood pressure, CoDiovan may occasionally cause dizziness and affect the ability to concentrate.
3.

How to take Co-Diovan

Always take Co-Diovan exactly as your doctor has told you. This will help you
to get the best results and lower the risk of side effects.
You should check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
People with high blood pressure often do not notice any signs of this problem.
Many may feel quite normal. This makes it all the more important for you to
keep your appointments with your doctor even if you are feeling well.
Your doctor will tell you exactly how many tablets of Co-Diovan to take.
Depending on how you respond to the treatment, your doctor may suggest a
higher or lower dose.

 The usual dose of Co-Diovan is one tablet per day.
 Do not change the dose or stop taking the tablets without consulting your
doctor.

 The medicine should be taken at the same time each day, usually in the
morning.

 You can take Co-Diovan with or without food.
 Swallow the tablet with a glass of water.
Below is a translation of the days of the week on the blister strip:
LUN

MAR

MER

GIO

VEN

SAB

DOM

MON

TUES

WED

THUR

FRI

SAT

SUN

If you take more Co-Diovan than you should
If you experience severe dizziness and/or fainting, lie down and contact your
doctor immediately.

If you have accidentally taken too many tablets, contact your doctor,
pharmacist or hospital.
If you forget to take Co-Diovan
If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is
almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed.
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
If you stop taking Co-Diovan
Stopping your treatment with Co-Diovan may cause your high blood pressure
to get worse.
Do not stop taking your medicine unless your doctor tells you to.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your
doctor or pharmacist.
4.

Possible side effects

Like all medicines, Co-Diovan can cause side effects, although not
everybody gets them.
These side effects may occur with certain frequencies, which are defined as
follows:
very common: affects more than 1 user in 10
common: affects 1 to 10 users in 100
uncommon: affects 1 to 10 users in 1,000
rare: affects 1 to 10 users in 10,000
very rare: affects less than 1 user in 10,000
not known: frequency cannot be estimated from the available data
Some side effects can be serious and need immediate medical
attention:
You should see your doctor immediately if you experience symptoms of
angioedema, such as:
 swollen face, tongue or pharynx
 difficulty in swallowing
 hives and difficulties in breathing
If you get any of these symptoms, stop taking Co-Diovan and contact
your doctor straight away (see also section 2 “Take special care with
Co-Diovan”).
Other side effects include:
Uncommon:
 cough
 low blood pressure
 light-headedness
 dehydration (with symptoms of thirst, dry mouth and tongue,
infrequent urination, dark coloured urine, dry skin)
 muscle pain
 tiredness
 tingling or numbness
 blurred vision
 noises (e.g. hissing, buzzing) in ears
Very rare:

 dizziness
 diarrhoea
 joint pain
Not known:

 breathing difficulty
 severely decreased urine output
 low level of sodium in the blood (which can trigger tiredness,
confusion, muscle twitching and / or convulsions in severe cases)

 low level of potassium in the blood (sometimes with muscle
weakness, muscle spasms, abnormal heart rhythm)

 low level of white cells in the blood (with symptoms such as fever, skin
infections, sore throat or mouth ulcers due to infections, weakness)

 the level of bilirubin increased in blood (which can, in severe cases,
trigger yellow skin and eyes)

 the level of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine increased in blood (which

Common:
 low level of sodium in the blood
 low level of magnesium in the blood
 high level of uric acid in the blood
 itchy rash and other types of rash
 reduced appetite
 mild nausea and vomiting
 dizziness, fainting on standing up
 inability to achieve or maintain erection
Rare:
 swelling and blistering of the skin (due to increased sensitivity to sun)
 high level of calcium in the blood
 high level of sugar in the blood
 sugar in the urine
 worsening of diabetic metabolic state
 constipation, diarrhoea, discomfort of the stomach or bowels, liver
disorders which can occur together with yellow skin and eyes
 irregular heart beat
 headache
 sleep disturbances
 sad mood (depression)
 low level of blood platelets (sometimes with bleeding or bruising
underneath the skin)
 dizziness
 tingling or numbness
 vision disorder
Very rare:
 inflammation of blood vessels with symptoms such as rash, purplish-red
spots, fever (vasculitis)
 rash, itching, hives, difficulty breathing or swallowing, dizziness
hypersensitivity reactions)
 severe skin disease that causes rash, red skin, blistering of the lips, eyes
or mouth, skin peeling, fever (toxic epidermal necrolysis)
 facial rash, joint pain, muscle disorder, fever (lupus erythematosus)
 severe upper stomach pain (pancreatitis)
 difficulty breathing with fever, coughing, wheezing, breathlessness
(respiratory distress including pneumonitis and pulmonary oedema)
 fever, sore throat, more frequent infections (agranulocytosis)
 pale skin, tiredness, breathlessness, dark urine (haemolytic anaemia)
 fever, sore throat or mouth ulcers due to infections (leucopenia)
 confusion, tiredness, muscle twitching and spasm, rapid breathing
(hypochloraemic alkalosis)
Not known:
 weakness, bruising and frequent infections (aplastic anemia)
 severely decreased urine output (possible signs of renal disorder or renal
failure)
 decrease in vision or pain in your eyes due to high pressure (possible
signs of acute angle-closure glaucoma)
 rash, red skin, blistering of the lips, eyes or mouth, skin peeling, fever
(possible signs of erythema multiforme)
 muscle spasm
 fever (pyrexia)
 weakness (asthenia)
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This
includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report
side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/
yellowcard. By reporting side effects, you can help provide more information
on the safety of this medicine.
5.

 KEEP OUT OF THE SIGHT AND REACH OF CHILDREN.
 Do not use Co-Diovan after the expiry date which is stated on the pack.
The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

 Store in the original pack. Do not store above 30ºC. Protect from
moisture.

 Do not use any Co-Diovan pack that is damaged or shows signs of
tampering.

 Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste.
Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required.
These measures will help to protect the environment.

can indicate abnormal kidney function)

 the level of uric acid in blood increased (which can, in severe cases,
trigger gout)

How to store Co-Diovan

 syncope (fainting)

6.

The following side effects have been reported with products containing
valsartan or hydrochlorothiazide alone:

 Each tablet contains 160mg of valsartan and 25mg of

Valsartan
Uncommon:
 spinning sensation
 abdominal pain
Not known:
 skin rash with or without itching together with some of the following signs
or symptoms: fever, joint pain, muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes and/or
flu-like symptoms
 rash, purplish-red spots, fever, itching (symptoms of inflammation of
blood vessels)
 low level of blood platelets (sometimes with unusual bleeding or bruising)
 high level of potassium in the blood (sometimes with muscle spasms,
abnormal heart rhythm)
 allergic reactions (with symptoms such as rash, itching, hives,
difficulty breathing or swallowing, dizziness)
 swelling mainly of the face and throat; rash; itching
 elevation of liver function values
 the level of haemoglobin decreased and the percentage of red cells
decreased in the blood (which both can, in severe cases, trigger an
anaemia).
 kidney failure
 low level of sodium in the blood (which can trigger tiredness,
confusion, muscle twitching and/or convulsions in severe cases)
Hydrochlorothiazide
Very common:

 low level of potassium in the blood
 increase of lipids in the blood

Further information

What Co-Diovan contains
hydrochlorothiazide as the active ingredient.

 The tablets also contain the following inactive ingredients: Colloidal
anhydrous silica, crospovidone, hypromellose, magnesium stearate,
microcrystalline cellulose, Macrogol 4000, talc, red iron oxide (E172),
yellow iron oxide (E172) black iron oxide (E172) and titanium dioxide
(E171).
What Co-Diovan looks like and contents of the pack
Co-Diovan 160/25 Tablets are brown orange and oval. They are marked HXH
on one side and NVR on the other.
The tablets come in blister packs containing 28 tablets.
Manufacturer
Co-Diovan is manufactured by: Novartis Farma S.p.A., Via Provinciale
Schito 131, 80058 Torre Annunziata NA, Italy. Procured from within the
EU and repackaged by the Product Licence Holder: G Pharma Ltd.,
Salford M50 2PU.
It is procured from within the EU. Product Licence holder: G Pharma Ltd,
Salford M50 2PU
PL NO 16369/1482
POM

Co-Diovan 160/25mg Tablets

Leaflet revision date: 20/05/2014
‘Co-Diovan’ is a registered trademark of Novartis

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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