CIPRAMIL 20MG FILM-COATED TABLETS

Active substance: CITALOPRAM HYDROBROMIDE

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®

2507
04.09.13[2]

Cipramil 20 mg film-coated tablets
Citalopram 20 mg film-coated tablets
(citalopram hydrobromide)

PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have further questions, please ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others. It
may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours.
- If any of the side effects are troubling, or if you notice any side effects
not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
This medicine is known by the above names but will be referred to as
Cipramil throughout the leaflet.
Other strengths are available for this product.
In this leaflet:
1. What Cipramil is and what it is used for
2. Before you take Cipramil
3. How to take Cipramil
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Cipramil
6. Further information
1. WHAT CIPRAMIL IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
How does Cipramil work?
Cipramil is a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) and belongs to
a group of medicines known as antidepressants. These medicines help to
correct certain chemical imbalances in the brain that are causing the
symptoms of your illness.
What is Cipramil used for?
Cipramil contains citalopram and is used for the treatment of depression
and when you feel better, to help prevent these symptoms recurring.
Cipramil is also used for long-term treatment to prevent the occurrence of
new episodes of depression if you have recurrent depression.
Cipramil is also beneficial in relieving symptoms if you tend to suffer from
panic attacks.
2. BEFORE YOU TAKE CIPRAMIL
Do not take Cipramil
- if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to citalopram or to any of the other
ingredients of Cipramil (see What Cipramil contains, section 6).
Consult your doctor if you think you might be.
- if you are also taking a medicine containing pimozide. Talk to your doctor.
- at the same time as taking medication known as monoamine oxidase
inhibitors (MAOIs). MAOIs include medicines such as phenelzine,
iproniazid, isocarboxazid, nialamide, tranylcypromine and moclobemide
(used for the treatment of depression), selegiline (used in the treatment
of Parkinson’s disease) and linezolid (an antibiotic). Even if you have
finished taking one of the following MAOIs: phenelzine, iproniazid,
isocarboxazid, nialamide or tranylcypromine you will need to wait 2
weeks before you start taking your Cipramil tablets. One day must
elapse after you have finished taking moclobemide. After stopping
Cipramil you must allow 1 week before taking any MAOI.
- If you are born with or have had an episode of abnormal heart rhythm
(seen at ECG; an examination to evaluate how the heart is functioning).
- If you take medicines for heart rhythm problems or that may affect the
heart’s rhythm. (see Taking other medicines, below).
Take special care with Cipramil
Please tell your doctor if you have any medical problems, especially if you
have
- Liver disease.
- Kidney disease.
- Diabetes (you may need an adjustment of your antidiabetic therapy).
- Epilepsy or a history of seizures or fits.
- A bleeding disorder or have ever suffered from bleeding in the stomach
or intestine.
- Mania or panic disorder
- Low blood levels of sodium
- ECT (electroconvulsive therapy)
- Problems with your eyes, such as certain kinds of glaucoma.
- Suffered or suffer from heart problems or have recently had a heart attack.
- A low resting heart-rate and/or you know that you may have salt
depletion as a result of prolonged severe diarrhoea and vomiting (being
sick) or usage of diuretics (water tablets).
- Experienced a fast or irregular heartbeat, fainting, collapse or dizziness on
standing up which may indicate abnormal functioning of the heart rate.
Please consult your doctor, even if these statements were applicable to you
at any time in the past.
Some patients with manic-depressive illness may enter into a manic phase.
This is characterized by unusual and rapidly changing ideas, inappropriate
happiness and excessive physical activity. If you experience this, contact
your doctor.
Symptoms such as restlessness or difficulty in sitting or standing still can
also occur during the first weeks of the treatment. Tell your doctor
immediately if you experience these symptoms.
Special information relating to your disease
As with other medicines used to treat depression or related diseases, the
improvement is not achieved immediately. After the start of Cipramil
treatment it may take several weeks before you experience any
improvement. In the beginning of the treatment certain patients may
experience increased anxiety, which will disappear during continued
treatment. Therefore, it is very important that you follow exactly your
doctor’s orders and do not stop the treatment or change the dose without
consulting your doctor.
Thoughts of suicide and worsening of your depression or anxiety
disorder
If you are depressed and/or have anxiety disorders you can sometimes
have thoughts of harming or killing yourself. These may be increased when
first starting antidepressants, since these medicines all take time to work,
usually about two weeks but sometimes longer.
You may be more likely to think like this:
- If you have previously had thoughts about killing or harming yourself.
- If you are a young adult. Information from clinical trials has shown an
increased risk of suicidal behaviour in adults aged less than 25 years
with psychiatric conditions who were treated with an antidepressant.
If you have thoughts of harming or killing yourself at any time, contact your
doctor or go to a hospital straight away.
You may find it helpful to tell a relative or close friend that you are
depressed or have an anxiety disorder, and ask them to read this leaflet.

You might ask them to tell you if they think your depression or anxiety is
getting worse, or if they are worried about changes in your behaviour.
Use in children and adolescents under 18 years of age
Cipramil should normally not be used for children and adolescents under 18
years. Also, you should know that patients under 18 have an increased risk
of side-effects such as suicide attempt, suicidal thoughts and hostility
(predominantly aggression, oppositional behaviour and anger) when they
take this class of medicines. Despite this, your doctor may prescribe
citalopram for patients under 18 because he/she decides that this is in their
best interests. If your doctor has prescribed Cipramil for a patient under 18
and you want to discuss this, please go back to your doctor. You should
inform your doctor if any of the symptoms listed above develop or worsen
when patients under 18 are taking Cipramil. Also, the long-term safety
effects concerning growth, maturation and cognitive and behavioural
development of Cipramil in this age group have not yet been demonstrated.
Taking other medicines
Medicines may affect the action of other medicines and this can sometimes
cause serious adverse reactions. Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if
you are taking or have taken any other medicines (including those
purchased without prescription) during the last 14 days. This includes other
medicines for depression (see Do not take Cipramil above).
- The herbal remedy St John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum). This should
not be taken at the same time as Cipramil.
- Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). These should not be taken at
the same time as Cipramil (see Do not take Cipramil above).
Tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines:
- Linezolid (an antibiotic).
- Sumatriptan (used to treat migraine) or tramadol (a pain killer). If you
feel unwell when using these medicines with Cipramil you should see
your doctor.
- Lithium (used to prevent and treat mania) and tryptophan (an
antidepressant)
- Pimozide (a neuroleptic). This should not be taken at the same time as
Cipramil (see Do not take Cipramil above).
- Imipramine and desipramine (used to treat depression).
- Medicines containing selegiline (used to treat Parkinson’s disease)
- Cimetidine (used to treat stomach ulcers).
- Mefloquine (used to treat malaria).
- Bupropion (used to treat depression).
- Medicines known to affect the blood platelets (e.g. anticoagulant drugs
used to treat or prevent blood clots; aspirin and non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and diclofenac used as
painkillers and some antipsychotic drugs and tricyclic antidepressants).
- Metoprolol, a beta blocker used to treat migraine, some heart conditions
and high blood pressure. The effects of either drug could be increased,
decreased or altered.
- Neuroleptics (used in the treatment of schizophrenia).
Do not take Cipramil if you take medicines for heart rhythm problems or
medicines that may affect the heart’s rhythm, e.g. such as Class IA and III
antiarrhythmics, antipsychotics (e.g. phenothiazine derivatives, pimozide,
haloperidol), tricyclic antidepressants , certain antimicrobial agents (e.g.
sparfloxacin, moxifloxacin, erythromycin IV, pentamidine, anti-malarial
treatment particularly halofantrine), certain antihistamines (astemizole,
mizolastine). If you have any further questions about this you should speak to
your doctor.
Taking Cipramil with food and drink
Cipramil can be taken with or without food (see section 3 “How to take
Cipramil”).
As with all antidepressants, it is sensible to avoid drinking alcohol whilst
receiving treatment although Cipramil has not been shown to increase the
effects of alcohol.
Pregnancy
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine. If you
are pregnant, think you might be pregnant, or are trying to become
pregnant, tell your doctor. Do not take Cipramil if you are pregnant unless
you and your doctor have discussed the risks and benefits involved.
Make sure your midwife and/or doctor know you are on Cipramil. When
taken during pregnancy, particularly in the last 3 months of pregnancy,
medicines like Cipramil may increase the risk of a serious condition in
babies, called persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN),
making the baby breathe faster and appear bluish. These symptoms
usually begin during the first 24 hours after the baby is born. If this happens
to your baby you should contact your midwife and/or doctor immediately.
Also, if you take Cipramil during the last 3 months of your pregnancy and
until the date of birth you should be aware that the following effects may be
seen in your newborn: fits, being too hot or cold, feeding difficulties,
vomiting, low blood sugar, stiff or floppy muscles, overactive reflexes,
tremor, jitteriness, irritability, lethargy, constant crying, sleepiness or
sleeping difficulties. If your newborn baby gets any of these symptoms
please contact your midwife and/or doctor immediately.
Breast-feeding
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine. If you
are breast-feeding, ask your doctor for advice. You should not breast-feed
your baby when taking Cipramil because small amounts of the medicine
can pass into the breast milk.
Fertility
Citalopram has been shown to reduce the quality of sperm in animal
studies. Theoretically, this could affect fertility, but impact on human fertility
has not been observed as yet.
Driving and using machines
Cipramil does not usually affect the ability to carry out normal daily
activities. However, if you feel dizzy or sleepy when you start to take this
medicine, you should be careful when driving, operating machinery or
performing jobs that need you to be alert until these effects wear off.
Important information about some of the ingredients of Cipramil
This product contains lactose.
If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some
sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product.
3. HOW TO TAKE CIPRAMIL
How much to take
It is important to take your tablets as instructed by your doctor. The label
will tell you how many to take and how often. If it does not, or you are not
sure, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Adults
Depression
The usual dose is 20 mg per day. This may be increased by your doctor to
a maximum of 40 mg per day.
Panic disorder
The starting dose is 10 mg per day for the first week before increasing the
dose to 20-30 mg per day. The dose may be increased by your doctor to a
maximum of 40 mg per day.

Elderly patients (above 65 years of age)
The starting dose should be decreased to half of the recommended dose,
e.g. 10-20 mg per day. Elderly patients should not usually receive more
than 20 mg per day.
Children and adolescents (< 18 years)
Cipramil should not be given to children or adolescents. For further
information, please see section 2, Before you take Cipramil.
Patients with special risks
Patients with liver complaints should not receive more than 20 mg per day.
How and when to take Cipramil
Cipramil is taken every day as a single daily dose. Cipramil can be taken
any time of the day with or without food. Swallow the tablets with a drink of
water. Do not chew them (they have a bitter taste).
Duration of treatment
Like other medicines for depression and panic disorder these tablets may
take a few weeks before you feel any improvement. Continue to take
Cipramil even if it takes some time before you feel any improvement in your
condition.
The duration of treatment is individual, usually at least 6 months. Continue
to take the tablets for as long as your doctor recommends. Do not stop
taking them even if you begin to feel better, unless you are told to do so by
your doctor. The underlying illness may persist for a long time and if you
stop your treatment too soon your symptoms may return.
Patients who have recurrent depression benefit from continued treatment,
sometimes for several years, to prevent the occurrence of new depressive
episodes.
Never change the dose of the medicine without talking to your doctor first.
If you take more Cipramil than you should
If you think that you or anyone else may have taken too many Cipramil
tablets contact your doctor or nearest hospital emergency department
immediately. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning.
Take the Cipramil box/container with you if you go to a doctor or hospital.
Some of the signs of an overdosage could be life-threatening.
Symptoms of overdosage may include:
- Irregular heart beat
- Seizures
- Changes in heart rhythm
- Feeling sick (nausea)
- Vomiting
- Sweating
- Drowsiness
- Unconsciousness
- Fast heart beats
- Tremor
- Changes in blood pressure
- Serotonin syndrome (see Section 4)
- Agitation
- Dizziness
- Enlarged eye pupils
- Bluish skin
- Breathing too quickly
If you forget to take Cipramil
If you forget to take a dose, take the next dose at the usual time. Do not
take a double dose.
Effects when treatment with Cipramil is stopped
Stopping this medicine quickly may cause symptoms such as dizziness,
nausea and numbness or tingling in hands or feet, sleep disturbances (vivid
dreams, nightmares, inability to sleep), feeling anxious, headaches, feeling
or being sick, sweating, feeling restless or agitated, tremor, feeling
confused or disorientated, feeling emotional or irritable, diarrhoea (loose
stools), visual disturbances, fluttering or pounding heartbeat (palpitations).
These are usually non-serious and disappear within a few days. When you
have completed your course of treatment, the dose of Cipramil is usually
reduced gradually over a couple of weeks.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor
or pharmacist.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, Cipramil can have side effects and some people may
experience unwanted effects (side effects) whilst taking Cipramil. Several of
the effects listed below can also be symptoms of your illness and may
disappear as you start to get better.
Serious side effects
Stop taking Cipramil and seek medical advice immediately if you have any
of the following symptoms:
- Difficulty in breathing.
- Swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat that causes difficulty in
swallowing or breathing.
- Severe itching of the skin (with raised lumps).
- Fast, irregular heart beat, fainting which could be symptoms of a lifethreatening condition known as torsades de pointes.
If you notice any of the following symptoms you should contact your doctor
immediately as your dose may need to be reduced or stopped:
- You start having fits for the first time or fits that you have suffered from in
the past become more frequent.
- Your behaviour changes because you feel elated or over excited.
- You experience high fever, agitation, confusion, trembling or abrupt
contractions of muscles. These may be signs of a rare condition called
serotonin syndrome.
- Tiredness, confusion and twitching of your muscles. These may be signs
of a low blood level of sodium.
If you have thoughts of harming or killing yourself at any time, contact your
doctor or go to a hospital straight away.
The following side effects are often mild and usually disappear after a
few days’ treatment.
Very common side effects (likely to affect more than 1 in 10 people)
- Sleepiness
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Increased sweating
- Dry mouth (a dry mouth increases the risk of tooth decay, so be sure to
clean your teeth more often than usual)
- Feeling sick (nausea)

-

Confusion
Abnormal dreams
Tremor
Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
Yawning
Diarrhoea
Vomiting
Constipation
Itching
Pain in muscles and joints
For men, problems with ejaculation and erection
For females, failing to reach an orgasm
Tiredness
Prickling of the skin
Loss of weight

Uncommon (likely to affect up to 1 in every 100 people)
- Bruising easily
- Increased appetite
- Aggression
- Reduced emotions, indifference
- Hallucinations
- Mania
- Fainting
- Large pupils (the dark centre of the eye)
- Fast heart beat
- Slow heart beat
- Nettle rash
- Loss of hair
- Rash
- Sensitivity to sunlight
- Difficulties urinating
- Vaginal bleeding
- Swelling of the arms or legs
- Increased weight
Rare (likely to affect up to 1 in every 1000 people)
- Convulsions
- Involuntary movements
- Taste disturbances
- Bleeding
- Hepatitis
Some patient have reported (frequency not known)
- Thoughts of harming or killing themselves
- An increase in bleeding or bruising caused by a decrease in blood
platelets
- Rash (hypersensitivity)
- Low potassium levels in the blood (hypokalaemia), which can cause
muscle weakness, twitching or abnormal heart rhythms
- Panic attack
- Grinding teeth
- Restlessness
- Unusual muscle movements or stiffness
- Involuntary movements of the muscles (akathisia)
- Low blood pressure
- Nosebleed
- Bleeding disorders including skin and mucosal bleeding (ecchymosis)
- Sudden swelling of skin or mucosa
- In men, painful erections
- Flow of breast milk in men or in women who are not breast-feeding
(galactorrhoea)
- Abnormal liver function tests
- An increased risk of bone fractures has been observed in patients taking
this type of medicines
SSRIs can, very rarely, increase the risk of bleeding, including stomach or
intestinal bleeding. Let your doctor know if you vomit blood or develop black
or blood stained stools.
Also let your doctor know if you continue to have other symptoms
associated with your depression. This might include hallucinations, anxiety,
mania or confusion.
Any side effects that do occur will usually disappear after a few days. If they
are troublesome or persistent, or if you develop any other unusual side
effects while taking Cipramil, please tell your doctor.
If you notice any other side effects not mentioned in this leaflet please tell
your doctor or pharmacist.
5. HOW TO STORE CIPRAMIL
Keep out of the sight and reach of children.
o
Do not store above 25 C.
There is an expiry date on the label. Do not use the medicine after this date.
You should return any left over tablets to your pharmacist.
If your tablets become discoloured or show any other signs of deterioration
consult your doctor or pharmacist who will tell you what to do.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste.
Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required.
These measures will help to protect the environment.
6. FURTHER INFORMATION
What Cipramil contains
Each film-coated tablet contains 20 mg citalopram (as hydrobromide).
The other ingredients are: microcrystalline cellulose, maize starch, lactose
monohydrate, crospovidone, glycerol 85%, croscarmellose sodium,
magnesium stearate, hypromellose 5, macrogol 400 and titanium dioxide
(E171).
What Cipramil looks like and contents of the pack
Cipramil is oval, white, scored, film-coated tablet marked with "C” and “N"
on each side of the score on one side and plain on the reverse side.
Cipramil is available in calendar blister pack size of 28 tablets.
Product Licence Holder and Manufacturer
Manufactured by H. Lundbeck A/S, Ottiliavej 9, DK-2500 Valby , Denmark
and procured from within the EU by the Product Licence holder
Star Pharmaceuticals Ltd., 5 Sandridge Close, Harrow, Middlesex HA1 1XD.
Repackaged by Servipharm Ltd.
POM

PL 20636/2507

This leaflet revised and issued (Ref.) 04.09.13[2]
Cipramil is a trademark of H. Lundbeck A/S.

Common side effects (likely to affect up to 1 in 10 people)
- Lack of appetite
- Agitation
- Decreased sex drive
- Anxiety
- Nervousness

2507
04.09.13[2]

Citalopram 20 mg film-coated tablets
(citalopram hydrobromide)

PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have further questions, please ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others. It
may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours.
- If any of the side effects are troubling, or if you notice any side effects
not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
This medicine is known by the above name but will be referred to as
Citalopram tablets throughout the leaflet.
Other strengths are available for this product.
In this leaflet:
1. What Citalopram tablets are and what it is used for
2. Before you take Citalopram tablets
3. How to take Citalopram tablets
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Citalopram tablets
6. Further information
1. WHAT CITALOPRAM TABLETS ARE AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
How does Citalopram tablets work?
Citalopram tablets are Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) and
belong to a group of medicines known as antidepressants. These
medicines help to correct certain chemical imbalances in the brain that are
causing the symptoms of your illness.
What is Citalopram tablets used for?
Citalopram tablets contains citalopram and is used for the treatment of
depression and when you feel better, to help prevent these symptoms
recurring. Citalopram tablets are also used for long-term treatment to
prevent the occurrence of new episodes of depression if you have recurrent
depression.
Citalopram tablets are also beneficial in relieving symptoms if you tend to
suffer from panic attacks.
2. BEFORE YOU TAKE CITALOPRAM TABLETS
Do not take Citalopram tablets
- if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to citalopram or to any of the other
ingredients of Citalopram tablets (see What Citalopram tablets
contains, section 6). Consult your doctor if you think you might be.
- if you are also taking a medicine containing pimozide. Talk to your doctor.
- at the same time as taking medication known as monoamine oxidase
inhibitors (MAOIs). MAOIs include medicines such as phenelzine,
iproniazid, isocarboxazid, nialamide, tranylcypromine and moclobemide
(used for the treatment of depression), selegiline (used in the treatment
of Parkinson’s disease) and linezolid (an antibiotic). Even if you have
finished taking one of the following MAOIs: phenelzine, iproniazid,
isocarboxazid, nialamide or tranylcypromine you will need to wait 2
weeks before you start taking your Citalopram tablets. One day must
elapse after you have finished taking moclobemide. After stopping
Citalopram tablets you must allow 1 week before taking any MAOI.
- If you are born with or have had an episode of abnormal heart rhythm
(seen at ECG; an examination to evaluate how the heart is functioning).
- If you take medicines for heart rhythm problems or that may affect the
heart’s rhythm. (see Taking other medicines, below).
Take special care with Citalopram tablets
Please tell your doctor if you have any medical problems, especially if you
have
- Liver disease.
- Kidney disease.
- Diabetes (you may need an adjustment of your antidiabetic therapy).
- Epilepsy or a history of seizures or fits.
- A bleeding disorder or have ever suffered from bleeding in the stomach
or intestine.
- Mania or panic disorder
- Low blood levels of sodium
- ECT (electroconvulsive therapy)
- Problems with your eyes, such as certain kinds of glaucoma.
- Suffered or suffer from heart problems or have recently had a heart attack.
- A low resting heart-rate and/or you know that you may have salt
depletion as a result of prolonged severe diarrhoea and vomiting (being
sick) or usage of diuretics (water tablets).
- Experienced a fast or irregular heartbeat, fainting, collapse or dizziness on
standing up which may indicate abnormal functioning of the heart rate.
Please consult your doctor, even if these statements were applicable to you
at any time in the past.
Some patients with manic-depressive illness may enter into a manic phase.
This is characterized by unusual and rapidly changing ideas, inappropriate
happiness and excessive physical activity. If you experience this, contact
your doctor.
Symptoms such as restlessness or difficulty in sitting or standing still can
also occur during the first weeks of the treatment. Tell your doctor
immediately if you experience these symptoms.
Special information relating to your disease
As with other medicines used to treat depression or related diseases, the
improvement is not achieved immediately. After the start of Citalopram
tablets treatment it may take several weeks before you experience any
improvement. In the beginning of the treatment certain patients may
experience increased anxiety, which will disappear during continued
treatment. Therefore, it is very important that you follow exactly your
doctor’s orders and do not stop the treatment or change the dose without
consulting your doctor.
Thoughts of suicide and worsening of your depression or anxiety
disorder
If you are depressed and/or have anxiety disorders you can sometimes
have thoughts of harming or killing yourself. These may be increased when
first starting antidepressants, since these medicines all take time to work,
usually about two weeks but sometimes longer.
You may be more likely to think like this:
- If you have previously had thoughts about killing or harming yourself.
- If you are a young adult. Information from clinical trials has shown an
increased risk of suicidal behaviour in adults aged less than 25 years
with psychiatric conditions who were treated with an antidepressant.
If you have thoughts of harming or killing yourself at any time, contact your
doctor or go to a hospital straight away.
You may find it helpful to tell a relative or close friend that you are
depressed or have an anxiety disorder, and ask them to read this leaflet.
You might ask them to tell you if they think your depression or anxiety is
getting worse, or if they are worried about changes in your behaviour.

Use in children and adolescents under 18 years of age
Citalopram tablets should normally not be used for children and
adolescents under 18 years. Also, you should know that patients under 18
have an increased risk of side-effects such as suicide attempt, suicidal
thoughts and hostility (predominantly aggression, oppositional behaviour
and anger) when they take this class of medicines. Despite this, your doctor
may prescribe citalopram for patients under 18 because he/she decides
that this is in their best interests. If your doctor has prescribed Citalopram
tablets for a patient under 18 and you want to discuss this, please go back
to your doctor. You should inform your doctor if any of the symptoms listed
above develop or worsen when patients under 18 are taking Citalopram
tablets. Also, the long-term safety effects concerning growth, maturation
and cognitive and behavioural development of Citalopram tablets in this
age group have not yet been demonstrated.
Taking other medicines
Medicines may affect the action of other medicines and this can sometimes
cause serious adverse reactions. Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if
you are taking or have taken any other medicines (including those
purchased without prescription) during the last 14 days. This includes other
medicines for depression (see Do not take Citalopram tablets above).
- The herbal remedy St John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum). This should
not be taken at the same time as Citalopram tablets.
- Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). These should not be taken at
the same time as Citalopram tablets (see Do not take Citalopram
tablets above).
Tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines:
- Linezolid (an antibiotic).
- Sumatriptan (used to treat migraine) or tramadol (a pain killer). If you
feel unwell when using these medicines with Citalopram tablets you
should see your doctor.
- Lithium (used to prevent and treat mania) and tryptophan (an
antidepressant)
- Pimozide (a neuroleptic). This should not be taken at the same time as
Citalopram tablets (see Do not take Citalopram tablets above).
- Imipramine and desipramine (used to treat depression).
- Medicines containing selegiline (used to treat Parkinson’s disease)
- Cimetidine (used to treat stomach ulcers).
- Mefloquine (used to treat malaria).
- Bupropion (used to treat depression).
- Medicines known to affect the blood platelets (e.g. anticoagulant drugs
used to treat or prevent blood clots; aspirin and non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and diclofenac used as
painkillers and some antipsychotic drugs and tricyclic antidepressants).
- Metoprolol, a beta blocker used to treat migraine, some heart conditions
and high blood pressure. The effects of either drug could be increased,
decreased or altered.
- Neuroleptics (used in the treatment of schizophrenia).
Do not take Citalopram tablets if you take medicines for heart rhythm
problems or medicines that may affect the heart’s rhythm, e.g. such as Class
IA and III antiarrhythmics, antipsychotics (e.g. phenothiazine derivatives,
pimozide, haloperidol), tricyclic antidepressants , certain antimicrobial agents
(e.g. sparfloxacin, moxifloxacin, erythromycin IV, pentamidine, anti-malarial
treatment particularly halofantrine), certain antihistamines (astemizole,
mizolastine). If you have any further questions about this you should speak to
your doctor.
Taking Citalopram tablets with food and drink
Citalopram tablets can be taken with or without food (see section 3 “How to
take Citalopram tablets”).
As with all antidepressants, it is sensible to avoid drinking alcohol whilst
receiving treatment although Citalopram tablets has not been shown to
increase the effects of alcohol.
Pregnancy
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine. If you
are pregnant, think you might be pregnant, or are trying to become
pregnant, tell your doctor. Do not take Citalopram tablets if you are
pregnant unless you and your doctor have discussed the risks and benefits
involved.
Make sure your midwife and/or doctor know you are on Citalopram tablets.
When taken during pregnancy, particularly in the last 3 months of
pregnancy, medicines like Citalopram tablets may increase the risk of a
serious condition in babies, called persistent pulmonary hypertension of the
newborn (PPHN), making the baby breathe faster and appear bluish. These
symptoms usually begin during the first 24 hours after the baby is born. If
this happens to your baby you should contact your midwife and/or doctor
immediately. Also, if you take Citalopram tablets during the last 3 months of
your pregnancy and until the date of birth you should be aware that the
following effects may be seen in your newborn: fits, being too hot or cold,
feeding difficulties, vomiting, low blood sugar, stiff or floppy muscles,
overactive reflexes, tremor, jitteriness, irritability, lethargy, constant crying,
sleepiness or sleeping difficulties. If your newborn baby gets any of these
symptoms please contact your midwife and/or doctor immediately.
Breast-feeding
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine. If you
are breast-feeding, ask your doctor for advice. You should not breast-feed
your baby when taking Citalopram tablets because small amounts of the
medicine can pass into the breast milk.
Fertility
Citalopram has been shown to reduce the quality of sperm in animal
studies. Theoretically, this could affect fertility, but impact on human fertility
has not been observed as yet.
Driving and using machines
Citalopram tablets does not usually affect the ability to carry out normal
daily activities. However, if you feel dizzy or sleepy when you start to take
this medicine, you should be careful when driving, operating machinery or
performing jobs that need you to be alert until these effects wear off.
Important information about some of the ingredients of Citalopram
tablets
This product contains lactose.
If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some
sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product.
3. HOW TO TAKE CITALOPRAM TABLETS
How much to take
It is important to take your tablets as instructed by your doctor. The label
will tell you how many to take and how often. If it does not, or you are not
sure, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Adults
Depression
The usual dose is 20 mg per day. This may be increased by your doctor to
a maximum of 40 mg per day.

Panic disorder
The starting dose is 10 mg per day for the first week before increasing the
dose to 20-30 mg per day. The dose may be increased by your doctor to a
maximum of 40 mg per day.
Elderly patients (above 65 years of age)
The starting dose should be decreased to half of the recommended dose,
e.g. 10-20 mg per day. Elderly patients should not usually receive more
than 20 mg per day.
Children and adolescents (< 18 years)
Citalopram tablets should not be given to children or adolescents. For
further information, please see section 2, Before you take Citalopram
tablets.
Patients with special risks
Patients with liver complaints should not receive more than 20 mg per day.
How and when to take Citalopram tablets
Citalopram tablets is taken every day as a single daily dose. Citalopram
tablets can be taken any time of the day with or without food. Swallow the
tablets with a drink of water. Do not chew them (they have a bitter taste).
Duration of treatment
Like other medicines for depression and panic disorder these tablets may
take a few weeks before you feel any improvement. Continue to take
Citalopram tablets even if it takes some time before you feel any
improvement in your condition.
The duration of treatment is individual, usually at least 6 months. Continue
to take the tablets for as long as your doctor recommends. Do not stop
taking them even if you begin to feel better, unless you are told to do so by
your doctor. The underlying illness may persist for a long time and if you
stop your treatment too soon your symptoms may return.
Patients who have recurrent depression benefit from continued treatment,
sometimes for several years, to prevent the occurrence of new depressive
episodes.
Never change the dose of the medicine without talking to your doctor first.
If you take more Citalopram tablets than you should
If you think that you or anyone else may have taken too many Citalopram
tablets contact your doctor or nearest hospital emergency department
immediately. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning.
Take the Citalopram tablets box/container with you if you go to a doctor or
hospital.
Some of the signs of an overdosage could be life-threatening.
Symptoms of overdosage may include:
- Irregular heart beat
- Seizures
- Changes in heart rhythm
- Feeling sick (nausea)
- Vomiting
- Sweating
- Drowsiness
- Unconsciousness
- Fast heart beats
- Tremor
- Changes in blood pressure
- Serotonin syndrome (see Section 4)
- Agitation
- Dizziness
- Enlarged eye pupils
- Bluish skin
- Breathing too quickly
If you forget to take Citalopram tablets
If you forget to take a dose, take the next dose at the usual time. Do not
take a double dose.
Effects when treatment with Citalopram tablets is stopped
Stopping this medicine quickly may cause symptoms such as dizziness,
nausea and numbness or tingling in hands or feet, sleep disturbances (vivid
dreams, nightmares, inability to sleep), feeling anxious, headaches, feeling
or being sick, sweating, feeling restless or agitated, tremor, feeling
confused or disorientated, feeling emotional or irritable, diarrhoea (loose
stools), visual disturbances, fluttering or pounding heartbeat (palpitations).
These are usually non-serious and disappear within a few days. When you
have completed your course of treatment, the dose of Citalopram tablets is
usually reduced gradually over a couple of weeks.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor
or pharmacist.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, Citalopram tablets can have side effects and some
people may experience unwanted effects (side effects) whilst taking
Citalopram tablets. Several of the effects listed below can also be
symptoms of your illness and may disappear as you start to get better.
Serious side effects
Stop taking Citalopram tablets and seek medical advice immediately if you
have any of the following symptoms:
- Difficulty in breathing.
- Swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat that causes difficulty in
swallowing or breathing.
- Severe itching of the skin (with raised lumps).
- Fast, irregular heart beat, fainting which could be symptoms of a lifethreatening condition known as torsades de pointes.
If you notice any of the following symptoms you should contact your doctor
immediately as your dose may need to be reduced or stopped:
- You start having fits for the first time or fits that you have suffered from in
the past become more frequent.
- Your behaviour changes because you feel elated or over excited.
- You experience high fever, agitation, confusion, trembling or abrupt
contractions of muscles. These may be signs of a rare condition called
serotonin syndrome.
- Tiredness, confusion and twitching of your muscles. These may be signs
of a low blood level of sodium.
If you have thoughts of harming or killing yourself at any time, contact your
doctor or go to a hospital straight away.
The following side effects are often mild and usually disappear after a
few days’ treatment.
Very common side effects (likely to affect more than 1 in 10 people)
- Sleepiness
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Increased sweating
- Dry mouth (a dry mouth increases the risk of tooth decay, so be sure to
clean your teeth more often than usual)
- Feeling sick (nausea)

Common side effects (likely to affect up to 1 in 10 people)
- Lack of appetite
- Agitation
- Decreased sex drive
- Anxiety
- Nervousness
- Confusion
- Abnormal dreams
- Tremor
- Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
- Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
- Yawning
- Diarrhoea
- Vomiting
- Constipation
- Itching
- Pain in muscles and joints
- For men, problems with ejaculation and erection
- For females, failing to reach an orgasm
- Tiredness
- Prickling of the skin
- Loss of weight
Uncommon (likely to affect up to 1 in every 100 people)
- Bruising easily
- Increased appetite
- Aggression
- Reduced emotions, indifference
- Hallucinations
- Mania
- Fainting
- Large pupils (the dark centre of the eye)
- Fast heart beat
- Slow heart beat
- Nettle rash
- Loss of hair
- Rash
- Sensitivity to sunlight
- Difficulties urinating
- Vaginal bleeding
- Swelling of the arms or legs
- Increased weight
Rare (likely to affect up to 1 in every 1000 people)
- Convulsions
- Involuntary movements
- Taste disturbances
- Bleeding
- Hepatitis
Some patient have reported (frequency not known)
- Thoughts of harming or killing themselves
- An increase in bleeding or bruising caused by a decrease in blood
platelets
- Rash (hypersensitivity)
- Low potassium levels in the blood (hypokalaemia), which can cause
muscle weakness, twitching or abnormal heart rhythms
- Panic attack
- Grinding teeth
- Restlessness
- Unusual muscle movements or stiffness
- Involuntary movements of the muscles (akathisia)
- Low blood pressure
- Nosebleed
- Bleeding disorders including skin and mucosal bleeding (ecchymosis)
- Sudden swelling of skin or mucosa
- In men, painful erections
- Flow of breast milk in men or in women who are not breast-feeding
(galactorrhoea)
- Abnormal liver function tests
- An increased risk of bone fractures has been observed in patients taking
this type of medicines
SSRIs can, very rarely, increase the risk of bleeding, including stomach or
intestinal bleeding. Let your doctor know if you vomit blood or develop black
or blood stained stools.
Also let your doctor know if you continue to have other symptoms
associated with your depression. This might include hallucinations, anxiety,
mania or confusion.
Any side effects that do occur will usually disappear after a few days. If they
are troublesome or persistent, or if you develop any other unusual side
effects while taking Citalopram tablets, please tell your doctor.
If you notice any other side effects not mentioned in this leaflet please tell
your doctor or pharmacist.
5. HOW TO STORE CITALOPRAM TABLETS
Keep out of the sight and reach of children.
o
Do not store above 25 C.
There is an expiry date on the label. Do not use the medicine after this date.
You should return any left over tablets to your pharmacist.
If your tablets become discoloured or show any other signs of deterioration
consult your doctor or pharmacist who will tell you what to do.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste.
Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required.
These measures will help to protect the environment.
6. FURTHER INFORMATION
What Citalopram tablets contain
Each film-coated tablet contains 20 mg citalopram (as hydrobromide).
The other ingredients are: microcrystalline cellulose, maize starch, lactose
monohydrate, crospovidone, glycerol 85%, croscarmellose sodium,
magnesium stearate, hypromellose 5, macrogol 400 and titanium dioxide
(E171).
What Citalopram tablets looks like and contents of the pack
Citalopram tablets is oval, white, scored, film-coated tablet marked with "C”
and “N" on each side of the score on one side and plain on the reverse side.
Citalopram tablets are available in calendar blister pack size of 28 tablets.
Product Licence Holder and Manufacturer
Manufactured by H. Lundbeck A/S, Ottiliavej 9, DK-2500 Valby , Denmark
and procured from within the EU by the Product Licence holder
Star Pharmaceuticals Ltd., 5 Sandridge Close, Harrow, Middlesex HA1 1XD.
Repackaged by Servipharm Ltd.
POM

PL 20636/2507

This leaflet revised and issued (Ref.) 04.09.13[2]

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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