Active substance: ALPROSTADIL

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Patient Information Leaflet

Caverject 10 microgram Injection
Caverject 20 microgram Injection
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this

Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.

If you have any further questions ask your doctor or pharmacist.

This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to
others. It may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same
as yours.

If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side
effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or

Your medicine is called Caverject 10 micrograms or Caverject 20
micrograms but will be referred to as Caverject throughout the
remainder of this leaflet.
In this leaflet
1. What Caverject is and what it is used for
2. Before you use Caverject
3. How to use Caverject
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Caverject
6. Further information
1. What Caverject is and what it is used for
Caverject contains alprostadil which is similar to the natural substance
in your body called prostaglandin E1. It widens blood vessels so that
blood can flow in your penis more easily. This makes it easier for you
to have an erection.
Caverject is used for “erectile dysfunction” including weak erections or
impotence. Your doctor may also use it to help find the exact cause of
your erectile dysfunction along with other tests.
2. Before you use Caverject
Do not use Caverject if you:

Are allergic (hypersensitive) to Caverject or any other medicines
containing alprostadil or any of the other ingredients of Caverject.

Have sickle cell anaemia (a blood disease), leukaemia (cancer of
the blood), multiple myeloma (bone cancer) or any other problem
which increases the risk of getting “priapism”. This is a painful
condition when your penis continues to remain erect.

Have an implant in your penis

Have a condition (such as severe heart disease) in which sexual
activity should be avoided.

Have a penis which is scarred or not straight

Have a tight foreskin
Do not use any Caverject until your doctor says that it is right for you.
Take special care with Caverject
Tell your doctor before using Caverject if you:

Have a lung, chest or heart disorder (in these cases you also
should engage in sexual activity with caution)

Have a history of mental illness or addiction

Have had a mini-stroke (transient ischaemic attack)
Sexually transmitted diseases
Caverject will not protect you or your partner from sexually transmitted
diseases like AIDS, herpes and gonorrhoea. Injection of Caverject can
start a small amount of bleeding where the needle enters. This could
increase the risk of transmission of such diseases. Condoms can
protect against sexually transmitted diseases. If you need advice
about contraception or ‘safe sex’ speak to your doctor or contact your
local Family Planning Clinic.
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines before
you start using Caverject:

Medicines used for treating high blood pressure

Medicines used for respiratory and heart disease

Medicines that widen blood vessels (vasodilative agents)

Other medicines for erectile dysfunction such as sildenafil or

Medicines to thin your blood such as warfarin or heparin, as you
might bleed more when you do the injection
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently
taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a
Pregnancy and breast feeding
Caverject can be used by couples wishing to conceive and with a
partner who is pregnant or breast-feeding. It will not protect your
partner from pregnancy so you should use a reliable contraceptive if
Driving and using machines
Caverject should not affect your ability to drive or use machines.
Important information about some of the ingredients of Caverject
Caverject contains benzyl alcohol which may cause allergic reactions.

This medicine contains less than 1 mmol sodium (23 mg) per dose and
is essentially ‘sodium-free’.
3. How to use Caverject
A doctor or nurse will show you how to do the injection for at least the
first time. Do not try to do it yourself until you have learnt the correct
way or if you can’t remember what to do, see your trainer again.
These instructions are a reminder only. Keep the antiseptic swab
away from the eyes.
How much Caverject should you inject?
Different people need different amounts of Caverject to treat erectile
dysfunction. Your doctor will advise on the right dose for you and
monitor you regularly to check how it is working. The starting dose is
1.25 – 2.5 micrograms.
Most men find that a dose of 5 - 20 micrograms is right for them,
however, some men may require a higher dose. To minimise the risk
of prolonged painful erection, your doctor will select the lowest
effective dose. You should never use more than 60 micrograms. If
Caverject is being used to find the reason for your erectile dysfunction,
the dose will be 5 – 20 micrograms.
If the dose that has been prescribed for you does not work well
enough, tell your doctor. Do not change your dose unless your doctor
tells you to. If you forget how much to use, read the label on the pack
or speak to your doctor.
You and your partner
You may like your partner to be involved in preparing and/or giving the
injection. If so, you should speak to your doctor about training for your
partner. Wash your hands. Dry them on a clean towel. If your partner
wishes to be involved in preparing or giving the injection, they should
wash their hands too.
1. Check your pack
Make sure that the vial is the correct strength and the expiry date is
still valid. The vial, syringe and needles all have protective covers.
The flip-off cap on the vial can rotate; this is normal. Check that all the
covers are on firmly and if they are not on properly, do not use them –
take the whole pack back to your pharmacist. There are two needles
in the pack:

The larger 22 gauge needle with the grey end is used to mix the
solution and Caverject Powder

The smaller and finer 27 gauge needle with the grey end is used
to inject the mixture into your penis.
2. To prepare the vial
Flip the plastic cap off the vial.
Wipe the rubbery top with one of the wet
antiseptic pads.

3. Fitting the needle to the syringe
Hold the syringe and twist
the cap to break the seal.
Take the foil off the larger
needle, (22 gauge)
with the grey end,
keeping the cover on.
Join the needle to the syringe by turning
the needle clockwise tightly onto the
syringe, then remove the needle cover
by pushing it away from the syringe with your thumb and forefinger.
4. Mixing the solution with the powder
Push the needle through
the rubbery middle of the
vial top. Press the plunger
down firmly to squirt all the
solution onto the powder.
Gently swirl the vial until all
the powder has dissolved.
If the mixture is cloudy or does not dissolve
completely, do not use it. Never use tap
water or any liquid other than the one supplied in the syringe.
5. Filling the syringe
With the needle still inserted, turn the
vial upside down.
The needle should support the vial
unaided. Make sure the needle tip is
underneath the level of the liquid.
Gently pull the plunger to draw all the
mixture into the syringe. Pull the needle
out of the vial.
6. Changing to the injecting needle
Gently twist the larger
needle anticlockwise
off the syringe.
Put this and the empty
vial in the blue box.
Remove the smaller
injecting needle, (27 gauge) from its
package, keeping the cover on. Twist
the needle clockwise tightly onto the syringe then remove the needle
cover by pushing it away from the syringe with your thumb and

7. Setting the dose
Tap the syringe gently to send any air bubbles to the top, then push
the plunger to squeeze the air bubbles out, ensuring that at least one
drop of solution comes out of the needle. Continue pushing until the
plunger is exactly at the right mark for your dose. Your doctor will
have shown you where this is.

4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines. Caverject can cause side effects, although not
everybody gets them.
Tell your doctor immediately if
Your erection goes on for longer than 4 hours. If you cannot contact
your doctor go to a hospital casualty department immediately as
treatment should be started within 6 hours.
Very common side effects
(occurring in more than 1 in 10 patients)

Pain in the penis

How do you do the injection?
• Get undressed and make yourself comfortable. Take some time to
relax yourself and your partner. If your prescriber has
recommended use of the second antiseptic pad, open it now.
• Make sure that the injection needle is not bent. If it is do not use it
and throw it away. Do not attempt to straighten it out.
• Take hold of the penis from the front, with the
first two fingers underneath close to the
testicles and the thumb on top. Gently
squeeze the penis between your thumb and
finger so that the injection site bulges out. If
there is a foreskin on the penis. Make sure it
is stretched. The injection will go into the part
of the penis shown as the shaded area in
diagram A.
• If recommended by your prescriber wipe the skin over this area with
the second pad and let it dry.
• Keeping a firm grip on the
penis and taking the syringe
in your free hand, push the
needle straight through the
skin all the way into the bulgy
part avoiding veins or other
obvious blood vessels. The
angle is shown in diagrams B
and C. Push the plunger
firmly and if the Caverject
does not come out fairly
easily, move the needle
slightly and try again. Do not force the Caverject liquid from the
• Pull the needle out. On the
needle mark, press gently with
the pad or your thumb, as
recommended by your
prescriber. Massage the penis
to help the Caverject spread
through it.
• Do not keep any mixture in the
syringe to use for a second
How to throw away the syringe and needle safely
Ensure that the syringe, vial and needles
are placed in the blue box. Pull the red
plug out of its holder. Close the blue box
and push the red plug through the
padlock symbol on the box. Make sure it
locks in position and the box does not
open. Put the box into a carrier bag and
tie it up. Dispose of it as recommended
by your prescriber.
How often can you use Caverject?
Do not use Caverject more than once in 24 hours or more than three
times in a week. Change the exact place and side of the penis that
you inject Caverject each time you use it.
Your erection after injecting Caverject
It will take a little while for your erection to come on after the injection.
With the right dose of Caverject, your erection should be strong
enough for you and your partner to enjoy lovemaking. Usually, your
erection should not last longer than an hour. If you would like it to last
longer, talk to your doctor.
If your erection lasts longer than four hours you should seek
medical advice (See section 4 – Side effects).
What if you use too much Caverject
Tell your doctor straight away as you may need treatment, particularly
if you experience an erection that lasts for longer than four hours.
If you have any further questions on how to use this product, ask your

Common side effects
(occurring in less than 1 in 10 patients)

Penis can become bruised, scarred, bent or kinked, particularly
after long term use. Tell your doctor if this happens as you
may need to stop Caverject.

Prolonged erections

Other problems with your penis

Swelling and skin discolouration or bruising at site of injection.
You may find this happening the first time you use Caverject but
should occur less often with practice

Muscle spasms
Uncommon side effects
(occurring in less than 1 in 100 patients)

The area injected becomes irritated, inflamed or swollen and may
itch or bleed, or feel numb, warm, tender or painful

The testes or scrotum could become red, swollen or painful, or
develop lumps called spermatocele, which are cysts containing
sperm. The penis could feel numb

You may get uncomfortable, painful or prolonged erections or
none at all, your ejaculation may change or your foreskin could
feel tight or swollen, as well as the head of your penis.

The desire to pass urine more urgently or frequently than normal
or you may have pain or difficulty in urinating. Some blood may
appear in the urine or at the end of the penis specially if Caverject
is injected by mistake into the tube which carries urine out
through the penis (urethra)

Pelvic pain, weakness, sweating, feeling sick or swollen legs or
arms, having a common cold or dry mouth. You may get a yeast
infection (thrush)

Changes in blood pressure and heart rhythm, faintness, shallow
breathing and collapse could occur because of the injection itself.

Skin itching, redness, rash or skin growth, increased sweating,
eye sensitivity to bright light or excessive dilation of the pupil
(blown pupil), impaired or enhanced sense of touch, leg cramps,
cold hands and feet, venous problems including bleeding
(bleeding from vein(s)

If you have a blood test you may have raised levels of creatinine
(a substance found in your muscles)
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects
not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
5. How to store Caverject

Do not store above 25ºC.

Keep the syringe and needles out of the sight and reach of

When you have mixed the Caverject Powder with the solution,
use it straight away. Do not keep it to use later.

For single use only. Any unused Caverject should be discarded.

Do not use Caverject if the injection is cloudy or contains

Do not use any Caverject after the ‘use-by’ date on the pack. The
expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household
waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer
required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
6. Further information
What Caverject contains
The active ingredient in Caverject is alprostadil. Each vial contains 10
or 20 micrograms of alprostadil.
The other ingredients are lactose, sodium citrate, hydrochloric acid,
and sodium hydroxide. The syringe contains benzyl alcohol and water
for injections. The antiseptic pads are soaked in isopropyl alcohol.
What Caverject looks like and contents of the pack
In the Caverject purple box you will find 6 items
1. One glass syringe containing 1 ml of a clear solution
2. One glass vial containing Caverject 10 or 20 micrograms as an off
white powder.
3. One larger 22 gauge needle - 1½ inches long with a grey plastic
4. One small 27 gauge needle – 0.5 inch long with a grey plastic end.
5. Two antiseptic pads - cleaning wipes
6. One red plastic plug
This medicine is manufactured by Laboratorios Pfizer, Lda. Lagoas
Park, Edificio 10, 2740-271 Porto Salvo, Portugal. Procured from
within the EU. Product Licence Holder: Quadrant Pharmaceuticals
Ltd. Lynstock House, Lynstock Way, Lostock, Bolton BL6 4SA.
Repackaged by Maxearn Ltd. Bolton BL6 4SA.
PL 20774/1072 Caverject 10 microgram Injection
PL 20774/1073 Caverject 20 microgram Injection

Leaflet prepared 15 August 2013


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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.