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Package leaflet:Information for the user
Apomorphine hydrochloride 10mg/ml solution for injection/ infusion
Apomorphine hydrochloride

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine because it contains
important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor, pharmacist or nurse.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not give it to others. It may harm them,
even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor. This includes any possible side effects not
listed in this leaflet.

What is in this leaflet

What Apomorphine is and what it is used for


What you need to know before you use Apomorphine


How to use Apomorphine


Possible side effects


How to store Apomorphine


Contents of the pack and other information


What Apomorphine is and what it is used for

Apomorphine belongs to a group of medicines called dopamine agonists. It is used to treat
Parkinson’s disease in patients who are already being treated with other dopamine agonists
and/or levodopa. Apomorphine helps to reduce the amount of time spent in an “off” state
(periods of immobility).
Your doctor or nurse will help you to recognise when you need to use this medicine.

What you need to know before you use Apomorphine

Do not use Apomorphine:

If you are under 18 years of age
If you are allergic to apomorphine hydrochloride or any of the other ingredients in the
medicine (listed in Section 6)
if you have breathing difficulties
if you have dementia or Alzheimer’s disease
if you have psychotic diseases (group of serious illnesses that affect the mind)

if you have liver problems
if you have any disorder, other than Parkinson’s disease, which affects the brain or spinal
if you have severe dyskinesia (involuntary movements) or dystonia (movement disorder
with spasms and muscle contractions)

Warnings and precautions
Do not take this medicine and tell your doctor if:

You or someone in your family are known to have an abnormality of electrocardiogram
(ECG) called “long QT syndrome”.

Talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse before using apomorphine:

if you have kidney, lung or heart disease
if you suffer from nausea and vomiting
if you have neuropsychiatric problems (confusion, hallucinations)
if you are elderly or frail.

Tell your doctor if you or your family/carer notices that you are developing urges or cravings
to behave in ways that are unusual for you and you cannot resist the impulse, drive or
temptation to carry out certain activities that could harm yourself or others. These are called
impulse control disorders and can include behaviours such as addictive gambling, excessive
eating or spending, an abnormally high sex drive or an increase in sexual thoughts or feelings.
Your doctor may need to adjust or stop your dose.
Check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking your medicine if:

You are using medicines that are known to affect the way your heart beats. This includes
medicines used for heart rhythm problems (such as quinidine and amiodarone), for
depression (including tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline and imipramine) and
for bacterial infections (‘macrolide’ antibiotics such as erythromycin, azithromycin and
clarithromycin) and domperidone.

Speak to your doctor about having regular blood tests if you are already taking levodopa with
apomorphine treatment.
Caution: Take care not to spill apomorphine on clothing or household surfaces and textiles as
spillages may turn green.

Other medicines and Apomorphine
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other
medicines. These include other drugs for Parkinson’s disease as well as antipsychotic
medicines such as clozapine.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Do not use apomorphine hydrochloride if you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may
be pregnant or are planning to have a baby. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before
taking this medicine.
Driving and using machines
Apomorphine may make you feel sleepy. If you become drowsy, do not drive or operate
machinery because the medicine could make you less alert and put you or others at serious
risk of injury.
Important information about some of the ingredients of Apomorphine
Apomorphine contains Sodium metabisulphite - may rarely cause severe allergic reactions and
breathing difficulties.
Apomorphine contains Sodium - less than 1mmol sodium (23mg) per ml and is essentially


How to use Apomorphine

Always use this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or
pharmacist if you are not sure.
It is essential that you have already taken domperidone to stop you feeling or being sick. The
dose is usually 20 mg three times a day for at least 2 days, before starting apomorphine
How much Apomorphine to use
The amount of Apomorphine you should use and the number of injections you require each
day will depend on your personal needs. Your doctor will discuss this with you and tell you
how much of your medicine you should inject and how often. The amount that will work best
for you will have been determined during your visit to the specialist clinic.

The recommended dose is in the range of 3 mg to 30 mg per day, injected 1 to
10 times a day at the first sign of an unpredictable “off” period.

If you are not sure how much Apomorphine you should inject and how often, ask
your doctor.

You should NOT exceed a total daily dose of 100 mg.

Do not inject more than 10 mg at any one time, unless advised by your doctor.

If your symptoms are not controlled well enough with separate injections or if you find that
you are requiring more than 10 injections per day, you may require a continuous infusion of
Apomorphine. Your doctor will decide if you need this form of treatment and which dose is
best for you.
For continuous infusion

The recommended dose is between 1mg and 4mg per hour.

This is usually given to you when you are awake and stopped before you go to sleep.

A different injection site for infusion should be used every 12 hours.

The choice of which minipump and/or syringe driver to use will be decided by your doctor.
You should check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist if you are unsure.
Use in children and adolescents
This medicine should not be used in children and adolescents under 18 years of age.
Where to inject Apomorphine:

Apomorphine is usually injected (subcutaneously) under the skin of your upper arms,
thighs or stomach, as directed by your doctor or nurse.

Do not inject Apomorphine into a vein.

What you need to inject Apomorphine
For an injection you will need:
One syringe and needle.
A bin called a “sharps” bin to dispose safely of the used needles and glass ampoules. These
are available from your doctor or nurse.
Your Doctor or Nurse will show you how to break the ampoules and use the equipment to
administer your medicine.
Breaking the Ampoules:

Locate the ring(s) on the thinnest part of the neck. This score is the breaking point of
the ampoule.
Hold the bottom of the ampoule in one hand.
Grasp the neck of the ampoule just above the ring as shown in the diagram.
Apply pressure in a backward direction. This will snap off the top of the ampoule.
Carefully dispose of the top of the ampoule in a “sharps” bin.

Once opened Apomorphine should be used immediately.
Injecting Apomorphine Ampoules

Place the needle firmly on the end of the syringe
Withdraw the volume you require for your dose as advised by your doctor or nurse
You may need to dilute Apomorphine 10 mg/ml solution before use. Your doctor or
nurse will have told you if you need to do this and how to do it
Inject your medicine as shown by your doctor or nurse into an area under the skin
Discard used syringes, needles and ampoules in a “sharps” bin (available from your
doctor or pharmacist) or other suitable container.
Take care not to splash any of the solution onto yourself or the carpet as it may stain

If you use more Apomorphine than you should

It is important not to inject more than the prescribed dose.

Symptoms of too much Apomorphine include vomiting, breathing difficulties,
excessive sleepiness, feeling faint or dizzy particularly when you stand up due to low
blood pressure. An abnormally slow heart beat.

If you, or someone you know, have used too much Apomorphine, contact the doctor
or go to your nearest hospital emergency department immediately. Remember to take
any remaining medicine, the container and this leaflet with you if possible.

If you forget to use Apomorphine
Take it when you next require it. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
If you stop using Apomorphine
Do NOT stop your treatment suddenly; you may get symptoms of muscular rigidity, high
fever, changes in mental function (neuroleptic malignant syndrome).
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor, pharamacist or

Possible side effects

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
These adverse effects were reverisble when doses were reduced or treatment was stopped.
Skin rashes and itching suggest an allergic reaction, in which case you should stop using
Apomorphine immediately and seek urgent medical assistance.
Very common side effects (affects more than 1 user in 10)

lumps under the skin at the site of injection which are sore and troublesome.

Common side effects (affects 1 to 10 users in 100)

nausea and vomiting
feeling drowsy or sleepy
neuropsychiatric disturbances, including confusion or hallucinations.

Uncommon side effects (affects 1 to 10 users in 1000)

postural hypotension (low blood pressure; light-headedness)
involuntary movements during “on” periods (when Apomorphine is working and you feel
less rigid)
breathing difficulties
for patients being treated with levodopa and Apomorphine: anaemia and positive
Coombs’ test results for antibodies.

Rare side effects (affects 1 to 10 users in 10,000)

eosinophilia (blood abnormality).

You may experience the following side effects:

Inability to resist the impulse, drive or temptation to perform an action that could be
harmful to you or others, which may include:

o Strong impulse to gamble excessively despite serious personal or family consequences.
o Altered or increased sexual interest and behaviour of significant concern to you or to
others, for example, an increased sexual drive.
o Uncontrollable excessive shopping or spending
o Binge eating (eating large amounts of food in a short time period) or compulsive eating
(eating more food than normal and more than is needed to satisfy your hunger)

Tell your doctor if you experience any of these behaviors; they will discuss ways of
managing or reducing the symptoms
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor. This includes any side effects not listed in this


How to store Apomorphine

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the ampoule label and carton
after ‘Exp’. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Do not store above 25°C. Keep the ampoules in the outer carton, in order to protect from
Apomorphine should be used immediately after opening.
After dilution, chemical and physical in-use stability has been demonstrated for 24 hours at
2°C-8°C and 25°C when the product is diluted with sodium chloride 0.9% solution for
injection or Water for Injections in polypropylene syringes.
From a microbiological point of view the product should be used immediately. If not used
immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user
and would normally not be longer than 24 hours at 2ºC to 8°C, unless opening and dilution
has taken place in controlled and validated aseptic conditions.
Do not use this medicine if:
• The solution has turned green
• The solution is cloudy or you can see particles in it
Any unused solution should be discarded.
Used syringes, needles and vials should be discarded in a “sharps” bin or other suitable
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist
how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help to protect the

Contents of the pack and other information

What Apomorphine contains

The active substance is apomorphine hydrochloride.
Each ml contains 10 mg apomorphine hydrochloride.
2ml contains 20mg apomorphine hydrochloride
5ml contains 50mg apomorphine hydrochloride
The other ingredients are:
Sodium metabisulphite (E223),
Hydrochloric acid (37%) for pH adjustment,
Sodium hydroxide (99%) for pH adjustment,
Water for Injections
What Apomorphine looks like and content of the pack
Apomorphine is a solution for injection or infusion. It is a clear, colourless to pale yellow
Each pack of apomorphine contains 5 or 10 ampoules of either 2ml or 5ml solution for
injection in a cardboard carton.
Bundle packs of 25 and 50 ampoules are available in some countries.

The 25 ampoule pack consists of 5 packs each containing 5 ampoules.

The 50 ampoule pack consists of 10 packs each containing 5 ampoules.

Not all pack sizes may be marketed
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Archimedes Pharma UK Ltd
250 South Oak Way
Green Park
United Kingdom
Manufacturer 1
Recipharm Ltd.
Vale of Bardsley
OL7 9RR,
United Kingdom
Manufacturer 2
Haupt Pharma Wülfing GmbH
Bethelner Landstr.18
D-31028 Gronau/Leine

This medicinal product is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the
following names:
United Kingdom

Apomorphin Archimedes 10 mg/ml Injektionslösung/Infusionslösung
Apomorphin Archimedes 10 mg/ml Injektionslösung/Infusionslösung
Apomorfina Archimedes 10 mg/ml solución inyectable/para perfusión
Apomorphine hydrochloride 10mg/ml soluton for injection/infusion

This leaflet was last revised in July 2013

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.