AMOXICILLIN 500mg CAPSULES
Please read this leaflet carefully before you start to take your medicine.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have further questions, please ask your doctor or your pharmacist. This medicine has been prescribed for you personally and you should not pass it on to others.
- It may harm them even if their symptoms are the same as yours. If any of the side effects get serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in the leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
IN THIS LEAFLET
- What your medicine is and what it is used for
- Before you take your medicine
- How to take your medicine
- Possible side effects
- How to store your medicine
- Further information
1. WHAT YOUR MEDICINE IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Amoxicillin is one of a group of antibiotic medicines called penicillins. Amoxicillin works by interfering with the bacteria that cause the infection.
Amoxicillin can treat a wide range of infections including those of the following:
- chest (bronchitis or pneumonia)
- tonsils (tonsillitis)
- ears (otitis media)
- sinuses (sinusitis)
- heart (endocarditis)
- gums (abscesses)
- blood (septicaemia)
- abdomen (intra-abdominal sepsis and peritonitis)
- the bladder or the urethra (the tube which carries urine from the bladder)
- the female reproductive system including infections caused by difficulties during childbirth (puerperal sepsis and septic abortion)
Amoxicillin can also be used to treat:
- gonorrhoea (a sexually transmitted infection)
- infections associated with pregnancy
- typhoid and paratyphoid (fevers caused by a group of bacteria called Salmonella)
Amoxicillin may also be used in combination with other medicines to treat stomach ulcers.
2. BEFORE YOU TAKE YOUR MEDICINE
Do not take this medicine and consult your doctor if the answer to any of the following is yes:
- You have ever had a bad reaction or allergy to
any penicillin-type antibiotic
You have ever had a skin rash or swelling of the face or neck or shortness of breath when taking any antibiotic
You are allergic to any of the ingredients contained in this medicine
Check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking this medicine if:
- You suffer from kidney disease or kidney problems, as you may require a lower dose than normal
- You have glandular fever
Taking other medicines
Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, or have recently taken any other medicines even those not prescribed by a doctor.
In particular tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following:
- The contraceptive pill (in which case you will
have to take extra contraceptive measures
such as using a condom)
- Anticoagulants e.g. Warfarin, Phenindione
- Chemotherapy drugs e.g. Methotrexate
- Drugs used to treat gout (which can be caused by the build up of uric acid) e.g. Probenecid, Allopurinol, Sulfinpyrazone
- Some other antibiotics (e.g. Neomycin and tetracyclines can reduce the effect of amoxicillin)
- Oral typhoid vaccine (may not work if taken with amoxicillin)
- Some penicillins may increase the effects of muscle relaxing drugs given as part of an anaesthetic for surgery. Tell the doctor you are taking amoxicillin if you need to have an anaesthetic.
Having urine or blood tests
If you are having urine tests for diabetes (sugar
in the urine) or blood tests for liver function let
the doctor know. Amoxicillin can affect the results of these tests.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Check with your doctor before you take this medicine if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.
3. HOW TO TAKE YOUR MEDICINE
Follow all directions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist. Their directions may differ from the information contained in this leaflet. Your doctor may advise you to take your medicine in a different way, so you should always follow your doctor's advice about when and how to take your medicine and always read the label. Your pharmacist may be able to help if you are not sure.
The maximum daily dose is 6g given in divided doses.
Adults including the elderly:
- The usual dose of Amoxicillin Capsules is 250mg three times a day
- For more severe infections this may be doubled to 500mg three times a day
- High doses may be used in the following conditions:
- For severe or recurrent chest infections a dose of 3g twice daily given orally is usually recommended
- For simple urinary tract infections an adult dose of two 3g doses given orally with 10 to 12 hours between doses (short course)
- For the treatment of dental abscesses two 3g doses given orally with 8 hours between doses is recommended
- For gonorrhoea a single 3g dose given orally is recommended
- For stomach ulcers, the following may be prescribed with other antibiotics: 1 x 750mg or 1 x 1g twice a day for 7 days.
The following are the usual adult dosages for preventing infection during dental procedures and other surgery:
- If a general anaesthetic is not used, 3g given
orally one hour before surgery and another
dose six hours later if necessary
If a general anaesthetic is used, 3g given orally four hours before anaesthesia and 3g six hours after the initial dose
It is recommended that children be given Amoxicillin as a suspension instead of as capsules.
- Children weighing more than 40kg should be given the usual adult dosage.
- Children weighing less than 40kg who are able to swallow capsules: All doses are worked out depending on the child s body weight in kilograms. Your doctor will advise you how much medicine you should give to your baby or child. The usual dose is 40mg to 90mg for each kilogram of body weight a day, given in two or three divided doses.
Patients with kidney problems
If you have kidney problems, the dose prescribed by your doctor may be lower than the usual dose.
When to take your medicine
Try to give/take this medicine as part of the daily routine, for example at mealtimes. You may give/take amoxicillin before, with or after food, unless the label advises a specific time. It is not normally necessary to arrange to have a dose in the middle of the night, unless your doctor has told you to do so. But remember, space the doses as evenly as possible throughout the day. Do not give/take more than one dose every four hours.
If you forget to take your medicine
If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember, unless it is within an hour of your next dose, then carry on as before. Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose you have missed.
If you take more of your medicine than you should
If you take more capsules than you should, tell your doctor immediately or go to the nearest hospital. You should take this leaflet and any capsules you still have to show the doctor. Severe cases of nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea can be treated with rehydration therapy, by drinking fluids containing sodium, water and sugar to prevent dehydration.
Keep taking this medicine until it is finished or your doctor tells you to stop. Do not stop taking it just because you feel better. If you stop taking the medicine, some bacteria may survive and cause the infection to come back, or your condition may re-occur or get worse.
You should make sure you have several more drinks of water each day unless told otherwise by your doctor.
If you are still unwell after taking all the medicine, go and see your doctor. Never give/take more than the recommended dose each day.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
As with all medicines, some people may experience side effects with amoxicillin
If you experience any of the following events STOP taking your medicine and tell your doctor or go to your nearest hospital immediately:
- Hypersensitivity or severe allergic reaction
including swollen face or breathing problems.
If these symptoms occur, STOP taking amoxicillin right away and tell your doctor.
- Severe diarrhoea with bleeding
- Allergic skin reactions with itching e.g. hives,
nettle rash, blistering or peeling of the skin. If
you start to itch or get a rash, STOP taking amoxicillin and tell your doctor immediately.
- Convulsions may occur in patients on high doses or with kidney problems
- Notice your urine becoming darker or your faeces becoming paler
- Notice your skin or the white of your eyes turning yellow (jaundice)
- Difficulty or discomfort in passing urine or having cloudy urine
The following symptoms are less serious but you may wish to discuss them with your doctor if they become troublesome or last a long time.
Common side effects of amoxicillin (i.e. have been reported in more than 1 in 100 people taking it) include:
- Nausea (feeling sick) or diarrhoea
Uncommon side effects (i.e. have been reported in between 1 in 100 and 1 in 1,000 people taking amoxicillin) include:
Very rare side effects (i.e. reported in less than 1 in 10,000 people) include:
- Thrush (a yeast infection of the vagina, mouth or skin folds). You can get treatment for thrush from your doctor or pharmacist.
- Tooth discolouration. The colour usually returns to normal with brushing.
- Blackening of the tongue
- Inflammation of the kidney
- Excessive body movements (hyperkinesia) or dizziness
- Reduction (reversible) in blood cell counts including anaemia (a reduction in the body s red blood cells or haemoglobin which may be characterised by feeling weak or light-headed) or a longer time taken for blood to clot. Tell your doctor that you are taking amoxicillin if you are having blood tests.
- Crystalluria, forming of crystals in the urine
If you notice any side effects not mentioned in this leaflet, please inform your doctor or pharmacist.
5. HOW TO STORE YOUR MEDICINE
Do not use your medicine after the expiry date shown on the label.
Store your medicine below 25°C and protect it from light and moisture.
Keep all medicines out of the reach and sight of children.
If your doctor tells you to stop your treatment, return any left over to the pharmacist. Only keep it if your doctor tells you to. Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help protect the environment.
6. FURTHER INFORMATION
The name of your medicine is Amoxicillin Capsules. Amoxicillin Capsules are available only on prescription from your doctor.
What Amoxicillin capsules contain
Each capsule contains either 250 mg or 500 mg of Amoxicillin as Amoxicillin trihydrate. The capsules also contain the following inactive
ingredients: magnesium stearate, maize starch,
gelatin, erythrosin (E127), quinoline yellow (E104), titanium dioxide (E171), red iron oxide (E172).
What Amoxicillin capsules look like and contents of the pack
Amoxicillin Capsules are scarlet and ivory
opaque hard gelatin capsules, each capsule is
marked with the characters “AMOX 250” or “AMOX 500”.
Securitainers are available in pack sizes of 15, 18, 20, 21, 28, 30, 50, 100, 500 & 1000 capsules, the pack size of 1000 is available for the 250mg strength only.
Blister packs are available in pack sizes of 15, 18, 20, 21, 28, 30, 50, 100, 500 & 1000 capsules, the pack size of 1000 is available for the 250mg strength only.
The product is made by
Athlone Laboratories Limited, Ballymurray, Co.Roscommon, Ireland. The product licence is
also held by Athlone Laboratories Limited.
The Product is distributed by
Kent Pharmaceuticals Limited, Repton Road, Measham, DE12 7DT, U.K.
PL 06453/0017 PL 06453/0018
Date of revision October 2011
Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.