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Active substance: NIFEDIPINE

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Package leaflet - information for the user

0 Adalat


retard 20 mg

Modified-release tablets

Read all of this leaflet carefully before
you start taking this medicine.
Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
If you have more questions, ask your doctor or
This medicine has been prescribed for you.
Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if
their symptoms are the same as yours.
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any
side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor
or pharmacist.

In this leaflet
1 What Adalat retard is

Before you take Adalat retard


How to take Adalat retard
Possible side effects
How to store Adalat retard
Further information

Food and drink with Adalat


You can take Adalat retard either with or
without food.



Do not drink grapefruit juice or eat
grapefruit while taking Adalat retard.
Do not start taking Adalat retard within 3 days of drinking
grapefruit juice or eating grapefruit. Tell your doctor if
you have had grapefruit or grapefruit juice in this time.
Also, do not drink grapefruit juice or eat grapefruit whilst
taking Adalat retard. Grapefruit juice is known to increase
the blood levels of the active ingredient, nifedipine. This
effect can last for at least 3 days.

Pregnancy and breastfeeding
If you are pregnant, think you might be pregnant or are
planning a family, tell your doctor before taking Adalat
You may be able to use Adalat retard, but only after
special consideration and agreement by your doctor.
Do not take Adalat retard if you are breastfeeding.
If you need to take Adalat retard, you should stop
breastfeeding before you start taking the tablets.

Driving and using machines
Adalat retard may make you feel dizzy, faint, extremely
tired or have visual disturbances. Do not drive or operate
machinery if you are affected in this way.
This may be more likely when you first start treatment, if
you change tablets, or if you have drunk alcohol.


What Adalat retard is

Adalat retard contains nifedipine, which belongs to a
group of medicines called calcium antagonists.
Adalat retard is used to treat high blood pressure or
angina (chest pain).
For high blood pressure: Adalat retard works by relaxing
and expanding the blood vessels. This makes the blood
flow more easily and lowers blood pressure. Lower blood
pressure reduces the strain on your heart.
For angina: Adalat retard works by relaxing and
expanding the arteries supplying the heart. This allows
more blood and oxygen to reach the heart and decreases
the strain on it. Your angina attacks will be less severe and
less frequent if there is less strain on the heart.


Before you take Adalat retard

Do not take Adalat retard:

If you have had a heart attack within the last
If you get a sudden angina attack. Adalat retard
will not help relieve symptoms of angina quickly.
If you have unstable angina.
If you are allergic to the active ingredient
(nifedipine), to any other similar medicines (known as
dihydropyridines) or to any of the other ingredients.
The ingredients of Adalat retard are listed in section 6.
If you are taking rifampicin, an antibiotic.
If you have been told that you have a narrowing
of the aortic heart valve (stenosis).
If you have ever had a collapse caused by a
heart problem (cardiogenic shock), during which
you became breathless, pale and had a cold sweat
and dry mouth.
If your blood pressure continues to rise despite
treatment (malignant hypertension).
If you have been told to avoid lactose, that you
have a hereditary condition called Lapp lactase
deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption.

 Tell your doctor and do not take Adalat retard if
any of these apply to you.

Your doctor will take special care:

If you have low blood pressure and you were
prescribed Adalat retard for your angina. Your
blood pressure may be decreased further by this
If you have a heart condition where your heart
cannot cope with increased strain (poor cardiac
If you are pregnant.
If you are breastfeeding. If you need to take
Adalat retard, you should stop breastfeeding before
you start to take this medicine.
If you are a diabetic. The treatment for your
diabetes may need to be adjusted. If you have any
questions about this, ask your doctor.
If you are on kidney dialysis. If you have a very
high blood pressure and a low blood volume, you
might experience a sudden drop in blood pressure
when you take Adalat retard.
If your liver is not working properly. Your doctor
may need to do some blood tests. You may also be
given a lower dose of Adalat retard.
Talk to your doctor before you take Adalat
retard if any of these apply to you.

Tell your doctor:

If your chest pain (angina) gets worse (comes on
more often or more severely) over a matter of hours or
days. You may be advised not to take Adalat retard.
If you have chest pains after taking your first
dose of Adalat retard. Your doctor may wish to
change your treatment.
If you notice increased breathlessness.
If you notice swelling of the ankles.

 Tell your doctor before you take the next dose if
any of these apply to you.

Also tell your doctor:

If you are giving a urine sample. Adalat retard
may interfere with the results of certain urine tests.
If you are a man who has been unable to father
a child by in vitro fertilisation. Drugs like Adalat
retard have been shown to impair sperm function.

Other medicines and Adalat retard
Tell your doctor about any other medicines that you
are taking, or took recently. This includes any products
you bought without a prescription.
Some medicines may affect the way Adalat retard works.
Tell your doctor if you are taking:
• Other medicines to treat high blood pressure.
• Rifampicin (an antibiotic).
• Cimetidine (to treat stomach ulcers).
• Digoxin, diltiazem, quinidine or beta-blockers
(to treat heart conditions).
• Quinupristin/dalfopristin (a combination
• Phenytoin, carbamazepine or valproic acid (to
treat epilepsy).
• Cisapride (to treat reduced movements of the gullet
and stomach).
• Magnesium sulphate injections during
pregnancy (may cause a severe fall in blood
• Erythromycin (an antibiotic).
• Ketoconazole, itraconazole or fluconazole (antifungal medicines).
• Indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir or
amprenavir (to treat HIV).
• Fluoxetine or nefazodone (to treat depression).
• Tacrolimus (to prevent the rejection of transplanted
• Phenobarbital (usually used to treat insomnia or


How to take Adalat retard

Take the tablets as prescribed by your doctor.
• To start with, you may be given a lower strength
(10 mg) tablet called Adalat retard 10 mg. This
allows your doctor to monitor how you are
responding so that the best long-term dose can be
• The usual maintenance dose of Adalat retard
(20 mg strength) is 1 tablet, every 12 hours (i.e.
twice per day), but your doctor may increase or
decrease the dose depending on how well your
blood pressure or angina is being controlled. The
maximum dose is 2 tablets (40 mg) every 12 hours.
• Lower doses may be prescribed for elderly
• If you have problems with your liver you are
likely to be given Adalat retard 10 mg, at least to
begin with.
• Swallow the tablets whole with a little water.
• Continue to take the tablets for as long as your
doctor has told you to.
Do not take them with grapefruit juice.
You can take Adalat retard either with or without food.
Use in children: Adalat retard is not recommended for
use in children and adolescents below 18 years of age,
because there are only limited data on the safety and
efficacy in this population.

If you take too many tablets

 Get medical help immediately. If possible, take

your tablets or the box with you to show the doctor.

Taking too many tablets may cause your blood pressure
to become too low and your heartbeats to speed up
or slow down. It may also lead to an increase in your
blood sugar level or an increase in the acidity of your
blood, swelling in the lungs, low blood oxygen levels
and disturbances in consciousness, possibly leading to

If you forget to take the tablets
Take your normal dose immediately and continue taking
your tablets as prescribed, waiting 12 hours before
taking your next dose.
Do not take a double dose to make up for the missed


Possible side effects

Like all medicines, Adalat retard can have side effects,
although not everybody gets them.

Serious side effects
If you notice:
• Severe, sudden generalised allergic reaction
including very rarely life-threatening shock (e.g.
difficulty in breathing, drop of blood pressure, fast
pulse), swelling (including potentially life-threatening
swelling of the airway)
• other allergic reactions causing swelling under the
skin (possibly severe and including swelling of the
larynx that may result in a life-threatening outcome)
• fast heart beat (tachycardia)
• shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
• mild to moderate allergic reactions
• itching (possibly severe), a rash or hives

 Contact your doctor immediately and do not

take the next dose as these may be the first signs
of allergic reaction which may become severe.

If you develop:
a skin reaction or blistering/peeling of the skin and/
or mucosal reactions (in the mouth/nose or at the
penis/vagina) (Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis)

 Contact your doctor immediately before you
continue treatment as these may be signs of a
severe reaction.

Less serious side effects
Apart from the side effects listed above, these are the
other side effects of Adalat retard, starting with the more
common ones:

Common side effects
(These may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
• headache
• flushing
• general feeling of being unwell
• constipation
• swelling, particularly of the ankles and legs

Uncommon side effects
(These may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
• stomach pain (abdominal pain)
• unspecific pain
• chills
• low blood pressure when standing up (symptoms
include fainting, dizziness, light headedness,
occasional palpitations, blurred vision and
sometimes confusion)
• fainting
• irregular heartbeat (palpitations)
• dry mouth
• indigestion or upset stomach
• wind (flatulence)
• feeling sick (nausea)
• muscle cramps
• joint swelling
• sleep disorders
• anxiety or nervousness
• reddening of the skin
• nose bleeds
• nasal congestion
• sensation of spinning or whirling motion (vertigo)
• migraine
• dizziness
• trembling
• increase in the need to pass water (urinate)
• painful or difficult urination
• inability to achieve or maintain an erection
• blurred vision
• temporary increase in certain liver enzymes


PMR 81942455 (O8/01/MU-0201312086) Pantone: Schwarz, Orange 021


Rare side effects
(These may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
• pins and needles
• inflammation of the gums, tender or swollen gums,
bleeding gums

Other side effects
(Frequency unknown)
• vomiting
• a reduction in the number of white blood cells
• a more severe decrease in a specific class of white
blood cell (agranulocytosis)
• increased blood sugar (hyperglycaemia)
• decreased skin sensitivity (hypoaesthesia)
• drowsiness (somnolence)
• eye pain
• chest pain (angina pectoris)
• heartburn or indigestion (gastroesophageal sphincter
• yellowing of the whites of the eyes or skin (jaundice)
• sensitivity to light (photosensitivity allergic reaction)
• small, raised areas of bleeding in the skin
(palpable purpura)
• joint pain
• muscle pain


Further information

What Adalat retard contains
Adalat retard tablets contain the active ingredient,
Adalat retard tablets also contain microcrystalline
cellulose, maize starch, lactose monohydrate,
polysorbate 80, magnesium stearate, hypromellose,
macrogol 4000, red iron oxide (E172) and titanium
dioxide (E171).

What’s in the pack
Each modified-release tablet contains 20 mg of
nifedipine. Each tablet is grey-pink and round with 1U on
one side and a Bayer cross on the reverse.
Each pack contains 56 tablets.
Marketing authorisation holder:
Bayer plc, Bayer House, Strawberry Hill, Newbury,
Berkshire RG14 1JA
Bayer Pharma AG, Leverkusen, Germany
This leaflet was last revised: November 2013
Product licence number: PL 00010/0078

All of these symptoms usually go away when treatment
with Adalat retard is stopped.

If you get side effects


 Tell your doctor if any side effect gets serious, or
if you get any effects not listed in this leaflet.


How to store Adalat retard

Keep this medicine out of the reach and sight of children.
Store your medicine in its original container. Protect from
strong light and only remove the tablet from the blister
strip when you are about to take it.
Do not use after the expiry date which is marked on both
the outer carton and on each blister strip of tablets.
Do not dispose of medicines in household rubbish. Any
unused Adalat retard tablets should be returned to a
pharmacist (chemist) who will dispose of them properly.
This helps the environment.


PMR 81942455 (O8/01/MU-0201312086) Pantone: Schwarz, Orange 021


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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.