Tranexamic acid Side Effects
It is possible that some side effects of tranexamic acid may not have been reported. These can be reported to the FDA here. Always consult a healthcare professional for medical advice.
For the Consumer
Applies to tranexamic acid: oral syrup, oral tablet
Other dosage forms:
As well as its needed effects, tranexamic acid may cause unwanted side effects that require medical attention.
If any of the following side effects occur while taking tranexamic acid, check with your doctor immediately:More common
- Pale skin
- trouble breathing with exertion
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- change in vision
- chest pain or tightness
- difficulty with swallowing
- dizziness or lightheadedness
- fast heartbeat
- numbness of the hands
- pain, redness, or swelling in the arm or leg
- puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
- skin rash, hives, or itching
Some tranexamic acid side effects may not need any medical attention. As your body gets used to the medicine these side effects may disappear. Your health care professional may be able to help you prevent or reduce these side effects, but do check with them if any of the following side effects continue, or if you are concerned about them:More common
- Abdominal or stomach pain, discomfort, or tenderness
- chills or fever
- difficulty with moving
- headache, severe and throbbing
- joint or back pain
- muscle aching or cramping
- muscle pains or stiffness
- stuffy or runny nose
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to tranexamic acid: compounding powder, intravenous solution, oral tablet
Gastrointestinal side effects have frequently included nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Abdominal pain has also been reported.
Nervous system side effects have included giddiness, dizziness, headache, tension headache, and migraine.
Hematologic side effects have included thromboembolic events (e.g., deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, cerebral thrombosis, acute renal cortical necrosis, and central retinal artery and vein obstruction) and anemia.
Hypersensitivity side effects have included allergic skin reactions, anaphylactic shock and anaphylactoid reactions.
A case of severe allergic reaction to tranexamic acid was reported involving a subject on her fourth cycle of treatment who experienced dyspnea, tightening of her throat, and facial flushing that required emergency medical treatment.
Ocular side effects have rarely included disturbances of color vision and retinal artery occlusion.
Musculoskeletal side effects have included back pain, musculoskeletal pain, muscle cramps and spasms, myalgia, and arthralgia including joint stiffness and swelling.
Respiratory side effects have included nasal and sinus symptoms including nasal, respiratory tract and sinus congestion, sinusitis, acute sinusitis, sinus headache, and allergic sinusitis and sinus pain.
Cardiovascular side effects have included hypotension when intravenous administration exceeded 1 mL per minute.
Genitourinary side effects have included ureteral obstruction due to clot formation in patients with upper urinary tract bleeding.
More about tranexamic acid
- Tranexamic acid
- Tranexamic acid tablet
- Tranexamic acid (Advanced Reading)
- Tranexamic acid Intravenous (Advanced Reading)
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