Thalomid Side Effects
Generic name: thalidomide
Note: This document contains side effect information about thalidomide. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Thalomid.
Some side effects of Thalomid may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.
For the Consumer
Applies to thalidomide: oral capsule
Stop using this medicine and Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction while taking thalidomide (the active ingredient contained in Thalomid) hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:
chest pain, sudden shortness of breath, coughing up blood;
pain or swelling in your arm, thigh, or calf;
fever, chills, body aches, flu symptoms, easy bruising or bleeding;
slow heartbeats, shallow breathing, feeling like you might pass out;
a red, blistering, peeling skin rash;
a red, raised skin rash (especially if you also have fever, fast heart rate, and dizziness or fainting);
numbness, burning, pain, or tingly feeling; or
Less serious side effects of thalidomide may include:
feeling drowsy or sleepy;
anxiety, confusion, tremors or shaking;
bone pain, muscle weakness;
sleep problems (insomnia); or
nausea, constipation, loss of appetite.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to thalidomide: oral capsule
Nervous system side effects have included somnolence (36.1% to 37.5%), dizziness (4.2% to 19.4%), paresthesia (5.6% to 15.6%), nervousness (2.8% to 9.4%), insomnia (9.4%), agitation (9.4%), peripheral neuropathy (8.3%), vertigo (8.3%), and tremor (4.2%). Other nervous system side effect have included abnormal thinking, amnesia, causalgia, circumoral paresthesia, confusion, hyperesthesia, neuralgia, migraine, abnormal gait, ataxia, decreased libido, decreased reflexes, dementia, dyskinesia, hypalgesia, hyperkinesia, incoordination, meningitis, neurologic disorder, dysesthesia, syncope, loss of consciousness, stupor, seizures, and neuritis. A case of encephalopathy has also been reported.
Hematologic side effects have included leukopenia (16.7% to 25%), anemia (5.6% to 12.5%), and lymphadenopathy (5.6% to 12.5%). Other hematologic side effects have included decreased ESR, eosinophilia, granulocytopenia, leukemia, elevated MCV, pancytopenia, petechiae, purpura, erythroleukemia, lymphopenia, abnormal RBC, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, changes in prothrombin time, and enlarged spleen.
Immunologic side effects have included fever (19.4% to 21.9%), and infection (6.3% to 8.3%). Other immunologic side effects have included amyloidosis, AIDS, viral infection, flu syndrome, decreased CD4 count, sepsis, organizing pneumonia, and moniliasis.
Dermatologic side effects have included rash (20.8% to 25.0%), maculopapular rash (4.2% to 18.7%), sweating (12.5%), acne (3.1% to 11.1%), fungal dermatitis (4.2% to 9.4%), pruritus (2.8% to 6.3%), and nail disorder (3.1% to 4.2%). Other dermatologic side effects have included alopecia, dry skin, eczematous rash, exfoliative dermatitis, ichthyosis, perifollicular thickening, erythema nodosum, skin necrosis, angioedema, benign skin neoplasm, herpes simplex, incomplete Stevens-Johnson syndrome, psoriasis, aphthous stomatitis, skin discoloration, skin disorder, seborrhea, facial edema, cellulitis, erythema multiforme, and urticaria.
Gastrointestinal side effects have included nausea (4.2% to 12.5%), diarrhea (4.2% to 11.1%), oral moniliasis (4.2% to 11.1%), dry mouth (8.3%), flatulence (8.3%), constipation (2.8% to 4.8%), abdominal pain (2.8% to 4.2%), and anorexia (2.8%). Other abdominal side effects have included colitis, dysphagia, esophagitis, gastroenteritis, gastrointestinal disorder, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, gum disorder, parotid gland enlargement, periodontitis, stomatitis, tongue discoloration, appetite increase, taste disturbance, intestinal obstruction, vomiting, abdominal distension, eructation, intestinal perforation, and dyspepsia.
Genitourinary side effects have included hematuria (11.1%), albuminuria (3.1% to 8.3%), and impotence (2.8% to 8.3%). Other genitourinary side effects have included urinary incontinence, enuresis, orchitis, pyuria, amenorrhea, and urinary frequency.
General side effects have included pain (8.3%), malaise (8.3%), tooth pain (4.25%), and accidental injury (4.2% to 5.6%). Other general side effects have included weight gain, hernia, chills and fever, and photosensitivity.
Musculoskeletal side effects have included back pain (4.2% to 5.6%), neck pain (4.2%), and neck rigidity (4.2%). Other musculoskeletal side effects have included arthritis, bone tenderness, hypertonia, joint disorders, myalgia, myasthenia, periosteal disorder, twitching of the limbs, foot drop, upper extremity pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, intermittent shaking, and muscle cramps.
Metabolic side effects have included increased SGOT (2.8% to 12.5%), hyperlipemia (2.% to 9.4%), and peripheral edema (3.1% to 8.3%). Other metabolic side effects have included bilirubinemia, increased BUN, increased creatinine, hyperkalemia, hypokalemia, hyperuricemia, hypomagnesemia, hypercalcemia, hypocalcemia, avitaminosis, increased lipase, increased alkaline phosphatase, hypercholesterolemia, hypoglycemia, dehydration, hypoproteinemia, electrolyte abnormalities, increased LDH, decreased phosphorus, hyponatremia, tumor lysis syndrome, and increased SGPT. A case of thalidomide-associated hyperglycemia and diabetes has also been reported.
Some of the cases of bradycardia have required medical intervention. The clinical significance and underlying etiology of the bradycardia is unknown.
Cardiovascular side effects have included vasodilation, hypotension, bradycardia, thromboembolism, orthostatic hypotension, hypertension, angina pectoris, congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation, cerebral ischemia, cerebrovascular accident, heart arrest, Raynaud's syndrome, murmur, myocardial infarct, palpitation, pericarditis, postural hypotension, syncope, tachycardia, thrombosis, sick sinus syndrome, EKG abnormalities, and peripheral vascular disorder.
Hepatic side effects have included multiple liver function test abnormalities (9.4%) in patients. Other hepatic side effects have included enlarged liver, cholangitis, cholestatic jaundice, bile duct obstruction and ascites. A case of severe hepatotoxicity and a case of fulminant hepatic failure have also been reported.
Respiratory side effects have included pharyngitis (4.2% to 8.3%), sinusitis (3.1% to 8.3%), and rhinitis (4.2%). Other respiratory side effects have included cough, emphysema, epistaxis, pulmonary embolus, rales, voice alteration, apnea, bronchitis, lung disorder, lung edema, dyspnea, pneumonia, pleural effusion, and upper respiratory tract infection.
Oncologic side effects have included myelogenous leukemia, nodular sclerosing Hodgkin's disease and sarcoma.
Endocrine side effects have included inappropriate ADH, altered hormone levels, hypothyroidism, myxedema, gynecomastia, and diabetes.
Otic side effects have included deafness and tinnitus. A case of intractable insomnia has also been reported.
Ocular side effects have included dry eyes, diplopia, eye pain, conjunctivitis, eye disorder, lacrimation disorder, retinitis, and amblyopia.
Psychiatric side effects have included mood changes, depression, euphoria, psychosis, and suicide attempts.
Renal side effects have included acute renal failure and oliguria.
Hypersensitivity side effects have included allergic reaction.
More Thalomid resources
Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. This drug information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill , knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug of drug combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Drugs.com does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information provided. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.