Influenza A Vaccine Side Effects
Please note - some side effects for Influenza A Vaccine may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.
Influenza A Vaccine Side Effects - for the Professional
Influenza A Vaccine
Applies to: intramuscular injection, suspension
CSL's Influenza A (H1N1) 2009 Monovalent Vaccine and seasonal trivalent Influenza Virus Vaccine (AFLURIA) are manufactured by the same process. The data in this section were obtained from clinical studies and postmarketing experience with AFLURIA.
Overall Adverse Reactions
Serious allergic reactions, including anaphylactic shock, have been observed during postmarketing surveillance in individuals receiving AFLURIA.
In adults, the most common local (injection-site) adverse reactions observed in clinical studies with AFLURIA were tenderness, pain, redness and swelling. The most common systemic adverse reactions observed were headache, malaise, and muscle aches.
In children, the most common local (injection-site) adverse reactions observed in a clinical study with AFLURIA were pain, redness and swelling. The most common systemic adverse reactions observed were irritability, rhinitis, fever, cough, loss of appetite, vomiting/diarrhea, headache, muscle aches and sore throat.
Safety Experience from Clinical Studies
Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical studies of a vaccine cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical studies of another vaccine and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.
Clinical data for AFLURIA have been obtained in four clinical studies, three in adult populations and one in a pediatric population (see Clinical Studies ). Safety data are provided for two of the adult studies and the pediatric study.
A US study (Study 1) included 1,357 subjects for safety analysis, ages 18 to less than 65 years, randomized to receive AFLURIA (1,089 subjects) or placebo (268 subjects) (see Clinical Studies  for study demographics). There were no deaths or serious adverse events reported in this study.
A UK study (Study 2) included 275 subjects, ages 65 years and older, randomized to receive preservative-free AFLURIA (206 subjects) or a European-licensed trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine as an active control (69 subjects) (see Clinical Studies ). There were no deaths or serious adverse events reported in this study.
An open-label, uncontrolled study in children, conducted in Australia (Study 4), included 298 subjects, ages 6 months to less than 9 years. All subjects received preservative-free AFLURIA administered as two doses, one month apart (see Clinical Studies ). Subjects were subdivided into two age groups: children ages 6 months to less than 3 years (151 subjects) received two 0.25 mL doses of AFLURIA and children ages 3 years to less than 9 years (147 subjects) received two 0.5 mL doses of AFLURIA. There were no deaths or vaccine-related serious adverse events reported in this study.
The safety assessment was identical for the two adult studies. Local (injection-site) and systemic adverse events were solicited by completion of a symptom diary card for 5 days post-vaccination (Table 1). Unsolicited adverse events were collected for 21 days post-vaccination (Table 2). These unsolicited adverse events were reported either spontaneously or when subjects were questioned about any changes in their health post-vaccination. All adverse events are presented regardless of any treatment causality assigned by study investigators.
In the pediatric study, solicited adverse events were recorded for up to 7 days (Table 3) and unsolicited adverse events were recorded for 30 days post-vaccination (Table 4). Data are presented following each dose for each age group. All adverse events are presented regardless of any treatment causality assigned by study investigators.
Subjects ≥ 18 to < 65 years
Subjects ≥ 65 years
|Solicited Adverse event||AFLURIA‡
|Fever ≥ 37.7°C (99.9°F)||1%||1%||1%|
Subjects ≥ 18 to < 65 years
Subjects ≥ 65 years
|Upper Respiratory Tract Infection||2%||1%||0.5%|
|Lower Respiratory Tract Infection||0%||0%||1%|
|Subjects ≥ 6 months to < 3 years
(n = 151)‡
|Subjects ≥ 3 years to < 9 years
(n = 147)§
|Solicited Adverse Event||Dose 1||Dose 2||Dose 1||Dose 2|
|Loss of appetite||19%||24%||8%||5%|
|Wheezing/ Shortness of breath||3%||9%||3%||2%|
|Subjects ≥ 6 months to < 3 years
(n = 151)†
|Subjects ≥ 3 to < 9 years
(n = 147)‡
|Adverse Event||Dose 1||Dose 2||Dose 1||Dose 2|
|Upper Respiratory Tract Infection||9.9%||7.3%||6.1%||6.1%|
Because postmarketing reporting of adverse reactions is voluntary and from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to vaccine exposure. The adverse reactions described have been included in this section because they: 1) represent reactions that are known to occur following immunizations generally or influenza immunizations specifically; 2) are potentially serious; or 3) have been reported frequently. These adverse reactions reflect experience in both children and adults and include those identified during post-approval use of AFLURIA outside the US since 1985.
Blood and lymphatic system disorders
Immune system disorders
Allergic reactions including anaphylactic shock and serum sickness
Nervous system disorders
Neuralgia, paresthesia, and convulsions; encephalopathy, neuritis or neuropathy, transverse myelitis, and GBS
Vasculitis with transient renal involvement
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
Pruritus, urticaria, and rash
Other Adverse Reactions Associated With Influenza Vaccination
Anaphylaxis has been reported after administration of AFLURIA. Although AFLURIA and Influenza A (H1N1) 2009 Monovalent Vaccine contain only a limited quantity of egg proteins, these proteins can induce immediate hypersensitivity reactions among persons who have severe egg allergy. Allergic reactions include hives, angioedema, asthma, and systemic anaphylaxis (see Contraindications ).
The 1976 swine influenza vaccine was associated with an increased frequency of GBS. Evidence for a causal relation of GBS with subsequent vaccines prepared from other influenza viruses is unclear. If influenza vaccine does pose a risk, it is probably slightly more than one additional case per 1 million persons vaccinated.
Neurological disorders temporally associated with influenza vaccination, such as encephalopathy, optic neuritis/neuropathy, partial facial paralysis, and brachial plexus neuropathy, have been reported.
Microscopic polyangiitis (vasculitis) has been reported temporally associated with influenza vaccination.
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