Haloperidol Side Effects
Some side effects of haloperidol may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.
For the Consumer
Applies to haloperidol: oral solution, oral tablet
Other dosage forms:
Along with its needed effects, haloperidol may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking haloperidol:More common
- Difficulty with speaking or swallowing
- inability to move the eyes
- loss of balance control
- mask-like face
- muscle spasms, especially of the neck and back
- restlessness or need to keep moving (severe)
- shuffling walk
- stiffness of the arms and legs
- trembling and shaking of the fingers and hands
- twisting movements of the body
- weakness of the arms and legs
- Decreased thirst
- difficulty in urination
- dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting
- hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not there)
- lip smacking or puckering
- puffing of the cheeks
- rapid or worm-like movements of the tongue
- skin rash
- uncontrolled chewing movements
- uncontrolled movements of the arms and legs
- convulsions (seizures)
- difficult or fast breathing
- fast heartbeat or irregular pulse
- fever (high)
- high or low blood pressure
- hot, dry skin, or lack of sweating
- increased blinking or spasms of the eyelid
- increased sweating
- loss of bladder control
- muscle stiffness (severe)
- muscle weakness
- sore throat and fever
- uncontrolled twisting movements of the neck, trunk, arms, or legs
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- unusual facial expressions or body positions
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- unusually pale skin
- yellow eyes or skin
- Continuing nausea or vomiting
- increase in the frequency of seizures
- loss of appetite
- swelling of the face
- tiredness and weakness
Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur while taking haloperidol:Symptoms of overdose
- Difficulty with breathing (severe)
- dizziness (severe)
- drowsiness (severe)
- muscle trembling, jerking, stiffness, or uncontrolled movements (severe)
- unusual tiredness or weakness (severe)
Some side effects of haloperidol may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:More common
- Blurred vision
- changes in menstrual period
- dryness of the mouth
- swelling or pain in the breasts (in females)
- unusual secretion of milk
- weight gain
- Decreased sexual ability
- increased sensitivity of the skin to sun (skin rash, itching, redness or other discoloration of skin, or severe sunburn)
- nausea or vomiting
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to haloperidol: compounding powder, injectable solution, intramuscular solution, oral concentrate, oral tablet
Local side effects have included noninfectious, edematous, pruritic, tender masses after intramuscular injection of haloperidol decanoate. These resolved slowly over months.
The drowsiness associated with haloperidol therapy may resolve after several doses.
Tardive dyskinesia involves involuntary, dyskinetic, repetitive movements and may be more common in elderly women receiving haloperidol. Tardive dyskinesia may be irreversible and is related to both the duration of therapy and the total amount of drug consumed. Frequent discontinuation and resumption of therapy may predispose patients to the development of tardive dyskinesia.
A study of 19 Veteran Administration hospital patients receiving haloperidol decanoate has reported a prevalence rate for tardive dyskinesia of 42%.
Dystonias frequently involve tongue protrusions, muscle rigidity, torticollis, and opisthotonos. Dystonias usually resolve after neuroleptic discontinuation, but may require antihistamine and antiparkinsonian therapy if symptoms are severe or if respiration is compromised. Treatment of dystonic reactions and extrapyramidal effects, in addition to general supportive measures, may include judicious use of one or more of the following: benztropine, trihexyphenidyl, biperiden or diphenhydramine.
Pseudo-parkinsonism involves flat facies, pill-rolling tremor, shuffling gait, and cogwheel rigidity. Pseudo-parkinsonian symptoms may respond to judicious use of one or more of the following: benztropine, trihexyphenidyl, biperiden or diphenhydramine.
Fever, altered consciousness, autonomic dysfunction and muscle rigidity are the hallmarks of the neuroleptic malignant syndrome. The neuroleptic malignant syndrome is associated with a case fatality rate of about 20%. Immediate discontinuation of neuroleptic therapy, consideration of dantrolene administration as well as intensive monitoring and supportive care are indicated.
Seizures associated with haloperidol have been reported, but many of the reports involved patients with a history of seizures or underlying organic brain disease.
Lower (worse) baseline scores predicted greater cognitive improvement. Change In cognitive performance was weakly related to change in symptom scores.
Nervous system side effects are common and have included sedation, drowsiness, and rarely seizures. Tardive dyskinesia, dystonia, pseudo-parkinsonism, increased neuromuscular excitability, and the neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) have also been reported. Low doses of haloperidol have been associated with improvement on cognitive test performance in patients in the early stages of schizophrenia.
Other side effects including the anticholinergic effects constipation, dry mouth, urinary retention, and blurred vision have been reported.
Baseline and periodic monitoring of liver function tests during haloperidol therapy is recommended for patients with liver disease.
Hepatic side effects including transient elevations in liver function tests have been reported.
Cardiovascular side effects including hypotension, hypertension, tachycardia, and cardiac arrest associated with haloperidol therapy have been reported rarely (although many of these patients have had serious underlying diseases). A number of cases of prolonged QT interval and torsades de pointes have been reported in patients treated with parenteral haloperidol. Sudden death and unexpected death have also been associated with haloperidol administration.
Most of the cases of prolonged QT interval and torsades de pointes have involved patients treated for intensive care unit delirium. Cardiac monitoring is recommended for intensive care unit patients who must receive haloperidol for delirium.
Endocrinologic side effects including hyperprolactinemia and galactorrhea have been reported. Haloperidol-induced hyperprolactinemia has been associated with sexual dysfunction in some male patients.
One in vitro study has suggested that haloperidol may increase sperm motility.
According to one report involving patients on long-term haloperidol use (mean dose 15.7 mg/day; mean duration of illness 15.5 years), the mean prolactin level and the prevalence of chronic hyperprolactinemia were significantly higher in women than in men (74 vs 24 ng/mL and 93% vs 47%, respectively).
Respiratory side effects including bronchospasm and pneumonitis have been reported rarely.
Hematologic side effects including reversible leukopenia and leukocytosis have been reported.
Musculoskeletal side effects including two cases of rhabdomyolysis (without evidence of overt NMS) have been reported. A case of laryngeal dystonia secondary to haloperidol has also been reported.
Genitourinary side effects including priapism have been reported.
More about haloperidol
- Haloperidol decanoate
- Haloperidol solution
- Haloperidol tablets
- Haloperidol (Advanced Reading)
- Haloperidol Intramuscular (Advanced Reading)
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