Disopyramide Side Effects
Not all side effects for disopyramide may be reported. You should always consult a doctor or healthcare professional for medical advice. Side effects can be reported to the FDA here.
For the Consumer
Applies to disopyramide: oral capsule, oral capsule extended release, oral tablet extended release
In addition to its needed effects, some unwanted effects may be caused by disopyramide. In the event that any of these side effects do occur, they may require medical attention.
If any of the following side effects occur while taking disopyramide, check with your doctor or nurse as soon as possible:More common
- Dizziness, feeling of faintness
- heartbeat sensations
- shortness of breath
- unusual tiredness
- Chest pain
- fast or slow heartbeat, rapid weight gain, swelling of feet or lower legs
- rash and/or itching
- Enlargement of breasts in men
- mental depression
- nosebleeds or bleeding gums
- sore throat and fever
- yellow eyes or skin
- Anxious feeling
- cold sweats
- cool, pale skin
- fast heartbeat
- hunger (excessive)
- unsteady walk
- unusual tiredness or weakness
Some of the side effects that can occur with disopyramide may not need medical attention. As your body adjusts to the medicine during treatment these side effects may go away. Your health care professional may also be able to tell you about ways to reduce or prevent some of these side effects. If any of the following side effects continue, are bothersome or if you have any questions about them, check with your health care professional:More common
- Blurred vision
- dry eyes, mouth, nose, or throat
- problems with urination
- Bloating or stomach pain
- loss of appetite
- muscle weakness
- trouble in sleeping
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to disopyramide: compounding powder, oral capsule, oral capsule extended release
Gastrointestinal side effects including anticholinergic side effects have been the most common cause of gastrointestinal complaints. Dry mouth (40%), constipation (11%) and nausea, pain/bloating/gas (3% to 9%) have been reported. Anorexia, diarrhea, and vomiting have occurred. Two cases of paralytic ileus have been reported. A case of oral mucosal ulceration has been associated with the (unapproved) sublingual use of disopyramide.
Cardiovascular side effects have included arrhythmias, conduction disturbances, hypotension, and heart failure. Like other class I antiarrhythmic agents, disopyramide can be proarrhythmic and decrease cardiac contractility. The risk of proarrhythmias may be increased in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. Various ventricular tachyarrhythmias accompanied by disopyramide-induced QT interval prolongation, including ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation and torsades de pointes, have been associated with usual therapeutic doses. Evidence of QRS segment or QT widening are indications to either reduce the dose or stop the drug. Conduction disturbances, including AV block, have occurred, and are more likely in patients with preexisting conduction disorders.
Contributing factors towards the development of torsades de pointes included female gender, hypokalemia, underlying arrhythmias, mitral valve abnormalities, or congestive heart failure.
Hypotension, pulmonary edema, and frank cardiogenic shock have been associated with both the oral and intravenous administration of disopyramide. Most affected patients had underlying congestive heart failure.
A patient developed a severe sensory-motor polyneuropathy after receiving disopyramide 500 mg daily for 4 years. Symptoms did not respond to corticosteroids, but did resolve a few months after withdrawal of disopyramide.
Nervous system side effects including anticholinergic symptoms have been reported. Other nervous system side effects have been rare, and included nervousness, insomnia, depression, and peripheral paresthesia or neuropathy.
Genitourinary side effects were related to anticholinergic properties of the drug. Urinary hesitancy (10% to 40%) has occurred. Urinary retention, frequency, and urgency has been reported in up to 9% of patients. Recommended management consisted of lowering the dose, discontinuing the drug, or if necessary, using a cholinergic drug to counteract this effect. Sexual impotence has been reported.
Hepatic side effects including reversible, dose-independent intrahepatic cholestasis, hepatocellular damage, and nonspecific hepatic inflammatory changes have been reported in rare cases where venous congestion secondary to heart failure was reasonably excluded. Manifestations of liver dysfunction usually appeared during the first week of treatment (malaise, dark urine) and resolved promptly upon discontinuation of the drug. In one review, 20 cases were reported during a 14-year period.
Endocrine side effect have included hypoglycemia due to stimulation of insulin secretion and rare cases of hypokalemia and dyslipidemia. Hypoglycemia can occur in nondiabetic patients at therapeutic plasma disopyramide levels.
Elevated insulin levels have been measured during disopyramide-associated hypoglycemic episodes. Data have revealed that disopyramide blocks pancreatic ATP-sensitive potassium channels, enhancing insulin release. Other factors such as increased peripheral utilization of glucose or decreased glycogenolysis have not been fully evaluated.
Immunologic side effects, such as the production of antinuclear antibodies and other immunologically-mediated changes associated with other class 1 antiarrhythmic agents, do not appear to occur during disopyramide therapy.
Dermatologic reactions have been reported rarely, usually presenting as a rash or pruritus.
Ocular side effects of blurred vision (3% to 9%) have been associated with the anticholinergic effects of disopyramide.
General body symptoms of fatigue, muscle weakness, malaise, and aches/pains have been reported in 3% to 9% of patients administered disopyramide. Rarely, fever has occurred.
Psychiatric side effects including reversible psychiatric symptoms of psychosis have been reported rarely.
Hematologic adverse effects of thrombocytopenia, and reversible agranulocytosis have occurred rarely.
Gynecomastia has been reported.
Respiratory difficulty has been reported rarely.
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