Cocaine Hydrochloride Topical Solution Side Effects
Please note - some side effects for Cocaine Hydrochloride Topical Solution may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.
Cocaine Hydrochloride Topical Solution Side Effects - for the Professional
Cocaine Hydrochloride Topical Solution
Adverse reactions may be due to high plasma levels as a result of excessive and rapid absorption of the drug. Reactions are systemic in nature and involve the central nervous system and/or the cardiovascular system. A small number of reactions may result from hypersensitivity, idiosyncrasy or diminished tolerance on the part of the patient.
CNS reactions are excitatory and/or depressant, and may be characterized by nervousness, restlessness and excitement. Tremors and eventually clonic-tonic convulsions may result. Emesis may occur. Central stimulation is followed by depression, with death resulting from respiratory failure.
Small doses of cocaine slow the heart rate, but after moderate doses, the rate is increased due to central sympathetic stimulation.
Cocaine is pyrogenic, augmenting heat production in stimulating muscular activity and causing vasoconstriction which decreases heat loss. Cocaine is known to interfere with the uptake of norepinephrine by adrenergic nerve terminals, producing sensitization to catecholamines, causing vasoconstriction and mydriasis.
Cocaine causes sloughing of the corneal epithelium, causing clouding, pitting, and occasionally ulceration of the cornea. The drug is not meant for ophthalmic use.
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