Alinia Side Effects
Generic Name: nitazoxanide
Note: This page contains information about the side effects of nitazoxanide. Some of the dosage forms included on this document may not apply to the brand name Alinia.
Not all side effects for Alinia may be reported. You should always consult a doctor or healthcare professional for medical advice. Side effects can be reported to the FDA here.
For the Consumer
Applies to nitazoxanide: oral powder for suspension, oral tablet
Some of the side effects that can occur with nitazoxanide (the active ingredient contained in Alinia) may not need medical attention. As your body adjusts to the medicine during treatment these side effects may go away. Your health care professional may also be able to tell you about ways to reduce or prevent some of these side effects. If any of the following side effects continue, are bothersome or if you have any questions about them, check with your health care professional:More common
- Stomach pain
- Appetite increase
- bloated full feeling
- discolored urine
- enlarged salivary glands
- excess air or gas in stomach or intestines
- eye discoloration, pale yellow
- general feeling of discomfort or illness
- itching skin
- loss of appetite
- passing gas
- runny nose
- stuffy nose
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- weight loss
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to nitazoxanide: oral powder for reconstitution, oral tablet
Gastrointestinal side effects have included abdominal pain (6.6% to 7.8%), diarrhea (2.1% to 4.2%), and nausea (3%). Side effects occurring in less than 1% of patients have included vomiting, anorexia, flatulence, dyspepsia, constipation, dry mouth, and thirst.
The incidence of gastrointestinal side effects may be dose related. Abdominal pain, diarrhea and discolored urine occurred more often in subjects receiving higher doses (1 gram twice daily).
Nervous system side effects have included headache (3.1%). Dizziness, somnolence, insomnia, tremor, and hypesthesia have been reported by less than 1% of the patients.
Adverse effects affecting the body as a whole have included asthenia, fever, pain (pelvic/back), flu syndrome, ear ache, and chills in less than 1% of patients.
Metabolic side effects have included increased creatinine and SGPT in less than 1% of patients.
Dermatologic side effects have included pruritus, rash, and sweat in less than 1% of patients.
Ocular side effects have included pale yellow eye discoloration (<1%).
Respiratory side effects have included epistaxis, rhinitis, lung disease, and pharyngitis.
Genitourinary side effects have included discolored urine, dysuria, amenorrhea, metrorrhagia, and edema labia.
In general, side effects have been mild and transient in nature. The most frequent side effects have included abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and headache, and the rates of occurrence were not significantly different from placebo.
Musculoskeletal side effects have included myalgia, leg cramps, and spontaneous bone fracture.
Cardiovascular side effects have included tachycardia, syncope, and hypertension.
Hematologic side effects have included anemia and leukocytosis.
Renal side effects have included kidney pain.
More about Alinia (nitazoxanide)
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