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Tigan Injection

Generic Name: trimethobenzamide hydrochloride
Dosage Form: injection, solution

Description

Chemically, trimethobenzamide HCl is N-[p-[2-(dimethylamino)ethoxy]benzyl]-3,4,5-trimethoxybenzamide monohydrochloride. It
has a molecular weight of 424.93 and the following structural formula:

Single-Dose Vials: Each 2-mL single-dose vial contains 200 mg trimethobenzamide hydrochloride compounded with 1 mg sodium
citrate and 0.4 mg citric acid as buffers and pH adjusted to approximately 5.0 with sodium hydroxide.

Multi-Dose Vials: Each mL contains 100 mg trimethobenzamide hydrochloride compounded with 0.45% phenol as preservative, 0.5
mg sodium citrate and 0.2 mg citric acid as buffers and pH adjusted to approximately 5.0 with sodium hydroxide.

Clinical Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

The mechanism of action of Tigan® as determined in animals is obscure, but may involve the chemoreceptor trigger zone (CTZ), an
area in the medulla oblongata through which emetic impulses are conveyed to the vomiting center; direct impulses to the vomiting
center apparently are not similarly inhibited. In dogs pretreated with trimethobenzamide HCl, the emetic response to apomorphine is
inhibited, while little or no protection is afforded against emesis induced by intragastric copper sulfate.

Pharmacokinetics

The pharmacokinetics of trimethobenzamide have been studied in healthy adult subjects. Following administration of 200 mg
(100 mg/mL) Tigan I.M. injection, the time to reach maximum plasma concentration (Tmax) was about half an hour, about 15
minutes longer for Tigan 300 mg oral capsule than an I.M. injection. A single dose of Tigan 300 mg oral capsule provided a plasma
concentration profile of trimethobenzamide similar to Tigan 200 mg I.M. The relative bioavailability of the capsule formulation
compared to the solution is 100%. The mean elimination half-life of trimethobenzamide is 7 to 9 hours. Between 30 – 50% of a single
dose in humans is excreted unchanged in the urine within 48 – 72 hours. The metabolic disposition of trimethobenzamide in humans is
not known. Specifically, it is not known if active metabolites are generated in humans.

Special Populations

Age
The clearance of trimethobenzamide is not known in patients with renal impairment. However, it may be advisable to consider
reduction in the dosing of trimethobenzamide in elderly patients with renal impairment considering that a substantial amount of
excretion and elimination of trimethobenzamide occurs via the kidney and that elderly patients may have various degrees of renal
impairment. (See PRECAUTIONS: General and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).

Gender
Systemic exposure to trimethobenzamide was similar between men (N=40) and women (N=28).

Race
Pharmacokinetics appeared to be similar for Caucasians (N=53) and African Americans (N=12).

Renal Impairment
The clearance of trimethobenzamide is not known in patients with renal impairment. However, it may be advisable to consider
reduction in the dosing of trimethobenzamide in patients with renal impairment considering that a substantial amount of
excretion and elimination of trimethobenzamide occurs via the kidney. (See PRECAUTIONS: General and DOSAGE AND
ADMINISTRATION).

Indications

Tigan® is indicated for the treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting and for nausea associated with gastroenteritis.

Contraindications

The injectable form of Tigan® is contraindicated in pediatric patients and in patients with known hypersensitivity to
trimethobenzamide.

Warnings

Tigan® may produce drowsiness. Patients should not operate motor vehicles or other dangerous machinery until their individual
responses have been determined.

Usage in Pregnancy
Trimethobenzamide hydrochloride was studied in reproduction experiments in rats and rabbits and no teratogenicity was suggested.
The only effects observed were an increased percentage of embryonic resorptions or stillborn pups in rats administered 20 mg and
100 mg/kg and increased resorptions in rabbits receiving 100 mg/kg. In each study these adverse effects were attributed to one or
two dams. The relevance to humans is not known. Since there is no adequate experience in pregnant or lactating women who have
received this drug, safety in pregnancy or in nursing mothers has not been established.

Usage with Alcohol
Concomitant use of alcohol with Tigan® may result in an adverse drug interaction.

Precautions

During the course of acute febrile illness, encephalitides, gastroenteritis, dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, especially in
children and the elderly or debilitated, CNS reactions such as opisthotonos, convulsions, coma and extrapyramidal symptoms have
been reported with and without use of Tigan® (trimethobenzamide hydrochloride) or other antiemetic agents. In such disorders
caution should be exercised in administering Tigan®, particularly to patients who have recently received other CNS-acting agents
(phenothiazines, barbiturates, belladonna derivatives). Primary emphasis should be directed toward the restoration of body fluids and
electrolyte balance, the relief of fever and relief of the causative disease process. Overhydration should be avoided since it may result
in cerebral edema.
The antiemetic effects of Tigan® may render diagnosis more difficult in such conditions as appendicitis and obscure signs of toxicity
due to overdosage of other drugs.

General

Adjustment of Dose in Renal Failure
A substantial route of elimination of unchanged trimethobenzamide is via the kidney. Dosage adjustment should be considered in
patients with reduced renal function including some elderly patients. (See CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY and DOSAGE AND
ADMINISTRATION).

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of trimethobenzamide hydrochloride did not include sufficient numbers of patients aged 65 and over to determine
whether they respond differently from younger patients. Although there are studies reported in the literature that included elderly
patients greater than 65 years old with younger patients, it is not known if there are differences in efficacy or safety parameters for elderly and
non-elderly patients treated with trimethobenzamide. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually
starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of
concomitant disease or other drug therapy.
This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients
with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in
dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function. (See CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY and DOSAGE AND
ADMINISTRATION).

Adverse Reactions

There have been reports of hypersensitivity reactions and Parkinson-like symptoms. There have been instances of hypotension
reported following parenteral administration to surgical patients. There have been reports of blood dyscrasias, blurring of vision,
coma, convulsions, depression of mood, diarrhea, disorientation, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, jaundice, muscle cramps
and opisthotonos. If these occur, the administration of the drug should be discontinued. Allergic-type skin reactions have been
observed; therefore, the drug should be discontinued at the first sign of sensitization. While these symptoms will usually disappear
spontaneously, symptomatic treatment may be indicated in some cases.

For medical advice about adverse reactions contact your medical professional. To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS,
contact JHP at 1-866-923-2547 or MEDWATCH at 1-800-FDA-1088 (1-800-332-1088) or http://www.fda.gov/medwatch/.

Dosage and Administration

(See WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS.)
Dosage should be adjusted according to the indication for therapy, severity of symptoms and the response of the patient.

Geriatric Patients
Dose adjustment such as reducing the total dose administered at each dosing or increasing the dosing interval should be considered
in elderly patients with renal impairment (creatinine clearance £ 70 mL/min/1.73m2). Final dose adjustment should be based upon
integration of clinical efficacy and safety considerations. (See CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY and PRECAUTIONS).

Patients with Renal Impairment
In subjects with renal impairment (creatinine clearance £ 70 mL/min/1.73m2), dose adjustment such as reducing the total dose
administered at each dosing or increasing the dosing interval should be considered. (See CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY and
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).

INJECTABLE, 100 mg/mL (Not for use in pediatric patients)
    Usual Adult Dosage
    2 mL (200 mg) t.i.d. or q.i.d. intramuscularly.

NOTE: The injectable form is intended for intramuscular administration only; it is not recommended for intravenous use.

Intramuscular administration may cause pain, stinging, burning, redness and swelling at the site of injection. Such effects may be
minimized by deep injection into the upper outer quadrant of the gluteal region, and by avoiding the escape of solution along the route.

Storage

Store between 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F).
(See USP Controlled Room Temperature.)

How Supplied

Tigan® (trimethobenzamide hydrochloride) is available as follows:

NDC 42023-119-25 100 mg/mL in 2 mL Single-Dose Vials, Pack of 25

NDC 42023-118-01 100 mg/mL in 20 mL Multi-Dose Vials, Pack of 1

Rx Only

Manufacturered by:

Par Pharmaceutical Companies, Inc.

Spring Valley, NY 10977

I02/15

3000358F

OS118J-01-90-01

Sample Outer Label

TIGAN 
trimethobenzamide hydrochloride injection, solution
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:52584-119(NDC:42023-119)
Route of Administration INTRAMUSCULAR DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Trimethobenzamide Hydrochloride (Trimethobenzamide) Trimethobenzamide Hydrochloride 100 mg  in 1 mL
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:52584-119-25 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE in 1 BAG
1 2 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA017530 08/01/2010
Labeler - General Injectables & Vaccines, Inc (108250663)
Revised: 03/2016
 
General Injectables & Vaccines, Inc
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