Phenazopyridine Tablets

Pronunciation

Generic Name: phenazopyridine hydrochloride
Dosage Form: tablet

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PHENAZOPYRIDINE HYDROCHLORIDE TABLETS, USP
Rx Only

CAUTION: Federal law prohibits dispensing without prescription.

Phenazopyridine Tablets Description

Phenazopyridine Hydrochloride is light or dark red to dark violet, odorless, slightly bitter, crystalline powder. It has a specific local analgesic effect in the urinary tract, promptly relieving burning and pain. It has the following structural formula:

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Phenazopyridine HCl tablets contain the following inactive ingredients: Carnauba Wax, Croscarmellose Sodium, Hypromellose, Magnesium Stearate, Microcrystalline Cellulose, Polyethylene Glycol, Povidone, Pregelatinized Starch.

Phenazopyridine Tablets - Clinical Pharmacology

Phenazopyridine HCl is excreted in the urine where it exerts a topical analgesic effect on the mucosa of the urinary tract. This action helps to relieve pain, burning, urgency and frequency. The precise mechanism of action is not known.

The pharmacokinetic properties of Phenazopyridine HCl have not been determined. Phenazopyridine HCl is rapidly excreted by the kidneys, with as much as 66% of an oral dose being excreted unchanged in the urine.

Indications and Usage for Phenazopyridine Tablets

Phenazopyridine HCl is indicated for the symptomatic relief of pain, burning, urgency, frequency, and other discomforts arising from irritation of the lower urinary tract mucosa caused by infection, trauma, surgery, endoscopic procedures, or the passage of sounds or catheters. The use of Phenazopyridine HCl for relief of symptoms should not delay definitive diagnosis and treatment of causative conditions. Because it provides only symptomatic relief, prompt appropriate treatment of the cause of pain must be instituted and Phenazopyridine HCl should be discontinued when symptoms are controlled.

The analgesic action may reduce or eliminate the need for systemic analgesics or narcotics. It is, however, compatible with antibacterial therapy and can help to relieve pain and discomfort during the interval before antibacterial therapy controls the infection. Treatment of a urinary tract infection with Phenazopyridine HCl should not exceed 2 days because there is a lack of evidence that the combined administration of Phenazopyridine HCl and an antibacterial provides greater benefit than administration of the antibacterial alone after 2 days. (See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION section.)

Contraindications

Phenazopyridine HCl should not be used in patients who have previously exhibited hypersensitivity to it. The use of Phenazopyridine HCl is contraindicated in patients with renal insufficiency.

Adverse Reactions

Headache, rash, pruritus and occasional gastrointestinal disturbance. An anaphylactoid-like reaction has been described. Methemoglobinemia, hemolytic anemia, renal and hepatic toxicity have been reported, usually at overdosage levels (see Overdosage Section).

Precautions

General: A yellowish tinge of the skin or sclera may indicate accumulation due to impaired renal excretion and the need to discontinue therapy. The decline in renal function associated with advanced age should be kept in mind.

NOTE: Patients should be informed that Phenazopyridine HCl produces a reddish-orange discoloration of the urine and may stain fabric. Staining of contact lenses has been reported.

Laboratory Test Interaction: Due to its properties as an azo dye, Phenazopyridine HCl may interfere with urinalysis based on spectrometry or color reactions.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility: Long-term administration of Phenazopyridine HCl has induced neoplasia in rats (large intestine) and mice (liver).

Although no association between Phenazopyridine HCl and human neoplasia has been reported, adequate epidemiological studies along these lines have not been conducted.

Pregnancy Category B: Reproduction studies have been performed in rats at doses up to

50 mg/kg/day and have revealed no evidence of impaired fertility or harm to the fetus due to Phenazopyridine HCl. There are, however, no adequate and well controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

Nursing mothers: No information is available on the appearance of Phenazopyridine HCl, or its metabolites in human milk.

Phenazopyridine Tablets Dosage and Administration

100 mg Tablets: Average adult dosage is two tablets 3 times a day after meals.

200 mg Tablets: Average adult dosage is one tablet 3 times a day after meals.

When used concomitantly with an antibacterial agent for the treatment of a urinary tract infection, the administration of Phenazopyridine HCl should not exceed 2 days.

Overdosage

Exceeding the recommended dose in patients with good renal function or administering the usual dose to patients with impaired renal function (common in elderly patients) may lead to increased serum levels and toxic reactions. Methemoglobinemia generally follows a massive, acute overdose. Methylene blue, 1 to 2 mg/kg/body weight intravenously or ascorbic acid 100 to 200 mg given orally should cause prompt reduction of the methemoglobinemia and disappearance of the cyanosis which is an aid in diagnosis. Oxidative Heinz body hemolytic anemia may also occur, and “bite cells” (degmacytes) may be present in a chronic overdosage situation. Red blood cell G-6-PD deficiency may predispose to hemolysis. Renal and hepatic impairment and occasional failure, usually due to hypersensitivity, may also occur.

How is Phenazopyridine Tablets Supplied

100 mg Tablets: Supplied in bottles of 90 (NDC 42291-670-90) counts.

Appearance: Deep brown to maroon colored, round, film coated tablets debossed “AN” above “1” on one side and plain on the other.

200 mg Tablets: Supplied in bottles of 90 (NDC 42291-671-90) counts.

Appearance: Deep brown to maroon colored, round, film coated tablets debossed “AN” above “2” on one side and plain on the other.

DISPENSE contents with a child-resistant closure (as required) and in a tight container as defined in the USP.

STORE at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

Manufactured by:

AvKARE, Inc.                 

Pulaski, TN 38478

Mfg. Rev. 08/10

AV 03/14 (P)                 

PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

AvKARE

NDC
42291-670-90

Phenazopyridine Hydrochloride Tablets, USP

100 mg

90 Tablets       Rx Only

Each tablet contains:
Phenazopyridine Hydrochloride, USP...... 100 mg

Usual Dosage: See package outsert for dosage information.

Dispense contents with a child-resistant closure (as required) and in a tight container as defined in the USP.

Store at 20º to 25ºC (68º to 77ºF); excursions permitted to 15º to 30ºC (59º to 86ºF) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].

KEEP THIS AND ALL MEDICATIONS OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.

 

Manufactured for:
AvKARE, Inc.
Pulaski, TN 38478

Mfg. Rev. 11-2010         AV 03/14 (P)

N3   42291-670-90   7

AvKARE

NDC
42291-671-90

Phenazopyridine Hydrochloride Tablets, USP

200 mg

90 Tablets       Rx Only

Each tablet contains:
Phenazopyridine Hydrochloride, USP...... 200 mg

Usual Dosage: See package outsert for dosage information.

Dispense contents with a child-resistant closure (as required) and in a tight container as defined in the USP.

Store at 20º to 25ºC (68º to 77ºF); excursions permitted to 15º to 30ºC (59º to 86ºF) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].

KEEP THIS AND ALL MEDICATION OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.

Manufactured for:
AvKARE, Inc.
Pulaski, TN 38478

Mfg. Rev. 11-2010         AV 03/14 (P)

N3   42291-671-90   4

PHENAZOPYRIDINE HYDROCHLORIDE  
phenazopyridine tablet
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:42291-670(NDC:65162-517)
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
PHENAZOPYRIDINE HYDROCHLORIDE (PHENAZOPYRIDINE) PHENAZOPYRIDINE HYDROCHLORIDE 100 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
CARNAUBA WAX  
CROSCARMELLOSE SODIUM  
HYPROMELLOSES  
MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
Polyethylene Glycols  
POVIDONE  
STARCH, CORN  
Product Characteristics
Color BROWN (MAROON) Score no score
Shape ROUND Size 10mm
Flavor Imprint Code AN;1
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:42291-670-90 90 TABLET in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
Unapproved drug other 03/24/2014
PHENAZOPYRIDINE HYDROCHLORIDE  
phenazopyridine tablet
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:42291-671(NDC:65162-520)
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
PHENAZOPYRIDINE HYDROCHLORIDE (PHENAZOPYRIDINE) PHENAZOPYRIDINE HYDROCHLORIDE 200 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
CARNAUBA WAX  
CROSCARMELLOSE SODIUM  
HYPROMELLOSES  
MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
Polyethylene Glycols  
POVIDONE  
STARCH, CORN  
Product Characteristics
Color BROWN (MAROON) Score no score
Shape ROUND Size 10mm
Flavor Imprint Code AN;2
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:42291-671-90 90 TABLET in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
Unapproved drug other 03/24/2014
Labeler - AvKARE, Inc. (796560394)
Revised: 03/2014
 
AvKARE, Inc.
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