Obagi Skin Lightening Complex
Generic Name: hydroquinone
Dosage Form: topical lotion
Disclaimer: This drug has not been found by FDA to be safe and effective, and this labeling has not been approved by FDA. For further information about unapproved drugs, click here.
Obagi® Skin Lightening Complex
(Hydroquinone USP, 4%)
Skin Bleaching Cream
Active ingredient:Hydroquinone USP, 4% (40 mg/g)
Inactive ingredients: water, glycerin, cetyl alcohol, PPG-2 myristyl ether propionate, sodium lauryl sulfate, TEA-salicylate, lactic acid, phenyl trimethicone, tocopheryl acetate, sodium metabisulfite, ascorbic acid, methylparaben, disodium EDTA, propylparaben, saponins, BHT
Hydroquinone is 1,4-benzenediol. The drug is freely soluble in water and in alcohol. Chemically, hydroquinone is designated as p-dihydroxybenzene; the empirical formula is C6H6O2; the molecular weight is 110.11 g/mol. The chemical structure is in the diagram to the right.
Topical application of hydroquinone produces a reversible depigmentation of the skin by inhibition of the enzymatic oxidation of tyrosine to 3, 4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) and suppression of other melanocyte metabolic processes.
Exposure to sunlight or ultraviolet light will cause repigmentation of the bleached areas, which may be prevented by the use of sunblocking agents or sunscreen agents.
Indications and Usage:
For the gradual bleaching of hyperpigmented skin conditions such as chloasma, melasma, freckles, senile lentigines, and other unwanted areas of melanin hyperpigmentation.
People with prior history of sensitivity or allergic reaction to this product or any of its ingredients should not use it. The safety of topical hydroquinone use during pregnancy or in children (12 years and under) has not been established.
Dosage and Administration:
A thin application should be applied once or twice daily or as directed by a physician. If no improvement is seen after three (3) months of treatment, use of this product should be discontinued. Sun exposure should be limited by using a sunscreen agent, a sunblocking agent, or protective clothing to cover bleached skin when using and after using this product in order to prevent darkening from reoccurring.
Hydroquinone is a skin bleaching agent, which may produce unwanted cosmetic effects if not used as directed. The physician should be familiar with the contents of this insert before prescribing or dispensing this medication.
Test for skin sensitivity before using by applying a small amount to an unbroken patch of skin and check within 24 hours. Minor redness is not a contraindication, but where there is itching or vesicle formation or excessive inflammatory response, the product should be discontinued and a physician consulted. Close patient supervision is recommended.
Avoid contact with the eyes, nose, mouth, and lips. In case of accidental contact, the patient should rinse thoroughly with water and contact a physician.
Sunscreen use is an essential aspect of hydroquinone therapy because even minimal sunlight exposure sustains melanocytic activity.
Contains sodium metabisulfite, a sulfite that may cause allergic-type reactions including anaphylactic symptoms and life-threatening or less severe asthmatic episodes in certain susceptible people. The overall prevalence of sulfite sensitivity in the general population is unknown and probably low. Sulfite sensitivity is seen more frequently in asthmatic than in nonasthmatic people.
(also see WARNINGS)
Treatment should be limited to relatively small areas of the body at one time since some patients experience a transient skin reddening and a mild burning sensation, which does not preclude treatment.
Pregnancy Category C:
Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with topical hydroquinone. It is also not known whether hydroquinone can cause fetal harm when used topically on a pregnant woman or affect reproductive capacity. It is not known to what degree, if any, topical hydroquinone is absorbed systemically. Topical hydroquinone should be used on pregnant women only when clearly indicated.
It is not known whether topical hydroquinone is absorbed or excreted in human milk. Caution is advised when topical hydroquinone is used by a nursing mother.
No systemic adverse reactions have been reported. Occasional hypersensitivity (localized contact dermatitis) may occur, in which case the product should be discontinued and the physician notified immediately.
Obagi Skin Lightening Complex is available as follows:
2.0 oz. (57 g) tube
Obagi is a registered trademark of OMP, Inc.
Distributed by OMP, Inc.
© 2012 Obagi Medical Products, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Long Beach, CA 90806
Made in USA. www.obagi.com
|ELASTIDERM DECOLLETAGE SKIN LIGHTENING COMPLEX CHEST AND NECK
|Labeler - OMP, INC. (790553353)|
|PureTek Corporation||785961046||MANUFACTURE(62032-120), LABEL(62032-120), PACK(62032-120)|
More about hydroquinone topical
- Hydroquinone (AHFS Monograph)
- Hydroquinone Cream (FDA)
- Hydroquinone Cream with Sunscreens (FDA)
- Hydroquinone Time Release Cream (FDA)