Dosage Form: tablet, film coated
Nystatin Tablets USP
Nystatin Tablets Description
Nystatin is an antimycotic polyene antibiotic obtained from Streptomyces noursei. Its structural formula:
C 47H75NO17 M.W. 926.13
Nystatin Tablets contain the inactive ingredients: Corn Starch, Povidone, Compressible Sugar, Microcrystalline Cellulose, Sodium Starch Glycolate, Talc, Magnesium Stearate, Purified Water, and Coloring.
Nystatin Tablets - Clinical Pharmacology
Gastrointestinal absorption of nystatin is insignificant. Most orally administered nystatin is passed unchanged in the stool. In patients with renal insufficiency receiving oral therapy with conventional dosage forms, significant plasma concentrations of nystatin may occasionally occur.
Nystatin is both fungistatic and fungicidal in vitro against a wide variety of yeasts and yeast like fungi. Candida albicans demonstrates no significant resistance to nystatin in vitro on repeated subculture in increasing levels of nystatin; other Candida species become quite resistant. Generally, resistance does not develop in vivo. Nystatin acts by binding to sterols in the cell membrane of susceptible Candida species with a resultant change in membrane permeability allowing leakage of intracellular components. Nystatin exhibits no appreciable activity against bacteria, protozoa, or viruses.
Indications and Usage for Nystatin Tablets
Nystatin Tablets are intended for the treatment of non-esophageal mucus membrane gastrointestinal candidiasis.
Nystatin Tablets are contraindicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of their components.
This medication is not to be used for the treatment of systemic mycoses. Discontinue treatment if sensitization or irritation is reported during use.
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
No long-term animal studies have been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential. There also have been no studies to determine mutagenicity or whether this medication affects fertility in males or females.
Nystatin is well tolerated even with prolonged therapy. Oral irritation and sensitization have been reported (see PRECAUTIONS, General).
Diarrhea (including one case of bloody diarrhea), nausea, vomiting, gastrointestinal upset/disturbances.
Rash, including urticaria has been reported rarely. Stevens-Johnson syndrome has been reported very rarely.
Oral doses of nystatin in excess of five million units daily have caused nausea and gastrointestinal upset. There have been no reports of serious toxic effects of superinfections (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Pharmacokinetics).
Nystatin Tablets Dosage and Administration
The usual therapeutic dosage is one to two tablets (500,000 to 1,000,000 units nystatin) three times daily. Treatment should generally be continued for at least 48 hours after clinical cure to prevent relapse.
How is Nystatin Tablets Supplied
Nystatin Tablets USP, 500,000 Units are round, convex, brown, film-coated tablet debossed with 93 on one side and 983 on the reverse and are packaged in bottles of 100.
Store at 20° and 25°C (68° and 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].
Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP, with a child-resistant closure (as required).
TEVA CANADA LIMITED
Toronto, Canada M1B 2K9
TEVA PHARMACEUTICALS USA
Sellersville, PA 18960
Rev. M 8/2012
nystatin tablet, film coated
|Labeler - Teva Pharmaceuticals USA Inc (118234421)|