Neomycin, Polymyxin, Hydrocortisone Ear Drops

Generic Name: neomycin sulfate, polymyxin B sulfate and hydrocortisone
Dosage Form: otic suspension

NEOMYCIN AND POLYMYXIN B SULFATES AND HYDROCORTISONE OTIC SUSPENSION, USP

STERILE EAR SUSPENSION

Rx only

FOR USE IN EARS ONLY

Neomycin, Polymyxin, Hydrocortisone Ear Drops Description

Neomycin and polymyxin B sulfates and hydrocortisone otic suspension, USP is a sterile antimicrobial/anti-inflammatory suspension formulated for otic use.

Neomycin sulfate is the sulfate salt of Neomycin B and C which are produced by the growth of Streptomyces fradiae Waksman (Fam. Streptomycetaceae).  It has a potency equivalent of not less than 600 micrograms of neomycin standard per milligram, calculated on an anhydrous basis. The structural formulae are:

Polymyxin B sulfate is the sulfate salt of polymyxin B1 and B2 which are produced by the growth of Bacillus polymyxa (Prazmowski) Migula (Fam. Bacillaceae). It has a potency of not less than 6,000 polymyxin B units per milligram, calculated on an anhydrous basis. The structural formulae are:

Hydrocortisone 11β, 17, 21-trihydroxypregn-4-ene-3,20-dione, is an anti-inflammatory hormone. Its structural formula is:

Each mL Contains:
ACTIVES: Hydrocortisone, 10 mg (1%), Neomycin Sulfate (equivalent to 3.5 mg neomycin base), Polymyxin B Sulfate, equal to 10,000 polymyxin B units; INACTIVES: Propylene Glycol, Cetyl Alcohol (0.9%), Polysorbate 80, Water for Injection. Sulfuric Acid may be added to adjust pH (3.0 - 7.0). PRESERVATIVE ADDED: Thimerosal 0.01%.

Neomycin, Polymyxin, Hydrocortisone Ear Drops - Clinical Pharmacology

Corticoids suppress the inflammatory response to a variety of agents and they may delay healing. Since corticoids may inhibit the body's defense mechanism against infection a concomitant antimicrobial drug may be used when this inhibition is considered to be clinically significant in a particular case.

The anti-infective components in the combination are included to provide action against specific organisms susceptible to them. Neomycin sulfate and polymyxin B sulfate together are considered active against the following microorganisms: Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella, Enterobacter species, Neisseria species and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This product does not provide adequate coverage against Serratia marcescens and streptococci, including Streptococcus pneumonia. The relative potency of corticosteroids depends on the molecular structure, concentration, and release from the vehicle.

Indications and Usage for Neomycin, Polymyxin, Hydrocortisone Ear Drops

For the treatment of superficial bacterial infections of the external auditory canal caused by organisms susceptible to the action of the antibiotics, and for the treatment of infections of mastoidectomy and fenestration cavities caused by organisms susceptible to the antibiotics.

Contraindications

This product is contraindicated in those individuals who have shown hypersensitivity to any of its components, and in herpes simplex, vaccinia and varicella infections.

Warnings

Neomycin can induce permanent sensorineural hearing loss due to cochlear damage, mainly destruction of hair cells in the organ of Corti. The risk is greater with prolonged use.

Therapy should be limited to 10 consecutive days (see PRECAUTIONS - General). Patients being treated with eardrops containing neomycin should be under close clinical observation. Neomycin and polymyxin B sulfates and hydrocortisone otic suspension, USP should not be used in any patient with a perforated tympanic membrane.

Discontinue promptly if sensitization or irritation occurs.

Neomycin sulfate may cause cutaneous sensitization. A precise incidence of hypersensitivity reactions (primarily skin rash) due to topical neomycin is not known.

When using neomycin-containing products to control secondary infection in the chronic dermatoses, such as chronic otitis externa, or stasis dermatitis, it should be borne in mind that the skin in these conditions is more liable than is normal skin to become sensitized to many substances, including neomycin. The manifestation of sensitization to neomycin is usually a low-grade reddening with swelling, dry scaling and itching; it may be manifest simply as a failure to heal. Periodic examination for such signs is advisable, and the patient should be told to discontinue the product if they are observed. These symptoms regress quickly on withdrawing the medication. Neomycin-containing applications should be avoided for the patient thereafter.

Precautions

General

As with other antibiotic preparations, prolonged use may result in overgrowth of nonsusceptible organisms, including fungi.

If the infection is not improved after one week, cultures and susceptibility tests should be repeated to verify the identity of the organism and to determine whether therapy should be changed.

Treatment should not be continued for longer than ten days.

Allergic cross-reactions may occur which could prevent the use of any or all of the following antibiotics for the treatment of future infections: kanamycin, paromomycin, streptomycin, and possibly gentamicin.

Information for Patients

Avoid contaminating the dropper with material from the ear, fingers, or other source. This caution is necessary if the sterility of the drops is to be preserved.

If sensitization or irritation occurs, discontinue use immediately and contact your physician.

Do not use in the eyes.

SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING.

Laboratory Tests

Systemic effects of excessive levels of hydrocortisone may include a reduction in the number of circulating eosinophils and a decrease in urinary excretion of 17-hydroxycorticosteroids.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Long-term studies in animals (rats, rabbits, mice) showed no evidence of carcinogenicity attributable to oral administration of corticosteroids.

Pregnancy

Teratogenic Effects

Pregnancy Category C. Corticosteroids have been shown to be teratogenic in rabbits when applied topically at concentrations of 0.5% on days 6 to 18 of gestation and in mice when applied topically at a concentration of 15% on days 10 to 13 of gestation. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.  Corticosteroids should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

Nursing Mothers

Hydrocortisone appears in human milk following oral administration of the drug. Since systemic absorption of hydrocortisone may occur when applied topically, caution should be exercised when neomycin and polymyxin B sulfates and hydrocortisone otic suspension, USP is used by a nursing mother.

Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of neomycin and polymyxin B sulfates and hydrocortisone otic suspension, USP in otitis externa have been established in the pediatric age group 2 years to 16 years of age. There is inadequate data to establish safety and effectiveness in otitis externa for pediatric patients under 2 years of age.1

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of neomycin and polymyxin B sulfates and hydrocortisone otic suspension, USP did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients.

Adverse Reactions

Neomycin occasionally causes skin sensitization. Ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity have also been reported (See WARNINGS).  Adverse reactions have occurred with topical use of antibiotic combinations including neomycin and polymyxin B. Exact incidence figures are not available since no denominator of treated patients is available. The reaction occurring most often is allergic sensitization. In one clinical study, using a 20% neomycin patch, neomycin-induced allergic skin reactions occurred in two of 2,175 (0.09%) individuals in the general population.2   In another study, the incidence was found to be approximately 1%.3

The following local adverse reactions have been reported with topical corticosteroids, especially under occlusive dressings: burning, itching, irritation, dryness, folliculitis, hypertrichosis, acneiform eruptions, hypopigmentation, perioral dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, maceration of the skin, secondary infection, skin atrophy, striae and miliaria. Stinging and burning have been reported rarely when the drug has gained access to the middle ear.

Neomycin, Polymyxin, Hydrocortisone Ear Drops Dosage and Administration

Therapy with this product should be limited to 10 consecutive days. The external auditory canal should be thoroughly cleansed and dried with a sterile cotton applicator.

For adults, 4 drops of the suspension should be instilled into the affected ear 3 to 4 times daily. For pediatric patients, 3 drops are suggested because of the smaller capacity of the ear canal.

The patient should lie with the affected ear upward and then the drops should be instilled. This position should be maintained for 5 minutes to facilitate penetration of the drops into the ear canal. Repeat, if necessary, for the opposite ear.

If preferred, a cotton wick may be inserted into the canal and then the cotton may be saturated with the suspension. This wick should be kept moist by adding further suspension every 4 hours. The wick should be replaced at least once every 24 hours.

SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING.

How is Neomycin, Polymyxin, Hydrocortisone Ear Drops Supplied

Neomycin and polymyxin B sulfates and hydrocortisone otic suspension, USP is supplied in an amber glass bottle with sterilized dropper in the following size:

10 mL bottles; individually packaged NDC 0574-4103-10

Storage and Handling

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].

FOR OTIC USE ONLY

 DO NOT USE IF TAMPER EVIDENT SEAL IS
           
MISSING OR NOT INTACT.

KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.

REFERENCES

  1. Jones RN, Milazzo J, Seidlin M. Ofloxacin Otic solution for Treatment of Otitis Externa in children and adults. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery 1997; 123: 1193-1200.
  2. Leyden JJ. Kligman AM. Contact dermatitis to neomycin sulfate. JAMA 1979:242(12): 1276-1278.
  3. Prystowsky SD. Allen AM. Smith RW, et al: Allergic contact hypersensitivity to nickel, neomycin, ethylenediamine, and benzocaine. Arch Dermatol 1979: 115:959-962.

Manufactured by:
PharmaForce, Inc.
Hilliard, OH 43026

Manufactured for:
Paddock Laboratories, Inc.
Minneapolis, MN 55427

Revised November 2006

PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

NDC 0574-4103-10

NEOMYCIN AND
POLYMYXIN B SULFATES
AND HYDROCORTISONE
OTIC SUSPENSION, USP

Rx only

FOR USE IN EARS ONLY

STERILE EAR SUSPENSION

10mL (with Sterilized Dropper)

NDC 0574-4103-10

FOR USE IN EARS ONLY

NEOMYCIN AND
POLYMYXIN B SULFATES
AND HYDROCORTISONE
OTIC SUSPENSION, USP

Rx only

SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING

10mL (with Sterilized Dropper)

PADDOCK LABORATORIES, INC.

NEOMYCIN AND POLYMYXIN B SULFATES AND HYDROCORTISONE 
neomycin and polymyxin b sulfates and hydrocortisone suspension
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0574-4103
Route of Administration AURICULAR (OTIC) DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
NEOMYCIN SULFATE (NEOMYCIN) NEOMYCIN 3.5 mg  in 1 mL
POLYMYXIN B SULFATE (POLYMYXIN B) POLYMYXIN B 10000 [USP'U]  in 1 mL
HYDROCORTISONE (HYDROCORTISONE) HYDROCORTISONE 10 mg  in 1 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
THIMEROSAL  
PROPYLENE GLYCOL  
CETYL ALCOHOL  
POLYSORBATE 80  
SULFURIC ACID  
WATER  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0574-4103-10 1 BOTTLE, GLASS in 1 CARTON
1 10 mL in 1 BOTTLE, GLASS
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA065219 05/13/2008
Labeler - Perrigo Company (967694121)
Registrant - Luitpold Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (002033710)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
PharmaForce, Inc. 113894740 ANALYSIS(0574-4103)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
PharmaForce, Inc. 606821721 MANUFACTURE(0574-4103)
Revised: 06/2014
 
Perrigo Company
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