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Meclizine

Pronunciation

Generic Name: Meclizine hydrochloride
Dosage Form: tablet

Meclizine Description

Chemically, Meclizine hydrochloride, USP is 1-(p-Chloro-α-phenylbenzyl)-4-(m-methylbenzyl) piperazine dihydrochloride monohydrate. The molecular weight is 481.88 g/mole. It has the following structural formula:

Meclizine hydrochloride tablets, USP are available in two different strengths, 12.5 mg and 25 mg.

Inert ingredients for the tablets are: anhydrous lactose, colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, magnesium stearate and microcrystalline cellulose.

Meclizine - Clinical Pharmacology

Meclizine hydrochloride is an antihistamine that shows marked protective activity against nebulized histamine and lethal doses of intravenously injected histamine in guinea pigs. It has a marked effect in blocking the vasodepressor response to histamine, but only a slight blocking action against acetylcholine. Its activity is relatively weak in inhibiting the spasmogenic action of histamine on isolated guinea pig ileum.

Pharmacokinetics

The available pharmacokinetic information for Meclizine following oral administration has been summarized from published literature.

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Absorption

Meclizine is absorbed after oral administration with maximum plasma concentrations reaching at a median Tmax value of 3 hours post-dose (range: 1.5 to 6 hours) for the tablet dosage form.

Distribution

Drug distribution characteristics for Meclizine in humans are unknown.

Metabolism

The metabolic fate of Meclizine in humans is unknown. In an in vitro metabolic study using human hepatic microsome and recombinant CYP enzyme, CYP2D6 was found to be the dominant enzyme for metabolism of Meclizine.

The genetic polymorphism of CYP2D6 that results in extensive-, poor-, intermediate- and ultrarapid metabolizer phenotypes could contribute to large inter-individual variability in Meclizine exposure.

Elimination

Meclizine has a plasma elimination half-life of about 5 to 6 hours in humans.

Indications and Usage for Meclizine

For the management of nausea and vomiting, and dizziness associated with motion sickness.

Contraindications

Meclizine hydrochloride tablets are contraindicated in individuals who have shown a previous hypersensitivity to it.

Warnings

Since drowsiness may, on occasion, occur with use of this drug, patients should be warned of this possibility and cautioned against driving a car or operating dangerous machinery.

Patients should avoid alcoholic beverages while taking this drug.

Due to its potential anticholinergic action, this drug should be used with caution in patients with asthma, glaucoma, or enlargement of the prostate gland.

Precautions

Pediatric Use

Clinical studies establishing safety and effectiveness in children have not been done; therefore, usage is not recommended in children under 12 years of age.

Pregnancy Use

Teratogenic Effects. Pregnancy Category B

Reproduction studies in rats have shown cleft palates at 25 to 50 times the human dose. Epidemiological studies in pregnant women, however, do not indicate that Meclizine increases the risk of abnormalities when administered during pregnancy. Despite the animal findings, it would appear that the possibility of fetal harm is remote. Nevertheless, Meclizine, or any other medication, should be used during pregnancy only if clearly necessary.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Meclizine is administered to a nursing woman.

Hepatic Impairment

The effect of hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of Meclizine has not been evaluated. As Meclizine undergoes metabolism, hepatic impairment may result in increased systemic exposure of the drug. Treatment with Meclizine should be administered with caution in patients with hepatic impairment.

Renal Impairment

The effect of renal impairment on the pharmacokinetics of Meclizine has not been evaluated. Due to a potential for drug/metabolite accumulation, Meclizine should be administered with caution in patients with renal impairment and in the elderly as renal function generally declines with age.

Drug Interactions

There may be increased CNS depression when Meclizine is administered concurrently with other CNS depressants, including alcohol, tranquilizers, and sedatives. (see WARNINGS). Based on in-vitro evaluation, Meclizine is metabolized by CYP2D6. Therefore there is a possibility for a drug interaction between Meclizine and CYP2D6 inhibitors.

Adverse Reactions

Anaphylactoid reaction, drowsiness, dry mouth, headache, fatigue, vomiting and, on rare occasions, blurred vision have been reported.

Meclizine Dosage and Administration

Motion Sickness

The initial dose of 25 mg to 50 mg of Meclizine hydrochloride tablets should be taken one hour prior to travel for protection against motion sickness. Thereafter, the dose may be repeated every 24 hours for the duration of the journey.

How is Meclizine Supplied

Meclizine Hydrochloride Tablets, USP are available containing 12.5 mg and 25 mg of Meclizine hydrochloride, USP.

The 12.5 mg tablets are white to off-white, round, unscored tablets debossed with M on one side of the tablet and MCZ over 12 on the other side. They are available as follows:

NDC 0378-5485-77
bottles of 90 tablets

NDC 0378-5485-10
bottles of 1000 tablets

The 25 mg tablets are white to off-white, round, unscored tablets debossed with M on one side of the tablet and MCZ over 25 on the other side. They are available as follows:

NDC 0378-5486-77
bottles of 90 tablets

NDC 0378-5486-10
bottles of 1000 tablets

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.]

Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.

Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A.

REVISED MARCH 2014
MECL:R2

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 12.5 mg

NDC 0378-5485-77

Meclizine
Hydrochloride
Tablets, USP
12.5 mg

Rx only      90 Tablets

Each tablet contains:
Meclizine
hydrochloride, USP           12.5 mg

Dispense in a tight, light-resistant
container as defined in the USP
using a child-resistant closure.

Keep container tightly closed.

Keep this and all medication
out of the reach of children.

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F ).
[See USP Controlled Room
Temperature.]

Usual Dosage: See accompanying
prescribing information.

MOTION SICKNESS: 25 mg to 50 mg
daily.

Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A.

Mylan.com

RM5485MM1

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 25 mg

NDC 0378-5486-77

Meclizine
Hydrochloride
Tablets, USP
25 mg

Rx only      90 Tablets

Each tablet contains:
Meclizine
hydrochloride, USP         25 mg

Dispense in a tight, light-resistant
container as defined in the USP
using a child-resistant closure.

Keep container tightly closed.

Keep this and all medication
out of the reach of children.

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F ).
[See USP Controlled Room
Temperature.]

Usual Dosage: See accompanying
prescribing information.

MOTION SICKNESS: 25 mg to 50 mg
daily.

Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A.

Mylan.com

RM5486MM1

Meclizine HYDROCHLORIDE 
Meclizine tablet
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0378-5485
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Meclizine HYDROCHLORIDE (Meclizine) Meclizine HYDROCHLORIDE 12.5 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
ANHYDROUS LACTOSE  
SILICON DIOXIDE  
CROSPOVIDONE  
MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
Product Characteristics
Color WHITE (white to off-white) Score no score
Shape ROUND Size 7mm
Flavor Imprint Code M;MCZ;12
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0378-5485-77 90 TABLET in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC
2 NDC:0378-5485-10 1000 TABLET in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA202640 09/19/2012
Meclizine HYDROCHLORIDE 
Meclizine tablet
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0378-5486
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Meclizine HYDROCHLORIDE (Meclizine) Meclizine HYDROCHLORIDE 25 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
ANHYDROUS LACTOSE  
SILICON DIOXIDE  
CROSPOVIDONE  
MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
Product Characteristics
Color WHITE (white to off-white) Score no score
Shape ROUND Size 9mm
Flavor Imprint Code M;MCZ;25
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0378-5486-77 90 TABLET in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC
2 NDC:0378-5486-10 1000 TABLET in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA202640 09/19/2012
Labeler - Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc. (059295980)
Revised: 03/2014
 
Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.
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