Guna-Knee

Generic Name: anti-interleukin-1.alpha. immunoglobulin g rabbit, canakinumab, arnica montana, sus scrofa cartilage, sus scrofa collagen, calcium sulfide, sus scrofa meniscus, toxicodendron pubescens leaf, solanum nigrum and metenkefalin
Dosage Form: injection, solution

Disclaimer: This homeopathic product has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration for safety or efficacy. FDA is not aware of scientific evidence to support homeopathy as effective.

GUNA®-KNEE (Homeopathic complex preparation) INJECTION SC, ID, IM

1. INDICATIONS AND USAGE

1.1.    Knee osteoarthritis
1.2.    Knee capsule inflammation
1.3.    Knee osteoarthritis with rheumatoid arthritis (use with GUNA®-POLYARTHRITIS)
1.4.    Knee muscle pain (use with GUNA®-MUSCLE)
1.5.    Knee nerve pain (use with GUNA®-NEURAL)
1.6.    Knee  pain due to prolonged bed rest.

2. DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1.    Standard protocol for IM administration: 1 vial 1-3 times a week according to severity and clinical evolution.
2.2.    Standard protocol according to mesotherapy technique using 1 vial per treatment: 2 treatments for the first 2 weeks, 1 treatment a week till pain relief (average 8-10 sessions). For chronic pathologies: continue 1 treatment a week for 1 month till pain relief, then 1 treatment a month.
Select application site according to trigger points, tender points, referred pain zones, acupuncture points, key nerve points,  or “local pain points”. Using a 13 mm, 30G or a 4 mm, 27G needle, make the classic intradermal injection according to mesotherapy technique.
Discard unused solution
2.3.    Opening of Vials: Use sterile needles and sterile syringe. Do not reuse. Do not use if foreign particles are present. Draw 1 cc of air into syringe, insert needle into vial inject air and withdraw the solution.

3. DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

3.1.    2 ml glass vials
Each ingredient is attenuated according to the procedures stated in the Homeopathic Pharmacopeia of the United States.
Active ingredients: Arnica montana 4X, Cartilago 6X, Meniscus 8X, Collagen 6X, Anti-interleukin 1 alpha 4C, Anti-interleukin 1 beta 4C, Beta-Endorphin 4C, Hepar sulfuris 10X, Rhus toxicodendron 10X, Solanum nigrum 6X.
Inactive ingredient: Sterile isotonic sodium chloride solution

4. CONTRAINDICATIONS

4.1.    There is no history of hypersensitivity to GUNA®-KNEE. However patients with a known hypersensitivity to any ingredient should be tested before use. Make a spot injection (0.1ml) into the forearm and observe for any reactions for 1 hour.

5. WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1.    KNEE pain requires differential diagnosis for primary or metastatic cancer pain, referred nerve pain from lumbar origin, or inguinal hernia.
5.2.    Skin cleansing/disinfection is required before application. Saprophytic bacteria may produce injection site abscesses with improper skin preparation.

6. ADVERSE REACTIONS

6.1.    The most common mild adverse reaction is slight reddening at the injection site due to the mechanical effect of the needle or a superficial skin reaction of mild erythema.

7. DRUG INTERACTIONS

7.1.    None Known.

8. USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1    Pregnancy:  Pregnancy  category  C.  Animal  reproduction  studies  have  not  been conducted  with  GUNA®-KNEE.  GUNA®- KNEE should  not  be  given  to  a pregnant woman. 
8.2    Nursing mothers:    It is not known whether any of the ingredients in GUNA®- KNEE  are  secreted  in  human milk.  However, since many drugs are secreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when GUNA®- KNEE is administered to a nursing woman.
8.3    Pediatric use: No restrictions.
8.4    Geriatric use: No restrictions.

9. DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE

9.1.    No Known.

10. OVERDOSAGE

10.1.    No Known.

11. DESCRIPTION

11.1.    GUNA®-KNEE is a sterile solution made with isotonic sodium
chloride solution.
It is a homeopathic complex medicine, whose active ingredients have been selected in order to promote 2 main activities:
•    Detoxification of the connective tissue matrix
•    Pain modulation through stimulation of the physiological mechanism of pain control.
Attenuation of the biological substrates acts to target the area of activity of the product.


12. CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1.    Mechanism of Action
Due to the homeopathic nature of the active ingredients, receptors may be activated by feedback regulation. Beta-endorphins at the 4C dose activate the membrane receptors for endogenous endorphins that play a key role in pain relief. Anti IL-1 induces a down regulation of IL-1 inflammatory activity.
12.2.    Pharmacodynamics
The physiological effects of GUNA®-KNEE are due to the action of the ingredients, as described in the Homeopathic Materia Medica.
In Homeopathy there is no direct link between dose and effect, but rather there is a relationship between attenuation and a balancing effect on biochemical pathways.
In GUNA®-KNEE the attenuation of each ingredient has been selected according to the Arndt-Schulz Principle (inverted effect law). Attenuation of the physiological ingredients promotes membrane receptor feedback in order to normalize altered biological pathways. In Addition the attenuation technique activates the low dilutions and stabilizes clinical activity of the compound.
12.3.    Pharmacokinetics
Homeopathic attenuation provides complete bioavailability of the active ingredients.

13. NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1.    GUNA®-KNEE has no level of toxicity due to the attenuation of the ingredients.

14. CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1.    GUNA®-KNEE formulation is based on classical Homeopathy and each ingredient has been selected according to its description in the Homeopathic Materia Medica. The product is intended for application to target points such as acupuncture points, Weihe points, and key neurological points.
Clinical indications of the key ingredients:
Anti interleukin-1 alpha 4C / Anti interleukin-1 beta 4C:
•    Biological classification: Interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) belongs to the IL-1 family. Endogenous IL-1ra is produced in human autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases.
•    Etiopathogenesis: It binds to IL-1 receptors in competition with IL-1, but does not elicit intracellular response from this binding. Its key role is counteracting the proinflammatory effects of IL-1.
•    Space-time localization: It is next to Arnica. Reference group: Arnica-Mercurius.
•    Clinical: Immunological based diseases, autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases, acute and chronic pain, osteoarthritis, chronic arthritis, inflammatory psoriasis, wet eczema, localised inflammatory swelling.  Appropriate for local application.
•    Modalities: Worsens with cold and movement. Improves with rest and warm.
•    Association with other cell mediators: TNF 15C / IL8 4C /
NT4 4C / GCSF 4C.
Beta-Endorphin 4C:
•    Biological classification: Neuropeptide  and neurotransmitter. It is produced by the  anterior lobe of the hypophysis  and by the hypothalamus.
•    Etiopathogenesis: It acts on the mechanism that enhances pain. It suppresses the memory of painful events and negative experiences.
•    Space-time localization: It is next to Arnica.
 Reference group: Mercurius.
•    Clinical: Pain management by enhancing the immune response. It acts on modulating pain, cardiac, gastric and vascular function as well as panic syndrome and satiation. Organic and functional pain. Remedy for somatization disorders. It enhances acupuncture sessions. Antidepressant activity. It may improve individual positive attitudes.
•    Modalities:  Worsens due to fatigue and intensive exercise.
•    Association with other cell mediators: Sepia / Arnica / Aconitum / Bromum / Aurum / Iodium / IL6 4C/ Melatonin 15C, 30C, 12LM, 18LM, 30LM / NT4 4C / BDNF 4C.

15. REFERENCES

15.1.    I. Bianchi: Citochine e Interferoni. Farmacologia e Clinica. Nuova IPSA Editore.
15.2.    L. Milani: Weihe e altri Punti tra Agopuntura e Omeopatia. Guna Editore
15.3.    J. Malzac: Materia Medica Immunologia. IPSA Editore
15.4.    H.H. Reckeweg. Homeopathic Materia Medica.  Aurelia Verlag.

16. HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

16.1.    NDC  17089-410-31   10 glass vials  packaged in carton box
16.2.    NDC  17089-410-32   50 glass vials  packaged in carton box
16.3.    Store at room temperature, 20-25°C (68-77° F). Avoid  freezing  and excessive  heat.

17. PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

17.1.    Patients should be informed about Homeopathy and Acupuncture and the main differences with conventional clinical approaches.

PACKAGE LABEL

Guna-Knee 
arnica montana - canakinumab - pork liver - solanum nigrum - sus scrofa cartilage - sus scrofa collagen - sus scrofa meniscus - toxicodendron pubescens leaf - anti-interleukin-1.alpha. immunoglobulin g rabbit - injection, solution
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:17089-410
Route of Administration INTRADERMAL, SUBCUTANEOUS, INTRAMUSCULAR DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
ANTI-INTERLEUKIN-1.ALPHA. IMMUNOGLOBULIN G RABBIT (ANTI-INTERLEUKIN-1.ALPHA. IMMUNOGLOBULIN G RABBIT) ANTI-INTERLEUKIN-1.ALPHA. IMMUNOGLOBULIN G RABBIT 4 [hp_C]  in 2 mL
CANAKINUMAB (CANAKINUMAB) CANAKINUMAB 4 [hp_C]  in 2 mL
ARNICA MONTANA (ARNICA MONTANA) ARNICA MONTANA 4 [hp_X]  in 2 mL
SUS SCROFA CARTILAGE (SUS SCROFA CARTILAGE) SUS SCROFA CARTILAGE 6 [hp_X]  in 2 mL
SUS SCROFA COLLAGEN (SUS SCROFA COLLAGEN) SUS SCROFA COLLAGEN 6 [hp_X]  in 2 mL
CALCIUM SULFIDE (CALCIUM CATION) CALCIUM SULFIDE 10 [hp_X]  in 2 mL
SUS SCROFA MENISCUS (SUS SCROFA MENISCUS) SUS SCROFA MENISCUS 8 [hp_X]  in 2 mL
TOXICODENDRON PUBESCENS LEAF (TOXICODENDRON PUBESCENS LEAF) TOXICODENDRON PUBESCENS LEAF 10 [hp_X]  in 2 mL
SOLANUM NIGRUM (SOLANUM NIGRUM) SOLANUM NIGRUM 6 [hp_X]  in 2 mL
METENKEFALIN (METENKEFALIN) METENKEFALIN 4 [hp_C]  in 2 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
SODIUM CHLORIDE 0.018 mL  in 2 mL
WATER  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:17089-410-31 10 VIAL, GLASS (VIAL) in 1 BOX
1 2 mL in 1 VIAL, GLASS
2 NDC:17089-410-32 50 VIAL, GLASS (VIAL) in 1 BOX
2 2 mL in 1 VIAL, GLASS
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
unapproved homeopathic 05/27/2010
Labeler - Guna spa (430538264)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Guna spa 430538264 manufacture
Revised: 06/2010
 
Guna spa



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