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Estradiol Patch

Dosage Form: patch, extended release

WARNING: ENDOMETRIAL CANCER, CARDIOVASCULAR DISORDERS, BREAST CANCER AND PROBABLE DEMENTIA

Estrogen-Alone Therapy

Endometrial Cancer

There is an increased risk of endometrial cancer in a woman with a uterus who uses unopposed estrogens. Adding a progestin to estrogen therapy has been shown to reduce the risk of endometrial hyperplasia, which may be a precursor to endometrial cancer. Adequate diagnostic measures, including directed or random endometrial sampling when indicated, should be undertaken to rule out malignancy in postmenopausal women with undiagnosed persistent or recurring abnormal genital bleeding [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

Cardiovascular Disorders and Probable Dementia

Estrogen-alone therapy should not be used for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or dementia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.3), and Clinical Studies (14.3, 14.4)].

The Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) estrogen-alone substudy reported increased risks of stroke and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in postmenopausal women (50 to 79 years of age) during 7.1 years of treatment with daily oral conjugated estrogens (CE) [0.625 mg]-alone, relative to placebo [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1), and Clinical Studies (14.3)].

The WHI Memory Study (WHIMS) estrogen-alone ancillary study of the WHI reported an increased risk of developing probable dementia in postmenopausal women 65 years of age or older during 5.2 years of treatment with daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone, relative to placebo. It is unknown whether this finding applies to younger postmenopausal women [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), Use in Specific Populations (8.5), and Clinical Studies (14.4)].

In the absence of comparable data, these risks should be assumed to be similar for other doses of CE and other dosage forms of estrogens.

Estrogens with or without progestins should be prescribed at the lowest effective doses and for the shortest duration consistent with treatment goals and risks for the individual woman.

Estrogen Plus Progestin Therapy

Cardiovascular Disorders and Probable Dementia

Estrogen plus progestin therapy should not be used for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or dementia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.3) , and Clinical Studies (14.3, 14.4)].

The WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy reported increase risks of DVT, pulmonary embolism (PE), stroke and myocardial infarction (MI) in postmenopausal women (50 to 79 years of age) during 5.6 years of treatment with daily oral CE (0.625 mg) combined with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) [2.5 mg], relative to placebo [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1), and Clinical Studies (14.3)].

The WHIMS estrogen plus progestin ancillary study of the WHI reported an increased risk of developing probable dementia in postmenapausal women 65 years of age or older during 4 years of treatment with daily CE (0.625 mg) combined with MPA (2.5 mg), relative to placebo. It is unknown whether this finding applies to younger postmenopausal women [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), Use in Specific Populations (8.5), and Clinical Studies (14.4)].

Breast Cancer

The WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy also demonstrated an increased risk of invasive breast cancer [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2), and Clinical Studies (14.3)].

In the absence of comparable data, these risks should be assumed to be similar for other doses of CE plus MPA, and other combinations and dosage forms of estrogen and progestins.

Estrogens with or without progestins should be prescribed at the lowest effective doses and for the shortest duration consistent with treatment goals and risks for the individual woman.

Indications and Usage for Estradiol Patch

Estradiol transdermal system is indicated for:

Treatment of Moderate to Severe Vasomotor Symptoms Due to Menopause

 

Treatment of Moderate to Severe Symptoms of Vulvar and Vaginal Atrophy Due to Menopause

Limitation of Use

When prescribing solely for the treatment of moderate to severe symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy, topical vaginal products should be considered.

Treatment of Hypoestrogenism Due to Hypogonadism, Castration, or Primary Ovarian Failure

 

Prevention of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis

Limitation of Use

When prescribing solely for the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis, therapy should only be considered for women at significant risk of osteoporosis and non-estrogen medications should be carefully considered.

Estradiol Patch Dosage and Administration

Generally, when estrogen is prescribed for a postmenopausal woman with a uterus, a progestin should be considered to reduce the risk of endometrial cancer. A woman without a uterus does not need a progestin. In some cases, however, hysterectomized women with a history of endometriosis may need a progestin [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2, 5.14)].

Use of estrogen-alone or in combination with a progestin, should be with the lowest effective dose and the shortest duration consistent with treatment goals and risks for the individual woman. Postmenopausal women should be reevaluated periodically as clinically appropriate to determine whether treatment is still necessary.

The adhesive side of estradiol transdermal system should be placed on a clean, dry area of the trunk of the body (including the abdomen or buttocks). Estradiol transdermal system should not be applied to the breasts.

Estradiol transdermal system should be replaced twice weekly. The sites of application must be rotated, with an interval of at least 1 week allowed between applications to a particular site. The area selected should not be oily, damaged, or irritated. The waistline should be avoided, since tight clothing may rub the system off. The system should be applied immediately after opening the pouch and removing the protective liner. The system should be pressed firmly in place with the palm of the hand for about 10 seconds, making sure there is good contact, especially around the edges. In the event that a system should fall off, the same system may be reapplied. If the same system cannot be reapplied, a new system should be applied to another location. In either case, the original treatment schedule should be continued. If a woman has forgotten to apply a patch, she should apply a new patch as soon as possible. The new patch should be applied on the original treatment schedule. The interruption of treatment in women taking estradiol transdermal system might increase the likelihood of breakthrough bleeding, spotting and recurrence of symptoms.

Slideshow: Flashback: FDA Drug Approvals 2013

Moderate to Severe Vasomotor Symptoms

Start therapy with estradiol transdermal system 0.0375 mg per day applied to the skin twice weekly. Dosage adjustment should be guided by the clinical response. In women not currently taking oral estrogens or in women switching from another estradiol transdermal therapy, treatment with estradiol transdermal system may be initiated at once. In women who are currently taking oral estrogens, treatment with estradiol transdermal system should be initiated 1 week after withdrawal of oral hormone therapy, or sooner if menopausal symptoms reappear in less than 1 week. Attempts to taper or discontinue the medication should be made at 3 to 6 month intervals.

Estradiol transdermal system may be given continuously in patients who do not have an intact uterus. In those patients with an intact uterus, estradiol transdermal system may be given on a cyclic schedule (for example, 3 weeks on drug followed by 1 week off drug).

Moderate to Severe Symptoms of Vulvar and Vaginal Atrophy

Start therapy with estradiol transdermal system 0.0375 mg per day applied to the skin twice weekly. Dosage adjustment should be guided by the clinical response. Attempts to taper or discontinue the medication should be made at 3 to 6 month intervals.

In women not currently taking oral estrogens or in women switching from another estradiol transdermal therapy, treatment with estradiol transdermal system may be initiated at once. In women who are currently taking oral estrogens, treatment with estradiol transdermal system should be initiated 1 week after withdrawal of oral hormone therapy, or sooner if menopausal symptoms reappear in less than 1 week.

Estradiol transdermal system may be given continuously in patients who do not have an intact uterus. In those patients with an intact uterus, estradiol transdermal system may be given on a cyclic schedule (for example, 3 weeks on drug followed by 1 week off drug).

Hypoestrogenism Due to Hypogonadism, Castration, or Primary Ovarian Failure

 

Prevention of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis

Start therapy with estradiol transdermal system 0.025 mg per day applied to the skin twice weekly.

In women not currently taking oral estrogen or in women switching from another estradiol transdermal therapy, treatment with estradiol transdermal system may be initiated at once. In women who are currently taking oral estrogens, treatment with estradiol transdermal system should be initiated 1 week after withdrawal of oral hormone therapy, or sooner if menopausal symptoms reappear in less than 1 week.

Estradiol transdermal system may be given continuously in patients who do not have an intact uterus. In those patients with an intact uterus, estradiol transdermal system may be given on a cyclic schedule (for example, 3 weeks on drug followed by 1 week off drug).

Dosage Forms and Strengths

Transdermal system: 0.025 mg/day, 0.0375 mg/day, 0.05 mg/day, 0.075 mg/day, and 0.1 mg/day.

Contraindications

Estradiol transdermal system is contraindicated in women with any of the following conditions:

Undiagnosed abnormal genital bleeding
Known, suspected or history of breast cancer
Known or suspected estrogen-dependent neoplasia
Active DVT, PE, or a history of these conditions
Active arterial thromboembolic disease (for example, stroke and MI), or a history of these conditions
Known anaphylactic reaction or angioedema or hypersensitivity with estradiol transdermal system
Known liver impairment or disease
Known protein C, protein S, or antithrombin deficiency, or other known thrombophilic disorders
Known or suspected pregnancy

Warnings and Precautions

Cardiovascular Disorders

An increased risk of stroke and DVT has been reported with estrogen-alone therapy. An increased risk of PE, DVT, stroke, and MI has been reported with estrogen plus progestin therapy. Should any of these occur or be suspected, estrogen with or without progestin therapy should be discontinued immediately.

Risk factors for arterial vascular disease (for example, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, tobacco use, hypercholesterolemia, and obesity) and/or venous thromboembolism (VTE) (for example, personal history or family history of VTE, obesity, and systemic lupus erythematosus) should be managed appropriately.

Stroke

In the WHI estrogen-alone substudy, a statistically significant increased risk of stroke was reported in women 50 to 79 years of age receiving daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone compared to women in the same age group receiving placebo (45 versus 33 per 10,000 women-years). The increase in risk was demonstrated in year 1 and persisted [see Clinical Studies (14.3)]. Should a stroke occur or be suspected, estrogen-alone therapy should be discontinued immediately.

Subgroup analyses of women 50 to 59 of age suggest no increased risk of stroke for those women receiving CE (0.625 mg)-alone versus those receiving placebo (18 versus 21 per 10,000 women-years).1

In the WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy, a statistically significant increased risk of stroke was reported in women 50 to 79 years of age receiving CE (0.625 mg) plus MPA (2.5 mg) compared to women in the same age group receiving placebo (33 versus 25 per 10,000 women-years) [see Clinical Studies (14.3)]. The increase in risk was demonstrated after the first year and persisted. Should a stroke occur or be suspected, estrogen plus progestin therapy should be discontinued immediately.

Coronary Heart Disease

In the WHI estrogen-alone substudy, no overall effect on coronary heart disease (CHD) events (defined as nonfatal MI, silent MI, or CHD death) was reported in women receiving estrogen-alone compared to placebo2 [see Clinical Studies (14.3)].

Subgroup analyses of women 50 to 59 years of age suggest a statistically nonsignificant reduction in CHD events reported in women receiving daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone compared to placebo in women less than 10 years since menopause (8 versus 16 per 10,000 women-years).1

In the WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy, there was a statistically nonsignificant increased risk of CHD events reported in women receiving daily CE (0.625 mg) plus MPA (2.5 mg) compared to women receiving placebo (41 versus 34 per 10,000 women-years).1 An increase in relative risk was demonstrated in year 1, and a trend toward decreasing relative risk was reported in years 2 through 5 [see Clinical Studies (14.3)].

In postmenopausal women with documented heart disease (n=2,763, average 66.7 years of age), in a controlled clinical trial of secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study; HERS), treatment with daily CE (0.625 mg) plus MPA (2.5 mg) demonstrated no cardiovascular benefit. During an average follow-up of 4.1 years, treatment with CE plus MPA did not reduce the overall rate of CHD events in postmenopausal women with established CHD. There were more CHD events in the CE plus MPA-treated group than in the placebo group in year 1, but not during the subsequent years. Two thousand three hundred twenty-one (2,321) women from the original HERS trial agreed to participate in an open-label extension of HERS, HERS II. Average follow-up in HERS II was an additional 2.7 years, for a total of 6.8 years overall. Rates of CHD events were comparable among women in the CE plus MPA group and the placebo group in the HERS, the HERS II, and overall.

Venous Thromboembolism

In the WHI estrogen-alone substudy, the risk of VTE (DVT and PE) was increased for women receiving daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone compared to placebo (30 versus 22 per 10,000 women-years), although only the increased risk of DVT reached statistical significance (23 versus 15 per 10,000 women-years). The increase in VTE risk was demonstrated during the first 2 years3 [see Clinical Studies (14.3)]. Should a VTE occur or be suspected, estrogen-alone therapy should be discontinued immediately.

In the WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy, a statistically significant 2‑fold greater rate of VTE was reported in women receiving daily CE (0.625 mg) plus MPA (2.5 mg) compared to women receiving placebo (35 versus 17 per 10,000 women-years). Statistically significant increases in risk for both DVT (26 versus 13 per 10,000 women-years) and PE (18 versus 8 per 10,000 women-years) were also demonstrated. The increase in VTE risk was demonstrated during the first year and persisted4 [see Clinical Studies (14.3)]. Should a VTE occur or be suspected, estrogen plus progestin therapy should be discontinued immediately.

If feasible, estrogens should be discontinued at least 4 to 6 weeks before surgery of the type associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism, or during periods of prolonged immobilization.

Malignant Neoplasms

Endometrial Cancer

An increased risk of endometrial cancer has been reported with the use of unopposed estrogen therapy in a woman with a uterus. The reported endometrial cancer risk among unopposed estrogen users is about 2 to 12 times greater than in non-users, and appears dependent on duration of treatment and on estrogen dose. Most studies show no significant increased risk associated with the use of estrogens for less than 1 year. The greatest risk appears to be associated with prolonged use, with increased risks of 15‑ to 24‑fold for 5 to 10 years or more, and this risk has been shown to persist for at least 8 to 15 years after estrogen therapy is discontinued.

Clinical surveillance of all women using estrogen-alone or estrogen plus progestin therapy is important. Adequate diagnostic measures, including directed or random endometrial sampling when indicated, should be undertaken to rule out malignancy in postmenopausal women with undiagnosed persistent or recurring abnormal genital bleeding. There is no evidence that the use of natural estrogens results in a different endometrial risk profile than synthetic estrogens of equivalent estrogen dose. Adding a progestin to estrogen therapy has been shown to reduce the risk of endometrial hyperplasia, which may be a precursor to endometrial cancer.

Breast Cancer

The most important randomized clinical trial providing information about breast cancer in estrogen-alone users is the WHI substudy of daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone. In the WHI estrogen-alone substudy, after an average follow-up of 7.1 years, daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone was not associated with an increased risk of invasive breast cancer (relative risk [RR] 0.80)5 [see Clinical Studies (14.3)].

The most important randomized clinical trial providing information about breast cancer in estrogen plus progestin users is the WHI substudy of daily CE (0.625 mg) plus MPA (2.5 mg). After a mean follow-up of 5.6 years, the estrogen plus progestin substudy reported an increased risk of invasive breast cancer in women who took daily CE plus MPA.

In this substudy, prior use of estrogen-alone or estrogen plus progestin therapy was reported by 26 percent of the women. The relative risk of invasive breast cancer was 1.24, and the absolute risk was 41 versus 33 cases per 10,000 women-years, for CE plus MPA compared with placebo. Among women who reported prior use of hormone therapy, the relative risk of invasive breast cancer was 1.86, and the absolute risk was 46 versus 25 cases per 10,000 women-years, for CE plus MPA compared with placebo.6 Among women who reported no prior use of hormone therapy, the relative risk of invasive breast cancer was 1.09, and the absolute risk was 40 versus 36 cases per 10,000 women-years for CE plus MPA compared with placebo. In the same substudy, invasive breast cancers were larger, were more likely to be node positive, and were diagnosed at a more advanced stage in the CE (0.625 mg) plus MPA (2.5 mg) group compared with the placebo group. Metastatic disease was rare, with no apparent difference between the 2 groups. Other prognostic factors, such as histologic subtype, grade, and hormone receptor status did not differ between the groups [see Clinical Studies (14.3)].

Consistent with the WHI clinical trial, observational studies have also reported an increased risk of breast cancer for estrogen plus progestin therapy, and a smaller increased risk for estrogen-alone therapy, after several years of use. The risk increased with duration of use, and appeared to return to baseline over about 5 years after stopping treatment (only the observational studies have substantial data on risk after stopping). Observational studies also suggest that the risk of breast cancer was greater, and became apparent earlier, with estrogen plus progestin therapy as compared to estrogen-alone therapy. However, these studies have not found significant variation in the risk of breast cancer among different estrogen plus progestin combinations, doses, or routes of administration.

The use of estrogen-alone and estrogen plus progestin has been reported to result in an increase in abnormal mammograms requiring further evaluation. All women should receive yearly breast examinations by a healthcare provider and perform monthly breast self‑examinations. In addition, mammography examinations should be scheduled based on patient age, risk factors, and prior mammogram results.

Ovarian Cancer

The WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy reported a statistically nonsignificant increased risk of ovarian cancer. After an average follow-up of 5.6 years, the relative risk for ovarian cancer for CE plus MPA versus placebo was 1.58 (95 percent CI, 0.77 to 3.24). The absolute risk for CE plus MPA versus placebo was 4 versus 3 cases per 10,000 women-years.7. In some epidemiologic studies, the use of estrogen plus progestin and estrogen-only products, in particular for 5 or more years, has been associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer. However, the duration of exposure associated with increased risk is not consistent across all epidemiologic studies and some report no association.

Probable Dementia

In the WHIMS estrogen-alone ancillary study of WHI, a population of 2,947 hysterectomized women 65 to 79 years of age was randomized to daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone or placebo.

After an average follow-up of 5.2 years, 28 women in the estrogen-alone group and 19 women in the placebo group were diagnosed with probable dementia. The relative risk of probable dementia for CE-alone versus placebo was 1.49 (95 percent CI, 0.83 to 2.66). The absolute risk of probable dementia for CE-alone versus placebo was 37 versus 25 cases per 10,000 women-years8 [see Use in Specific Populations (8.5),and Clinical Studies (14.4)].

In the WHIMS estrogen plus progestin ancillary study of WHI, a population of 4,532 postmenopausal women 65 to 79 years was randomized to daily CE (0.625 mg) plus MPA (2.5 mg) or placebo.

After an average follow‑up of 4 years, 40 women in the CE plus MPA group and 21 women in the placebo group were diagnosed with probable dementia. The relative risk of probable dementia for CE plus MPA versus placebo was 2.05 (95 percent CI, 1.21 to 3.48). The absolute risk of probable dementia for CE plus MPA versus placebo was 45 versus 22 cases per 10,000 women‑years8 [see Use in Specific Populations (8.5), and Clinical Studies (14.4)].

When data from the 2 populations in the WHIMS estrogen-alone and estrogen plus progestin ancillary studies were pooled as planned in the WHIMS protocol, the reported overall relative risk for probable dementia was 1.76 (95 percent CI, 1.19 to 2.60). Since both ancillary studies were conducted in women aged 65 to 79 years of age, it is unknown whether these findings apply to younger postmenopausal women8 [see Use in Specific Populations (8.5), and Clinical Studies(14.4)].

Galbadder Disease

A 2‑ to 4‑fold increase in the risk of gallbladder disease requiring surgery in postmenopausal women receiving estrogens has been reported.

Hypercalcemia

Estrogen administration may lead to severe hypercalcemia in women with breast cancer and bone metastases. If hypercalcemia occurs, use of the drug should be stopped and appropriate measures taken to reduce the serum calcium level.

Visual Abnormalities

Retinal vascular thrombosis has been reported in women receiving estrogens. Discontinue medication pending examination if there is sudden partial or complete loss of vision, or a sudden onset of proptosis, diplopia, or migraine. If examination reveals papilledema or retinal vascular lesions, estrogens should be permanently discontinued.

Addition of a Progestin When a Woman Has Not Had a Hysterectomy

Studies of the addition of a progestin for 10 or more days of a cycle of estrogen administration, or daily with estrogen in a continuous regimen, have reported a lowered incidence of endometrial hyperplasia than would be induced by estrogen treatment alone. Endometrial hyperplasia may be a precursor to endometrial cancer. There are, however, possible risks that may be associated with the use of progestins with estrogens compared to estrogen‑alone regimens. These include an increased risk of breast cancer.

Elevated Blood Pressure

In a small number of case reports, substantial increases in blood pressure have been attributed to idiosyncratic reactions to estrogens. In a large, randomized, placebo‑controlled clinical trial, a generalized effect of estrogens on blood pressure was not seen.

Hypertriglyceridemia

In women with preexisting hypertriglyceridemia, estrogen therapy may be associated with elevations of plasma triglycerides leading to pancreatitis. Consider discontinuation of treatment if pancreatitis occurs.

Hepatic Impairment and/or Past History of Cholestatic Jaundice

Estrogens may be poorly metabolized in women with impaired liver function. For women with a history of cholestatic jaundice associated with past estrogen use or with pregnancy, caution should be exercised, and in the case of recurrence, medication should be discontinued.

Hypothyroidism

Estrogen administration leads to increased thyroid‑binding globulin (TBG) levels. Women with normal thyroid function can compensate for the increased TBG by making more thyroid hormone, thus maintaining free T4 and T3 serum concentrations in the normal range. Women dependent on thyroid hormone replacement therapy who are also receiving estrogens may require increased doses of their thyroid replacement therapy. These women should have their thyroid function monitored in order to maintain their free thyroid hormone levels in an acceptable range.

Fluid Retention

Estrogens may cause some degree of fluid retention. Women with conditions that might be influenced by this factor, such as cardiac or renal impairment, warrant careful observation when estrogen-alone is prescribed.

Hypocalcemia

Estrogen therapy should be used with caution in women with hypoparathyroidism as estrogen-induced hypocalcemia may occur.

Exacerbation of Endometriosis

A few cases of malignant transformation of residual endometrial implants have been reported in women treated post‑hysterectomy with estrogen-alone therapy. For women known to have residual endometriosis post‑hysterectomy, the addition of progestin should be considered.

Severe Anaphylactic/Anaphylactoid Reactions and Angioedema

Cases of anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reactions, which developed anytime during the course of estradiol transdermal system treatment and required emergency medical management, have been reported in the postmarketing setting. Involvement of skin (hives, pruritus, swollen lips-tongue-face) and either respiratory tract (respiratory compromise) or gastrointestinal tract (abdominal pain, vomiting) has been noted.

Angioedema involving eye/eyelid, face, larynx, pharynx, tongue and extremity (hands, legs, ankles, and fingers) with or without urticaria requiring medical intervention has occurred in the postmarketing experience of using estradiol transdermal system. If angioedema involves the tongue, glottis, or larynx, airway obstruction may occur. Patients who develop angioedema anytime during the course of treatment with estradiol transdermal system should not receive it again.

Exogenous estrogens may exacerbate symptoms of angioedema in women with hereditary angioedema.

Exacerbation of Other Conditions

Estrogen therapy may cause an exacerbation of asthma, diabetes mellitus, epilepsy, migraines, porphyria, systemic lupus erythematosus, and hepatic hemangiomas and should be used with caution in women with these conditions.

Laboratory Test

Serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol levels have not been shown to be useful in the management of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms and moderate to severe symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy.

Laboratory parameters may be useful in guiding dosage for the treatment of hypoestrogenism due to hypogonadism, castration and primary ovarian failure.

Drug-Laboratory Test Interactions

Accelerated prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time, and platelet aggregation time; increased platelet count; increased factors II, VII antigen, VIII antigen, VIII coagulant activity, IX, X, XII, VII‑X complex, II‑VII‑X complex; and beta‑thromboglobulin; decreased levels of anti‑factor Xa and antithrombin III; decreased antithrombin III activity; increased levels of fibrinogen and fibrinogen activity; increased plasminogen antigen and activity.
Increased thyroid-binding globulin (TBG) leading to increased circulating total thyroid hormone levels, as measured by protein‑bound iodine (PBI), T4 levels (by column or by radioimmunoassay) or T3 levels by radioimmunoassay. T3 resin uptake is decreased, reflecting the elevated TBG. Free T4 and free T3 concentrations are unaltered. Women on thyroid replacement therapy may require higher doses of thyroid hormone.
Other binding proteins may be elevated in serum, for example, corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), leading to increased total circulating corticosteroids and sex steroids, respectively. Free hormone concentrations, such as testosterone and estradiol, may be decreased. Other plasma proteins may be increased (angiotensinogen/renin substrate, alpha‑1‑antitrypsin, ceruloplasmin).
Increased plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and HDL2 cholesterol subfraction concentrations, reduced low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentration, increased triglycerides levels.
Impaired glucose tolerance.

Adverse Reactions

The following serious adverse reactions are discussed elsewhere in labeling:

Cardiovascular Disorders [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions, (5.1)]
Malignant Neoplasms [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]

Clinical Trial Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. There were no clinical trials conducted with estradiol transdermal system. Estradiol transdermal system is bioequivalent to the original formulation of estradiol transdermal system. The following adverse reactions have been reported with the original estradiol formulation therapy:

Table 1. Summary of Most Frequently Reported Adverse Reactions Regardless of Relationship Reported at a Frequency ≥5 Percent

Estradiol

0.025 mg/day†

(N=47)

N (%)

Estradiol

0.0375 mg/day†

(N=130)

N (%)

Estradiol

0.05 mg/day†

(N=103)

N (%)

Estradiol

0.075 mg/day†

(N=46)

N (%)

Estradiol

0.1 mg/day†

(N=132)

N (%)

Placebo

(N=157)

N(%)

Gastrointestinal disorders

Constipation

2 (4.3)

5 (3.8)

4 (3.9)

3 (6.5)

2 (1.5)

4 (2.5)

Dyspepsia

4 (8.5)

12 (9.2)

3 (2.9)

2 (4.3)

0

10 (6.4)

Nausea

2 (4.3)

8 (6.2)

4 (3.9)

0

7 (5.3)

5 (3.2)

General disorders and administration site conditions***

Influenza-like illness

3 (6.4)

6 (4.6)

8 (7.8)

0

3 (2.3)

10 (6.4)

Pain NOS*

0

8 (6.2)

0

2 (4.3)

7 (5.3)

7 (4.5)

Infections and infestations

Influenza

4 (8.5)

4 (3.1)

6 (5.8)

0

10 (7.6)

14 (8.9)

Nasopharyngitis

3 (6.4)

16 (12.3)

10 (9.7)

9 (19.6)

11 (8.3)

24 (15.3)

Sinusitis NOS*

4 (8.5)

17 (13.1)

13 (12.6)

3 (6.5)

7 (5.3)

16 (10.2)

Upper respiratory tract infection NOS*

3 (6.4)

8 (6.2)

11 (10.7)

4 (8.7)

6 (4.5)

9 (5.7)

Infections

Weight increased

4 (8.5)

5 (3.8)

2 (1.9)

2 (4.3)

0

3 (1.9)

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

Arthralgia

0

11 (8.5)

4 (3.9)

2 (4.3)

5 (3.8)

9 (5.7)

Back pain

4 (8.5)

10 (7.7)

9 (8.7)

4 (8.7)

14 (10.6)

10 (6.4)

Neck pain

3 (6.4)

4 (3.1)

4 (3.9)

0

6 (4.5)

2 (1.3)

Pain in limb

0

10 (7.7)

7 (6.8)

2 (4.3)

6 (4.5)

9 (5.7)

Nervous system disorders

Headache NOS*

7 (14.9)

35 (26.9)

32 (31.1)

23 (50.0)

34 (25.8)

37 (23.6)

Sinus headache

0

12 (9.2)

5 (4.9)

5 (10.9)

2 (1.5)

8 (5.1)

Psychiatric disorders

Anxiety NEC**

3 (6.4)

5 (3.8)

0

0

2 (1.5)

4 (2.5)

Depression

5 (10.6)

4 (3.1)

7 (6.8)

0

4 (3.0)

6 (3.8)

Insomnia

3 (6.4)

6 (4.6)

4 (3.9)

2 (4.3)

2 (1.5)

9 (5.7)

Reproductive system and breast disorders

Breast tenderness

8 (17.0)

10 (7.7)

8 (7.8)

3 (6.5)

17 (12.9)

0

Dysmenorrhea

0

0

0

3 (6.5)

0

0

Intermenstrual bleeding

3 (6.4)

9 (6.9)

6 (5.8)

0

14 (10.6)

7 (4.5)

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

Sinus congestion

0

4 (3.1)

3 (2.9)

3 (6.5)

6 (4.5)

7 (4.5)

Vascular disorders

Hot flushes NOS*

3 (6.4)

0

3 (2.9)

0

0

6 (3.8)

Hypertension NOS*

2 (4.3)

0

3 (2.9)

0

0

2 (1.3)

† Represents milligrams of estradiol delivered daily by each system

* NOS represents no otherwise specified

**NEC represents not elsewhere classified

***Application site erythema and application site irritation were observed in a small number of patients (3.2% or less of patients across treatment group

Postmarketing Experience

The following additional adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of estradiol transdermal system. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Genitourinary System

Vaginal hemorrhage and abnormal withdrawal bleeding or flow, breakthrough bleeding, spotting, uterine leiomyomata, vaginitis, vaginal discharge, ovarian cancer, endometrial hyperplasia, dysmenorrhea.

Breast

Enlargement, pain, nipple discharge, fibrocystic breast changes, breast cancer.

Cardiovascular

Deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, thrombophlebitis.

Gastrointestinal

Nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, bloating, cholelithiasis, liver function tests abnormal, diarrhea.

Skin

Application site reactions include localized bleeding, bruising, burning, discomfort, dryness, eczema, edema, erythema, erythema multiforme, erythema nodosum, inflammation, irritation, pain, papules and vesicles. Other skin reactions include paresthesia, skin discoloration, skin pigmentation, urticaria, swelling, loss of scalp hair, hirsutism, pruritus, rash.

Eyes

Intolerance to contact lenses.

Central Nervous System

Migraine, dizziness, chorea, nervousness, affect liability, irritability.

Miscellaneous

Decrease in weight, reduced carbohydrate tolerance, edema, arthralgias, leg cramps, changes in libido, purpura, hypersensitivity, anaphylactic reaction, anaphylactoid reaction, angioedema.

Drug Interactions

No drug interaction studies have been conducted with estradiol transdermal system.

Metabolic Interactions

In vitro and in vivo studies have shown that estrogens are metabolized partially by cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4). Therefore, inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 may affect estrogen drug metabolism. Inducers of CYP3A4 such as St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum) preparations, phenobarbital, carbamazepine and rifampin may reduce plasma concentrations of estrogens, possibly resulting in a decrease in therapeutic effects and/or changes in the uterine bleeding profile. Inhibitors of CYP3A4 such as erythromycin, clarithromycin, ketoconazole, itraconazole, ritonavir, and grapefruit juice may increase plasma concentrations of estrogens and may result in side effects.

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Pregnancy

Estradiol transdermal system should not be used during pregnancy [see Contraindications (4)]. There appears to be little or no increased risk of birth defects in children born to women who have used estrogens and progestins as an oral contraceptive inadvertently during early pregnancy.

Nursing Mothers

Estradiol transdermal system should not be used during lactation. Estrogen administration to nursing women has been shown to decrease the quantity and quality of the breast milk. Detectable amounts of estrogens have been identified in the breast milk of women receiving estrogens. Caution should be exercised when estradiol transdermal system is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

Estrogen therapy has been used for the induction of puberty in adolescents with some forms of pubertal delay. Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not otherwise been established.

Large and repeated doses of estrogen over an extended time period have been shown to accelerate epiphyseal closure, which could result in short adult stature if treatment is initiated before the completion of physiologic puberty in normally developing children. If estrogen is administered to patients whose bone growth is not complete, periodic monitoring of bone maturation and effects on epiphyseal centers is recommended during estrogen administration.

Estrogen treatment of prepubertal girls also induces premature breast development and vaginal cornification, and may induce vaginal bleeding.

Geriatric Use

There have not been sufficient numbers of geriatric women involved in clinical studies utilizing estradiol transdermal system to determine whether those over 65 years of age differ from younger subjects in their response to estradiol transdermal system.

The Women’s Health Initiative Studies

In the WHI estrogen-alone substudy (daily CE [0.625 mg]-alone versus placebo), there was a higher relative risk of stroke in women greater than 65 years of age [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1), and Clinical Studies (14.3)].

In the WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy (daily CE [0.625 mg] plus MPA [2.5 mg] versus placebo), there was a higher relative risk of nonfatal stroke and invasive breast cancer in women greater than 65 years of age [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1), and Clinical Studies (14.3)].

The Women’s Health Initiative Memory Study

In the WHIMS ancillary studies of postmenopausal women 65 to 79 years of age, there was an increased risk of developing probable dementia in women receiving estrogen-alone or estrogen plus progestin when compared to placebo [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), and Clinical Studies (14.4)].

Since both ancillary studies were conducted in women 65 to 79 years of age, it is unknown whether these findings apply to younger postmenopausal women [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), and Clinical Studies (14.4)]

Renal Impairment

The effect of renal impairment on the pharmacokinetics of estradiol transdermal system has not been studied.

Hepatic Impairment

The effect of hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of estradiol transdermal system has not been studied.

Overdosage

Overdosage of estrogen may cause nausea, vomiting, breast tenderness, abdominal pain, drowsiness and fatigue, and withdrawal bleeding may occur in women. Treatment of overdose consists of discontinuation of estradiol transdermal system therapy with institution of appropriate symptomatic care.

Estradiol Patch Description

Estradiol transdermal system contains estradiol in a multipolymeric adhesive. The system is designed to release estradiol continuously upon application to intact skin.

Five dosage strengths of estradiol transdermal system are available to provide nominal in vivo delivery rates of 0.025, 0.0375, 0.05, 0.075, or 0.1 mg of estradiol per day via the skin. Each corresponding system has an active surface area of 2.5, 3.75, 5.0, 7.5, or 10.0 cm2 and contains 0.39, 0.585, 0.78, 1.17, or 1.56 mg of estradiol USP, respectively. The composition of the systems per unit area is identical.

Estradiol USP is a white, crystalline powder, chemically described as estra-1,3,5 (10)-triene-3,17β-diol.

The structural formula is:

The molecular formula of estradiol is C18H2402. The molecular weight is 272.39.

Estradiol transdermal system is comprised of 3 layers. Proceeding from the visible surface toward the surface attached to the skin, these layers are (1) a translucent polyolefin film (2) an adhesive formulation containing estradiol, acrylic adhesive, silicone adhesive, oleyl alcohol, NF, povidone, USP and dipropylene glycol, and (3) a polyester release liner which is attached to the adhesive surface and must be removed before the system can be used.

----- (1) Backing

----- (2) Adhesive Containing Estradiol

----- (3) Protective Liner

The active component of the system of estradiol. The remaining components of the system are pharmacologically inactive.

Estradiol Patch - Clinical Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

Endogenous estrogens are largely responsible for the development and maintenance of the female reproductive system and secondary sexual characteristics. Although circulating estrogens exist in a dynamic equilibrium of metabolic interconversions, estradiol is the principal intracellular human estrogen and is substantially more potent than its metabolites, estrone and estriol, at the receptor level.

The primary source of estrogen in normally cycling adult women is the ovarian follicle, which secretes 70 to 500 mcg of estradiol daily, depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle. After menopause, most endogenous estrogen is produced by conversion of androstenedione, secreted by the adrenal cortex, to estrone in the peripheral tissues. Thus, estrone and the sulfate conjugated form, estrone sulfate, are the most abundant circulating estrogens in postmenopausal women.

Estrogens act through binding to nuclear receptors in estrogen-responsive tissues. To date, 2 estrogen receptors have been identified. These vary in proportion from tissue to tissue.

Circulating estrogens modulate the pituitary secretion of the gonadotropins, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) through a negative feedback mechanism. Estrogens act to reduce the elevated levels of these hormones seen in postmenopausal women.

Pharmacodynamics

There are no pharmacodynamics data for estradiol transdermal system.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

In a multiple‑dose study consisting of 3 consecutive system applications of the original formulation of estradiol transdermal system which was conducted in 17 healthy, postmenopausal women, blood levels of estradiol and estrone were compared following application of these units to sites on the abdomen and buttocks in a crossover fashion. Systems that deliver nominal estradiol doses of approximately 0.0375 mg per day and 0.1 mg per day were applied to abdominal application sites while the 0.1 mg per day doses were also applied to sites on the buttocks. These systems increased estradiol levels above baseline within 4 hours and maintained respective mean levels of 25 and 79 pg/mL above baseline following application to the abdomen; slightly higher mean levels of 88 pg/mL above baseline were observed following application to the buttocks. At the same time, increases in estrone plasma concentrations averaged about 12 and 50 pg/mL, respectively, following application to the abdomen and 61 pg/mL for the buttocks. While plasma concentrations of estradiol and estrone remained slightly above baseline at 12 hours following removal of the systems in this study, results from another study show these levels to return to baseline values within 24 hours following removal of the systems.

Figure 1 illustrates the mean plasma concentrations of estradiol at steady‑state during application of these patches at 4 different dosages.

 
Figure 1. Steady‑State Estradiol Plasma Concentrations for Systems Applied to the Abdomen Nonbaseline‑corrected Levels
 

The corresponding pharmacokinetic parameters are summarized in Table 2.

Table 2. Steady-State Estradiol Pharmacokinetic Parameters for Systems Applied to the Abdomen (mean ± standard deviation) Nonbaseline-corrected Data*

Dosage

(mg/day)

Cmax
(pg/mL)

Cavg
(pg/mL)

Cmin(84 hr)§
(pg/mL)

0.0375

46 ± 16

34 ± 10

30 ± 10

0.05

83 ± 41

57 ± 23#

41 ± 11#

0.075

99 ± 35

72 ± 24

60 ± 24

0.1

133 ± 51

89 ± 38

90 ± 44

0.1

145 ± 71

104 ± 52

85 ± 47

*Mean baseline estradiol concentration = 11.7 pg/mL
†Peak plasma concentrations

‡ Average plasma concentration

§ Minimum plasma concentration at 84 hr

# Measured over 80 hr

Applied to the buttocks

Estradiol transdermal system, the revised formulation with smaller system sizes, was shown to be bioequivalent to the original formulation of the estradiol transdermal system used in the clinical trials.

Distribution

No specific investigation of the tissue distribution of estradiol absorbed from the estradiol transdermal system in humans has been conducted. The distribution of exogenous estrogens is similar to that of endogenous estrogens. Estrogens are widely distributed in the body and are generally found in higher concentrations in the sex hormone target organs. Estrogens circulate in the blood largely bound to sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and albumin.

Metabolism

Exogenous estrogens are metabolized in the same manner as endogenous estrogens. Circulating estrogens exist in a dynamic equilibrium of metabolic interconversions. These transformations take place mainly in the liver by Cytochrome 450 isoforms CYP1A2 and CYP3A4. Estradiol undergoes further metabolism to sulfate and glucuronide conjugates. Estradiol and its metabolites are glucuronidated by UGT1A1 and UGT2B7. Estradiol is converted reversibly to estrone, and both can be converted to estriol, which is a major urinary metabolite. Estrogens also undergo enterohepatic recirculation via sulfate and glucuronide conjugation in the liver biliary secretion of conjugates into the intestine, and hydrolysis in the intestine followed by reabsorption. In postmenopausal women a significant portion of the circulating estrogens exist as sulfate conjugates, especially estrone sulfate, which serves as a circulating reservoir for the formation of more active estrogens.

Excretion

Estradiol, estrone and estriol are excreted in the urine along with glucuronide and sulfate conjugates. The half-life values calculated after dosing with the estradiol transdermal system ranges from 5.9 to 7.7 hours. After removal of the transdermal systems, serum concentrations of estradiol and estrone returned to baseline levels within 24 hours.

Use in Specific Populations

No pharmacokinetic studies were conducted with estradiol transdermal system in specific populations, including women with renal or hepatic impairment.

Adhesion

Based on combined data from 3 short-term clinical trials consisting of 471 observations, 85 percent of estradiol transdermal systems adhered completely to the skin over the 3.5-day wear period. The (3) percent of the systems detached and were reapplied or replaced during the 3.5-day wear period. Approximately 80 percent of the transdermal systems evaluated in these studies were estradiol transdermal system 0.05 mg per day.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Long-term, continuous administration of natural and synthetic estrogens in certain animal species increases the frequency of carcinomas of the breast, uterus, cervix, vagina, testis, and liver.

Clinical Studies

Effects on Vasomotor Symptoms

In a pharmacokinetic study, estradiol transdermal system was shown to be bioequivalent to the original estradiol formulation. In 2 controlled clinical trials with the original estradiol formulation, of 356 subjects, the 0.075 and 0.1 mg doses were superior to placebo in relieving vasomotor symptoms at Week 4, and maintained efficacy through Weeks 8 and 12 of treatment. In this original study, the 0.0375 and 0.05 mg doses, however, did not differ from placebo until approximately Week 6, therefore, an additional 12-week, placebo‑controlled study in 255 patients was performed with the original estradiol formulation to establish the efficacy of the lowest dose of 0.0375 mg. The baseline mean daily number of hot flushes in these 255 patients was 11.5. Results at Weeks 4, 8, and 12 of treatment are shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2. Mean (SD) Change from Baseline in Mean Daily Number of Flushes for Estradiol 0.0375 mgVersusPlacebo in a 12 week Trail

The 0.0375 mg dose was superior to placebo in reducing both the frequency and severity of vasomotor symptoms at Week 4 and maintained efficacy through Weeks 8 and 12 of treatment. All doses of the original estradiol formulation (0.0375 mg, 0.05 mg, 0.075 mg, and 0.1 mg) are effective for the control of vasomotor symptoms.

Effects on Bone Mineral Density

Efficacy and safety of the original estradiol formulation in the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis have been studied in a 2‑year, double‑blind, randomized, placebo‑controlled, parallel group study. A total of 261 hysterectomized (161) and non‑hysterectomized (100), surgically or naturally menopausal women (within 5 years of menopause), with no evidence of osteoporosis (lumbar spine bone mineral density within 2 standard deviations of average peak bone mass, i.e., at least 0.827 g/cm2) were enrolled in this study; 194 patients were randomized to 1 of the 4 doses of the original estradiol formulation (0.1, 0.05, 0.0375, or 0.025 mg/day) and 67 patients to placebo. Over 2 years, study systems were applied to the buttock or the abdomen twice a week. Non‑hysterectomized women received oral medroxyprogesterone acetate (2.5 mg/day) throughout the study.

The study population comprised naturally (82 percent) or surgically (18 percent) menopausal, hysterectomized (61 percent) or non‑hysterectomized (39 percent) women with a mean age of 52 years (range 27 to 62 years); the mean duration of menopause was 31.7 months (range 2 to 72 months). Two hundred thirty‑two (89 percent) of randomized subjects (173 on active drug, 59 on placebo) contributed data to the analysis of percent change from baseline in bone mineral density (BMD) of the AP lumbar spine, the primary efficacy variable. Patients were given supplemental dietary calcium (1,000 mg elemental calcium/day) but no supplemental vitamin D. There was an increase in BMD of the AP lumbar spine in all the original estradiol formulation dose groups; in contrast to this, a decrease in AP lumbar spine BMD was observed in placebo patients. All estradiol doses were significantly superior to placebo (p<0.05) at all time points with the exception of estradiol 0.05 mg/day at 6 months. The highest dose of estradiol was superior to the 3 lower doses. There were no statistically significant differences in pairwise comparisons among the 3 lower doses. (See Figure 3).

Figure 3. Bone Mineral Density‑AP Lumbar Spine Least Squares Means of Percentage Change from Baseline All Randomized Patients with at Least One Post‑baseline Assessment Available with Last Post‑baseline Observation Carried Forward

Analysis of percent change baseline in femoral neck BMD, a secondary efficacy outcome variable, showed qualitatively similar results; all doses of the original estradiol formulation were significantly superior to placebo (p<0.05) at 24 months. The highest estradiol dose was superior to placebo at all time points. A mixture of significant and nonsignificant results were obtained for the lower dose groups at earlier time points. The highest estradiol dose was superior to the 3 lower doses, and there were no significant differences among the 3 lower doses at this skeletal site. (See Figure 4).

Figure 4. Bone Mineral Density‑Femoral Neck Least Squares Means of Percentage Change from Baseline All Randomized Patients with at Least One Post‑baseline Assessment Available with Last Post‑baseline Observation Carried Forward.

The mean serum osteocalcin (a marker of bone formulation) and urinary excretion of cross-link N-telopeptides of Type I collagen (a marker of bone resorption) decreased numerically in most of the active treatment groups relative to baseline. However, the decreases in both markers were inconsistent across treatment groups and the differences between active treatment groups and placebo were not statistically significant.

Women’s Health Initiative Studies

The WHI enrolled approximately 27,000 predominantly healthy postmenopausal women in 2 substudies to assess the risks and benefits of daily oral CE (0.625 mg)-alone or in combination with the MPA (2.5 mg) compared to placebo in the prevention of certain chronic diseases. The primary endpoint was the incidence of CHD (defined as nonfatal MI, silent MI, and CHD death), with invasive breast cancer as the primary adverse outcome. A “global index” included the earliest occurrence of CHD, invasive breast cancer, stroke, PE, endometrial cancer (only in the CE plus MPA substudy), colorectal cancer, hip fracture, or death due to other causes. These substudies did not evaluate the effects of CE-alone or CE plus MPA on menopausal symptoms.

WHI Estrogen-Alone Substudy

The WHI estrogen-alone substudy was stopped early because an increased risk of stroke was observed, and it was deemed that no further information would be obtained regarding the risks and benefits of estrogen-alone in predetermined primary endpoints. Results of the estrogen-alone substudy, which included 10,739 women (average 63 years of age, range 50 to 79; 75.3 percent white, 15.1 percent black, 6.1 percent Hispanic, 3.6 percent Other) after an average follow-up of 7.1 years, are presented in Table 3.

Table 3. Relative and Absolute Risk Seen in the Estrogen-Alone Substudy of WHIa

Event

Relative Risk

CE vs. Placebo

(95% nC1b)

CE

n=5,310

Placebo

N=5,429

Absolute Risk per 10,000

Women-Years

CHD eventsc

0.95 (0.78-1.16)

54

57

 
Non-fatal MIc

0.91 (0.73-1.14)

40

43

 
CHD deathc

1.01 (0.71-1.43)

16

16

All strokesc

1.33 (1.05-1.68)

45

33

 
Ischemic strokec

1.55 (1.19-2.01)

38

25

Deep vein thrombosis c,d

1.47 (1.06-2.06)

23

15

Pulmonary embolismc

1.37 (0.90-2.07)

14

10

Invasive breast cancerc

0.80 (0.62-1.04)

28

34

Colorectal cancerc

1.08 (0.75-1.55)

17

16

Hip fracturec

0.65 (0.45-0.94)

12

19

Vertebral fractures c,d

0.64 (0.44-0.93)

11

18

Lower arm/wrist fracturesc,d

0.58 (0.47-0.72)

35

59

Total fracturesc,d

0.71 (0.64-0.80)

144

197

Death due to other causese,f

1.08 (0.88-1.32)

53

50

Overall mortalityc,d

1.04 (0.88-1.22)

79

75

Global Indexg

1.02 (0.92-1.13)

206

201

aAdapted from numerous WHI publications. WHI publications can be viewed at www.nhlbi.nih.gov/whi.

b Nominal confidence intervals unadjusted for multiple looks and multiple comparisons.

c Results are based on centrally adjudicated data for an average follow-up of 7.1 years.

dNot included in “global index”.

eResults are based on an average follow-up of 6.8 years.

f All deaths, except from breast or colorectal cancer, definite or peobable CHD, PE or cerebrovascular disease.

g All subset of the events was combined in a “global index”, defined as the earliest occurrence of CHD events, invasive breast cancer, stroke, pulmonary embolism, colorectal cancer, hip fracture, or death due to other causes.

For those outcomes included in the WHI “global index” that reached statistical significance, the absolute excess risk per 10,000 women-years in the group treated with CE-alone was 12 more strokes, while the absolute risk reduction per 10,000 women-years was 7 fewer hip fractures.9 The absolute excess risk of events included in the “global index” was a nonsignificant 5 events per 10,000 women-years. There was no difference between the groups in terms of all-cause mortality.

No overall difference for primary CHD events (nonfatal MI, silent MI and CHD death) and invasive breast cancer incidence in women receiving CE-alone compared with placebo was reported in final centrally adjudicated results from the estrogen-alone substudy, after an average follow-up of 7.1 years. (See Table 3)

Centrally adjudicated results for stroke events from the estrogen-alone substudy, after an average follow-up of 7.1 years, reported no significant differences in distribution of stroke subtype or severity, including fatal strokes, in women receiving CE-alone compared to placebo. Estrogen-alone increased the risk for ischemic stroke, and this excess risk was present in all subgroups of women examined.10 (See Table 3).

Timing of the initiation of estrogen therapy relative to the start of menopause may affect the overall risk benefit profile. The WHI estrogen-alone substudy stratified by age showed in women 50 to 59 years of age a nonsignificant trend toward reduced risk for CHD [hazard ratio (HR) 0.63 (95 percent CI, 0.36 to 1.09)] and overall mortality [HR 0.71 (95 percent CI, 0.46 to 1.11)].

WHI Estrogen Plus Progestin Substudy

The WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy was stopped early. According to the predefined stopping rule, after an average follow-up of 5.6 years of treatment, the increased risk of invasive breast cancer and cardiovascular events exceeded the specified benefits included in the “global index”. The absolute excess risk of events included in the “global index” was 19 per 10,000 women-years.

For those outcomes included in the WHI “global index” that reached statistical significance after 5.6 years of follow-up, the absolute excess risks per 10,000 women-years in the group treated with CE plus MPA were 7 more CHD events, 8 more strokes, 10 more PEs, and 8 more invasive breast cancers, while the absolute risk reduction per 10,000 women-years were 6 fewer colorectal cancers and 5 fewer hip fractures.

Results of the estrogen plus progestin substudy, which included 16,608 women (average 63 years of age, range 50 to 79, 83.9 percent white, 6.8 percent black, 5.4 percent Hispanic, 3.9 percent Other) are presented in Table 4. These results reflect centrally adjudicated data after an average follow-up of 5.6 years.

Table 4. Relative and Absolute Risk Seen in the Estrogen Plus Progestin Substudy of WHI at an Average of 5.6 Yearsa,b

Event

Relative Risk

CE/MPA vs. Placebo

(95% nC1b)

CE/MPA

n=8,506

Placebo

N=8,102

Absolute Risk per 10,000

Women-Years

CHD events

1.23 (0.99-1.53)

41

34

 
Non-fatal MI

1.28 (1.00-1.63)

31

25

 
CHD death

1.10 (0.70-1.75)

8

8

All strokes

1.31 (1.03-1.68)

33

25

 
Ischemic stroke

1.44 (1.09-1.90)

26

18

Deep vein thrombosisd

1.95 (1.43-2.67)

26

13

Pulmonary embolism

2.13 (1.45-3.11)

18

8

Invasive breast cancerc

1.24 (1.01-1.54)

41

33

Colorectal cancer

0.61 (0.42-0.87)

10

16

Endometrical cancerd

0.81 (0.48-1.36)

6

7

Cervical cancerd

1.44 (0.47-4.42)

2

1

Hip fracture

0.67 (0.47-0.96)

11

16

Vertebral fracturesd

0.65 (0.46-0.92)

11

17

Lower arm/wrist fracturesd

0.71 (0.59-0.85)

44

62

Total fracturesd

0.76 (0.69-0.83)

152

199

Overall mortalityf

1.00 (0.83-1.19)

52

52

Global indexg

1.13 (1.02-1.25)

184

165

aAdapted from numerous WHI publications. WHI publications can be viewed at www.nhlbi.nih.gov/whi.
bResults are based on centrally adjudicated data.
cNominal confidence intervals unadjusted for multiple looks and multiple comparisons.
dNot included in “global index”.
eIncludes metastic and non-metastic breast cancer, with the exception of in situ breast cancer.
fAll deaths, except from breast or colorectral cancer, definite or probably CHD, PE or cerebrovascular disease.
gA subset of the events was combined in a “global index”, defined as the earliest occurrence of CHD events, invasive breast cancer, stroke, pulmonary embolism, colorectal cancer, hip fracture, or death due to other causes.

Timing of the initiation of estrogen plus progestin therapy relative to the start of menopause may affect the overall risk benefit profile. The WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy stratified by age showed in women 50 to 59 years of age a nonsignificant trend toward reduced risk for overall mortality [HR 0.69 (95 percent CI, 0.44 to 1.07)].

Women’s Health Initiative Memory Study

The WHIMS estrogen-alone ancillary study of WHI enrolled 2,947 predominantly healthy hysterectomized postmenopausal women 65 to 79 years of age (45 percent were age 65 to 69 years of age; 36 percent were 70 to 74 years of age; 19 percent were 75 years of age and older) to evaluate the effects of daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone on the incidence of probable dementia (primary outcome) compared to placebo.

After an average follow-up of 5.2 years, the relative risk of probable dementia for CE-alone versus placebo was 1.49 (95 percent CI, 0.83 to 2.66). The absolute risk of probable dementia for CE-alone versus placebo was 37 versus 25 cases per 10,000 women-years. Probable dementia as defined in this study included Alzheimer’s disease (AD), vascular dementia (VaD), and mixed types (having features of both AD and VaD). The most common classification of probable dementia in the treatment group and the placebo group was AD. Since the ancillary study was conducted in women 65 to 79 years of age, it is unknown whether these findings apply to younger postmenopausal women [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) and Use in Specific Populations (8.5)].

The WHIMS estrogen plus progestin ancillary study enrolled 4,532 predominantly healthy postmenopausal women 65 years of age and older (47 percent were age 65 to 69 years of age; 35 percent were 70 to 74 years of age; 18 percent were 75 years of age and older) to evaluate the effects of daily CE (0.625 mg) plus MPA (2.5 mg) on the incidence of probable dementia (primary outcome) compared to placebo.

After an average follow‑up of 4 years, the relative risk of probable dementia for CE plus MPA was 2.05 (95 percent CI, 1.21 to 3.48). The absolute risk of probable dementia for CE plus MPA versus placebo was 45 versus 22 per 10,000 women-years. Probable dementia as defined in this study included AD, VaD, and mixed type (having features of both AD and VaD). The most common classification of probable dementia in the treatment group and the placebo group was AD. Since the ancillary study was conducted in women 65 to 79 years of age, it is unknown whether these findings apply to younger postmenopausal women [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) and Use in Specific Populations (8.5)].

When data from the 2 populations were pooled as planned in the WHIMS protocol, the reported overall relative risk for probable dementia was 1.76 (95 percent CI, 1.19 to 2.60). Differences between groups became apparent in the first year of treatment. It is unknown whether these findings apply to younger postmenopausal women [see Warnings and Precautions(5.3) and Use in Specific Populations (8.5)].

REFERENCES

1.
Rossouw JE, et al. Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease by Age and Years Since Menopause. JAMA. 2007;297:1465-1477.
2.
Hsia J, et al. Conjugated Equine Estrogens and Coronary Heart Disease. Arch Int Med. 2006;166:357-365.
3.
Curb JD, et al. Venous Thrombosis and Conjugated Equine Estrogen in Women Without a Uterus. Arch Int Med. 2006;166:772-780.
4.
Cushman M, et al. Estrogen Plus Progestin and Risk of Venous Thrombosis. JAMA. 2004;292:1573-1580.
5.
Stefanick ML, et al. Effects of Conjugated Equine Estrogens on Breast Cancer and Mammography Screening in Postmenopausal Women With Hysterectomy. JAMA. 2006;295:1647-1657.
6.
Chlebowski RT, et al. Influence of Estrogen Plus Progestin on Breast Cancer and Mammography in Healthy Postmenopausal Women. JAMA. 2003;289:3234-3253.
7.
Anderson GL, et al. Effects of Estrogen Plus Progestin on Gynecologic Cancers and Associated Diagnostic Procedures. JAMA. 2003;290:1739-1748.
8.
Shumaker SA, et al. Conjugated Equine Estrogens and Incidence of Probable Dementia and Mild Cognitive Impairment in Postmenopausal Women. JAMA. 2004;291:2947-2958.
9.
Jackson RD, et al. Effects of Conjugated Equine Estrogen on Risk of Fractures and BMD in Postmenopausal Women With Hysterectomy: Results From the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2006;21:817-828.
10.
Hendrix SL, et al. Effects of Conjugated Equine Estrogen on Stroke in the Women's Health Initiative. Circulation. 2006;113:2425-2434.

How Supplied/Storage and Handling

How Supplied

Estradiol transdermal system, 0.025 mg per day – each 2.5 cm2 system contains 0.39 mg of estradiol USP for nominal* delivery of 0.025 mg of estradiol per day.

Patient Calendar Pack of 8 Systems NDC 0781-7129-83

Package of 24 Systems (3 Patient Calendar Packs of 8 Systems) NDC 0781-7129-40

Estradiol transdermal system, 0.0375 mg per day – each 3.75 cm2 system contains 0.585 mg of estradiol USP for nominal* delivery of 0.0375 mg of estradiol per day.

Patient Calendar Pack of 8 Systems NDC 0781-7138-83

Package of 24 Systems (3 Patient Calendar Packs of 8 Systems) NDC 0781-7138-40

Estradiol transdermal system, 0.05 mg per day – each 5.0 cm2 system contains 0.78 mg of estradiol USP for nominal* delivery of 0.05 mg of estradiol per day.

Patient Calendar Pack of 8 Systems NDC 0781-7144-83

Package of 24 Systems (3 Patient Calendar Packs of 8 Systems) NDC 0781-7144-40

Estradiol transdermal system, 0.075 mg per day – each 7.5 cm2 system contains 1.17 mg of estradiol USP for nominal* delivery of 0.075 mg of estradiol per day.

Patient Calendar Pack of 8 Systems NDC 0781-7156-83

Package of 24 Systems (3 Patient Calendar Packs of 8 Systems) NDC 0781-7156-40

Estradiol transdermal system, 0.1 mg per day – each 10.0 cm2 system contains 1.56 mg of estradiol USP for nominal* delivery of 0.1 mg of estradiol per day.

Patient Calendar Pack of 8 Systems NDC 0781-7167-83

Package of 24 Systems (3 Patient Calendar Packs of 8 Systems) NDC 0781-7167-40

*See DESCRIPTION (11)

Storage and Handling

Store at controlled room temperature at 25°C (77°F).

Do not store unpouched. Apply immediately upon removal from the protective pouch.

Patient Counseling Information

See FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information and Instructions for Use)

Advise patients to read the Patient Information and Instructions for Use. The complete text of the Patient Information and Instructions for Use is reprinted at the end of this document.

Vaginal Bleeding

Inform postmenopausal women of the importance of reporting unusual vaginal bleeding to their healthcare providers as soon as possible [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

Possible Serious Adverse Reactions with Estrogen-Alone Therapy

Inform postmenopausal women of possible serious adverse reactions of estrogen-alone therapy including Cardiovascular Disorders, Malignant Neoplasms, and Probable Dementia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1,5.2, and 5.3)].

Possible Less Serious but Common Adverse Reactions with Estrogen-Alone Therapy

Inform postmenopausal women of possible less serious but common adverse reactions of estrogen-alone therapy such as headache, breast pain and tenderness, nausea and vomiting.

T2014-81

July 2014

PATIENT INFORMATION

Estradiol Transdermal System

(ess-trah-DYE-ole)

Read this Patient Information before you start using estradiol transdermal system and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment.

What is the most important information I should know about estradiol transdermal system (an estrogen hormone)?

Using estrogen-alone increases your chance of getting cancer of the uterus (womb).
 
Report any unusual vaginal bleeding right away while you are using estradiol transdermal system. Vaginal bleeding after menopause may be a warning sign of cancer of the uterus (womb). Your healthcare provider should check any unusual vaginal bleeding to find out the cause.
Do not use estrogen-alone to prevent heart disease, heart attacks, strokes, or dementia (decline in brain function).
Using estrogen-alone may increase your chances of getting strokes or blood clots.
Using estrogen-alone may increase your chance of getting dementia, based on a study of women 65 years of age or older.
Do not use estrogens with progestins to prevent heart disease, heart attacks, strokes, or dementia.
Using estrogens with progestins may increase your chances of getting heart attacks, strokes, breast cancer, or blood clots.
Using estrogens with progestins may increase your chance of getting dementia, based on a study of women 65 years of age or older.
 
You and your healthcare provider should talk regularly about whether you still need treatment with estradiol transdermal system.

What is estradiol transdermal system?

Estradiol transdermal system is a prescription medicine patch (Transdermal System) that contains estradiol (an estrogen hormone). When applied to the skin as directed below, estradiol transdermal system releases estrogen through the skin into the bloodstream.

What is estradiol transdermal system used for?

Estradiol transdermal system is used after menopause to:

Reduce moderate to severe hot flashes

Estrogens are hormones made by a woman’s ovaries. The ovaries normally stop making estrogens when a woman is between 45 and 55 years old. This drop in body estrogen levels causes the “change of life” or menopause (the end of monthly menstrual periods). Sometimes, both ovaries are removed during an operation before natural menopause takes place. The sudden drop in estrogen levels causes “surgical menopause.”

When the estrogen levels begin dropping, some women develop very uncomfortable symptoms, such as feelings of warmth in the face, neck, and chest or sudden strong feelings of heat and sweating (“hot flashes” or “hot flushes”). In some women the symptoms are mild, and they will not need estrogens. In other women, symptoms can be more severe.

Treat moderate to severe menopausal changes in and around the vagina

You and your healthcare provider should talk regularly about whether you still need treatment with estradiol transdermal system to control these problems. If you use estradiol transdermal system only to treat your menopausal changes in and around your vagina, talk with your healthcare provider about whether a topical vaginal product would be better for you.

Treat certain conditions in women before menopause if their ovaries do not produce enough estrogen naturally.
Help reduce your chances of getting osteoporosis (thin weak bones)

Osteoporosis from menopause is a thinning of the bones that makes them weaker and easier to break. If you use estradiol transdermal system only to prevent osteoporosis from menopause, talk with your healthcare provider about whether a different treatment or medicine without estrogens might be better for you.

You and your healthcare provider should talk regularly about whether you should continue treatment with estradiol transdermal system.

Who should not use estradiol transdermal system?

Do not start using estradiol transdermal system if you:

have unusual vaginal bleeding

Vaginal bleeding after menopause may be a warning sign of cancer of the uterus (womb). Your healthcare provider should check any unusual vaginal bleeding to find out the cause.

Currently have or have had certain cancers

Estrogens may increase the chances of getting certain types of cancers, including cancer of the breast or uterus. If you have or have had cancer, talk with your healthcare provider about whether you should use estradiol transdermal system.

had a stroke or heart attack
currently have or have had blood clots
currently have or have had liver problems
have been diagnosed with a bleeding disorder
are allergic to estradiol transdermal system or any of its ingredients

See the list of ingredients in estradiol transdermal system at the end of this leaflet.

think you may be pregnant

Estradiol transdermal system is not for pregnant women. If you think you may be pregnant, you should have a pregnancy test and know the results. Do not use estradiol transdermal system if the test is positive and talk to your healthcare provider.

What should I tell my healthcare provider before I use estradiol transdermal system?

Before you use estradiol transdermal system, tell your healthcare provider if you:

have any unusual vaginal bleeding

Vaginal bleeding after menopause may be a warning sign of cancer of the uterus (womb). Your healthcare provider should check any unusual vaginal bleeding to find out the cause.

have any other medical conditions

Your healthcare provider may need to check you more carefully if you have certain conditions such as asthma (wheezing), epilepsy (seizures), diabetes, migrane, endometriosis, lupus, angioedema (swelling of face and tongue), or problems with your heart, liver, thyroid, kidneys, or have high calcium levels in your blood.

are going to have surgery or will be on bed rest

Your health care provider will let you know if you need to stop using estradiol transdermal system.

are breastfeeding

The hormone in estradiol transdermal system can pass into your breast milk.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Some medicines may affect how estradiol transdermal system works. Estradiol transdermal system may also affect how other medicines work.

How should I use estradiol transdermal system?

For detailed instructions, see the step-by-step instructions for using estradiol transdermal system at the end of this Patient Information.

Use estradiol transdermal system exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to use it.
Estradiol transdermal system is for skin use only.
Change your estradiol transdermal system patch 2 times a week or every 3 to 4 days.
Apply your estradiol transdermal system patch to a clean, dry area of your lower abdomen. This area must be clean, dry, and free of powder, oil or lotion for your patch to stick to your skin.
Apply your estradiol transdermal system patch to a different area of your abdomen each time. Do not use the same application site 2 times in the same week.
Do not apply estradiol transdermal system to your breasts.
If you forget to apply a new estradiol transdermal system patch, you should apply a new patch as soon as possible.
You and your healthcare provider should talk regularly (every 3 to 6 months) about your dose and whether you still need treatment with estradiol transdermal system.

How to Change estradiol transdermal system

When changing the patch, peel off the used patch slowly from the skin.
After removal of estradiol transdermal system, patients usually have either no adhesive residue or light adhesive residue. If any adhesive residue remains on your skin after removing the patch, allow the area to dry for 15 minutes. Then, gently rub the area with oil or lotion to remove the adhesive from your skin.
Keep in mind, the new patch must be applied to a different area of your lower abdomen. This area must be clean, dry, cool and free of powder, oil, or lotion.

What are the possible side effects of estradiol transdermal system?

Side effects are grouped by how serious they are and how often they happen when you are treated.

Serious, but less common side effects include:

heart attack
stroke
blood clots
dementia
breast cancer
cancer of the lining of the uterus (womb)
cancer of the ovary
high blood pressure
high blood sugar
gallbladder disease
liver problems
changes in your thyroid hormone levels
enlargement of benign tumors (“fibroids”)

Call your healthcare provider right away if you get any of the following warning signs or any other unusual symptoms that concern you:

new breast lumps
nipple discharge
unusual vaginal bleeding
changes in vision or speech
sudden new severe headaches
severe pains in your chest or legs with or without shortness of breath, weakness and fatigue
swelling
rash

Less serious, but common side effects include:

headache
breast pain
irregular vaginal bleeding or spotting
painful periods
stomach or abdominal cramps, bloating
nausea and vomiting
hair loss
fluid retention
vaginal yeast infection
redness and/or irritation at patch placement site

These are not all the possible side effects of estradiol transdermal system. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for advice about side effects. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or does not go away.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may report side effects to Sandoz Inc. (1-800-525-8747).

What can I do to lower my chances of getting a serious side effect with estradiol transdermal system?

Talk with your healthcare provider regularly about whether you should continue using estradiol transdermal system.
If you have a uterus, talk to your healthcare provider about whether the addition of a progestin is right for you.
 
The addition of a progestin is generally recommended for a woman with a uterus to reduce the chance of getting cancer of the uterus (womb).
See your healthcare provider right away if you get vaginal bleeding while using estradiol transdermal system.
Have a pelvic exam, breast exam and mammogram (breast X‑ray) every year unless your healthcare provider tells you something else.
 
If members of your family have had breast cancer or if you have ever had breast lumps or an abnormal mammogram, you may need to have breast exams more often.
If you have high blood pressure, high cholesterol (fat in the blood), diabetes, are overweight, or if you use tobacco, you may have higher chances for getting heart disease.
 
Ask your healthcare provider for ways to lower your chances for getting heart disease.

How should I store and throw away used estradiol transdermal system patches?

Store at room temperature 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C)
Do not store estradiol transdermal system patches outside of their pouches. Apply immediately upon removal from the protective pouch.
Used patches still contain estrogen. To throw away the patch, fold the sticky side of the patch together, place it in a sturdy child-proof container, and place this container in the trash. Used patches should not be flushed in the toilet.

Keep estradiol transdermal system and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about safe and effective use of estradiol transdermal system

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for conditions that are not mentioned in patient information leaflets. Do not use estradiol transdermal system for conditions for which it was not prescribed. Do not give estradiol transdermal system to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them.

This leaflet provides a summary of the most important information about estradiol transdermal system. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider or pharmacist. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about estradiol transdermal system that is written for health professionals. For more information, call Sandoz Inc., toll-free number (1-800-525-8747).

What are the ingredients in estradiol transdermal system?

Active ingredient: estradiol

Inactive ingredients: a translucent polyolefin film, acrylic and silicone adhesives, oleyl alcohol, NF, povidone, USP, dipropylene glycol and a polyester release liner.

T2014-81/T2014-82
July 2014/July 2014

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE

Estradiol Transdermal System

(ess-trah-DYE-ole)

1. Determine Your Schedule for Your Twice-a-Week Application

 
Decide upon which 2 days you will change your patch.
Your estradiol transdermal system individual carton contains a calendar card printed on its inner flap. Mark the 2-day schedule you plan to follow on your carton’s inner flap.
Be consistent.
If you forget to change your patch on the correct date, apply a new one as soon as you remember.
No matter what day this happens, stick to the schedule you have marked on the inner flap of your carton (your calendar card).

2. Where to Apply Estradiol Transdermal System

Apply patch to a dry area of the skin of the trunk of the body, including the lower abdomen, or buttocks. Avoid the waistline, since clothing may cause the patch to rub off.
Do not apply patch to breasts.
When changing your patch, based on your twice-a-week schedule, apply your new patch to a different site. Do not apply a new patch to that same area for at least 1 week.

3. Before You Apply Estradiol Transdermal System

 
 
Make sure your skin is:
Clean (freshly washed), dry and cool.
Free of any powder, oil, moisturizer or lotion.
Free of cuts or irritations (rashes or other skin problems).

4. How to Apply Estradiol Transdermal System

 
Each patch is individually sealed in a protective pouch.
Tear open the pouch at the tear notch (do not use scissors).
Remove the patch.
 
Apply the patch immediately after removing from the pouch.
Holding the patch with the rigid protective liner facing you, remove half of the liner, which covers the sticky surface of the patch.
 
Avoid touching the sticky side of the patch with your fingers.
Using the other half of the rigid protective liner as a handle, apply the sticky side of the patch to the selected area of the abdomen or buttocks.
 
Press the sticky side of the patch firmly into place.
Smooth it down.
While still holding the sticky side down, fold back the other half of the patch.
 
Grasp an edge of the remaining protective liner and gently pull it off.
Avoid touching the sticky side of the patch with your fingers.
 
Press the entire patch firmly into place with the palm of your hand.
Continue to apply pressure, with the palm of your hand over the patch, for approximately 10 seconds.
 
Make sure that the patch is properly adhered to your skin.
Go over the edges with your finger to ensure good contact around the patch.

Note:

Showering will not cause your patch to fall off.
If your patch falls off reapply it. If you cannot reapply the patch, apply a new patch to another area and continue to follow your original placement schedule.
If you stop using your estradiol transdermal system patch or forget to apply a new patch as scheduled, you may have spotting, or bleeding, and recurrence of symptoms.
 
5. Throwing Away Your Used Patch
When it is time to change your patch, remove the old patch before you apply a new patch.
To throw away the patch, fold the sticky side of the patch together, place it in a sturdy child-proof container, and place the container in the trash. Used patches should not be flushed in the toilet.

This Patient Information and Instructions for Use have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Manufactured by:

Noven Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Miami, FL 33186 for

Sandoz Inc.
Princeton, NJ 08540

T2014-81/T2014-82/T2014-83
July 2014/July 2014/July 2014

Estradiol Transdermal System 0.025 mg/day

NDC 0781-7129-83
Delivers 0.025 mg/day
Includes 8 System
SANDOZ

Estradiol Transdermal System 0.0375 mg/day

NDC 0781-7138-83
Delivers 0.375 mg/day
Includes 8 System
SANDOZ

Estradiol Transdermal System 0.075 mg/day

NDC 0781-7156-83
Delivers 0. 75 mg/day
Includes 8 System
SANDOZ

Estradiol Transdermal System 0.05 mg/day

NDC 0781-7144-83
Delivers 0.375 mg/day
Includes 8 System
SANDOZ

Estradiol Transdermal System 0.1 mg/day

NDC 0781-7167-83
Delivers 0. 1 mg/day
Includes 8 System
SANDOZ

ESTRADIOL 
Estradiol Patch, extended release
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0781-7129
Route of Administration TRANSDERMAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
ESTRADIOL (ESTRADIOL) ESTRADIOL 0.025 mg  in 1 d
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL  
OLEYL ALCOHOL  
POVIDONES  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0781-7129-40 3 PACKET in 1 CARTON
1 NDC:0781-7129-83 8 POUCH in 1 PACKET
1 NDC:0781-7129-58 1 PATCH in 1 POUCH
1 3.5 d in 1 PATCH
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA authorized generic NDA020538 12/22/2014
ESTRADIOL 
Estradiol Patch, extended release
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0781-7138
Route of Administration TRANSDERMAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
ESTRADIOL (ESTRADIOL) ESTRADIOL 0.0375 mg  in 1 d
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL  
OLEYL ALCOHOL  
POVIDONES  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0781-7138-40 3 PACKET in 1 CARTON
1 NDC:0781-7138-83 8 POUCH in 1 PACKET
1 NDC:0781-7138-58 1 PATCH in 1 POUCH
1 3.5 d in 1 PATCH
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA authorized generic NDA020538 12/22/2014
ESTRADIOL 
Estradiol Patch, extended release
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0781-7144
Route of Administration TRANSDERMAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
ESTRADIOL (ESTRADIOL) ESTRADIOL 0.05 mg  in 1 d
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL  
OLEYL ALCOHOL  
POVIDONES  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0781-7144-40 3 PACKET in 1 CARTON
1 NDC:0781-7144-83 8 POUCH in 1 PACKET
1 NDC:0781-7144-58 1 PATCH in 1 POUCH
1 3.5 d in 1 PATCH
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA authorized generic NDA020538 12/22/2014
ESTRADIOL 
Estradiol Patch, extended release
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0781-7156
Route of Administration TRANSDERMAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
ESTRADIOL (ESTRADIOL) ESTRADIOL 0.075 mg  in 1 d
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL  
OLEYL ALCOHOL  
POVIDONES  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0781-7156-40 3 PACKET in 1 CARTON
1 NDC:0781-7156-83 8 POUCH in 1 PACKET
1 NDC:0781-7156-58 1 PATCH in 1 POUCH
1 3.5 d in 1 PATCH
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA authorized generic NDA020538 12/22/2014
ESTRADIOL 
Estradiol Patch, extended release
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0781-7167
Route of Administration TRANSDERMAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
ESTRADIOL (ESTRADIOL) ESTRADIOL 0.1 mg  in 1 d
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL  
OLEYL ALCOHOL  
POVIDONES  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0781-7167-40 3 PACKET in 1 CARTON
1 NDC:0781-7167-83 8 POUCH in 1 PACKET
1 NDC:0781-7167-58 1 PATCH in 1 POUCH
1 3.5 d in 1 PATCH
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA authorized generic NDA020538 12/22/2014
Labeler - Sandoz Inc (110342024)
Revised: 12/2014
 
Sandoz Inc
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