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Desloratadine

Pronunciation

Dosage Form: tablet, film coated

Indications and Usage for Desloratadine

Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis

Desloratadine tablets are indicated for the relief of the nasal and non-nasal symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis in patients 12 years of age and older.

Perennial Allergic Rhinitis

Desloratadine tablets are indicated for the relief of the nasal and non-nasal symptoms of perennial allergic rhinitis in patients 12 years of age and older.

Desloratadine Dosage and Administration

Desloratadine tablets may be taken without regard to meals.

2.1 Adults and Adolescents 12 Years of Age and Over

The recommended dose of Desloratadine tablets is one 5 mg tablet once daily.

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Adults with Hepatic or Renal Impairment

In adult patients with liver or renal impairment, a starting dose of one 5 mg tablet every other day is recommended based on pharmacokinetic data. Dosing recommendation for children with liver or renal impairment cannot be made due to lack of data [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Dosage Forms and Strengths

Desloratadine tablets are red, film-coated, round, unscored tablets debossed with M on one side of the tablet and D17 on the other side, containing 5 mg of Desloratadine.

Contraindications

Desloratadine tablets are contraindicated in patients who are hypersensitive to this medication or to any of its ingredients or to loratadine [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) and Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

Warnings and Precautions

Hypersensitivity Reactions

Hypersensitivity reactions including rash, pruritus, urticaria, edema, dyspnea, and anaphylaxis have been reported after administration of Desloratadine. If such a reaction occurs, therapy with Desloratadine should be stopped and alternative treatment should be considered. [See Adverse Reactions (6.2).]

Adverse Reactions

The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the label:

Hypersensitivity reactions. [See Warnings and Precautions (5.1).]

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

Adults and Adolescents

Allergic Rhinitis

In multiple-dose placebo-controlled trials, 2,834 patients ages 12 years or older received Desloratadine tablets at doses of 2.5 mg to 20 mg daily, of whom 1,655 patients received the recommended daily dose of 5 mg. In patients receiving 5 mg daily, the rate of adverse events was similar between Desloratadine and placebo-treated patients. The percent of patients who withdrew prematurely due to adverse events was 2.4% in the Desloratadine group and 2.6% in the placebo group. There were no serious adverse events in these trials in patients receiving Desloratadine. All adverse events that were reported by greater than or equal to 2% of patients who received the recommended daily dose of Desloratadine tablets (5 mg once daily), and that were more common with Desloratadine tablets than placebo, are listed in Table 1.

Table 1: Incidence of Adverse Events Reported by ≥ 2% of Adult and Adolescent Allergic Rhinitis Patients Receiving Desloratadine Tablets

Adverse Event

Desloratadine Tablets 5 mg

(n = 1,655)

Placebo

(n = 1,652)

Infections and Infestations

Pharyngitis

4.1%

2%

Nervous System Disorders

Somnolence

2.1%

1.8%

Gastrointestinal Disorders

Dry Mouth

3%

1.9%

Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorder

Myalgia

2.1%

1.8%

Reproductive System and Breast Disorders

Dysmenorrhea

2.1%

1.6%

General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions

Fatigue

2.1%

1.2%

 The frequency and magnitude of laboratory and electrocardiographic abnormalities were similar in Desloratadine and placebo-treated patients.

There were no differences in adverse events for subgroups of patients as defined by gender, age, or race.

Pediatrics

Two hundred and forty-six pediatric subjects 6 months to 11 years of age received Desloratadine syrup for 15 days in three placebo-controlled clinical trials. Pediatric subjects aged 6 to 11 years received 2.5 mg once a day, subjects aged 1 to 5 years received 1.25 mg once a day, and subjects 6 to 11 months of age received 1 mg once a day.

In subjects 6 to 11 years of age, no individual adverse event was reported by 2 percent or more of the subjects.

In subjects 2 to 5 years of age, adverse events reported for Desloratadine and placebo in at least 2 percent of subjects receiving Desloratadine syrup and at a frequency greater than placebo were fever (5.5%, 5.4%), urinary tract infection (3.6%, 0%) and varicella (3.6%, 0%).

In subjects 12 months to 23 months of age, adverse events reported for the Desloratadine product and placebo in at least 2 percent of subjects receiving Desloratadine syrup and at a frequency greater than placebo were fever (16.9%, 12.9%), diarrhea (15.4%, 11.3%), upper respiratory tract infections (10.8%, 9.7%), coughing (10.8%, 6.5%), appetite increased (3.1%, 1.6%), emotional lability (3.1%, 0%), epistaxis (3.1%, 0%), parasitic infection (3.1%, 0%), pharyngitis (3.1%, 0%), rash maculopapular (3.1%, 0%).

In subjects 6 months to 11 months of age, adverse events reported for Desloratadine and placebo in at least 2 percent of subjects receiving Desloratadine syrup and at a frequency greater than placebo were upper respiratory tract infections (21.2%, 12.9%), diarrhea (19.7%, 8.1%), fever (12.1%, 1.6%), irritability (12.1%, 11.3%), coughing (10.6%, 9.7%), somnolence (9.1%, 8.1%), bronchitis (6.1%, 0%), otitis media (6.1%, 1.6%), vomiting (6.1%, 3.2%), anorexia (4.5%, 1.6%), pharyngitis (4.5%, 1.6%), insomnia (4.5%, 0%), rhinorrhea (4.5%, 3.2%), erythema (3.0%, 1.6%), and nausea (3.0%, 0%).

There were no clinically meaningful changes in any electrocardiographic parameter, including the QTc interval. Only one of the 246 pediatric subjects receiving Desloratadine syrup in the clinical trials discontinued treatment because of an adverse event.

Post-Marketing Experience

Because adverse events are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. The following spontaneous adverse events have been reported during the marketing of Desloratadine: tachycardia, palpitations, rare cases of hypersensitivity reactions (such as rash, pruritus, urticaria, edema, dyspnea, and anaphylaxis), movement disorders (including dystonia, tics, and extrapyramidal symptoms), psychomotor hyperactivity, seizures, and elevated liver enzymes including bilirubin, and very rarely, hepatitis.

Drug Interactions

Inhibitors of Cytochrome P450 3A4

In controlled clinical studies coadministration of Desloratadine with ketoconazole, erythromycin, or azithromycin resulted in increased plasma concentrations of Desloratadine and 3-hydroxyDesloratadine, but there were no clinically relevant changes in the safety profile of Desloratadine. [See Clinical Pharmacology (12.3).]

Fluoxetine

In controlled clinical studies coadministration of Desloratadine with fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), resulted in increased plasma concentrations of Desloratadine and 3-hydroxyDesloratadine, but there were no clinically relevant changes in the safety profile of Desloratadine. [See Clinical Pharmacology (12.3).]

Cimetidine

In controlled clinical studies coadministration of Desloratadine with cimetidine, a histamine H2-receptor antagonist, resulted in increased plasma concentrations of Desloratadine and 3-hydroxyDesloratadine, but there were no clinically relevant changes in the safety profile of Desloratadine. [See Clinical Pharmacology (12.3).]  

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Pregnancy

Teratogenic Effects. Pregnancy Category C

There are no adequate and well controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, Desloratadine should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

Desloratadine was not teratogenic in rats or rabbits at approximately 210 and 230 times, respectively, the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) in humans at the recommended daily oral dose. An increase in pre-implantation loss and a decreased number of implantations and fetuses were noted, however, in a separate study in female rats at approximately 120 times the AUC in humans at the recommended daily oral dose. Reduced body weight and slow righting reflex were reported in pups at approximately 50 times or greater than the AUC in humans at the recommended daily oral dose. Desloratadine had no effect on pup development at approximately 7 times the AUC in humans at the recommended daily oral dose. The AUCs in comparison referred to the Desloratadine exposure in rabbits and the sum of Desloratadine and its metabolites exposures in rats, respectively. [See Nonclinical Toxicology (13.2).]

Nursing Mothers

Desloratadine passes into breast milk; therefore, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue Desloratadine, taking into account the benefit of the drug to the nursing mother and the possible risk to the child.

Pediatric Use

The recommended dose of Desloratadine syrup in the pediatric population is based on cross-study comparison of the plasma concentration of Desloratadine in adults and pediatric subjects. The safety of Desloratadine syrup has been established in 246 pediatric subjects aged 6 months to 11 years in three placebo-controlled clinical studies. Since the course of seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis and the effects of Desloratadine are sufficiently similar in the pediatric and adult populations, it allows extrapolation from the adult efficacy data to pediatric patients. The effectiveness of Desloratadine syrup in these age groups is supported by evidence from adequate and well controlled studies of Desloratadine tablets in adults. The safety and effectiveness of Desloratadine tablets or Desloratadine syrup have not been demonstrated in pediatric patients less than 6 months of age. [See Clinical Pharmacology (12.3).]

The Desloratadine orally disintegrating 2.5 mg tablet has not been evaluated in pediatric patients. Bioequivalence of the Desloratadine orally disintegrating tablet and the previously marketed orally disintegrating tablet was established in adults. In conjunction with the dose finding studies in pediatrics described, the pharmacokinetic data for Desloratadine orally disintegrating tablets supports the use of the 2.5 mg dose strength in pediatric patients 6 to 11 years of age.

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of Desloratadine did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy. [See Clinical Pharmacology (12.3).]

Renal Impairment

Dosage adjustment for patients with renal impairment is recommended [see Dosage and Administration (2.5) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]

Hepatic Impairment

Dosage adjustment for patients with hepatic impairment is recommended [see Dosage and Administration (2.5) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]

Drug Abuse and Dependence

There is no information to indicate that abuse or dependency occurs with Desloratadine tablets.

Overdosage

In the event of overdose, consider standard measures to remove any unabsorbed drug. Symptomatic and supportive treatment is recommended. Desloratadine and 3-hydroxyDesloratadine are not eliminated by hemodialysis.

Information regarding acute overdosage is limited to experience from post-marketing adverse event reports and from clinical trials conducted during the development of the Desloratadine product. In a dose-ranging trial, at doses of 10 mg and 20 mg/day somnolence was reported.

In another study, no clinically relevant adverse events were reported in normal male and female volunteers who were given single daily doses of Desloratadine 45 mg for 10 days [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)]

Lethality occurred in rats at oral doses of 250 mg/kg or greater (estimated Desloratadine and Desloratadine metabolite exposures were approximately 120 times the AUC in humans at the recommended daily oral dose). The oral median lethal dose in mice was 353 mg/kg (estimated Desloratadine exposures were approximately 290 times the human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis). No deaths occurred at oral doses up to 250 mg/kg in monkeys (estimated Desloratadine exposures were approximately 810 times the human daily oral dose on a mg/m2 basis).

Desloratadine Description

Desloratadine tablets are red, film-coated, round, unscored tablets debossed with M on one side of the tablet and D17 on the other side containing 5 mg of Desloratadine, an antihistamine, to be administered orally. Desloratadine tablets also contain the following excipients: colloidal silicon dioxide, FD&C Red No. 40 Aluminum Lake, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl alcohol, pregelatinized starch (corn), sodium lauryl sulfate, talc and titanium dioxide.

Desloratadine is a white to off-white powder that is slightly soluble in water, but very soluble in ethanol and propylene glycol. It has an empirical formula: C19H19ClN2 and a molecular weight of 310.8. The chemical name is 8-chloro-6,11-dihydro-11-(4-piperdinylidene)-5H-benzo[5,6]cyclohepta[1,2-b]pyridine and has the following structure:

Desloratadine - Clinical Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

Desloratadine is a long-acting tricyclic histamine antagonist with selective H1-receptor histamine antagonist activity. Receptor binding data indicates that at a concentration of 2 to 3 ng/mL (7 nanomolar), Desloratadine shows significant interaction with the human histamine H1-receptor. Desloratadine inhibited histamine release from human mast cells in vitro. Results of a radiolabeled tissue distribution study in rats and a radioligand H1-receptor binding study in guinea pigs showed that Desloratadine did not readily cross the blood brain barrier. The clinical significance of this finding is unknown.

Pharmacodynamics

Wheal and Flare

Human histamine skin wheal studies following single and repeated 5 mg doses of Desloratadine have shown that the drug exhibits an antihistaminic effect by one hour; this activity may persist for as long as 24 hours. There was no evidence of histamine-induced skin wheal tachyphylaxis within the Desloratadine 5 mg group over the 28-day treatment period. The clinical relevance of histamine wheal skin testing is unknown.

Effects on QTc

Single daily doses of 45 mg were given to normal male and female volunteers for 10 days. All ECGs obtained in this study were manually read in a blinded fashion by a cardiologist. In Desloratadine-treated subjects, there was an increase in mean heart rate of 9.2 bpm relative to placebo. The QT interval was corrected for heart rate (QTc) by both the Bazett and Fridericia methods. Using the QTc (Bazett) there was a mean increase of 8.1 msec in Desloratadine-treated subjects relative to placebo. Using QTc (Fridericia) there was a mean increase of 0.4 msec in Desloratadine-treated subjects relative to placebo. No clinically relevant adverse events were reported.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

Following oral administration of a Desloratadine 5 mg tablet once daily for 10 days to normal healthy volunteers, the mean time to maximum plasma concentrations (Tmax) occurred at approximately 3 hours post dose and mean steady-state peak plasma concentrations (Cmax) and AUC of 4 ng/mL and 56.9 ng∙hr /mL were observed, respectively. Neither food nor grapefruit juice had an effect on the bioavailability (Cmax and AUC) of Desloratadine.

The pharmacokinetic profile of Desloratadine syrup was evaluated in a three-way crossover study in 30 adult volunteers. A single dose of 10 mL of Desloratadine syrup containing 5 mg of Desloratadine was bioequivalent to a single dose of 5 mg Desloratadine tablet. Food had no effect on the bioavailability (AUC and Cmax) of Desloratadine syrup.

The pharmacokinetic profile of Desloratadine orally disintegrating tablets was evaluated in a three-way crossover study in 24 adult volunteers. A single Desloratadine orally disintegrating tablet containing 5 mg of Desloratadine was bioequivalent to a single 5 mg Desloratadine orally disintegrating tablet (original formulation) for both Desloratadine and 3-hydroxyDesloratadine. Food and water had no effect on the bioavailability (AUC and Cmax) of Desloratadine orally disintegrating tablets.

Distribution

Desloratadine and 3-hydroxyDesloratadine are approximately 82% to 87% and 85% to 89% bound to plasma proteins, respectively. Protein binding of Desloratadine and 3-hydroxyDesloratadine was unaltered in subjects with impaired renal function.

Metabolism

Desloratadine (a major metabolite of loratadine) is extensively metabolized to 3-hydroxyDesloratadine, an active metabolite, which is subsequently glucuronidated. The enzyme(s) responsible for the formation of 3-hydroxyDesloratadine have not been identified. Data from clinical trials indicate that a subset of the general population has a decreased ability to form 3-hydroxyDesloratadine, and are poor metabolizers of Desloratadine. In pharmacokinetic studies (n = 3,748), approximately 6% of subjects were poor metabolizers of Desloratadine (defined as a subject with an AUC ratio of 3-hydroxyDesloratadine to Desloratadine less than 0.1, or a subject with a Desloratadine half-life exceeding 50 hours). These pharmacokinetic studies included subjects between the ages of 2 and 70 years, including 977 subjects aged 2 to 5 years, 1,575 subjects aged 6 to 11 years, and 1,196 subjects aged 12 to 70 years. There was no difference in the prevalence of poor metabolizers across age groups. The frequency of poor metabolizers was higher in Blacks (17%, n = 988) as compared to Caucasians (2%, n = 1,462) and Hispanics (2%, n = 1,063). The median exposure (AUC) to Desloratadine in the poor metabolizers was approximately 6-fold greater than in the subjects who are not poor metabolizers. Subjects who are poor metabolizers of Desloratadine cannot be prospectively identified and will be exposed to higher levels of Desloratadine following dosing with the recommended dose of Desloratadine. In multidose clinical safety studies, where metabolizer status was identified, a total of 94 poor metabolizers and 123 normal metabolizers were enrolled and treated with Desloratadine syrup for 15 to 35 days. In these studies, no overall differences in safety were observed between poor metabolizers and normal metabolizers. Although not seen in these studies, an increased risk of exposure-related adverse events in patients who are poor metabolizers cannot be ruled out.

Elimination

The mean plasma elimination half-life of Desloratadine was approximately 27 hours. Cmax and AUC values increased in a dose proportional manner following single oral doses between 5 and 20 mg. The degree of accumulation after 14 days of dosing was consistent with the half-life and dosing frequency. A human mass balance study documented a recovery of approximately 87% of the 14C-Desloratadine dose, which was equally distributed in urine and feces as metabolic products. Analysis of plasma 3-hydroxyDesloratadine showed similar Tmax and half-life values compared to Desloratadine.

Special Populations

Geriatric Subjects

In older subjects (≥ 65 years old; n = 17) following multiple-dose administration of Desloratadine tablets, the mean Cmax and AUC values for Desloratadine were 20% greater than in younger subjects (< 65 years old). The oral total body clearance (CL/F) when normalized for body weight was similar between the two age groups. The mean plasma elimination half-life of Desloratadine was 33.7 hr in subjects ≥ 65 years old. The pharmacokinetics for 3-hydroxyDesloratadine appeared unchanged in older versus younger subjects. These age-related differences are unlikely to be clinically relevant and no dosage adjustment is recommended in elderly subjects.

Pediatric Subjects

In subjects 6 to 11 years old, a single dose of 5 mL of Desloratadine syrup containing 2.5 mg of Desloratadine, resulted in Desloratadine plasma concentrations similar to those achieved in adults administered a single 5 mg Desloratadine tablet. In subjects 2 to 5 years old, a single dose of 2.5 mL of Desloratadine syrup containing 1.25 mg of Desloratadine, resulted in Desloratadine plasma concentrations similar to those achieved in adults administered a single 5 mg Desloratadine tablet. However, the Cmax and AUC of the metabolite (3-hydroxyDesloratadine) were 1.27 and 1.61 times higher for the 5 mg dose of syrup administered in adults compared to the Cmax and AUC obtained in children 2 to 11 years of age receiving 1.25 mg to 2.5 mg of Desloratadine syrup.

A single dose of either 2.5 mL or 1.25 mL of Desloratadine syrup containing 1.25 mg or 0.625 mg, respectively, of Desloratadine was administered to subjects 6 to 11 months of age and 12 to 23 months of age. The results of a population pharmacokinetic analysis indicated that a dose of 1 mg for subjects aged 6 to 11 months and 1.25 mg for subjects 12 to 23 months of age is required to obtain Desloratadine plasma concentrations similar to those achieved in adults administered a single 5 mg dose of Desloratadine syrup.

The Desloratadine orally disintegrating 2.5 mg tablet has not been evaluated in pediatric patients. Bioequivalence of the Desloratadine orally disintegrating tablet and the original Desloratadine orally disintegrating tablets was established in adults. In conjunction with the dose-finding studies in pediatrics described, the pharmacokinetic data for Desloratadine orally disintegrating tablets supports the use of the 2.5 mg dose strength in pediatric patients 6 to 11 years of age.

Renally Impaired

Desloratadine pharmacokinetics following a single dose of 7.5 mg were characterized in patients with mild (n = 7; creatinine clearance 51 to 69 mL/min/1.73 m2), moderate (n = 6; creatinine clearance 34 to 43 mL/min/1.73 m2), and severe (n = 6; creatinine clearance 5 to 29 mL/min/1.73 m2) renal impairment or hemodialysis dependent (n = 6) patients. In patients with mild and moderate renal impairment, median Cmax and AUC values increased by approximately 1.2- and 1.9-fold, respectively, relative to subjects with normal renal function. In patients with severe renal impairment or who were hemodialysis dependent, Cmax and AUC values increased by approximately 1.7- and 2.5-fold, respectively. Minimal changes in 3-hydroxyDesloratadine concentrations were observed. Desloratadine and 3-hydroxyDesloratadine were poorly removed by hemodialysis. Plasma protein binding of Desloratadine and 3-hydroxyDesloratadine was unaltered by renal impairment. Dosage adjustment for patients with renal impairment is recommended [see Dosage and Administration (2.5)]

Hepatically Impaired

Desloratadine pharmacokinetics were characterized following a single oral dose in patients with mild (n = 4), moderate (n = 4), and severe (n = 4) hepatic impairment as defined by the Child-Pugh classification of hepatic function and eight subjects with normal hepatic function. Patients with hepatic impairment, regardless of severity, had approximately a 2.4-fold increase in AUC as compared with normal subjects. The apparent oral clearance of Desloratadine in patients with mild, moderate, and severe hepatic impairment was 37%, 36%, and 28% of that in normal subjects, respectively. An increase in the mean elimination half-life of Desloratadine in patients with hepatic impairment was observed. For 3-hydroxyDesloratadine, the mean Cmax and AUC values for patients with hepatic impairment were not statistically significantly different from subjects with normal hepatic function. Dosage adjustment for patients with hepatic impairment is recommended [see Dosage and Administration (2.5)]

Gender

Female subjects treated for 14 days with Desloratadine tablets had 10% and 3% higher Desloratadine Cmax and AUC values, respectively, compared with male subjects. The 3-hydroxyDesloratadine Cmax and AUC values were also increased by 45% and 48%, respectively, in females compared with males. However, these apparent differences are not likely to be clinically relevant and therefore no dosage adjustment is recommended.

Race

Following 14 days of treatment with Desloratadine tablets, the Cmax and AUC values for Desloratadine were 18% and 32% higher, respectively, in Blacks compared with Caucasians. For 3-hydroxyDesloratadine there was a corresponding 10% reduction in Cmax and AUC values in Blacks compared to Caucasians. These differences are not likely to be clinically relevant and therefore no dose adjustment is recommended.

Drug Interactions

In two controlled crossover clinical pharmacology studies in healthy male (n = 12 in each study) and female (n = 12 in each study) volunteers, Desloratadine 7.5 mg (1.5 times the daily dose) once daily was coadministered with erythromycin 500 mg every 8 hours or ketoconazole 200 mg every 12 hours for 10 days. In three separate controlled, parallel group clinical pharmacology studies, Desloratadine at the clinical dose of 5 mg has been coadministered with azithromycin 500 mg followed by 250 mg once daily for 4 days (n = 18) or with fluoxetine 20 mg once daily for 7 days after a 23-day pretreatment period with fluoxetine (n = 18) or with cimetidine 600 mg every 12 hours for 14 days (n = 18) under steady-state conditions to normal healthy male and female volunteers. Although increased plasma concentrations (Cmax and AUC 0 to 24 hrs) of Desloratadine and 3-hydroxyDesloratadine were observed (see Table 2), there were no clinically relevant changes in the safety profile of Desloratadine, as assessed by electrocardiographic parameters (including the corrected QT interval), clinical laboratory tests, vital signs, and adverse events.

Table 2: Changes in Desloratadine and 3-HydroxyDesloratadine Pharmacokinetics in Healthy Male and Female Volunteers

Desloratadine

3-HydroxyDesloratadine

Cmax

AUC

0 to 24 hrs

Cmax

AUC

0 to 24 hrs

Erythromycin

(500 mg Q8h)

+ 24%

+ 14%

+ 43%

+ 40%

Ketoconazole

(200 mg Q12h)

+ 45%

+ 39%

+ 43%

+ 72%

Azithromycin

(500 mg day 1, 250 mg QD x 4 days)

+ 15%

+ 5%

+ 15%

+ 4%

Fluoxetine

(20 mg QD)

+ 15%

+ 0%

+ 17%

+ 13%

Cimetidine

(600 mg Q12h)

+12 %

+ 19%

- 11%

- 3%

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenicity Studies

The carcinogenic potential of Desloratadine was assessed using a loratadine study in rats and a Desloratadine study in mice. In a 2-year study in rats, loratadine was administered in the diet at doses up to 25 mg/kg/day (estimated Desloratadine and Desloratadine metabolite exposures were approximately 30 times the AUC in humans at the recommended daily oral dose). A significantly higher incidence of hepatocellular tumors (combined adenomas and carcinomas) was observed in males given 10 mg/kg/day of loratadine and in males and females given 25 mg/kg/day of loratadine. The estimated Desloratadine and Desloratadine metabolite exposures in rats given 10 mg/kg of loratadine were approximately 7 times the AUC in humans at the recommended daily oral dose. The clinical significance of these findings during long-term use of Desloratadine is not known.

In a 2-year dietary study in mice, males and females given up to 16 mg/kg/day and 32 mg/kg/day Desloratadine, respectively, did not show significant increases in the incidence of any tumors. The estimated Desloratadine and Desloratadine metabolite exposures in mice at these doses were 12 and 27 times, respectively, the AUC in humans at the recommended daily oral dose.

Genotoxicity Studies

In genotoxicity studies with Desloratadine, there was no evidence of genotoxic potential in a reverse mutation assay (Salmonella/E. coli mammalian microsome bacterial mutagenicity assay) or in two assays for chromosomal aberrations (human peripheral blood lymphocyte clastogenicity assay and mouse bone marrow micronucleus assay).

Impairment of Fertility

There was no effect on female fertility in rats at Desloratadine doses up to 24 mg/kg/day (estimated Desloratadine and Desloratadine metabolite exposures were approximately 130 times the AUC in humans at the recommended daily oral dose). A male specific decrease in fertility, demonstrated by reduced female conception rates, decreased sperm numbers and motility, and histopathologic testicular changes, occurred at an oral Desloratadine dose of 12 mg/kg in rats (estimated Desloratadine and Desloratadine metabolite exposures were approximately 45 times the AUC in humans at the recommended daily oral dose). Desloratadine had no effect on fertility in rats at an oral dose of 3 mg/kg/day (estimated Desloratadine and Desloratadine metabolite exposures were approximately 8 times the AUC in humans at the recommended daily oral dose).

Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology

Reproductive Toxicology Studies

Desloratadine was not teratogenic in rats at doses up to 48 mg/kg/day (estimated Desloratadine and Desloratadine metabolite exposures were approximately 210 times the AUC in humans at the recommended daily oral dose) or in rabbits at doses up to 60 mg/kg/day (estimated Desloratadine exposures were approximately 230 times the AUC in humans at the recommended daily oral dose). In a separate study, an increase in pre-implantation loss and a decreased number of implantations and fetuses were noted in female rats at 24 mg/kg (estimated Desloratadine and Desloratadine metabolite exposures were approximately 120 times the AUC in humans at the recommended daily oral dose). Reduced body weight and slow righting reflex were reported in pups at doses of 9 mg/kg/day or greater (estimated Desloratadine and Desloratadine metabolite exposures were approximately 50 times or greater than the AUC in humans at the recommended daily oral dose). Desloratadine had no effect on pup development at an oral dose of 3 mg/kg/day (estimated Desloratadine and Desloratadine metabolite exposures were approximately 7 times the AUC in humans at the recommended daily oral dose).

Clinical Studies

Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis

The clinical efficacy and safety of Desloratadine tablets were evaluated in over 2,300 patients 12 to 75 years of age with seasonal allergic rhinitis. A total of 1,838 patients received 2.5 to 20 mg/day of Desloratadine in four double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials of 2 to 4 weeks’ duration conducted in the United States. The results of these studies demonstrated the efficacy and safety of Desloratadine 5 mg in the treatment of adult and adolescent patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis. In a dose-ranging trial, Desloratadine 2.5 to 20 mg/day was studied. Doses of 5, 7.5, 10, and 20 mg/day were superior to placebo; and no additional benefit was seen at doses above 5 mg. In the same study, an increase in the incidence of somnolence was observed at doses of 10 mg/day and 20 mg/day (5.2% and 7.6%, respectively), compared to placebo (2.3%).

In two 4-week studies of 924 patients (aged 15 to 75 years) with seasonal allergic rhinitis and concomitant asthma, Desloratadine tablets 5 mg once daily improved rhinitis symptoms, with no decrease in pulmonary function. This supports the safety of administering Desloratadine tablets to adult patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis with mild to moderate asthma.

Desloratadine tablets 5 mg once daily significantly reduced the Total Symptom Score (the sum of individual scores of nasal and non-nasal symptoms) in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis. See Table 3.

Table 3: TOTAL SYMPTOM SCORE (TSS) Changes in a 2-Week Clinical Trial in Patients with Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis
SEM = Standard Error of the Mean
*
At baseline, a total nasal symptom score (sum of four individual symptoms) of at least 6 and a total non-nasal symptom score (sum of four individual symptoms) of at least 5 (each symptom scored 0 to 3 where 0 = no symptom and 3 = severe symptoms) was required for trial eligibility. TSS ranges from 0 = no symptoms to 24 = maximal symptoms.
Mean reduction in TSS averaged over the 2-week treatment period.

Treatment Group

(n)

Mean Baseline*

(SEM)

Change from Baseline

(SEM)

Placebo

Comparison

(P-value)

Desloratadine

5 mg (171)

14.2 (0.3)

-4.3 (0.3)

P < 0.01

Placebo (173)

13.7 (0.3)

-2.5 (0.3)

There were no significant differences in the effectiveness of Desloratadine tablets 5 mg across subgroups of patients defined by gender, age, or race.

Perennial Allergic Rhinitis

The clinical efficacy and safety of Desloratadine tablets 5 mg were evaluated in over 1,300 patients 12 to 80 years of age with perennial allergic rhinitis. A total of 685 patients received 5 mg/day of Desloratadine in two double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials of 4 weeks’ duration conducted in the United States and internationally. In one of these studies Desloratadine tablets 5 mg once daily was shown to significantly reduce the Total Symptom Score in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis (Table 4).

Table 4: TOTAL SYMPTOM SCORE (TSS) Changes in a 4-Week Clinical Trial in Patients with Perennial Allergic Rhinitis
SEM = Standard Error of the Mean
*
At baseline, average of total symptom score (sum of five individual nasal symptoms and three non-nasal symptoms, each symptom scored 0 to 3 where 0 = no symptom and 3 = severe symptoms) of at least 10 was required for trial eligibility. TSS ranges from 0 = no symptoms to 24 = maximal symptoms.
Mean reduction in TSS averaged over the 4-week treatment period.

Treatment Group

(n)

Mean Baseline*

(SEM)

Change from Baseline

(SEM)

Placebo

Comparison

(P-value)

Desloratadine

5 mg (337)

12.37 (0.18)

-4.06 (0.21)

P = 0.01

Placebo (337)

12.30 (0.18)

-3.27 (0.21)

How Supplied/Storage and Handling

Desloratadine Tablets are available containing 5 mg of Desloratadine.

The 5 mg tablets are red, film-coated, round, unscored tablets debossed with M on one side of the tablet and D17 on the other side. They are available as follows:

NDC 0378-4017-01
bottles of 100 tablets

NDC 0378-4017-05
bottles of 500 tablets

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.]

Heat sensitive. Avoid exposure at or above 30ºC (86ºF).

Protect from moisture.

Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.

PHARMACIST: Dispense a Patient Information Leaflet with each prescription.

Patient Counseling Information

[See FDA-Approved Patient Labeling.]

Information for Patients

Patients should be instructed to use Desloratadine as directed.
As there are no food effects on bioavailability, patients can be instructed that Desloratadine tablets may be taken without regard to meals.
Patients should be advised not to increase the dose or dosing frequency as studies have not demonstrated increased effectiveness at higher doses and somnolence may occur.

  

PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET
Desloratadine TABLETS
(des′′ lor a′ ta deen)
5 mg

Read the Patient Information that comes with Desloratadine tablets before you start taking it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This leaflet is a summary of the information for patients. Your doctor or pharmacist can give you additional information. This leaflet does not take the place of talking to your doctor about your medical condition or treatment.

What are Desloratadine tablets?

Desloratadine tablets are a prescription medicine that contains the medicine Desloratadine (an antihistamine).

Desloratadine tablets are used to help control the symptoms of:

seasonal allergic rhinitis (sneezing, stuffy nose, runny nose and itching of the nose) in people 12 years of age and older.
perennial allergic rhinitis (sneezing, stuffy nose, runny nose and itching of the nose) in people 12 years of age and older.

Who should not take Desloratadine tablets?

Do not take Desloratadine tablets if you:

are allergic to Desloratadine or any of the ingredients in Desloratadine tablets. See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients.
are allergic to loratadine (Alavert®*, Claritin®*).

Talk to your doctor before taking this medicine if you have any questions about whether or not to take this medicine.

What should I tell my doctor before taking Desloratadine tablets?

Before you take Desloratadine tablets, tell your doctor if you:

have liver or kidney problems.
have any other medical conditions.
are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if Desloratadine will harm your unborn baby. Talk to your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed. Desloratadine can pass into your breast milk. Talk to your doctor about the best way to feed your baby if you take Desloratadine tablets.

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements. Desloratadine tablets may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how Desloratadine tablets work. Especially tell your doctor if you take:

ketoconazole (Nizoral®*)
erythromycin (Ery-tab®*, Eryc®*, PCE®*)
azithromycin (Zithromax®*, Zmax®*)
antihistamines
fluoxetine (Prozac®*)
cimetidine (Tagamet®*)

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of your medicines and show it to your doctor and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

How should I take Desloratadine tablets?

Take Desloratadine tablets exactly as your doctor tells you to take it.
Do not change your dose of Desloratadine tablets or take more often than prescribed.
Desloratadine tablets can be taken with or without food.
If you take too much Desloratadine tablets, call your doctor or get medical attention right away.

What are the possible side effects of Desloratadine tablets?

Desloratadine tablets may cause serious side effects, including:

Allergic reactions. Stop taking Desloratadine tablets and call your doctor right away or get emergency help if you have any of these symptoms:
rash
itching
hives
swelling of your lips, tongue, face, and throat
shortness of breath or trouble breathing

The most common side effects of Desloratadine tablets in adults and children 12 years of age and older with allergic rhinitis include:

sore throat
dry mouth
muscle pain
tiredness
sleepiness
menstrual pain

Increased sleepiness or tiredness can happen if you take more Desloratadine tablets than your doctor prescribed to you.

Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all of the possible side effects of Desloratadine tablets. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How should I store Desloratadine tablets?

Store Desloratadine tablets at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F).
Desloratadine tablets are sensitive to heat. Do not store above 86°F (30°C).
Protect Desloratadine tablets from moisture.

Keep Desloratadine tablets and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about Desloratadine tablets

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a patient information leaflet. Do not use Desloratadine tablets for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give Desloratadine tablets to other people, even if they have the same condition you have. It may harm them.

This Patient Information leaflet summarizes the most important information about Desloratadine tablets. If you would like more information, talk with your doctor. You can ask your pharmacist or doctor for information about Desloratadine tablets that is written for health professionals.

For more information, call Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc. at 1-877-446-3679 (1-877-4-INFO-RX). 

What are the ingredients in Desloratadine tablets?

Active ingredient: Desloratadine

Inactive ingredients in Desloratadine tablets: colloidal silicon dioxide, FD&C Red No. 40 Aluminum Lake, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl alcohol, pregelatinized starch (corn), sodium lauryl sulfate, talc and titanium dioxide.

*The brands listed are registered trademarks of their respective owners.

Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A.

REVISED JUNE 2014
DSLD:R4ppt

   

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 5 mg

NDC 0378-4017-01

Desloratadine
Tablets
5 mg

PHARMACIST: Dispense the accompanying
Patient Information Leaflet to each patient.

Rx only 100 TABLETS

Each film-coated tablet contains:
Desloratadine 5 mg

Dispense in a tight, light-resistant
container as defined in the USP
using a child-resistant closure.

Keep container tightly closed.

Keep this and all medication
out of the reach of children.

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F).
[See USP Controlled Room
Temperature.]

Heat sensitive. Avoid exposure
at or above 30°C (86°F).

Usual Dosage: See accompanying
prescribing information.

Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A.

Mylan.com

RM4017A1

Desloratadine 
Desloratadine tablet, film coated
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0378-4017
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Desloratadine (Desloratadine) Desloratadine 5 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
SILICON DIOXIDE  
MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE  
STARCH, CORN  
SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE  
FD&C RED NO. 40  
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOLS  
POLYVINYL ALCOHOL  
TALC  
TITANIUM DIOXIDE  
Product Characteristics
Color RED Score no score
Shape ROUND Size 6mm
Flavor Imprint Code M;D17
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0378-4017-01 100 TABLET, FILM COATED in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC
2 NDC:0378-4017-05 500 TABLET, FILM COATED in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA078351 07/02/2012
Labeler - Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc. (059295980)
Revised: 06/2014
 
Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.
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