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Breo Ellipta

Generic Name: fluticasone furoate and vilanterol trifenatate
Dosage Form: inhalation powder

WARNING: ASTHMA-RELATED DEATH

Long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonists (LABA) increase the risk of asthma-related death. Data from a large placebo-controlled US trial that compared the safety of another LABA (salmeterol) with placebo added to usual asthma therapy showed an increase in asthma-related deaths in subjects receiving salmeterol. This finding with salmeterol is considered a class effect of LABA, including vilanterol, an active ingredient in BREO™ ELLIPTA™ [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

The safety and efficacy of Breo Ellipta in patients with asthma have not been established. Breo Ellipta is not indicated for the treatment of asthma.

Indications and Usage for Breo Ellipta

Breo Ellipta is a combination inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonist (ICS/LABA) indicated for the long-term, once-daily, maintenance treatment of airflow obstruction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and/or emphysema. Breo Ellipta is also indicated to reduce exacerbations of COPD in patients with a history of exacerbations.

Important Limitations of Use: Breo Ellipta is NOT indicated for the relief of acute bronchospasm or for the treatment of asthma.

Breo Ellipta Dosage and Administration

Breo Ellipta 100 mcg/25 mcg should be administered as 1 inhalation once daily by the orally inhaled route only. After inhalation, the patient should rinse his/her mouth with water without swallowing to help reduce the risk of oropharyngeal candidiasis.

Slideshow: Flashback: FDA Drug Approvals 2013

Breo Ellipta should be taken at the same time every day. Do not use Breo Ellipta more than 1 time every 24 hours.

No dosage adjustment is required for geriatric patients, patients with hepatic impairment, or renally impaired patients [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Dosage Forms and Strengths

Inhalation Powder. Disposable light grey and pale blue plastic inhaler containing 2 double-foil blister strips, each with 30 blisters containing powder intended for oral inhalation only. One strip contains fluticasone furoate (100 mcg per blister), and the other strip contains vilanterol (25 mcg per blister). An institutional pack containing 14 blisters per strip is also available.

Contraindications

The use of Breo Ellipta is contraindicated in patients with severe hypersensitivity to milk proteins or who have demonstrated hypersensitivity to either fluticasone furoate, vilanterol, or any of the excipients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.11), Description (11)].

Warnings and Precautions

Asthma-Related Death

Data from a large placebo-controlled trial in subjects with asthma showed that LABA may increase the risk of asthma-related death. Data are not available to determine whether the rate of death in patients with COPD is increased by LABA.
A 28-week, placebo-controlled, US trial comparing the safety of another LABA (salmeterol) with placebo, each added to usual asthma therapy, showed an increase in asthma-related deaths in subjects receiving salmeterol (13/13,176 in subjects treated with salmeterol vs 3/13,179 in subjects treated with placebo; relative risk: 4.37 [95% CI: 1.25, 15.34]). The increased risk of asthma-related death is considered a class effect of LABA, including vilanterol, one of the active ingredients in Breo Ellipta.
No study adequate to determine whether the rate of asthma-related death is increased in subjects treated with Breo Ellipta has been conducted. The safety and efficacy of Breo Ellipta in patients with asthma have not been established. Breo Ellipta is not indicated for the treatment of asthma.

Deterioration of Disease and Acute Episodes

Breo Ellipta should not be initiated in patients during rapidly deteriorating or potentially life-threatening episodes of COPD. Breo Ellipta has not been studied in patients with acutely deteriorating COPD. The initiation of Breo Ellipta in this setting is not appropriate.

Breo Ellipta should not be used for the relief of acute symptoms, i.e., as rescue therapy for the treatment of acute episodes of bronchospasm. Breo Ellipta has not been studied in the relief of acute symptoms and extra doses should not be used for that purpose. Acute symptoms should be treated with an inhaled, short-acting beta2-agonist.

When beginning treatment with Breo Ellipta, patients who have been taking oral or inhaled, short-acting beta2-agonists on a regular basis (e.g., 4 times a day) should be instructed to discontinue the regular use of these drugs and to use them only for symptomatic relief of acute respiratory symptoms. When prescribing Breo Ellipta, the healthcare provider should also prescribe an inhaled, short-acting beta2-agonist and instruct the patient on how it should be used. Increasing inhaled, short-acting beta2-agonist use is a signal of deteriorating disease for which prompt medical attention is indicated.

COPD may deteriorate acutely over a period of hours or chronically over several days or longer. If Breo Ellipta no longer controls symptoms of bronchoconstriction; the patient’s inhaled, short-acting, beta2-agonist becomes less effective; or the patient needs more short-acting beta2-agonist than usual, these may be markers of deterioration of disease. In this setting a re-evaluation of the patient and the COPD treatment regimen should be undertaken at once. Increasing the daily dose of Breo Ellipta beyond the recommended dose is not appropriate in this situation.

Excessive Use of Breo Ellipta and Use With Other Long-Acting Beta2-Agonists

Breo Ellipta should not be used more often than recommended, at higher doses than recommended, or in conjunction with other medicines containing LABA, as an overdose may result. Clinically significant cardiovascular effects and fatalities have been reported in association with excessive use of inhaled sympathomimetic drugs. Patients using Breo Ellipta should not use another medicine containing a LABA (e.g., salmeterol, formoterol fumarate, arformoterol tartrate, indacaterol) for any reason.

Local Effects of Inhaled Corticosteroids

In clinical trials, the development of localized infections of the mouth and pharynx with Candida albicans has occurred in subjects treated with Breo Ellipta. When such an infection develops, it should be treated with appropriate local or systemic (i.e., oral) antifungal therapy while treatment with Breo Ellipta continues, but at times therapy with Breo Ellipta may need to be interrupted. Advise the patient to rinse his/her mouth without swallowing following inhalation to help reduce the risk of oropharyngeal candidiasis.

Pneumonia

An increase in the incidence of pneumonia has been observed in subjects with COPD receiving the fluticasone furoate/vilanterol combination, including Breo Ellipta 100 mcg/25 mcg, in clinical trials. There was also an increased incidence of pneumonias resulting in hospitalization. In some incidences these pneumonia events were fatal. Physicians should remain vigilant for the possible development of pneumonia in patients with COPD as the clinical features of such infections overlap with the symptoms of COPD exacerbations.

In replicate 12-month trials in 3,255 subjects with COPD who had experienced a COPD exacerbation in the previous year, there was a higher incidence of pneumonia reported in subjects receiving the fluticasone furoate/vilanterol combination (50 mcg/25 mcg: 6% [48 of 820 subjects]; 100 mcg/25 mcg: 6% [51 of 806 subjects]; or 200 mcg/25 mcg: 7% [55 of 811 subjects]) than in subjects receiving vilanterol 25 mcg (3% [27 of 818 subjects]). There was no fatal pneumonia in subjects receiving vilanterol or fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 50 mcg/25 mcg. There was fatal pneumonia in 1 subject receiving fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 100 mcg/25 mcg and in 7 subjects receiving fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 200 mcg/25 mcg (less than 1% for each treatment group).

Immunosuppression

Persons who are using drugs that suppress the immune system are more susceptible to infections than healthy individuals. Chickenpox and measles, for example, can have a more serious or even fatal course in susceptible children or adults using corticosteroids. In such children or adults who have not had these diseases or been properly immunized, particular care should be taken to avoid exposure. How the dose, route, and duration of corticosteroid administration affect the risk of developing a disseminated infection is not known. The contribution of the underlying disease and/or prior corticosteroid treatment to the risk is also not known. If a patient is exposed to chickenpox, prophylaxis with varicella zoster immune globulin (VZIG) may be indicated. If a patient is exposed to measles, prophylaxis with pooled intramuscular immunoglobulin (IG) may be indicated. (See the respective package inserts for complete VZIG and IG prescribing information.) If chickenpox develops, treatment with antiviral agents may be considered.

Inhaled corticosteroids should be used with caution, if at all, in patients with active or quiescent tuberculosis infections of the respiratory tract; systemic fungal, bacterial, viral, or parasitic infections; or ocular herpes simplex.

Transferring Patients From Systemic Corticosteroid Therapy

Particular care is needed for patients who have been transferred from systemically active corticosteroids to inhaled corticosteroids because deaths due to adrenal insufficiency have occurred in patients with asthma during and after transfer from systemic corticosteroids to less systemically available inhaled corticosteroids. After withdrawal from systemic corticosteroids, a number of months are required for recovery of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) function.

Patients who have been previously maintained on 20 mg or more of prednisone (or its equivalent) may be most susceptible, particularly when their systemic corticosteroids have been almost completely withdrawn. During this period of HPA suppression, patients may exhibit signs and symptoms of adrenal insufficiency when exposed to trauma, surgery, or infection (particularly gastroenteritis) or other conditions associated with severe electrolyte loss. Although Breo Ellipta may control COPD symptoms during these episodes, in recommended doses it supplies less than normal physiological amount of glucocorticoid systemically and does NOT provide the mineralocorticoid activity that is necessary for coping with these emergencies.

During periods of stress or a severe COPD exacerbation, patients who have been withdrawn from systemic corticosteroids should be instructed to resume oral corticosteroids (in large doses) immediately and to contact their physicians for further instruction. These patients should also be instructed to carry a warning card indicating that they may need supplementary systemic corticosteroids during periods of stress or severe COPD exacerbation.

Patients requiring oral corticosteroids should be weaned slowly from systemic corticosteroid use after transferring to Breo Ellipta. Prednisone reduction can be accomplished by reducing the daily prednisone dose by 2.5 mg on a weekly basis during therapy with Breo Ellipta. Lung function (mean forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1]), beta-agonist use, and COPD symptoms should be carefully monitored during withdrawal of oral corticosteroids. In addition, patients should be observed for signs and symptoms of adrenal insufficiency, such as fatigue, lassitude, weakness, nausea and vomiting, and hypotension.

Transfer of patients from systemic corticosteroid therapy to Breo Ellipta may unmask allergic conditions previously suppressed by the systemic corticosteroid therapy (e.g., rhinitis, conjunctivitis, eczema, arthritis, eosinophilic conditions).

During withdrawal from oral corticosteroids, some patients may experience symptoms of systemically active corticosteroid withdrawal (e.g., joint and/or muscular pain, lassitude, and depression) despite maintenance or even improvement of respiratory function.

Hypercorticism and Adrenal Suppression

Inhaled fluticasone furoate is absorbed into the circulation and can be systemically active. Effects of fluticasone furoate on the HPA axis are not observed with the therapeutic dose of Breo Ellipta. However, exceeding the recommended dosage or coadministration with a strong cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitor may result in HPA dysfunction [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9), Drug Interactions (7.1)].

Because of the possibility of significant systemic absorption of inhaled corticosteroids in sensitive patients, patients treated with Breo Ellipta should be observed carefully for any evidence of systemic corticosteroid effects. Particular care should be taken in observing patients postoperatively or during periods of stress for evidence of inadequate adrenal response.

It is possible that systemic corticosteroid effects such as hypercorticism and adrenal suppression (including adrenal crisis) may appear in a small number of patients who are sensitive to these effects. If such effects occur, Breo Ellipta should be reduced slowly, consistent with accepted procedures for reducing systemic corticosteroids, and other treatments for management of COPD symptoms should be considered.

Drug Interactions With Strong Cytochrome P450 3A4 Inhibitors

Caution should be exercised when considering the coadministration of Breo Ellipta with long-term ketoconazole and other known strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., ritonavir, clarithromycin, conivaptan, indinavir, itraconazole, lopinavir, nefazodone, nelfinavir, saquinavir, telithromycin, troleandomycin, voriconazole) because increased systemic corticosteroid and increased cardiovascular adverse effects may occur [see Drug Interactions (7.1), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Paradoxical Bronchospasm

As with other inhaled medicines, Breo Ellipta can produce paradoxical bronchospasm, which may be life threatening. If paradoxical bronchospasm occurs following dosing with Breo Ellipta, it should be treated immediately with an inhaled, short-acting bronchodilator; Breo Ellipta should be discontinued immediately; and alternative therapy should be instituted.

Hypersensitivity Reactions

Hypersensitivity reactions may occur after administration of Breo Ellipta. There have been reports of anaphylactic reactions in patients with severe milk protein allergy after inhalation of other powder products containing lactose; therefore, patients with severe milk protein allergy should not take Breo Ellipta [see Contraindications (4)].

Cardiovascular Effects

Vilanterol, like other beta2-agonists, can produce a clinically significant cardiovascular effect in some patients as measured by increases in pulse rate, systolic or diastolic blood pressure, and also cardiac arrhythmias, such as supraventricular tachycardia and extrasystoles. If such effects occur, Breo Ellipta may need to be discontinued. In addition, beta-agonists have been reported to produce electrocardiographic changes, such as flattening of the T wave, prolongation of the QTc interval, and ST segment depression, although the clinical significance of these findings is unknown. In healthy subjects, large doses of inhaled fluticasone furoate/vilanterol (4 times the recommended dose of vilanterol, representing a 12-fold higher systemic exposure than seen in patients with COPD) have been associated with clinically significant prolongation of the QTc interval, which has the potential for producing ventricular arrhythmias. Therefore, Breo Ellipta, like other sympathomimetic amines, should be used with caution in patients with cardiovascular disorders, especially coronary insufficiency, cardiac arrhythmias, and hypertension.

Reduction in Bone Mineral Density

Decreases in bone mineral density (BMD) have been observed with long-term administration of products containing inhaled corticosteroids. The clinical significance of small changes in BMD with regard to long-term consequences such as fracture is unknown. Patients with major risk factors for decreased bone mineral content, such as prolonged immobilization, family history of osteoporosis, postmenopausal status, tobacco use, advanced age, poor nutrition, or chronic use of drugs that can reduce bone mass (e.g., anticonvulsants, oral corticosteroids) should be monitored and treated with established standards of care. Since patients with COPD often have multiple risk factors for reduced BMD, assessment of BMD is recommended prior to initiating Breo Ellipta and periodically thereafter. If significant reductions in BMD are seen and Breo Ellipta is still considered medically important for that patient’s COPD therapy, use of medicine to treat or prevent osteoporosis should be strongly considered.

In replicate 12-month trials in 3,255 subjects with COPD, bone fractures were reported by 2% of subjects receiving the fluticasone furoate/vilanterol combination (50 mcg/25 mcg: 2% [14 of 820 subjects]; 100 mcg/25 mcg: 2% [19 of 806 subjects]; or 200 mcg/25 mcg: 2% [14 of 811 subjects]) than in subjects receiving vilanterol 25 mcg alone (less than 1% [8 of 818 subjects]).

Glaucoma and Cataracts

Glaucoma, increased intraocular pressure, and cataracts have been reported in patients with COPD following the long-term administration of inhaled corticosteroids. Therefore, close monitoring is warranted in patients with a change in vision or with a history of increased intraocular pressure, glaucoma, and/or cataracts.

In replicate 12-month trials in 3,255 subjects with COPD, similar incidences of ocular effects (including glaucoma and cataracts) were reported in subjects receiving the fluticasone furoate/vilanterol combination (50 mcg/25 mcg: less than 1% [7 of 820 subjects]; 100 mcg/25 mcg: 1% [12 of 806 subjects]; 200 mcg/25 mcg: less than 1% [7 of 811 subjects]) as those receiving vilanterol 25 mcg alone (1% [9 of 818 subjects]).

Coexisting Conditions

Breo Ellipta, like all medicines containing sympathomimetic amines, should be used with caution in patients with convulsive disorders or thyrotoxicosis and in those who are unusually responsive to sympathomimetic amines. Doses of the related beta2-adrenoceptor agonist albuterol, when administered intravenously, have been reported to aggravate preexisting diabetes mellitus and ketoacidosis.

Hypokalemia and Hyperglycemia

Beta-adrenergic agonist medicines may produce significant hypokalemia in some patients, possibly through intracellular shunting, which has the potential to produce adverse cardiovascular effects. The decrease in serum potassium is usually transient, not requiring supplementation. Beta-agonist medications may produce transient hyperglycemia in some patients. In 4 clinical trials of 6- and 12-month duration evaluating Breo Ellipta in subjects with COPD, there was no evidence of a treatment effect on serum glucose or potassium.

Adverse Reactions

LABA, such as vilanterol, one of the active ingredients in Breo Ellipta, increase the risk of asthma-related death. Breo Ellipta is not indicated for the treatment of asthma. [See Boxed Warnings and Warnings and Precautions (5.1).]

Systemic and local corticosteroid use may result in the following:

Increased risk of pneumonia in COPD [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]
Increased risk for decrease in bone mineral density [see Warnings and Precautions (5.13)]

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared with rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The clinical program for Breo Ellipta included 7,700 subjects with COPD in two 6-month lung function trials, two 12-month exacerbation trials, and 6 other trials of shorter duration. A total of 2,034 subjects have received at least 1 dose of Breo Ellipta 100 mcg/25 mcg, and 1,087 subjects have received higher doses of fluticasone furoate/vilanterol. The safety data described below are based on the confirmatory 6-month and 12-month trials. Adverse reactions observed in the other trials were similar to those observed in the confirmatory trials.

6-Month Trials: The incidence of adverse reactions associated with Breo Ellipta in Table 1 is based on 2 placebo-controlled, 6-month clinical trials (Trials 1 and 2; n = 1,224 and n = 1,030, respectively). Of the 2,254 subjects, 70% were male and 84% were Caucasian. They had a mean age of 62 years and an average smoking history of 44 pack years, with 54% identified as current smokers. At screening, the mean postbronchodilator percent predicted FEV1 was 48% (range: 14% to 87%), the mean postbronchodilator FEV1/forced vital capacity (FVC) ratio was 47% (range: 17% to 88%), and the mean percent reversibility was 14% (range: -41% to 152%).

Subjects received 1 inhalation once daily of the following: Breo Ellipta 100 mcg/25 mcg, fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 50 mcg/25 mcg, fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 200 mcg/25 mcg, fluticasone furoate 100 mcg, fluticasone furoate 200 mcg, vilanterol 25 mcg, or placebo.

Table 1. Adverse Reactions With ≥3% Incidence and More Common Than Placebo With Breo Ellipta in Subjects With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Adverse Event

Breo Ellipta

100 mcg/25 mcg

(n = 410)

%

Vilanterol 25 mcg

(n = 408)

%

Fluticasone Furoate

100 mcg

(n = 410)

%

Placebo

(n = 412)

%

Infections and infestations

 
Nasopharyngitis

9

10

8

8

 
Upper respiratory tract infection

7

5

4

3

 
Oropharyngeal candidiasisa

5

2

3

2

Nervous system disorders

 
Headache

7

9

7

5

a Includes terms oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, candidiasis, and oropharyngitis fungal.

12-Month Trials: Long-term safety data is based on two 12-month trials (Trials 3 and 4; n = 1,633 and n = 1,622, respectively). Trials 3 and 4 included 3,255 subjects, of which 57% were male and 85% were Caucasian. They had a mean age of 64 years and an average smoking history of 46 pack years, with 44% identified as current smokers. At screening, the mean postbronchodilator percent predicted FEV1 was 45% (range: 12% to 91%), and the mean postbronchodilator FEV1/FVC ratio was 46% (range: 17% to 81%), indicating that the subject population had moderate to very severely impaired airflow obstruction. Subjects received 1 inhalation once daily of the following: Breo Ellipta 100 mcg/25 mcg, fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 50 mcg/25 mcg, fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 200 mcg/25 mcg, or vilanterol 25 mcg. In addition to the events shown in Table 1, adverse reactions occurring in greater than or equal to 3% of the subjects treated with Breo Ellipta (N = 806) for 12 months included COPD, back pain, pneumonia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)], bronchitis, sinusitis, cough, oropharyngeal pain, arthralgia, hypertension, influenza, pharyngitis, diarrhea, peripheral edema, and pyrexia.

Drug Interactions

Inhibitors of Cytochrome P450 3A4

Fluticasone furoate and vilanterol, the individual components of Breo Ellipta, are both substrates of CYP3A4. Concomitant administration of the potent CYP3A4 inhibitor ketoconazole increases the systemic exposure to fluticasone furoate and vilanterol. Caution should be exercised when considering the coadministration of Breo Ellipta with long-term ketoconazole and other known strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., ritonavir, clarithromycin, conivaptan, indinavir, itraconazole, lopinavir, nefazodone, nelfinavir, saquinavir, telithromycin, troleandomycin, voriconazole) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors and Tricyclic Antidepressants

Vilanterol, like other beta2-agonists, should be administered with extreme caution to patients being treated with monoamine oxidase inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants, or drugs known to prolong the QTc interval or within 2 weeks of discontinuation of such agents, because the effect of adrenergic agonists on the cardiovascular system may be potentiated by these agents. Drugs that are known to prolong the QTc interval have an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias.

Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocking Agents

Beta-blockers not only block the pulmonary effect of beta-agonists, such as vilanterol, a component of Breo Ellipta, but may produce severe bronchospasm in patients with reversible obstructive airways disease. Therefore, patients with COPD should not normally be treated with beta-blockers. However, under certain circumstances, there may be no acceptable alternatives to the use of beta-adrenergic blocking agents for these patients; cardioselective beta-blockers could be considered, although they should be administered with caution.

Non–Potassium-Sparing Diuretics

The electrocardiographic changes and/or hypokalemia that may result from the administration of non‑potassium-sparing diuretics (such as loop or thiazide diuretics) can be acutely worsened by beta-agonists, especially when the recommended dose of the beta-agonist is exceeded. Although the clinical significance of these effects is not known, caution is advised in the coadministration of beta-agonists with non–potassium-sparing diuretics.

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Pregnancy

Teratogenic Effects: Pregnancy Category C. There are no adequate and well-controlled trials with Breo Ellipta in pregnant women. Corticosteroids and beta2-agonists have been shown to be teratogenic in laboratory animals when administered systemically at relatively low dosage levels. Because animal studies are not always predictive of human response, Breo Ellipta should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Women should be advised to contact their physicians if they become pregnant while taking Breo Ellipta.

Fluticasone Furoate and Vilanterol: There was no evidence of teratogenic interactions between fluticasone furoate and vilanterol in rats at approximately 9 and 40 times, respectively, the maximum recommended human daily inhalation dose (MRHDID) in adults (on a mcg/m2 basis at maternal inhaled doses of fluticasone furoate and vilanterol, alone or in combination, up to approximately 95 mcg/kg/day).

Fluticasone Furoate: There were no teratogenic effects in rats and rabbits at approximately 9 and 2 times, respectively, the MRHDID in adults (on a mcg/m2 basis at maternal inhaled doses up to 91 and 8 mcg/kg/day in rats and rabbits, respectively). There were no effects on perinatal and postnatal development in rats at approximately 3 times the MRHDID in adults (on a mcg/m2 basis at maternal doses up to 27 mcg/kg/day).

Vilanterol: There were no teratogenic effects in rats and rabbits at approximately 13,000 and 160 times, respectively, the MRHDID in adults (on a mcg/m2 basis at maternal inhaled doses up to 33,700 mcg/kg/day in rats and on an AUC basis at maternal inhaled doses up to 591 mcg/kg/day in rabbits). However, fetal skeletal variations were observed in rabbits at approximately 1,000 times the MRHDID in adults (on an AUC basis at maternal inhaled or subcutaneous doses of 5,740 or 300 mcg/kg/day, respectively). The skeletal variations included decreased or absent ossification in cervical vertebral centrum and metacarpals. There were no effects on perinatal and postnatal development in rats at approximately 3,900 times the MRHDID in adults (on a mcg/m2 basis at maternal oral doses up to 10,000 mcg/kg/day).

Nonteratogenic Effects: Hypoadrenalism may occur in infants born of mothers receiving corticosteroids during pregnancy. Such infants should be carefully monitored.

Labor and Delivery

There are no adequate and well-controlled human trials that have investigated the effects of Breo Ellipta during labor and delivery.

Because beta-agonists may potentially interfere with uterine contractility, Breo Ellipta should be used during labor only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether fluticasone furoate or vilanterol are excreted in human breast milk. However, other corticosteroids and beta2-agonists have been detected in human milk. Since there are no data from controlled trials on the use of Breo Ellipta by nursing mothers, caution should be exercised when it is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

Breo Ellipta is not indicated for use in children. The safety and efficacy in pediatric patients have not been established.

Geriatric Use

Based on available data, no adjustment of the dosage of Breo Ellipta in geriatric patients is necessary, but greater sensitivity in some older individuals cannot be ruled out.

Clinical trials of Breo Ellipta for COPD included 2,508 subjects aged 65 and older and 564 subjects aged 75 and older. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger subjects.

Hepatic Impairment

Fluticasone furoate systemic exposure increased by up to 3-fold in subjects with hepatic impairment compared with healthy subjects. Hepatic impairment had no effect on vilanterol systemic exposure. Use Breo Ellipta with caution in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment. Monitor patients for corticosteroid-related side effects [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Renal Impairment

There were no significant increases in either fluticasone furoate or vilanterol exposure in subjects with severe renal impairment (CrCl<30 mL/min) compared with healthy subjects. No dosage adjustment is required in patients with renal impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Overdosage

No human overdosage data has been reported for Breo Ellipta.

Breo Ellipta contains both fluticasone furoate and vilanterol; therefore, the risks associated with overdosage for the individual components described below apply to Breo Ellipta.

Fluticasone Furoate

Because of low systemic bioavailability (15.2%) and an absence of acute drug-related systemic findings in clinical trials, overdosage of fluticasone furoate is unlikely to require any treatment other than observation. If used at excessive doses for prolonged periods, systemic effects such as hypercorticism may occur [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)].

Single- and repeat-dose trials of fluticasone furoate at doses of 50 to 4,000 mcg have been studied in human subjects. Decreases in mean serum cortisol were observed at dosages of 500 mcg or higher given once daily for 14 days.

Vilanterol

The expected signs and symptoms with overdosage of vilanterol are those of excessive beta-adrenergic stimulation and/or occurrence or exaggeration of any of the signs and symptoms of beta-adrenergic stimulation (e.g., angina, hypertension or hypotension, tachycardia with rates up to 200 beats/min, arrhythmias, nervousness, headache, tremor, seizures, muscle cramps, dry mouth, palpitation, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, malaise, insomnia, hyperglycemia, hypokalemia, metabolic acidosis). As with all inhaled sympathomimetic medicines, cardiac arrest and even death may be associated with an overdose of vilanterol.

Treatment of overdosage consists of discontinuation of Breo Ellipta together with institution of appropriate symptomatic and/or supportive therapy. The judicious use of a cardioselective beta-receptor blocker may be considered, bearing in mind that such medicine can produce bronchospasm. Cardiac monitoring is recommended in cases of overdosage.

Breo Ellipta Description

Breo Ellipta is a combination of fluticasone furoate (an ICS) and vilanterol (a LABA).

One active component of Breo Ellipta is fluticasone furoate, a synthetic trifluorinated corticosteroid having the chemical name (6α,11β,16α,17α) - 6,9 - difluoro - 17 - {[(fluoro - methyl)thio]carbonyl} - 11 - hydroxy - 16 - methyl - 3 - oxoandrosta - 1,4 - dien - 17 - yl 2-furancarboxylate and the following chemical structure:

Fluticasone furoate is a white powder with a molecular weight of 538.6, and the empirical formula is C27H29F3O6S. It is practically insoluble in water.

The other active component of Breo Ellipta is vilanterol trifenatate, a LABA with the chemical name triphenylacetic acid - 4 - {(1R) - 2 - [(6 - {2 - [2,6 - dicholorobenzyl)oxy]ethoxy}hexyl)amino] - 1 - hydroxyethyl} - 2 - (hydroxymethyl)phenol (1:1) and the following chemical structure:

Vilanterol trifenatate is a white powder with a molecular weight of 774.8, and the empirical formula is C24H33Cl2NO5C20H16O2. It is practically insoluble in water.

Breo Ellipta is a light grey and pale blue plastic inhaler containing 2 double-foil blister strips. Each blister on one strip contains a white powder mix of micronized fluticasone furoate (100 mcg) and lactose monohydrate (12.4 mg), and each blister on the other strip contains a white powder mix of micronized vilanterol trifenatate (40 mcg equivalent to 25 mcg of vilanterol), magnesium stearate (125 mcg), and lactose monohydrate (12.34 mg). The lactose monohydrate contains milk proteins. After the inhaler is activated, the powder within both blisters is exposed and ready for dispersion into the airstream created by the patient inhaling through the mouthpiece.

Under standardized in vitro test conditions, Breo Ellipta delivers 92 mcg of fluticasone furoate and 22 mcg of vilanterol per blister when tested at a flow rate of 60 L/min for 4 seconds.

In adult subjects with obstructive lung disease and severely compromised lung function (COPD with FEV1/FVC less than 70% and FEV1 less than 30% predicted or FEV1 less than 50% predicted plus chronic respiratory failure), mean peak inspiratory flow through the ELLIPTA inhaler was 66.5 L/min (range: 43.5 to 81.0 L/min).

The actual amount of drug delivered to the lung will depend on patient factors, such as inspiratory flow profile.

Breo Ellipta - Clinical Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

Breo Ellipta: Since Breo Ellipta contains both fluticasone furoate and vilanterol, the mechanisms of action described below for the individual components apply to Breo Ellipta. These drugs represent 2 different classes of medications (a synthetic corticosteroid and a LABA) that have different effects on clinical and physiological indices.

Fluticasone Furoate: Fluticasone furoate is a synthetic trifluorinated corticosteroid with anti-inflammatory activity. Fluticasone furoate has been shown in vitro to exhibit a binding affinity for the human glucocorticoid receptor that is approximately 29.9 times that of dexamethasone and 1.7 times that of fluticasone propionate. The clinical relevance of these in vitro findings is unknown. The precise mechanism through which fluticasone furoate affects COPD symptoms is not known. Corticosteroids have been shown to have a wide range of actions on multiple cell types (e.g., mast cells, eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages, lymphocytes) and mediators (e.g., histamine, eicosanoids, leukotrienes, cytokines) involved in inflammation. Specific effects of fluticasone furoate demonstrated in in vitro and in vivo models included activation of the glucocorticoid response element, inhibition of pro-inflammatory transcription factors such as NFkB, and inhibition of antigen-induced lung eosinophilia in sensitized rats.

Vilanterol: Vilanterol is a LABA. In vitro tests have shown the functional selectivity of vilanterol was similar to salmeterol. The clinical relevance of this in vitro finding is unknown.

Although beta2-receptors are the predominant adrenergic receptors in bronchial smooth muscle and beta1-receptors are the predominant receptors in the heart, there are also beta2-receptors in the human heart comprising 10% to 50% of the total beta-adrenergic receptors. The precise function of these receptors has not been established, but they raise the possibility that even highly selective beta2-agonists may have cardiac effects.

The pharmacologic effects of beta2-adrenoceptor agonist drugs, including vilanterol, are at least in part attributable to stimulation of intracellular adenyl cyclase, the enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic-3’,5’-adenosine monophosphate (cyclic AMP). Increased cyclic AMP levels cause relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle and inhibition of release of mediators of immediate hypersensitivity from cells, especially from mast cells.

Pharmacodynamics

Cardiovascular Effects: Healthy Subjects: QTc interval prolongation was studied in a double-blind, multiple dose, placebo- and positive-controlled crossover study in 85 healthy volunteers. The maximum mean (95% upper confidence bound) difference in QTcF from placebo after baseline-correction was 4.9 (7.5) milliseconds and 9.6 (12.2) milliseconds seen 30 minutes after dosing for fluticasone furoate /vilanterol 200mcg/25 mcg and fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 800 mcg/100 mcg, respectively.

A dose-dependent increase in heart rate was also observed. The maximum mean (95% upper confidence bound) difference in heart rate from placebo after baseline-correction was 7.8 (9.4) beats/min and 17.1 (18.7) beats/min seen 10 minutes after dosing for fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 200 mcg/25 mcg and fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 800 mcg/100 mcg, respectively.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: In 4 clinical trials of 6- and 12-month duration, there was no evidence of a treatment effect on heart rate, QTcF, or blood pressure in subjects with COPD given combination doses of fluticasone furoate (50, 100, or 200 mcg)/vilanterol 25 mcg, the individual components of fluticasone furoate or vilanterol alone, or placebo [see Clinical Studies (14)].

HPA Axis Effects: Healthy Subjects: Inhaled fluticasone furoate at repeat doses up to 400 mcg was not associated with statistically significant decreases in serum or urinary cortisol in healthy subjects. Decreases in serum and urine cortisol levels were observed at fluticasone furoate exposures several-fold higher than exposures observed at the therapeutic dose.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: In a trial with subjects with COPD, treatment with fluticasone furoate/vilanterol (50 mcg/25 mcg, 100 mcg/25 mcg, and 200 mcg/25 mcg), vilanterol 25 mcg, and fluticasone furoate (100 and 200 mcg) for 6 months did not affect 24-hour urinary cortisol excretion. A separate trial with subjects with COPD demonstrated no effects on serum cortisol after 28 days of treatment with fluticasone furoate/vilanterol (50 mcg/25 mcg, 100 mcg/25 mcg, and 200 mcg/25 mcg).

Pharmacokinetics

Linear pharmacokinetics was observed for fluticasone furoate (200 to 800 mcg) and vilanterol (25 to 100 mcg). On repeated once-daily inhalation administration, steady state of fluticasone furoate and vilanterol plasma concentrations was achieved after 6 days, and the accumulation was up to 2.6-fold for fluticasone furoate and 2.4-fold for vilanterol as compared with single dose.

Absorption: Fluticasone Furoate: Fluticasone furoate plasma levels may not predict therapeutic effect. Peak plasma concentrations are reached within 0.5 to 1 hour. Absolute bioavailability of fluticasone furoate when administrated by inhalation was 15.2%, primarily due to absorption of the inhaled portion of the dose delivered to the lung. Oral bioavailability from the swallowed portion of the dose is low (approximately 1.3%) due to extensive first-pass metabolism. Systemic exposure (AUC) in subjects with COPD was 46% lower than observed in healthy subjects.

Vilanterol: Vilanterol plasma levels may not predict therapeutic effect. Peak plasma concentrations are reached within 10 minutes following inhalation. Absolute bioavailability of vilanterol when administrated by inhalation was 27.3%, primarily due to absorption of the inhaled portion of the dose delivered to the lung. Oral bioavailability from the swallowed portion of the dose of vilanterol is low (less than 2%) due to extensive first-pass metabolism. Systemic exposure in subjects with COPD was 24% higher than observed in healthy subjects.

Distribution: Fluticasone Furoate: Following intravenous administration to healthy subjects, the mean volume of distribution at steady state was 661 L. Binding of fluticasone furoate to human plasma proteins was high (99.6%).

Vilanterol: Following intravenous administration to healthy subjects, the mean volume of distribution at steady state was 165 L. Binding of vilanterol to human plasma proteins was 93.9%.

Metabolism: Fluticasone Furoate: Fluticasone furoate is cleared from systemic circulation principally by hepatic metabolism via CYP3A4 to metabolites with significantly reduced corticosteroid activity. There was no in vivo evidence for cleavage of the furoate moiety resulting in the formation of fluticasone.

Vilanterol: Vilanterol is mainly metabolized, principally via CYP3A4, to a range of metabolites with significantly reduced β1- and β2-agonist activity.

Elimination: Fluticasone Furoate: Fluticasone furoate and its metabolites are eliminated primarily in the feces, accounting for approximately 101% and 90% of the orally and intravenously administered dose, respectively. Urinary excretion accounted for approximately 1% and 2% of the orally and intravenously administered doses, respectively. Following repeat-dose inhaled administration, the plasma elimination phase half-life averaged 24 hours.

Vilanterol: Following oral administration, vilanterol was eliminated mainly by metabolism followed by excretion of metabolites in urine and feces (approximately 70% and 30% of the recovered radioactive dose, respectively). The effective half-life for accumulation of vilanterol, as determined from inhalation administration of multiple doses of vilanterol 25 mcg, is 21.3 hours in subjects with COPD.

Special Populations: The effect of renal and hepatic impairment and other intrinsic factors on the pharmacokinetics of fluticasone furoate and vilanterol is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1. Impact of Intrinsic Factors on the Pharmacokinetics (PK) of Fluticasone Furoate and Vilanterol Following Administration as Fluticasone Furoate/Vilanterol Combination

 
aAge, gender, and ethnicity comparison for Breo Ellipta (fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 100 mcg/25 mcg) in subjects with COPD.
 
bRenal groups (fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 200 mcg/25 mcg) and hepatic groups (fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 200 mcg/25 mcg or fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 100 mcg/12.5 mcg) compared with healthy control group.

Race: Systemic exposure (AUC(0-24)) to inhaled fluticasone furoate 200 mcg was 27% to 49% higher in healthy subjects of Japanese, Korean, and Chinese heritage compared with Caucasian subjects. Similar differences were observed for subjects with COPD (Figure 1). However, there is no evidence that this higher exposure to fluticasone furoate results in clinically relevant effects on urinary cortisol excretion or on efficacy in these racial groups.

There was no effect of race on the pharmacokinetics of vilanterol in subjects with COPD.

Hepatic Impairment: Fluticasone Furoate: Following repeat dosing of fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 200 mcg/25 mcg (100 mcg/12.5 mcg in the severe impairment group) for 7 days, there was an increase of 34%, 83%, and 75% in fluticasone furoate systemic exposure (AUC) in subjects with mild, moderate, and severe hepatic impairment, respectively, compared with healthy subjects (see Figure 1).

In subjects with moderate hepatic impairment receiving fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 200 mcg/25 mcg, mean serum cortisol (0 to 24 hours) was reduced by 34% (95% CI: 11%, 51%) compared with healthy subjects. In subjects with severe hepatic impairment receiving fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 100 mcg/12.5 mcg, mean serum cortisol (0 to 24 hours) was increased by 14% (95% CI: -16%, 55%) compared with healthy subjects. Patients with moderate to severe hepatic disease should be closely monitored.

Vilanterol: Hepatic impairment had no effect on vilanterol systemic exposure (Cmax and AUC(0-24) on Day 7) following repeat-dose administration of fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 200 mcg/25 mcg (100 mcg/12.5 mcg in the severe impairment group) for 7 days (see Figure 1).

There were no additional clinically relevant effects of the fluticasone furoate/vilanterol combinations on heart rate or serum potassium in subjects with mild or moderate hepatic impairment (vilanterol 25 mcg combination) or with severe hepatic impairment (vilanterol 12.5 mcg combination) compared with healthy subjects.

Renal Impairment: Fluticasone furoate systemic exposure was not increased and vilanterol systemic exposure (AUC(0-24)) was 56% higher in subjects with severe renal impairment compared with healthy subjects (see Figure 1). There was no evidence of greater corticosteroid or beta-agonist class-related systemic effects (assessed by serum cortisol, heart rate, and serum potassium) in subjects with severe renal impairment compared with healthy subjects.

Drug Interactions: There were no clinically relevant differences in the pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics of either fluticasone furoate or vilanterol when administered in combination compared with administration alone. The potential for fluticasone furoate and vilanterol to inhibit or induce metabolic enzymes and transporter systems is negligible at low inhalation doses.

Inhibitors of Cytochrome P450 3A4: The exposure (AUC) of fluticasone furoate and vilanterol were 36% and 65% higher, respectively, when coadministered with ketoconazole 400 mg compared with placebo (see Figure 2). The increase in fluticasone furoate exposure was associated with a 27% reduction in weighted mean serum cortisol (0 to 24 hours). The increase in vilanterol exposure was not associated with an increase in beta-agonist–related systemic effects on heart rate or blood potassium.

Figure 2. Impact of Coadministered Drugsa on the Pharmacokinetics (PK) of Fluticasone Furoate and Vilanterol Following Administration as Fluticasone Furoate/Vilanterol Combination or Vilanterol Coadministered With a Long-Acting Muscarinic Antagonist

 
a Compared with placebo group.

Inhibitors of P-glycoprotein: Fluticasone furoate and vilanterol are both substrates of P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Coadministration of repeat-dose (240 mg once daily) verapamil (a potent P-gp inhibitor and moderate CYP3A4 inhibitor) did not affect the vilanterol Cmax or AUC in healthy subjects (see Figure 2). Drug interaction trials with a specific P-gp inhibitor and fluticasone furoate have not been conducted.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Breo Ellipta: No studies of carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, or impairment of fertility were conducted with Breo Ellipta; however, studies are available for the individual components, fluticasone furoate and vilanterol, as described below.

Fluticasone Furoate: Fluticasone furoate produced no treatment-related increases in the incidence of tumors in 2-year inhalation studies in rats and mice at inhaled doses up to 9 and 19 mcg/kg/day, respectively (approximately equal to the MRHDID in adults on a mcg/m2 basis).

Fluticasone furoate did not induce gene mutation in bacteria or chromosomal damage in a mammalian cell mutation test in mouse lymphoma L5178Y cells in vitro. There was also no evidence of genotoxicity in the in vivo micronucleus test in rats.

No evidence of impairment of fertility was observed in male and female rats at inhaled fluticasone furoate doses up to 29 and 91 mcg/kg/day, respectively (approximately 3 and 9 times, respectively, the MRHDID in adults on a mcg/m2 basis).

Vilanterol: In a 2-year carcinogenicity study in mice, vilanterol caused a statistically significant increase in ovarian tubulostromal adenomas in females at an inhalation dose of 29,500 mcg/kg/day (approximately 8,750 times the MRHDID in adults on an AUC basis). No increase in tumors was seen at an inhalation dose of 615 mcg/kg/day (approximately 530 times the MRHDID in adults on an AUC basis).

In a 2-year carcinogenicity study in rats, vilanterol caused statistically significant increases in mesovarian leiomyomas in females and shortening of the latency of pituitary tumors at inhalation doses greater than or equal to 84.4 mcg/kg/day (greater than or equal to approximately 45 times the MRHDID in adults on an AUC basis). No tumors were seen at an inhalation dose of 10.5 mcg/kg/day (approximately 2 times the MRHDID in adults on an AUC basis).

These tumor findings in rodents are similar to those reported previously for other beta-adrenergic agonist drugs. The relevance of these findings to human use is unknown.

Vilanterol tested negative in the following genotoxicity assays: the in vitro Ames assay, in vivo rat bone marrow micronucleus assay, in vivo rat unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) assay, and in vitro Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cell assay. Vilanterol tested equivocal in the in vitro mouse lymphoma assay.

No evidence of impairment of fertility was observed in reproductive studies conducted in male and female rats at inhaled vilanterol doses up to 31,500 and 37,100 mcg/kg/day, respectively (approximately 12,000 and 14,000 times, respectively, the MRHDID in adults on a mcg/m2 basis).

Clinical Studies

The safety and efficacy of Breo Ellipta were evaluated in 7,700 subjects with COPD. The development program included 4 confirmatory trials of 6- and 12-months’ duration, three 12-week active comparator trials, and dose-ranging trials of shorter duration. The efficacy of Breo Ellipta is based primarily on the dose-ranging trials and the 4 confirmatory trials described below.

Dose-Ranging Trials

Dose selection for Breo Ellipta for COPD was based on dose-ranging trials for the individual components, vilanterol and fluticasone furoate, in patients with COPD and asthma. Breo Ellipta 100 mcg/25 mcg is not indicated for asthma.

Vilanterol: Dose selection for vilanterol in COPD was supported by a 28-day, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial evaluating 5 doses of vilanterol (3 to 50 mcg) or placebo dosed in the morning in 602 patients with COPD. Results demonstrated dose-related increases in FEV1 compared with placebo at Day 1 and Day 28 (Figure 3).

Figure 3. Least Squares (LS) Mean Difference From Placebo in Post-Dose Serial FEV1 (0-24 h, mL) on Days 1 and 28

Day 1

Day 28

The differences in trough FEV1 on Day 28 from placebo for the 3-, 6.25-, 12.5-, 25-, and 50-mcg doses were 92 mL (95% CI: 39, 144), 98 mL (95% CI: 46, 150), 110 mL (95% CI: 57, 162), 137 mL (95% CI: 85, 190), and 165 mL (95% CI: 112, 217), respectively. These results supported the evaluation of vilanterol 25 mcg in the confirmatory COPD trials.

Dose-ranging trials in subjects with asthma evaluated doses from 3 to 50 mcg and 12.5 mcg once-daily versus 6.25 mcg twice-daily dosing frequency. The results supported the selection of the vilanterol 25 mcg once-daily dose for further evaluation in the confirmatory COPD trials.

Fluticasone Furoate: Eight doses of fluticasone furoate ranging from 25 to 800 mcg once daily were evaluated in 3 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 8-week trials in subjects with asthma. A dose-related increase in trough FEV1 at Week 8 was seen for doses from 25 to 200 mcg with no consistent additional benefit for doses above 200 mcg. To evaluate dosing frequency, a separate trial compared fluticasone furoate 200 mcg once-daily, fluticasone furoate 100 mcg twice-daily, fluticasone propionate 100 mcg twice-daily, and fluticasone propionate 200 mcg twice-daily. The results supported the selection of the once-daily dosing frequency.

Based on the dose-ranging trials in asthma and COPD, once-daily doses of fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 50 mcg/25 mcg, 100 mcg/25 mcg, and 200 mcg/25 mcg were evaluated in the confirmatory COPD trials.

Confirmatory Trials

The clinical development program for Breo Ellipta included 4 confirmatory trials in subjects with COPD designed to evaluate the efficacy of Breo Ellipta on lung function (Trials 1 and 2) and exacerbations (Trials 3 and 4).

Lung Function: Trials 1 and 2 were 24-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials designed to evaluate the efficacy of Breo Ellipta on lung function in subjects with COPD. In Trial 1, subjects were randomized to Breo Ellipta 100 mcg/25 mcg, fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 200 mcg/25 mcg, fluticasone furoate 100 mcg, fluticasone furoate 200 mcg, vilanterol 25 mcg, and placebo. In Trial 2, subjects were randomized to Breo Ellipta 100 mcg/25 mcg, fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 50 mcg/25 mcg, fluticasone furoate 100 mcg, vilanterol 25 mcg, and placebo. All treatments were administered as 1 inhalation once daily.

Of the 2,254 patients, 70% were male and 84% were Caucasian. They had a mean age of 62 years and an average smoking history of 44 pack years, with 54% identified as current smokers. At screening, the mean postbronchodilator percent predicted FEV1 was 48% (range: 14% to 87%), mean postbronchodilator FEV1/FVC ratio was 47% (range: 17% to 88%), and the mean percent reversibility was 14% (range: -41% to 152%).

The co-primary efficacy variables in both trials were weighted mean FEV1 (0 to 4 hours) postdose on Day 168 and change from baseline in trough FEV1 on Day 169 (the mean of the FEV1 values obtained 23 and 24 hours after the final dose on Day 168). The weighted mean comparison of the fluticasone furoate/vilanterol combination with fluticasone furoate was assessed to evaluate the contribution of vilanterol to Breo Ellipta. The trough FEV1 comparison of the fluticasone furoate/vilanterol combination with vilanterol was assessed to evaluate the contribution of fluticasone furoate to Breo Ellipta.

Breo Ellipta 100 mcg/25 mcg demonstrated a larger increase in the weighted mean FEV1 (0 to 4 hours) relative to placebo and fluticasone furoate 100 mcg at Day 168 (Table 2).

Table 2. Least Squares Mean Change From Baseline in Weighted Mean FEV1 (0-4 h) and Trough FEV1 at 6 Months

Treatment

N

Weighted Mean FEV1 (0-4 h)a (mL)

Trough FEV1b (mL)

Difference from

Difference from

Placebo

(95% CI)

Fluticasone Furoate

100 mcg

(95% CI)

Fluticasone Furoate

200 mcg

(95% CI)

Placebo

(95% CI)

Vilanterol

25 mcg

(95% CI)

Trial 1

Breo Ellipta

100 mcg/25 mcg

204

214

(161, 266)

168

(116, 220)

––

144

(91, 197)

45

(-8, 97)

Fluticasone furoate/vilanterol

200 mcg/25 mcg

205

209

(157, 261)

––

168

(117, 219)

131

(80, 183)

32

(-19, 83)

Trial 2

Breo Ellipta

100 mcg/25 mcg

206

173

(123, 224)

120

(70, 170)

––

115

(60, 169)

48

(-6, 102)

 
a At Day 168.
 
bAt Day 169.

Serial spirometric evaluations were performed pre-dose and up to 4 hours after dosing. Results from Trial 1 at Day 1 and Day 168 are shown in Figure 4. Similar results were seen in Trial 2 (not shown).

Figure 4. Raw Mean Change From Baseline in Post-Dose Serial FEV1 (0-4 h, mL) on Days 1 and 168

Day 1

Day 168

The second co-primary variable was change from baseline in trough FEV1 following the final treatment day. At Day 169, both Trials 1 and 2 demonstrated significant increases in trough FEV1 for all strengths of the fluticasone furoate/vilanterol combination compared with placebo (Table 2). The comparison of Breo Ellipta 100 mcg/25 mcg with vilanterol did not achieve statistical significance (Table 2).

Trials 1 and 2 evaluated FEV1 as a secondary endpoint. Peak FEV1 was defined as the maximum postdose FEV1 recorded within 4 hours after the first dose of trial medicine on Day 1 (measurements recorded at 5, 15, and 30 minutes and 1, 2, and 4 hours). In both trials, differences in mean change from baseline in peak FEV1 were observed for the groups receiving fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 100 mcg/25 mcg compared with placebo (152 and 139 mL, respectively). The median time to onset, defined as a 100-mL increase from baseline in FEV1, was 16 minutes in subjects receiving fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 100 mcg/25 mcg.

Exacerbations: Trials 3 and 4 were randomized, double-blind, 52-week trials designed to evaluate the effect of Breo Ellipta on the rate of moderate and severe COPD exacerbations. All patients were treated with fluticasone propionate/salmeterol 250 mcg/50 mcg twice daily during a 4-week run-in period prior to being randomly assigned to 1 of the following treatment groups: Breo Ellipta 100 mcg/25 mcg, fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 50 mcg/25 mcg, fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 200 mcg/25 mcg, or vilanterol 25 mcg.

The primary efficacy variable in both trials was the annual rate of moderate/severe exacerbations. The comparison of the fluticasone furoate/vilanterol combination with vilanterol was assessed to evaluate the contribution of fluticasone furoate to Breo Ellipta. In these 2 trials, exacerbations were defined as worsening of 2 or more major symptoms (dyspnea, sputum volume, and sputum purulence) or worsening of any 1 major symptom together with any 1 of the following minor symptoms: sore throat, colds (nasal discharge and/or nasal congestion), fever without other cause, and increased cough or wheeze for at least 2 consecutive days. COPD exacerbations were considered to be of moderate severity if treatment with systemic corticosteroids and/or antibiotics was required and were considered to be severe if hospitalization was required.

Trials 3 and 4 included 3,255 subjects, of which 57% were male and 85% were Caucasian. They had a mean age of 64 years and an average smoking history of 46 pack years, with 44% identified as current smokers. At screening, the mean postbronchodilator percent predicted FEV1 was 45% (range: 12% to 91%), and mean postbronchodilator FEV1/FVC ratio was 46% (range: 17% to 81%), indicating that the subject population had moderate to very severely impaired airflow obstruction. The mean percent reversibility was 15% (range: -65% to 313%).

Patients treated with Breo Ellipta 100 mcg/25 mcg had a lower annual rate of moderate/severe COPD exacerbations compared with vilanterol in both trials (Table 3).

Table 3. Moderate and Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbations

Treatment

N

Mean Annual Rate
(exacerbations/year)

Ratio vs Vilanterol

95% CI

 
Trial 3

Fluticasone furoate/vilanterol
200 mcg/25 mcg

409

0.79

0.69

(0.56, 0.85)

Breo Ellipta 100 mcg/
25 mcg

403

0.90

0.79

(0.64, 0.97)

Fluticasone furoate/vilanterol
50 mcg/25 mcg

412

0.92

0.81

(0.66, 0.99)

Vilanterol 25 mcg

409

1.14

––

––

 
Trial 4

Fluticasone furoate/vilanterol
200 mcg/25 mcg

402

0.90

0.85

(0.70, 1.04)

Breo Ellipta 100 mcg/
25 mcg

403

0.70

0.66

(0.54, 0.81)

Fluticasone furoate/vilanterol
50 mcg/25 mcg

408

0.92

0.87

(0.72, 1.06)

Vilanterol 25 mcg

409

1.05

––

––

How Supplied/Storage and Handling

Breo Ellipta is supplied as a disposable light grey and pale blue plastic inhaler containing 2 double-foil strips, each with 30 blisters. The inhaler is packaged within a moisture-protective foil tray with a desiccant and a peelable lid (NDC 0173-0859-10).

Breo Ellipta is also supplied in an institutional pack as a disposable light grey and pale blue plastic inhaler containing 2 double-foil strips, each with 14 blisters. It is packaged within a moisture-protective foil tray with a desiccant and a peelable lid (NDC 0173-0859-14).

Store at room temperature between 68°F and 77°F (20°C and 25°C); excursions permitted from 59° to 86°F (15° to 30°C) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Store in a dry place away from direct heat or sunlight. Keep out of reach of children.

Breo Ellipta should be stored inside the unopened moisture-protective foil tray and only removed from the tray immediately before initial use. Discard Breo Ellipta 6 weeks after opening the foil tray or when the counter reads “0” (after all blisters have been used), whichever comes first. The inhaler is not reusable. Do not attempt to take the inhaler apart.

Patient Counseling Information

See FDA-approved patient labeling (Medication Guide and Instructions for Use)

Asthma-Related Death

Patients should be informed that LABA, such as vilanterol, one of the active ingredients in Breo Ellipta, increase the risk of asthma-related death. Breo Ellipta is not indicated for the treatment of asthma.

Not for Acute Symptoms

Breo Ellipta is not meant to relieve acute symptoms of COPD and extra doses should not be used for that purpose. Acute symptoms should be treated with a rescue inhaler such as albuterol. The physician should provide the patient with such medicine and instruct the patient in how it should be used.

Patients should be instructed to notify their physicians immediately if they experience any of the following:

Symptoms get worse
Need for more inhalations than usual of their rescue inhaler
Significant decrease in lung function as outlined by the physician

Patients should not stop therapy with Breo Ellipta without physician/provider guidance since symptoms may recur after discontinuation.

Do Not Use Additional Long-Acting Beta2-Agonists

When patients are prescribed Breo Ellipta, other medicines containing a LABA should not be used.

Risks Associated With Corticosteroid Therapy

Local Effects: Patients should be advised that localized infections with Candida albicans occurred in the mouth and pharynx in some patients. If oropharyngeal candidiasis develops, it should be treated with appropriate local or systemic (i.e., oral) antifungal therapy while still continuing therapy with Breo Ellipta, but at times therapy with Breo Ellipta may need to be temporarily interrupted under close medical supervision. Rinsing the mouth without swallowing after inhalation is advised to help reduce the risk of thrush.

Pneumonia: Patients with COPD who have received Breo Ellipta have a higher risk of pneumonia and should be instructed to contact their healthcare providers if they develop symptoms of pneumonia (e.g., fever, chills, change in sputum color, increase in breathing problems).

Immunosuppression: Patients who are on immunosuppressant doses of corticosteroids should be warned to avoid exposure to chickenpox or measles and, if exposed, to consult their physicians without delay. Patients should be informed of potential worsening of existing tuberculosis, fungal, bacterial, viral, or parasitic infections, or ocular herpes simplex.

Hypercorticism and Adrenal Suppression: Patients should be advised that Breo Ellipta may cause systemic corticosteroid effects of hypercorticism and adrenal suppression. Additionally, patients should be instructed that deaths due to adrenal insufficiency have occurred during and after transfer from systemic corticosteroids.

Reduction in Bone Mineral Density: Patients who are at an increased risk for decreased BMD should be advised that the use of corticosteroids may pose an additional risk.

Ocular Effects: Long-term use of inhaled corticosteroids may increase the risk of some eye problems (cataracts or glaucoma); regular eye examinations should be considered.

Risks Associated With Beta-Agonist Therapy

Patients should be informed of adverse effects associated with beta2-agonists, such as palpitations, chest pain, rapid heart rate, tremor, or nervousness.

BREO and ELLIPTA are trademarks of GlaxoSmithKline.

Breo Ellipta was developed in collaboration with Theravance.

GlaxoSmithKline

Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

©2013, GlaxoSmithKline. All rights reserved.

BRE:1PI

Medication Guide

BREO™ ELLIPTA™ (BREE-oh ee-LIP-ta)

(fluticasone furoate and vilanterol inhalation powder)

Read the Medication Guide that comes with Breo Ellipta before you start using it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or treatment.

What is the most important information I should know about Breo Ellipta?

Breo Ellipta is only approved for use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Breo Ellipta is NOT approved for use in asthma.

Breo Ellipta can cause serious side effects, including:

People with asthma who take long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonist (LABA) medicines, such as vilanterol (one of the medicines in Breo Ellipta), have an increased risk of death from asthma problems. It is not known whether fluticasone furoate, the other medicine in Breo Ellipta, reduces the risk of death from asthma problems seen with LABA medicines.
It is not known if LABA medicines, such as vilanterol (one of the medicines in Breo Ellipta), increase the risk of death in people with COPD.
Call your healthcare provider if breathing problems worsen over time while using Breo Ellipta. You may need different treatment.
Get emergency medical care if:
your breathing problems worsen quickly
you use your rescue inhaler, but it does not relieve your breathing problems.

What is Breo Ellipta?

Breo Ellipta combines an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) medicine, fluticasone furoate, and a LABA medicine, vilanterol.

ICS medicines, such as fluticasone furoate (one of the medicines in Breo Ellipta), help to decrease inflammation in the lungs. Inflammation in the lungs can lead to breathing problems.
LABA medicines, such as vilanterol (one of the medicines in Breo Ellipta), help the muscles around the airways in your lungs stay relaxed to prevent symptoms such as wheezing, cough, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. These symptoms can happen when the muscles around the airways tighten. This makes it hard to breathe.

Breo Ellipta is used for COPD. COPD is a chronic lung disease that includes chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both. Breo Ellipta is a prescription medicine that is used long term as 1 inhalation 1 time each day to improve symptoms of COPD for better breathing and to reduce the number of flare-ups (the worsening of your COPD symptoms for several days).

Breo Ellipta is not for use to treat sudden symptoms of COPD. Always have a rescue inhaler (an inhaled, short-acting bronchodilator) with you to treat sudden symptoms. If you do not have a rescue inhaler, contact your healthcare provider to have one prescribed for you.
Breo Ellipta is not for the treatment of asthma. It is not known if Breo Ellipta is safe and effective in people with asthma.
Breo Ellipta should not be used in children. It is not known if Breo Ellipta is safe and effective in children.

Who should not use Breo Ellipta?

Do not use Breo Ellipta if you:

have a severe allergy to milk proteins. Ask your healthcare provider if you are not sure.
are allergic to fluticasone furoate, vilanterol, or any of the ingredients in Breo Ellipta. See “What are the ingredients in Breo Ellipta?” below for a complete list of ingredients.

What should I tell my healthcare provider before using Breo Ellipta?

Tell your healthcare provider about all of your health conditions, including if you:

have heart problems
have high blood pressure
have seizures
have thyroid problems
have diabetes
have liver problems
have weak bones (osteoporosis)
have an immune system problem
have eye problems such as glaucoma or cataracts
are allergic to any of the ingredients in Breo Ellipta, any other medicines, or food products. See “What are the ingredients in Breo Ellipta?” below for a complete list of ingredients.
have any type of viral, bacterial, or fungal infection
are exposed to chickenpox or measles or been around anyone who has chickenpox or measles
have any other medical conditions
are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. It is not known if Breo Ellipta may harm your unborn baby.
are breastfeeding. It is not known if the medicines in Breo Ellipta pass into your milk and if they can harm your baby.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Breo Ellipta and certain other medicines may interact with each other. This may cause serious side effects. Especially, tell your healthcare provider if you take antifungal or anti-HIV medicines.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

How should I use Breo Ellipta?

Read the step-by-step instructions for using Breo Ellipta at the end of this Medication Guide.

Do not use Breo Ellipta unless your healthcare provider has taught you how to use the inhaler and you understand how to use it correctly.
Use Breo Ellipta exactly as prescribed. Do not use Breo Ellipta more often than prescribed.
Use 1 inhalation of Breo Ellipta 1 time each day. Use Breo Ellipta at the same time each day.
If you miss a dose of Breo Ellipta, take it as soon as you remember. Do not take more than 1 inhalation per day. Take your next dose at your usual time. Do not take 2 doses at one time.
If you take too much Breo Ellipta, call your healthcare provider and get medical help right away if you have any unusual symptoms, such as worsening shortness of breath, chest pain, increased heart rate, or shakiness.
Do not use other medicines that contain a LABA for any reason. Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist if any of your other medicines are LABA medicines.
Do not stop using Breo Ellipta unless told to do so by your healthcare provider because your symptoms might get worse. Your healthcare provider will change your medicines as needed.
Breo Ellipta does not relieve sudden symptoms. Always have a rescue inhaler with you to treat sudden symptoms. If you do not have a rescue inhaler, call your healthcare provider to have one prescribed for you.
Call your healthcare provider or get medical care right away if:
your breathing problems get worse
you need to use your rescue inhaler more often than usual
your rescue inhaler does not work as well to relieve your symptoms
you need to use 4 or more inhalations of your rescue inhaler in 24 hours for 2 or more days in a row
you use 1 whole canister of your rescue inhaler in 8 weeks

What are the possible side effects with Breo Ellipta?

Breo Ellipta can cause serious side effects, including:

See “What is the most important information I should know about Breo Ellipta?”
pneumonia. People with COPD have a higher chance of getting pneumonia. Breo Ellipta may increase the chance of getting pneumonia. Call your healthcare provider if you notice any of the following symptoms:
increase in mucus (sputum) production
change in mucus color
fever
chills
increased cough
increased breathing problems
thrush (fungal infection) in mouth and throat. You may develop a yeast infection (Candida albicans) in your mouth or throat. Rinse your mouth with water without swallowing after using Breo Ellipta to help prevent thrush in your mouth and throat.
serious allergic reactions. Call your healthcare provider or get emergency medical care if you get any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction:
rash
hives
swelling of the face, mouth, and tongue
breathing problems
sudden breathing problems immediately after inhaling your medicine
effects on heart
increased blood pressure
a fast and/or irregular heartbeat
chest pain
effects on nervous system
tremor
nervousness
reduced adrenal function (adrenal insufficiency). Adrenal insufficiency is a condition in which the adrenal glands do not make enough steroid hormones. This can happen when you stop taking oral corticosteroid medicines (such as prednisone) and start taking a medicine containing an inhaled corticosteroid (such as Breo Ellipta). When your body is under stress from fever, trauma (such as a car accident), infection, surgery, or worse COPD symptoms, adrenal insufficiency can get worse and may cause death.
Symptoms of adrenal insufficiency include:
feeling tired (fatigue)
lack of energy
weakness
nausea and vomiting
low blood pressure
changes in laboratory blood values (sugar, potassium)
weakened immune system and increased chance of getting infections (immunosuppression)
bone thinning or weakness (osteoporosis)
eye problems including glaucoma and cataracts. You should have regular eye exams while using Breo Ellipta.

Common side effects of Breo Ellipta include:

runny nose and sore throat
upper respiratory tract infection
headache
thrush in the mouth and/or throat. Rinse your mouth without swallowing after use to help prevent this.

Tell your healthcare provider about any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the side effects with Breo Ellipta. Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for more information.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How do I store Breo Ellipta?

Store Breo Ellipta at room temperature between 68°F and 77°F (20°C and 25°C). Keep in a dry place away from heat and sunlight.
Store Breo Ellipta in the unopened foil tray and only open when ready for use.
Safely throw away Breo Ellipta in the trash 6 weeks after you open the foil tray or when the counter reads “0”, whichever comes first. Write the date you open the tray on the label on the inhaler.
Keep Breo Ellipta and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General Information about Breo Ellipta

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes not mentioned in a Medication Guide. Do not use Breo Ellipta for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give your Breo Ellipta to other people, even if they have the same condition that you have. It may harm them.

This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about Breo Ellipta. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider or pharmacist. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about Breo Ellipta that was written for healthcare professionals.

For more information about Breo Ellipta, call 1-888-825-5249 or visit our website at www.myBREO.com.

What are the ingredients in Breo Ellipta?

Active ingredients: fluticasone furoate, vilanterol

Inactive ingredients: lactose monohydrate (contains milk proteins), magnesium stearate

Instructions for Use

For Oral Inhalation Only.

Read this before you start:

If you open and close the cover without inhaling the medicine, you will lose the dose.
The lost dose will be securely held inside the inhaler, but it will no longer be available to be inhaled.
It is not possible to accidentally take a double dose or an extra dose in one inhalation.

Your Breo Ellipta inhaler

How to use your inhaler

Breo Ellipta comes in a foil tray.
Peel back the lid to open the tray. See Figure A.
The tray contains a desiccant to reduce moisture. Do not eat or inhale. Throw it away in the household trash out of reach of children and pets. See Figure B.

Figure A

Figure B

Important Notes:

Your inhaler contains 30 doses (14 doses if you have a sample or institutional pack).
Each time you open the cover of the inhaler fully (you will hear a clicking sound), a dose is ready to be inhaled. This is shown by a decrease in the number on the counter.
If you open and close the cover without inhaling the medicine, you will lose the dose. The lost dose will be held in the inhaler, but it will no longer be available to be inhaled. It is not possible to accidentally take a double dose or an extra dose in one inhalation.
Do not open the cover of the inhaler until you are ready to use it. To avoid wasting doses after the inhaler is ready, do not close the cover until after you have inhaled the medicine.
Write the “Tray opened” and “Discard” dates on the inhaler label. The “Discard” date is 6 weeks from the date you open the tray.

Check the counter. See Figure C.

Figure C

Before the inhaler is used for the first time, the counter should show the number 30 (14 if you have a sample or institutional pack). This is the number of doses in the inhaler.
Each time you open the cover, you prepare 1 dose of medicine.
The counter counts down by 1 each time you open the cover.

Prepare your dose:

Wait to open the cover until you are ready to take your dose.

Figure D
Step 1. Open the cover of the inhaler. See Figure D.

Slide the cover down to expose the mouthpiece. You should hear a “click.” The counter will count down by 1 number. You do not need to shake this kind of inhaler. Your inhaler is now ready to use.
If the counter does not count down as you hear the click, the inhaler will not deliver the medicine. Call your healthcare provider or pharmacist if this happens.

Figure E
Step 2. Breathe out. See Figure E.

While holding the inhaler away from your mouth, breathe out (exhale) fully. Do not breathe out into the mouthpiece.

Figure F
Step 3. Inhale your medicine. See Figure F.

Put the mouthpiece between your lips, and close your lips firmly around it. Your lips should fit over the curved shape of the mouthpiece.
Take one long, steady, deep breath in through your mouth. Do not breathe in through your nose.

Figure G

Do not block the air vent with your fingers. See Figure G.

Figure H

Remove the inhaler from your mouth and hold your breath for about 3 to 4 seconds (or as long as comfortable for you). See Figure H.

Figure I
Step 4. Breathe out slowly and gently. See Figure I.

You may not taste or feel the medicine, even when you are using the inhaler correctly.
Do not take another dose from the inhaler even if you do not feel or taste the medicine.

Figure J
Step 5. Close the inhaler. See Figure J.

You can clean the mouthpiece if needed, using a dry tissue, before you close the cover. Routine cleaning is not required.
Slide the cover up and over the mouthpiece as far as it will go.

Figure K
Step 6. Rinse your mouth. See Figure K.

Rinse your mouth with water after you have used the inhaler and spit the water out. Do not swallow the water.

Important Note: When should you get a refill?

Figure L

When you have less than 10 doses remaining in your inhaler, the left half of the counter shows red as a reminder to get a refill. See Figure L.
After you have inhaled the last dose, the counter will show “0” and will be empty.
Throw the empty inhaler away in your household trash out of reach of children and pets.

If you have questions about Breo Ellipta or how to use your inhaler, call GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) at 1-888-825-5249 or visit www.myBREO.com.

This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

BREO and ELLIPTA are trademarks of GlaxoSmithKline.

Breo Ellipta was developed in collaboration with Theravance.

GlaxoSmithKline

Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

©2013, GlaxoSmithKline. All rights reserved.

May 2013

BRE:1MG

Principal Display Panel

NDC 0173-0859-10

BREO™ ELLIPTA™

(fluticasone furoate and vilanterol inhalation powder)

100 mcg/25 mcg

FOR ORAL INHALATION ONLY

Rx Only

Each blister on one strip contains 100 mcg of fluticasone furoate and latose monohydrate.

Each blister on the other strip contains 25 mcg of vilanterol, magnesium stearate, and lactose monohydrate.

Dosage: Use only as directed by your doctor

IMPORTANT: Read the accompanying Mediation Guide leaflet carefully for further information.

If you open and close the cover without inhaling the medicine, you will lose the dose.

Discard the inhaler 6 weeks after opening the moisture-protective foil tray or when the counter reads “0” (after all blisters have been used), whichever comes first.

Store at room temperature between 68°F and 77°F (20°C and 25°C); excursions permitted from 59°F to 86°F (15°C to 30°C) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Store in a dry place away from direct heat or sunlight.

1 ELLIPTA™ Inhaler containing

2Foil Strips of 30 Blisters each

GlaxoSmithKline, RTP, NC 27709

Theravance

2013, GlaxoSmithKline

10000000116759 Rev. 5/13

Breo Ellipta 
fluticasone furoate and vilanterol trifenatate powder
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0173-0859
Route of Administration RESPIRATORY (INHALATION) DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
FLUTICASONE FUROATE (FLUTICASONE) FLUTICASONE FUROATE 100 ug
VILANTEROL TRIFENATATE (VILANTEROL) VILANTEROL 25 ug
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE  
MAGNESIUM STEARATE  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0173-0859-10 30 POWDER in 1 INHALER
2 NDC:0173-0859-14 14 POWDER in 1 INHALER
3 NDC:0173-0859-61 14 POWDER in 1 INHALER
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA204275 08/26/2013
Labeler - GlaxoSmithKline LLC (167380711)
Revised: 05/2013
 
GlaxoSmithKline LLC

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