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Betamethasone Valerate

Pronunciation

Dosage Form: cream, ointment, lotion

Betamethasone Valerate CREAM USP, 0.1%
Betamethasone Valerate OINTMENT USP, 0.1%
Betamethasone Valerate LOTION USP, 0.1%
(Potency expressed as betamethasone)

Rx only

For Dermatologic Use Only
Not for Ophthalmic Use

Betamethasone Valerate Description

Betamethasone Valerate Cream, Ointment and Lotion contain Betamethasone Valerate USP, a synthetic adrenocortico-steroid for dermatologic use. Betamethasone, an analog of prednisolone, has a high degree of glucocorticoid activity and a slight degree of mineralocorticoid activity.

Betamethasone Valerate is a white to practically white odorless crystalline powder practically insoluble in water, freely soluble in acetone and chloroform, soluble in alcohol, and slightly soluble in benzene and ether. Chemically, it is 9-fluoro-11β,17,21-trihydroxy-16β-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione 17-valerate. The structural formula is:

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Each gram of the 0.1% Cream contains 1.2 mg Betamethasone Valerate (equivalent to 1 mg betamethasone) in a soft, white, hydrophilic cream of purified water, mineral oil, white petrolatum, polyethylene glycol 1000 monocetyl ether, cetostearyl alcohol, monobasic sodium phosphate and phosphoric acid or sodium hydroxide; chlorocresol is present as a preservative.

Each gram of the 0.1% Ointment contains 1.2 mg Betamethasone Valerate (equivalent to 1 mg betamethasone) in an ointment base of white petrolatum and mineral oil.

Each gram of the 0.1% Lotion contains 1.2 mg Betamethasone Valerate (equivalent to 1 mg betamethasone) in a vehicle of isopropyl alcohol and water slightly thickened with carbomer 934P. Phosphoric acid or sodium hydroxide is used to adjust pH.

Betamethasone Valerate - Clinical Pharmacology

Topical corticosteroids share anti-inflammatory, anti-pruritic and vasoconstrictive actions.

The mechanism of anti-inflammatory activity of the topical corticosteroids is unclear. Various laboratory methods, including vasoconstrictor assays, are used to compare and predict potencies and/or clinical efficacies of the topical corticosteroids. There is some evidence to suggest that a recognizable correlation exists between vasoconstrictor potency and therapeutic efficacy in man.

Pharmacokinetics: The extent of percutaneous absorption of topical corticosteroids is determined by many factors including the vehicle, the integrity of the epidermal barrier, and the use of occlusive dressings.

Topical corticosteroids can be absorbed from normal intact skin. Inflammation and/or other disease processes in the skin increase percutaneous absorption. Occlusive dressings substantially increase the percutaneous absorption of topical corticosteroids. Thus, occlusive dressings may be a valuable therapeutic adjunct for treatment of resistant dermatoses.

Once absorbed through the skin, topical corticosteroids are handled through pharmacokinetic pathways similar to systemically administered corticosteroids. Corticosteroids are bound to plasma proteins in varying degrees. Corticosteroids are metabolized primarily in the liver and are then excreted by the kidneys. Some of the topical corticosteroids and their metabolites are also excreted into the bile.

Indications and Usage for Betamethasone Valerate

Topical corticosteroids are indicated for the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of cortico-steroid-responsive dermatoses.

Contraindications

Topical corticosteroids are contraindicated in those patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of the components of the preparation.

Precautions

General: Systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids has produced reversible hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression, manifestations of Cushing's syndrome, hyperglycemia, and glucosuria in some patients.

Conditions which augment systemic absorption include the application of the more potent steroids, use over large surface areas, prolonged use, and the addition of occlusive dressings.

Therefore, patients receiving a large dose of a potent topical steroid applied to a large surface area should be evaluated periodically for evidence of HPA axis suppression by using the urinary free cortisol and ACTH stimulation tests. If HPA axis suppression is noted, an attempt should be made to withdraw the drug, to reduce the frequency of application, or to substitute a less potent steroid.

Recovery of HPA axis function is generally prompt and complete upon discontinuation of the drug. Infrequently, signs and symptoms of steroid withdrawal may occur, requiring supplemental systemic corticosteroids.

Children may absorb proportionally larger amounts of topical corticosteroids and thus be more susceptible to systemic toxicity (See PRECAUTIONS—Pediatric Use).

If irritation develops, topical corticosteroids should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted.

In the presence of dermatological infections, the use of an appropriate antifungal or antibacterial agent should be instituted. If a favorable response does not occur promptly, the corticosteroid should be discontinued until the infection has been adequately controlled.

Information for Patients: Patients using topical corticosteroids should receive the following information and instructions:

  1. This medication is to be used as directed by the physician. It is for external use only. Avoid contact with the eyes.
  2. Patients should be advised not to use this medication for any disorder other than that for which it was prescribed.
  3. The treated skin area should not be bandaged or otherwise covered or wrapped as to be occlusive unless directed by the physician.
  4. Patients should report any signs of local adverse reactions especially under occlusive dressing.
  5. Parents of pediatric patients should be advised not to use tight-fitting diapers or plastic pants on a child being treated in the diaper area, as these garments may constitute occlusive dressings.

Laboratory tests: The following tests may be helpful in evaluating the HPA axis suppression:

 
Urinary free cortisol test
 
ACTH stimulation test

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis and Impairment of Fertility: Long-term animal studies have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential or the effect on fertility of topical corticosteroids.

Studies to determine mutagenicity with prednisolone and hydrocortisone have revealed negative results.

Pregnancy: Teratogenic EffectsPregnancy Category C. Corticosteroids are generally teratogenic in laboratory animals when administered systemically at relatively low dosage levels. The more potent corticosteroids have been shown to be teratogenic after dermal application in laboratory animals. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women on teratogenic effects from topically applied corticosteroids. Therefore, topical corticosteroids should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Drugs of this class should not be used extensively on pregnant patients, in large amounts, or for prolonged periods of time.

Nursing Mothers: It is not known whether topical administration of corticosteroids could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in breast milk. Systemically administered corticosteroids are secreted into breast milk in quantities not likely to have a deleterious effect on the infant. Nevertheless, caution should be exercised when topical corticosteroids are administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use: Pediatric patients may demonstrate greater susceptibility to topical corticosteroid-induced HPA axis suppression and Cushing's syndrome than mature patients because of a larger skin surface area to body weight ratio.

Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression, Cushing's syndrome, and intracranial hypertension have been reported in children receiving topical corticosteroids. Manifestations of adrenal suppression in children include linear growth retardation, delayed weight gain, low plasma cortisol levels, and absence of response to ACTH stimulation. Manifestations of intracranial hypertension include bulging fontanelles, headaches, and bilateral papilledema.

Administration of topical corticosteroids to pediatric patients should be limited to the least amount compatible with an effective therapeutic regimen. Chronic corticosteroid therapy may interfere with the growth and development of children.

Adverse Reactions

The following local adverse reactions are reported infrequently with topical corticosteroids, but may occur more frequently with the use of occlusive dressings. These reactions are listed in an approximate decreasing order of occurrence: burning, itching, irritation, dryness, folliculitis, hypertrichosis, acneiform eruptions, hypopigmentation, perioral dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, maceration of the skin, secondary infection, skin atrophy, striae and miliaria.

Overdosage

Topically applied corticosteroids can be absorbed in sufficient amounts to produce systemic effects (See PRECAUTIONS).

Betamethasone Valerate Dosage and Administration

Apply a thin film of Betamethasone Valerate Cream or Ointment to the affected skin areas one to three times a day. Dosage once or twice a day is often effective.

Apply a few drops of Betamethasone Valerate Lotion to the affected area and massage lightly until it disappears. Apply twice daily, in the morning and at night. Dosage may be increased in stubborn cases. Following improvement, apply once daily. For the most effective and economical use, apply nozzle very close to affected area and gently squeeze bottle.

How is Betamethasone Valerate Supplied

Betamethasone Valerate Betamethasone Valerate Betamethasone Valerate
Cream USP, 0.1% Ointment USP, 0.1% Lotion USP, 0.1%
is supplied as follows: is supplied as follows: is supplied as follows:
15 g tubes NDC 0168-0040-15 15 g tubes NDC 0168-0033-15 60 mL bottles NDC 0168-0041-60
45 g tubes NDC 0168-0040-46 45 g tubes NDC 0168-0033-46 Shake well before using.

Store at controlled room temperature 15° - 30°C (59° - 86°F).

E. FOUGERA & CO.
A division of Fougera Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Melville, NY 11747

I240E
R09/11
#57

PACKAGE LABEL – PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL – 15 GRAM CONTAINER

NDC 0168-0040-15

Fougera®

BETAMETHASONE
VALERATE CREAM
USP, 0.1%
(Potency expressed as betamethasone)

Rx only

NET WT 15 grams

PACKAGE LABEL – PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL – 15 GRAM CARTON

NDC 0168-0040-15

Rx only

Fougera®

Betamethasone Valerate
CREAM USP, 0.1%
(Potency expressed as betamethasone)

FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY
NOT FOR OPHTHALMIC USE

WARNING: Keep out of
reach of children.

NET WT 15 grams

PACKAGE LABEL – PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL – 60 ML CONTAINER

NDC 0168-0041-60

Fougera®

BETAMETHASONE
VALERATE
LOTION USP, 0.1%
(Potency expressed as betamethasone)

60 mL

FOR DERMATOLOGIC USE ONLY
NOT FOR OPHTHALMIC USE

Rx only

PACKAGE LABEL – PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL – 60 ML CARTON

NDC 0168-0041-60

Fougera®

BETAMETHASONE
VALERATE
LOTION USP, 0.1%
(Potency expressed as
betamethasone)

60 mL

FOR DERMATOLOGIC USE ONLY
NOT FOR OPHTHALMIC USE

Rx only

PACKAGE LABEL – PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL – 15 GRAM CONTAINER

NDC 0168-0033-15

Fougera®

BETAMETHASONE
VALERATE OINTMENT
USP, 0.1%
(Potency expressed as betamethasone)

Rx only

NET WT 15 grams

PACKAGE LABEL – PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL – 15 GRAM CARTON

NDC 0168-0033-15

Fougera®

BETAMETHASONE
VALERATE OINTMENT
USP, 0.1%
(Potency expressed as betamethasone)

Rx only

FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY
NOT FOR OPHTHALMIC USE

WARNING: Keep out of reach
of children.

NET WT 15 grams

Betamethasone Valerate 
Betamethasone Valerate cream
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0168-0040
Route of Administration TOPICAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Betamethasone Valerate (BETAMETHASONE) BETAMETHASONE 1 mg  in 1 g
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
WATER  
MINERAL OIL  
PETROLATUM  
CETETH-20  
CETOSTEARYL ALCOHOL  
SODIUM PHOSPHATE, MONOBASIC  
PHOSPHORIC ACID  
SODIUM HYDROXIDE  
CHLOROCRESOL  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0168-0040-15 15 g in 1 TUBE
2 NDC:0168-0040-46 45 g in 1 TUBE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA018861 08/31/1983
Betamethasone Valerate 
Betamethasone Valerate ointment
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0168-0033
Route of Administration TOPICAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Betamethasone Valerate (BETAMETHASONE) BETAMETHASONE 1 mg  in 1 g
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
MINERAL OIL  
PETROLATUM  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0168-0033-15 15 g in 1 TUBE
2 NDC:0168-0033-46 45 g in 1 TUBE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA018865 08/31/1983
Betamethasone Valerate 
Betamethasone Valerate lotion
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0168-0041
Route of Administration TOPICAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Betamethasone Valerate (BETAMETHASONE) BETAMETHASONE 1 mg  in 1 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL  
WATER  
CARBOMER HOMOPOLYMER TYPE B (ALLYL SUCROSE CROSSLINKED)  
PHOSPHORIC ACID  
SODIUM HYDROXIDE  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0168-0041-60 60 mL in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA018866 08/31/1983
Labeler - E. Fougera & Co., a division of Fougera Pharmaceuticals Inc. (043838424)
Revised: 03/2013
 
E. Fougera & Co., a division of Fougera Pharmaceuticals Inc.
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