Bacitracin Injection

Dosage Form: injection, powder, for solution

Bacitracin for Injection, USP

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Bacitracin and other antibacterial drugs, Bacitracin should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria.

For Intramuscular Use

WARNING

Nephrotoxicity

Bacitracin in parenteral (intramuscular) therapy may cause renal failure due to tubular and glomerular necrosis. Its use should be restricted to infants with staphylococcal pneumonia and empyema when due to organisms shown to be susceptible to bacitracin. It should be used only where adequate laboratory facilities are available and when constant supervision of the patient is possible.

Renal function should be carefully determined prior to and daily during therapy. The recommended daily dose should not be exceeded and fluid intake and urinary output should be maintained at proper levels to avoid kidney toxicity. If renal toxicity occurs the drug should be discontinued. The concurrent use of other nephrotoxic drugs, particularly streptomycin, kanamycin, polymyxin B, polymyxin E (colistin), and neomycin should be avoided.

Bacitracin Injection Description

Sterile Bacitracin, USP is an antibiotic for intramuscular administration. Bacitracin is derived from cultures of Bacillus subtilis (Tracey). It is a white to pale buff, hygroscopic powder, odorless or having a slight odor. It is freely soluble in water; insoluble in acetone, chloroform, and ether. While soluble in alcohol, methanol, and glacial acetic acid, there is some insoluble residue. It is precipitated from its solutions and inactivated by many of the heavy metals.

The structural formula is:

bacitracin A

The molecular formula is: C66H103N17O16S. Bacitracin is comprised of a polypeptide complex and Bacitracin A is the major component in this complex. The molecular weight of Bacitracin A is 1422.71.

Bacitracin Injection - Clinical Pharmacology

Bacitracin exerts pronounced antibacterial action in vitro against a variety of gram-positive and a few gram-negative organisms. However, among systemic diseases, only staphylococcal infections qualify for consideration of bacitracin therapy. Bacitracin is assayed against a standard and its activity is expressed in units, 1 mg having a potency of not less than 50 units.

Susceptibility plate testing

If the Kirby-Bauer method of disk susceptibility is used, a 10 unit bacitracin disk should give a zone of over 13 mm when tested against a bacitracin-susceptible strain of Staphylococcus aureus. Absorption of bacitracin following intramuscular injection is rapid and complete. A dose of 200 or 300 units/kg every 6 hours gives serum levels of 0.2 to 2 mcg/mL in individuals with normal renal function. The drug is excreted slowly by glomerular filtration. It is widely distributed in all body organs and is demonstrable in ascitic and pleural fluids after intramuscular injection.

Indications and Usage for Bacitracin Injection

In accordance with the statements in the "Warning Box", the use of intramuscular bacitracin is limited to the treatment of infants with pneumonia and empyema caused by staphylococci shown to be susceptible to the drug.

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Bacitracin and other antibacterial drugs, Bacitracin should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

Contraindications

This drug is contraindicated in those individuals with a history of previous hypersensitivity or toxic reaction to it.

WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS

See "Warning Box" for precautions in regard to kidney toxicity associated with intramuscular use of bacitracin.

Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD) has been reported with use of nearly all antibacterial agents and may range in severity from mild diarrhea to fatal colitis. Treatment with antibacterial agents alters the normal flora of the colon leading to overgrowth of C. difficile.

C. difficile produces toxins A and B which contribute to the development of CDAD. Hypertoxin producing strains of C. difficile cause increased morbidity and mortality, as these infections can be refractory to antimicrobial therapy and may require colectomy. CDAD must be considered in all patients who present with diarrhea following antibiotic use. Careful medical history is necessary since CDAD has been reported to occur over two months after the administration of antibacterial agents.

If CDAD is suspected or confirmed, ongoing antibiotic use not directed against C. difficile may need to be discontinued. Appropriate fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibiotic treatment of C. difficile, and surgical evaluation should be instituted as clinically indicated.

Adequate fluid intake should be maintained orally, or if necessary, by parenteral method.

As with other antibiotics, use of this drug may result in overgrowth of nonsusceptible organisms, including fungi. If superinfection occurs, appropriate therapy should be instituted.

Prescribing Bacitracin in the absence of a proven or strongly suspected bacterial infection or a prophylactic indication is unlikely to provide benefit to the patient and increases the risk of the development of drug-resistant bacteria.

There have been reports of anaphylaxis and/or allergic contact dermatitis in patients exposed to Bacitracin in non-approved indications.

Information for Patients

Patients should be counseled that antibacterial drugs, including Bacitracin, should only be used to treat bacterial infections. They do not treat viral infections (e.g., the common cold). When Bacitracin is prescribed to treat a bacterial infection, patients should be told that although it is common to feel better early in the course of therapy, the medication should be taken exactly as directed. Skipping doses or not completing the full course of therapy may (1) decrease the effectiveness of the immediate treatment and (2) increase the likelihood that bacteria will develop resistance and will not be treatable by Bacitracin or other antibacterial drugs in the future.

Diarrhea is a common problem caused by antibiotics which usually ends when the antibiotic is discontinued. Sometimes after starting treatment with antibiotics, patients can develop watery and bloody stools (with or without stomach cramps and fever) even as late as two or more months after having taken the last dose of the antibiotic. If this occurs, patients should contact their physician as soon as possible.

Adverse Reactions

Nephrotoxic reactions—Albuminuria, cylindruria, azotemia. Rising blood levels without any increase in dosage.

Other reactions—Nausea and vomiting. Pain at site of injection. Skin rashes.

Bacitracin Injection Dosage and Administration

TO BE ADMINISTERED INTRAMUSCULARLY ONLY

Infant dose

For infants under 2500 grams—900 units/kg/24 hours in 2 or 3 divided doses. For infants over 2500 grams—1,000 units/kg/24 hours, in 2 or 3 divided doses. Intramuscular injections of the solution should be given in the upper outer quadrant of the buttocks, alternating right and left and avoiding multiple injections in the same region because of the transient pain following injection.

Preparation of Solutions

Should be dissolved in sodium chloride injection containing 2 percent procaine hydrochloride. The concentration of the antibiotic in the solution should not be less than 5,000 units per mL or more than 10,000 units per mL.

Diluents containing parabens should not be used to reconstitute bacitracin; cloudy solutions and precipitate formation have occurred.

Reconstitution of the 50,000 unit vial with 9.8 mL of diluent will result in a concentration of 5,000 units per mL.

Solutions are stable for one week when stored in a refrigerator 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F).

How is Bacitracin Injection Supplied

Sterile Bacitracin, USP is available in a vial (1's) containing 50,000 units (NDC 0009-0241-01) and as a pack of ten vials (10's) each containing 50,000 units (NDC 0009-0241-10).

Store the unreconstituted product in a refrigerator 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F).

This product's label may have been updated. For current full prescribing information, please visit www.pfizer.com

Rx only

Distributed by
Pharmacia & Upjohn Co
Division of Pfizer Inc
New York, NY 10017

PREMIERPro™Rx is a trademark of Premier, Inc., used under license.

LAB-0693-1.0

October 2013

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 50,000 Unit Vial Label

NDC 0009-0241-01

One Vial

Bacitracin for
Injection, USP

50,000 Units

For Intramuscular Use

Rx only

Distributed by Pharmacia & Upjohn Co
Division of Pfizer Inc, NY, NY 10017

PREMIERPro™Rx

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 1 Vial Carton

NDC 0009-0241-01

One Vial

Bacitracin for
Injection, USP

50,000 Units

For Intramuscular Use

Rx only

PREMIERPro™Rx

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 10 Vial Carton

NDC 0009-0241-10
Contains 10 of NDC 0009-0241-01

10 Vials

Bacitracin for Injection, USP

50,000 Units

For Intramuscular Use

Rx only

PREMIERPro™Rx

BACITRACIN 
Bacitracin Injection, powder, for solution
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0009-0241
Route of Administration INTRAMUSCULAR DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
BACITRACIN A (BACITRACIN A) BACITRACIN A 5000 [USP'U]  in 1 mL
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0009-0241-01 1 VIAL in 1 CARTON
1 1 mL in 1 VIAL
2 NDC:0009-0241-10 10 VIAL in 1 CARTON
2 1 mL in 1 VIAL
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA060733 07/29/1948
Labeler - Pharmacia and Upjohn Company (829076566)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Pharmacia and Upjohn Company 829076566 MANUFACTURE(0009-0241)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Xellia Pharmaceuticals AS 561816174 API MANUFACTURE(0009-0241)
Revised: 11/2013
 
Pharmacia and Upjohn Company
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