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Aliclen Shampoo

Generic Name: salicylic acid
Dosage Form: shampoo

Disclaimer: This drug has not been found by FDA to be safe and effective, and this labeling has not been approved by FDA. For further information about unapproved drugs, click here.

Aliclen™ (6% w/w Salicylic Acid) Shampoo

Rx Only
FOR DERMATOLOGICAL USE ONLY. NOT FOR OPHTHALMIC, ORAL OR INTRAVAGINAL USE.


DESCRIPTION
Aliclen Shampoo contains 6% w/w salicylic acid USP in a vehicle consisting of purified water USP, acrylates copolymer, edetate disodium USP, lauramide DEA, sodium chloride USP, triethanolamine lauryl sulfate, trolamine, fragrance.

Salicylic acid is the 2-hydroxy derivative of benzoic acid having the following structure:

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY
Salicylic acid has been shown to produce desquamation of the horny layer of skin while not effecting qualitative or quantitative changes in the structure of the viable epidermis. The mechanism of action has been attributed to a dissolution of intercellular cement substance.

In a study of the percutaneous absorption of salicylic acid in a 6% salicylic acid gel in four patients with extensive active psoriasis, Taylor and Halprin showed that the peak serum salicylate levels never exceeded 5 mg/100 ml even though more than 60% of the applied salicylic acid was absorbed. Systemic toxic reactions are usually associated with much higher serum levels (30 to 40 mg/100 ml).

Peak serum levels occurred within five hours of the topical application under occlusion. The sites were occluded for 10 hours over the entire body surface below the neck. Since salicylates are distributed in the extracellular space, patients with a contracted extracellular space due to dehydration or diuretics have higher salicylate levels than those with a normal extracellular space. (See PRECAUTIONS)

The major metabolites identified in the urine after topical administration are salicyluric acid (52%), salicylate glucuronides (42%) and free salicylic acid (6%). The urinary metabolites after percutaneous absorption differ from those after oral salicylate administration; those derived from percutaneous absorption contain more salicylate glucuronides and less salicyluric and salicylic acid. Almost 95% of a single dose of salicylate is excreted within 24 hours of its entrance into the extracellular space.

Fifty to eighty percent of salicylate is protein bound to albumin. Salicylates compete with the binding of several drugs and can modify the action of these drugs; by similar competitive mechanisms other drugs can influence the serum levels of salicylate. (See PRECAUTIONS) 

INDICATIONS AND USAGE
For Dermatologic Use: Aliclen Shampoo is a topical aid in the removal of excessive keratin in hyperkeratotic skin disorders, including verrucae, and the various ichthyoses (vulgaris, sexlinked and lamellar), keratosis palmaris and plantaris, keratosis pilaris, pityriasis rubra pilaris, and psoriasis (including body, scalp, palms and soles). 

For Podiatric Use: Aliclen Shampoo is a topical aid in the removal of excessive keratin on dorsal and plantar hyperkeratotic lesions. Topical preparations of 6% salicylic acid have been reported to be useful adjunctive therapy for verrucae plantares. 

CONTRAINDICATIONS
Aliclen Shampoo should not be used in any patient known to be sensitive to salicylic acid or any other listed ingredients. Aliclen Shampoo should not be used in children under 2 years of age.

WARNINGS
Prolonged use over large areas, especially in children and those patients with significant renal or hepatic impairment could result in salicylism. Excessive application of the product other than is needed to cover the affected area will not result in a more therapeutic benefit. Concomitant use of other drugs which may contribute to elevated serum salicylate levels should be avoided where the potential for toxicity is present. In children under 12 years of age and those patients with renal or hepatic impairment, the area to be treated should be limited and the patient monitored closely for signs of salicylate toxicity: nausea, vomiting, dizziness, loss of hearing, tinnitus, lethargy, hyperpnea, diarrhea, and psychic disturbances. In the event of salicylic acid toxicity, the use of Aliclen should be discontinued. Fluids should be administered to promote urinary excretion. Treatment with sodium bicarbonate (oral or intravenous) should be instituted as appropriate. Patients should be cautioned against the use of oral aspirin and other salicylate containing medications, such as sports injury creams, to avoid additional excessive exposure to salicylic acid. Where needed, aspirin should be replaced by an alternative non-steroidal, antiinflammatory agent that is not salicylate based.

Due to potential risk of developing Reye’s syndrome, salicylate products should not be used in children and teenagers with varicella or influenza, unless directed by a physician.

PRECAUTIONS
For external use only. Avoid contact with eyes and other mucous membranes.

DRUG INTERACTIONS
The following interactions are from a published review and include reports concerning both oral and topical salicylate administration. The relationship of these interactions to the use of Aliclen is not known.

I. Due to the competition of salicylate with other drugs for binding to serum albumin the following drug interactions may occur:

DRUG DESCRIPTION OF INTERACTION 
Sulfonylureas Hypoglycemia potentiated.
Methotrexate Decreases tubular reabsorption; clinical toxicity from methotrexate can result.
Oral Anticoagulants Increased  bleeding.
II. Drugs changing salicylate levels by altering renal tubular reabsorption:
DRUG DESCRIPTION OF INTERACTION 
Corticosteroids Decreases plasma salicylate level; tapering doses of steroids may promote salicylism.
Acidifying Agents Increases plasma salicylate level.
Alkanizing Agents  Decreased plasma salicylate levels.

III. Drugs with complicated interactions
with salicylates:
DRUG DESCRIPTION OF INTERACTION 
Heparin   Salicylate decreases platelet adhesiveness and interferes with hemostasis in heparin treated patients.
Pyrazinamide Inhibits pyrazinamide-induced hyperuricemia.  
Uricosuric Agents  Effect of probenemide, sulfinpyrazone and phenylbutazone inhibited.
The following alterations of laboratory tests have been reported during salicylate therapy:
LABORATORY TESTS  EFFECT OF  SALICYLATES 
Thyroid Function Decreased PBI;  increased T3 uptake. 
Urinary Sugar False negative with glucose oxidase; false positive with Clinitest with high-dose salicylate therapy (2-5g q.d.).
5-Hydroxyindole acetic acid False negative with fluorometric test.
Acetone, ketone bodies False positive FeCl3 in Gerhardt reaction; red color persists with boiling.
17-OH corticosteroids  False reduced values with >4.8g q.d. salicylate.
Vanilmandelic acid False reduced values. 
Uric acid May increase or decrease depending on dose.
Prothrombin Decreased levels; slightly increased prothrombin time.


Pregnancy (Category C): Salicylic acid has been shown to be teratogenic in rats and monkeys. It is difficult to extrapolate from oral doses of acetylsalicylic acid used in these studies to topical administration as the oral dose to monkeys may represent six times the maximal daily human dose of salicylic acid when applied topically over a large body surface. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Aliclen Shampoo should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. 

Nursing Mothers: Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from the mother’s use of Aliclen Shampoo, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother. If used by nursing mothers, it should not be used on the chest area to avoid the accidental contamination of the child.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility:
No data are available concerning potential carcinogenic or reproductive effects of Aliclen Shampoo. Salicylic acid has been shown to lack mutagenic potential in the Ames Salmonella test.

ADVERSE REACTIONS
Excessive erythema and scaling conceivably could result from use on open skin lesions.

OVERDOSAGE
See WARNINGS.

DOSAGE AND
ADMINISTRATION

Wet hair and apply Aliclen Shampoo to the scalp. Work into a lather then rinse. Repeat the treatment as needed until the condition clears. Once clearing is apparent, the occasional use of Aliclen Shampoo will usually maintain the remission.

HOW SUPPLIED
Aliclen™ Shampoo is available in 177 mL plastic bottles (NDC 66993-887-71). 

Store at controlled room temperature 20°-25°C (68°-77°F). Do not freeze.

Manufactured for:
Prasco Laboratories
Mason, OH 45040 USA

Manufactured by:
Groupe Parima Inc.
Montreal, QC H4S 1X6 CANADA

ALICLEN 
salicylic acid shampoo
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:66993-887
Route of Administration TOPICAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
SALICYLIC ACID (SALICYLIC ACID) SALICYLIC ACID 60 mg  in 1 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
WATER  
CARBOMER COPOLYMER TYPE A  
EDETATE DISODIUM  
LAURIC DIETHANOLAMIDE  
SODIUM CHLORIDE  
TROLAMINE LAURYL SULFATE  
TROLAMINE  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:66993-887-71 177 mL in 1 BOTTLE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
unapproved drug other 02/02/2011
Labeler - Prasco Laboratories (065969375)
Registrant - Groupe PARIMA, Inc. (252437850)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Groupe PARIMA, Inc. 252437850 manufacture
Revised: 02/2011
 
Prasco Laboratories



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