Health Highlights: Aug. 20, 2010

Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay:

FDA Panel Endorses Antidepressant for Back Pain

The antidepressant Cymbalta should be approved to treat lower back pain, a U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory panel recommended Thursday.

However, the panel voted against the use of the drug to treat osteoarthritis, The New York Times reported. Cymbalta is made by Eli Lilly.

While the FDA doesn't have to, it usually follows the recommendations of its advisory panels.

After the vote, the advisory panel chair criticized Lilly for a Cymbalta advertising campaign that says "depression is painful." The ads appeared to be an attempt to "premarket" Cymbalta for a pain use that has not yet been approved by the FDA, said Dr. Jeffrey R. Kirsch, chairman of the department of anesthesiology at the Oregon Health Sciences University, the Times reported.

Currently, Cymbalta has FDA approval for treatment of major depression, nerve pain, generalized anxiety disorder, and fibromyalgia, the newspaper said.

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Baseball Pitcher Roger Clemens Denies Steroid Use

Pitching legend Roger Clemens continued Thursday to deny that he used performance-enhancing drugs, after a federal grand jury indicted him for allegedly lying to Congress about his use of human growth hormone and steroids.

"I never took HGH or steroids. And I did not lie to Congress," Clemens said on Twitter, the Associated Press reported. "I look forward to challenging the government's accusations, and hope people will keep an open mind until trial. I appreciate all the support I have been getting. I am happy to finally have my day in court."

Clemens faces a six-count indictment alleging that he obstructed a congressional inquiry with 15 different statements made under oath, including saying that he never used human growth hormone or steroids.

The seven-time Cy Young winner is the latest baseball superstar to become embroiled in the steroid scandal that has tainted the sport. Slugger Mark McGwire has admitted to using steroids and all-time home run leader Barry Bonds is scheduled to go on trial in March. Bonds faces charges of lying to a federal grand jury for stating that he never knowingly used performance-enhancing drugs, the AP reported.

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Drug Company Letter About Avandia Misleading: U.S.

A GlaxoSmithKline letter sent to doctors presents misleading information about a trial involving the diabetes drug Avandia and could endanger patients, U.S. drug regulators say.

In a July hearing, a U.S. Food and Drug Administration expert advisory panel discussed the heart risks of Avandia and the ethics of an ongoing trial comparing Avandia to a similar drug called Actos, made by Takeda Pharmaceuticals, The New York Times reported.

The FDA has ordered GlaxoSmithKline to stop recruiting new patients for the Tide trial but current patients can continue in the study. At the hearing, Dr. David Graham, an FDA medical officer, argued that the trial should be stopped because thousands of participants were being exploited, the newspaper said.

Federal officials ordered GlaxoSmithKline to send a letter describing the hearing to doctors involved in the Tide trial. But the letter doesn't mention any of Graham's statements about patient welfare, the Times said.

"This summary is biased, misleading and not truthful," Graham told the Times. "The whole purpose of this letter is so that they can reassess whether this is an ethical trial going forward, but the step-by-step ethical flaws and problems with the Tide trial are not even referenced."

Several members of the FDA advisory committee also said the GlaxoSmithKline letter was biased, the newspaper said.

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Movie Smoking Ups Teens' Risk of Starting Habit: Study

Teens are more likely to start smoking if they see a lot of movie scenes that depict smoking, according to a new study.

It found that youth exposed to a lot of onscreen smoking are about three times more likely to begin smoking than those with less exposure to smoking in movies.

The researchers also analyzed the top-grossing movies from 1991 to 2009 and found that depictions of tobacco use have declined in recent years. However, more than half of the PG-13-rated movies released in 2009 still contained tobacco imagery.

The study appears today in the latest Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The authors suggested a number of ways to decrease the negative impact of movie smoking on young people: give R ratings to new movies that portray tobacco use; require that strong anti-tobacco ads be shown before movies that depict smoking; and forbid tobacco brand displays in movies.

Posted: August 2010


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